Medical Terminology Final Practice Set flashcards |

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audiometry

hearing test

auditory canal

tube of ear; part of outer ear

auditory ossicles

small bones which vibrate; ear bones; part of middle ear (tympanic cavity) the smallest bones in the body

Cataract

The loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity

cerumen

ear wax; part of outer ear

cochlea

allows us to hear; part of labyrinth (inner ear)

conjunctiva

fluid of eyeball

Cornea

continuation of sclera, but on outside of the eyeball
CLEAR

Dacryoadenitis

An inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infection

Diplopia

The perception of two images of a single object

eustachian tube

tube that connects ear to throat; part of middle ear (tympanic cavity)

Glaucoma

A group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cause damage to the retinal nerve fibers and the optic nerve

Hyperopia

A defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina

Irid/o

Iris, Color part of eye

Kerat/o

Horny, Hard, Cornea

Keratitis

An inflammation of the cornea

labyrinth

inner ear

lacrimal gland

for tear production

Myopia

A defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina

myringitis

inflammation of ear drum/tympanic membrane

ocular

something related to eyeball

Ophthalm/o
opt/o

Eye, Vision

Ophthalmoscopy

The visual examination of the fundus (back part) of the eye with an ophthalmoscope

Ot/o

Ear, Hearing

otalgia

pain in ear

otitis

inflammation in ear

Otitis Media

Inflammation of the middle of the ear

Otopyorrhea

The flow of pus from the ear

otorrhea

discharge from ear

otoscopy

visual exam of ear

photophobia

increased sensitivity to light; "fear of light" (think vampires)

pinna auricle

external cartilage of ear; part of outer ear

Presby/o

Old Age

Presbycusis

Gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs with age

Presbyopia

The condition of common changes in the eyes that occur with aging

pupil

opening in eyeball

retina

where images are formed in the back of the eye
NERVOUS LAYER

Scler/o

Sclera, hard outer white layer of eye

Tinnitus

Ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears.

tympanic cavity

middle ear

tympanic membrane

ear drum; part of outer ear

Tympanometry

Use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear

Vertigo

Sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance, that is often combined with nausea and vomiting

stethoscope

an instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

sphygmomanometer

device used to measure blood pressure

ophthalmoscope

an instrument used to visually examine the interior of the eye

otoscope

an instrument used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane

phlebotomy

puncture of a vein for the purpose drawing blood

complete blood count (CBC)

series of tests performed as a group to evaluate several blood conditions

blood urea nitrogen (BUN test)

test done to see how well the kidneys are working

lipid panel

measures the amount of lipids (cholesterol) in the blood

serum bilirubin test

test done to see how well the liver is working

urinalysis

examination of the urine

abortion

the interruption or termination of pregnancy before the fetus is viable

abruption placentae

an abnormal disorder in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the birth of the fetus

afterbirth

the plancenta expelled after delivery of the newborn

amenorrhea

an abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months

amniocentesis

a surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid

amnionic fluid

also known as amniotic fluid; the liquid that protects the fetus and makes possible its floating movements

amniotic cavity

the fluid-filled space between the embryo and the amniotic sac

amniotic sac

the innermost membrane that surrounds the embryo in the uterus

andropause

referred to as male menopause; is marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone

anorchism

the absence of one or both testicles

anovulation

the absence of ovulation when it would be normally expected

anteflexion

the normal position of the uterus, where the body of the uterus is bent forward

antepartum

refers to the final state of pregnancy just before the onset of labor

Apgar score

a scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth

areola

dark-pigmented area that surrounds the nipple

azoospermia

the absence of sperm in the semen

bacterial vaginosis

a condition in women in which there is an abnormal overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina

balanitis

an inflammation of the glans penis that is usually caused by poor hygiene in men who have not had the foreskin removed by circumcision

Bartholin's glands

produce a mucus secretion to lubricate the vagina

Braxton Hicks contractions

intermittent painless uterine contractions that occur with increasing frequency as the pregnancy progresses

breast augmentation

mammoplasty performed to increase breast size

breast reduction

mammoplasty performed to decrease and reshape excessively large, heavy breasts

breech presentation

one in which the buttocks or feet of the fetus are positioned to enter the birth canal first instead of the head

bulbourethral glands

located just below the prostate gland; during sexual arousal, these glands secrete a fluid known as pre-ejaculate

caesarean section

the delivery of the child through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterinen walls

castration

the surgical removal or destruction of both testicles

cervical cancer

the second-most common cancer in women and usually affects women between the ages of 45 and 65 years

cervical dysplasia

the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix

cervicitis

an inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection

cervix

the lower, narrow portion of the uterus that extends into the vagina

Chlamydia

the most commonly reported STD in the US; is highly contagious and requires early treatment with antibiotics

chorion

the thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo

chorionic villus sampling

the examination of cells retrieved from the chorionic villi

circumcision

the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

clitoris

an organ of sensitive, erectile tissue located anterior to the urethral meatus and the vaginal orifice

coitus

sexual intercourse

colostrum

a specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest

colpopexy

the surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure such as the abdominal wall

colporrhaphy

the surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina

colporrhexis

tearing or laceration of the vaginal wall

colposcopy

the direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina

conception

occurs when a sperm penetrates and fertilizes the descending ovum

conization

the surgical removal of a cone-shaped specimen of tissue from the cervix

contraceptive

a measure taken, or a device used, to lessen the likelihood of conception and pregnancy

corpus

the middle portion of the uterus

corpus luteum

secretes the hormone progesterone during the second half of the menstrual cycle

cryptorchidism

a developmental defect in which one or both of the testicles fail to descend into the normal position in the scrotum

dilation and curettage

a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrium of the uterus is scraped away; also known as a D&C

due date

calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period

dysmenorrhea

pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period

eclampsia

a more serious form of preeclampsia, characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma; hypertension (HTN) + proteinuria (protein in urine) + edema + seizures

ectopic pregnancy

a potentially dangerous condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus

ejaculatory duct

begins at the vas deferens, passes through the prostate glands, and empties into the urethra; a reflex action caused by these ducts causes ejaculation

embryo

the developing child from implantation through the 8th week of pregnancy

endocervicitis

an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix

endometrial biopsy

a small amount of the tissue from the lining of the uterus is removed for microscopic examination

endometriosis

a condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity

endometrium

the inner layer of the uterus

endovaginal ultrasound

performed to determine the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding

epididymis

a coiled tube at the upper part of each testicle

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder

episiorrhaphy

the surgical suturing to repair an episiotomy

episiotomy

a surgical incision made through the perineum to enlarge the vaginal origice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal

fallopian tubes

tubes which extend from the upper end of the uterus to a point near, but not attached to, an ovary

fetal monitoring

the use of an electronic device to record the fetal heart rate and the maternal uterine contractions during labor

fetus

the developing child from the 9th week of pregnancy to the time of birth

fibroadenoma

a round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast

fibrocysticbreast disease

the presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts

fimbriae

the fringed, finger-like extensions of the opening at the end of the fallopian tubes

first trimester screening

performed between 11 and 13 weeks of pregnancy and involves an ultrasound and a finger stick blood test

follicle

a fluid-filled sac containing a single ovum (egg)

foreskin

a retractable double-layered fold of skin and mucous membrane that covers and protects the glans penis

fraternal twins

result from the fertilization of separate ova by separate sperm cells

fundus

the bulging, rounded part of the uterus above the entrance of the fallopian tubes

galactorrhea

the production of breast milk in a women who is not breastfeeding

genital herpes

an STD caused by the herpex simplex virus type 2

genital warts

an STD caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV); highly contagious

genitalia

the organs of reproduction and their associated structures

gestation

the period of development of the child in the mother's uterus; lasts approximately 280 days

glans penis

the head of the penis

gonorrhea

a highly contagious condition caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; causing inflammatory discharge

gynecologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system

hemospermia

the presence of blood in the seminal fluid

hormone replacement therapy

the use of the female hormones estrogen and progestin to replace those the body no longer produces during and after perimenopause

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

transmitted through exposure to infected body fluids, particularly through sexual intercourse with an infected partner

hydrocele

a fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles

hymen

a mucous membrane that partially covers this opening before a woman has had intercourse

hypermenorrhea

an excessive amount of menstrual flow over a period of more than 7 days

hypomenorrhea

an unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period

hysterectomy

the surgical removal of the uterus

hysterosalpingography

a radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes

hysteroscopy

the direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes

identical twins

formed by the fertilization of a single egg cell by a single sperm that divides to form two embryos

impotence

the inability of the male to achieve or maintain a penile erection; also known as erectile dysfunction

infertility

the inability of a couple to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of regular, unprotected intercourse, or the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to live birth

infertility specialist

diagnoses and treats problems associated with conception and maintaining pregnancy