Chapter 13 Male reproductive basics flashcards |

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Gamete

Reproductive Cell that contains one half of chromosomes required to produce an offspring

Libido

Psychological and physical drive for sexual activity

Semen

Thick fluid containing sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive system

Sphincter

a ring-like muscle that tightly constructs the opening of a passageway

Testosterone

Androgenic hormone responsible for development of male sex organs

Andr/o

male

Balan/o

glans penis

Crypt/o

hidden

Epididym/o

epididymis

Genit/o

genitalia

Gonad/o

gonads, sex glands

Olig/o

scanty

Orch/o and orchi/o and orchid/o and test/o

Combining forms for testes

Perine/o

perineum

Prostat/o

prostate gland

Spermat/o and sperm/o

Sperm Cells

Varic/o

Dilated Vein

Vas/o

vessel; vas deferens; duct

Vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

-cide

killing

-genesis

Forming, producing, origin

-ism

condition

-spadias

slit, fissure

Brachy-

Short

Epi-

Above, upon

ED Erectile Dysfunction

the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse

Hypogonadism

Decrease of hormones produced by gonads. Decreased fucntion of the sex glands

Hypospadias

congenital defect where the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis

Phimosis

narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted or pulled back to expose the glans penis

Anorchism

absence of one or both testicles

Hydrocele

accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity (testes) is common in newborns and usually resolves itself in the first year

Circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

Vasectomy

surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization)

Androgens

Inc. Testosterone Levels

Anti-impotence Agents

Treat ED by inc. blood flow

Sperm

the purpose of the male reproductive system is to produce, maintain and transport______

Male reproductive system consists of

2 testes and 1 scrotum

Urethral orifice

aka meatus. Opening into the urethra that leads to the prostate gland

prostate gland

a triple lobed organ fused to the base fo the bladder. It secretes a thin alkaline substance that accounts for about 30% of the seminal fluid which helps protect the sperm

BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia

AKA benign prostatic hypertrophy. Seen mostly in elderly males. Swelling of the prostate gland. Causes difficulty in urination often causing frequent urinary tract infections and eventually can lead to kidney infections if left untreated

TURP Transurethral resection of the prostate

common procedure where only a portion of the prostate is removed from the inside

Pyelonephritis

type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that affects one or both kidneys.

cryptorchidism

failure of testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth. If not corrected by age 2 the male will be sterile

orchiopexy

surgical procedure to bring down and suspend the testes in their proper position in the scrotal sac.

PSA prostate specific antigen

lab test recommended at age 50 to check the prostate and its proper functioning

DRE Digital rectal Exam

digital (finger) rectal examination is done to check for abnormalities of the prostate and its proper functioning.

Cryosurgery

application of extreme cold to destroy prostate tissue

prostatectomy

radical. Complete surgical removal of the prostate

Brachytherapy

AKA internal radiation therapy. Radioactive seeds are placed in the malignant tissue. Lupron

EBR External beam radiation

high energy x-ray beams generated by a machine are directed at the tumor from outside the body to destroy the prostate tissue

Orchidectomy

bilateral. Sugical removal of both testes

urethrotomy

incision of a urethral structure

chemotherapy agents

radioactive seeds. Used to treat some prostate cancers, depending on stage and grade of cancer

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