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  • BID,bid

    Twice a day

    ac

    Before meals

    gtt, gtts

    Drop, drops

    hs

    Hour of sleep, bedtime

    ad lib

    as desired, as much as needed

    ss

    One-half

    non-rep

    Do not repeat, no refill

    qh

    every hour

    NPO, npo

    Nothing by mouth

    pc

    After meals

    PRN, prn

    As needed

    QID, qid

    Four times a day

    STAT, stat

    immediately

    TID, tid

    Three times a day

    Antipyretic

    Drug that reduces fever

    Analgesic

    Drug that relieves pain

    Antitussive

    Drug that relieves cough

    Diuretic

    Increases the excretion of urine

    Antidote

    Counteracts poisons

    Antiemetic

    Prevents vomiting relieves nausea

    Buccal

    Between the cheek and gums

    Parenteral

    Other than by mouth

    Sublingual

    Under the tongue

    Topical

    Medication administered on top of the skin

    Transdermal

    Through the skin

    Anticoagulant

    Prevents or delays blood clotting (ex. Coumadin/warfarin)

    Emulsion

    A liquid preparation which mixes fine droplets of oil in water

    Vial

    A small glass/plastic tube that contains multiple doses of medication

    Ampule

    A small glass container that has single dose of medication

    Elixir

    Sweetened liquid medicine

    Antibiotic

    Inhibits growth of bacteria or kills the bacteria

    Antianxiety

    Relieves anxiety

    Antacid

    Neutralizes acidity (tums, pepto)

    Mydriatic

    Dilates the pupils

    Anti-Inflammatory

    Drugs that reduce inflammation

    Antihistamine

    Relieves allergies

    Bronchodilator

    Dilates the bronchi (in the lungs)

    Vasoconstrictor

    Narrows or constricts the blood vessels

    Hypnotic

    Produces sleep

    Sedative

    Produces calming effect without causing sleep(tranquilizer)

    Unguo

    Pertaining to nails

    Onycho

    Pertaining to nails

    Dermato

    Pertaining to skin

    Urticaria

    Hives

    Melano

    Black

    Abscess

    Collection of pus

    HIPAA

    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

    SOAP

    Subjective Objective Assessment Plan

    Laceration

    Torn or jagged wound

    Abrasion

    Superficial injury

    Vasodilator

    Dilates the blood vessels

    Ectomy

    Surgical removal

    Algia

    Pain and suffering

    Itis

    Inflammation

    Emia

    Blood, blood condition

    Megaly

    Enlargement

    Plasty

    Surgical repair

    Pexy

    Surgical fixation

    Pathy

    Disease,suffering

    Ology

    Study of

    Ostomy

    Creating a surgical opening

    Otomy

    Cutting or surgical incision

    Rrhexis

    Rupture

    Rrhaphy

    Surgical suturing

    Rrhea

    Discharge

    Stenosis

    Narrowing

    A , an

    Without

    Anti

    Against

    Ante

    Before

    Hyper

    Above normal

    Hypo

    Below normal

    Tachy

    Fast

    Brady

    Slow

    Pre

    Before

    Post

    After

    Gram

    Picturing or a recordingiik

    Emesis

    Vomiting

    Plegia

    Paralysis

    Sub

    Less than, inferior, under

    Malacia

    Abnormal softening

    Ventral

    Front or belly side

    Dorsal

    Back

    Medial

    Towards the midline

    Lateral

    Towards the side

    Cephalic

    Towards the head

    Caudal

    Towards the lower part of the body

    Myo

    Muscle

    Sclerosis

    Abnormal hardening

    Histo

    Tissue

    Myco

    Fungus

    Dys

    Painful or lack of function

    Ac

    Pertaining to

    Um

    Noun ending

    Osis

    Abnormal condition

    Eu

    Well, good, normal

    Supra

    Above, over

    Dynia

    Pain

    Edema

    Swelling

    Graphy

    Process of recording or picture

    Rrhage

    Discharging heavily

    Cyano

    Blue

    Erythro

    Red

    Leuko

    White

    Melano

    Black

    Polio

    Gray

    Hemiplegia

    Paralysis on one side of the body

    Quadriplegia

    Paralysis from the neck down

    Encephalo

    Related to the brain

    Meninges

    Membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

    Paraplegia

    Paralysis from the waist down

    Meningitis

    Inflammation of the meninges

    CVA

    Cerebrovascular accident(stroke)

    Sciatica

    Inflammation of the sciatic nerve

    Synapse

    Space between two neurons

    Epilepsy

    Seizure disorder

    Rhino

    Pertaining to nose

    Neurons

    Basic cell of the nervous system

    Myopia

    Nearsighted (can only see things that are near)

    Syncope

    Fainting

    Optic

    Pertaining to the eye or sight or vision

    Tinnitus

    Ringing in the ears

    Tympano

    Related to the ear drum

    Myelo

    Related to the spinal cord

    Neuralgia

    Nerve pain

    Cerumen

    Ear wax

    Oto

    Pertaining to ears

    CSF

    Cerebrospinal fluid

    Olfactory

    Sense of smell

    Myringo

    Related to eardrum

    Cranio

    Skull

    Blepharo

    Pertaining to eyelids

    Lacrimal

    Pertaining to tears

    O.D

    Right eye

    O.S

    Left eye

    O.U

    Both eyes

    Phako

    Lens of the eye

    A.D

    Right ear

    A.U

    Both the ears

    A.S

    Left ear

    Cataract

    Opacity/cloudy in the lens of the eye

    VA

    Visual Acuity

    -cele

    Hernia

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