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Med Terminology Mod F Week 1 flashcards |
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  • lancet

    A sharp instrument used to obtain capillary blood sample.

    Specimen

    A sample (ex. Urine, blood, tissue, pus, throat swab)

    Centrifuge

    Instrument used to spin a sample

    Reagent

    A substance involved in a chemical reaction

    GTT

    Glucose Tolerance Test ( used in diagnosis of diabetes and hypoglycemia 3hrs test)

    Hematocrit

    Ratio of the volume of packed red blood cells to that of whole blood.

    HPF/hpf

    High power field (microscope)

    Prothrombin Time

    Clotting time

    ESR

    Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate ( non-specific test)

    Hct/HCT

    Hematocrit

    CBC

    Complete blood count

    PTT

    Partial thromboplastin times (clotting time)

    PPBS

    Postprandial blood sugar ( done after eating)

    DC

    Differential count ( different types of WBC's)

    F.B.S/FBS

    Fasting blood sugar

    Hemolysis

    Breakdown of RBC's

    Culture

    Methods of growing microorganisms from a sample.

    SPT

    Skin Prick Test

    HCG

    HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN ( hormone secreted by the placenta during pregnancy)

    occult

    hidden, obscure, not easily visible

    Mantoux test

    Intradermal TB test

    QC

    Quality control

    Thrombocyte

    Platelet

    agglutination

    Clumping together of cells

    Erythrocyte

    Red blood cells ( RBC )

    PKU

    Phenylketonuria ( heel puncture done in babies)

    Anemia

    Lack of hemoglobin or decrease in oxygen carrying capacity of the blood

    Aplastic Anemia

    Anemia caused due to bone marrow failure to produce all cells including RBC's

    Sickle cell anemia

    Genetic disorder due to abnormal hemoglobin S.

    Pernicious anemia

    Anemia produced due to lack of vitamin B12

    leukopenia

    Decrease in WBC count

    Thrombocytopenia

    Decrease in platelet count

    Leukocytosis

    Increase in WBC's

    Polycythemia

    Increase in RBC count

    Platelet

    Cell required for clotting

    Coagulation

    Clotting

    Serum

    Plasma with the clotting Factors removed

    PCV

    Packed Cell Volume

    hemoglobin

    Iron containing pigment in RBC's (carriers oxygen)

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