Medical Terminology Systems; Chapter 3;Prefixes flashcards |

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pre-

before

prenatal

pertaining to (the period) before birth

peri-

around

nat

birth

-al

pertaining to

perinatal

pertaining to (the period) around birth

post-

after

postnatal

pertaining to (the period) after birth

epi-

above, upon

epigastric

pertaining to above the stomach

hypo-

under, below, deficient

derm

skin

hypodermic

pertaining to under the skin

infra-
sub-

under, below

infracostal

below the ribs

subnasal

under the nose

inter-

between

intercostal

between the ribs

pro-

before, in front of

-gnosis

knowing

prognosis

knowing before

retro-

backward, behind

retroversion

turning backwards

bi-

two

later

side

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

dipl-
diplo-

double

-opia

vision

diplopia

double vision

bacteri

bacteria

diplobacterial

bacteria linked together in pairs

hemi-

one half

-plegia

paralysis

hemiplegia

paralysis of one half of the body

hyper-

excessive, above normal

calc

calcium

-emia

blood condition

hypercalcemia

excessive calcium in the blood

macro-

large

-cyte

cell

macrocyte

large cell

micro-

small

-scope

instrument for examining

microscope

instrument for examining small (objects)

mono-
uni-

one

-therapy

treatment

monotherapy

one treatment

nuclea

nucleaus

uninuclear

pertaining to one nucleus

multi-
poly-

many, much

-gravida

pregnant woman

multigradiva

woman who has been pregnant more than once

-phobia

fear

polyphobia

fear of many things

primi-

first

primigravida

woman during her first pregnancy

quadri-

four

quadriplegia

paralysis of four limbs

tri-

three

-ceps

head

triceps

three heads

ab-

from, away from

-duction

act of leading, bringing, conducting

abduction

movement of a limb away from (an axis of) the body

ad-

toward

adduction

movement of a limb toward (an axis of) the body

circum-
peri-

around

ren

kidney

circumrenal

pertaining to around the kidney

odont

teeth

periodontal

pertaining to around the kidney

dia-
trans-

through, across

-rrhea

discharge, flow

diarrhea

flow through

vagin

vaginal

transvaginal

pertaining to across or through the vagina

ecto-
exo-
extra-

outside, outward

gen

forming, producing, origin

ectogenous

forming outside the body or structure

-tropia

turning

exotropia

turning outward (of one or both eyes)

crani

cranium (skull)

extracranial

pertaining to outside the skull

endo-
intra-

in, within

-crine

secrete

endocine

secrete within

muscul

muscle

intramuscular

within the muscle

para-

near, beside, beyound

nas

nose

paranasal

pertaining to the nose

super-

above; excessive; superior

superior

pertaining to the upper part of a structue

ultra-

excess, beyond

ultrasonic

pertaining to sound beyond (that which can be heard by a human ear)

a-
an-

without, not

mast

breast

amastia

without a breast

-esthesia

feeling

anesthesia

without feeling

anti-
contra-

against

antibacterial

against bacteria

contraception

against contraception or impregnation

-ception

conceiving

brady-

slow

-cardia

heart

bradycardia

slow heart rate

dys-

bad; painful; difficult

-tocia

childbirth, labor

dystocia

difficult childbirth

eu-

good, normal

-pnea

breathing

eupnea

normal breathing

hetero-

different

-graft

transplantation

heterograft
(heteroplasty, xenograft)

-different transplantation
-is a type of tissue graft in which the donor and recipient are of different species

homo-
homeo-

same

homograft
(allograft)

-same transplant
-is a transplant of tissue obtained from a member of the patients own species

-plasia

formation, growth

homeoplasia

formation of new tissue similar to that already existing in a part

mal-

bad

malnutrition

bad nutrition

pan-

all

arthr

joint

panarthritis

inflammation of all (or many) joints

pseudo-

false

-cyesis

pregnancy

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

syn-

union, together, joined

dactyl

fingers;toes

syndactylism

condition of joined fingers or toes

tachy-

rapid

tachypnea

rapid breathing

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