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Med Terminology Mod E week 2 flashcards |
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  • Maxilla

    Upper jaw bone

    Zygomatic

    Cheek bone

    Mandible

    Lower jaw bone

    Clavicle

    Collar bone

    Sternum

    Breast bone

    Costal

    Pertaining to ribs

    Scapula

    Shoulder blade

    Cranium

    Skull

    Xiphoid

    Lower most portion of the sternum

    Carpals

    Bones of the wrist

    Tarsals

    Bones of the ankle

    Patella

    Knee cap

    Coccyx

    Tail bone

    Femur

    Thigh bone (longest bone in the body)

    Humerus

    Bone of the upper arm

    Metacarpals

    Bones of the hand

    Metatarsals

    Bones of the foot

    Phalanges

    Bones of the fingers and toes

    Tibia

    Shin bone

    Fibula

    Smaller bone of the lower leg

    Pelvis

    Hip bones

    Bursa

    Fluid filled sac found around joints (help to reduce friction)

    Kyphosis

    Hunchback

    Radius

    Bone of the forearms on the thumb side (lateral)

    Ulna

    Bone of the forearms on the medial side

    Abduction

    Moving a body part away from the midline

    Adduction

    Moving a body part towards the midline

    Extension

    To straighten a body part

    Flexion

    To bend a body part

    Supination

    Turning the palm forwards (like a soup bowl)

    Pronation

    Turning the palm backward

    Hamstring

    Muscle at the back of the thigh

    Quadriceps

    Muscle at the front of the thigh

    Tendon

    Fibrous tissue connecting muscle to the bone

    Contracture

    Abnormal shortening of a muscle

    Atrophy

    Decrease in size or wasting

    Chondr/o

    Pertaining to cartilage

    Arthro

    Related to joint

    Malacia

    Abnormal softening

    ROM

    Range of motion

    Sprain

    Injury to ligament (stretching or torn ligament)

    Ligament

    Fibrous connective tissue that connects one bone to another

    Strain

    Injury to the muscle or tendon

    Oste/o

    Related to bone

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