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  • The set of infection control guidelines that should be used by health care professionals.

    Standard Precautions

    Medical aseptic hand washing methods.

    One minute duration, wash hands & wrist, Hold hands down during rinse, clean under nails.

    Which link does wearing gloves effectively break in the infection cycle?

    Mode of Transmission

    Microorganisms that can cause infectious disease.

    Pathogens

    The person that decodes the message.

    Receiver

    How to inhibit bacterial growth.

    By keeping surfaces dry.

    Medical Office practice where physicians offer discounts to employers and other purchasers of health insurance?

    Preferred Provider Organization.

    The format of a source-oriented medical record.

    Chronological set of notes for each visit.

    Physicians who administer controlled drugs are required to register with what agency?

    Drug Enforcement Agency

    PERRLA

    Pupils Equally Reactive Responsive to Light and Accommodation.
    (Nervous system)

    Where should stethoscope be placed when taking an apical pulse?

    5th intercostal space at the midclavicular line.

    What is the average normal adult rate of respiration?

    12-20

    What is the average range for a diastolic blood pressure?

    60-80 mmHg

    Most commonly used artery for measuring blood pressure.

    popliteal

    Atrophy

    Weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of muscle over a long period of time.

    Bradykinesia

    Abnormally decreased motor function or activity.

    Snellen

    Test used to measure distance visual acuity.

    What is the primary purpose of a Guaiac test?

    Detect occult blood

    Most important action when performing a nasal irrigation on an adult?

    Use bulb-tipped syringe

    Appropriate action taken when performing ear irrigation on an adult?

    Straighten auditory canal by pulling auricle back and up.

    Emesis

    Vomiting

    Xerostomia

    Dry mouth

    IBD

    Irritable bowel disease

    Chlecystectomy

    surgical removal of gallbladder

    Cirrhosis

    Progressive degenerative liver disease

    What organ is examined by a sigmoidoscopy?

    Digital S curve of large intestine

    Bill passed by Congress in 1990 to encourage patients to make living wills and advance directives before live-sustaining measures become necessary.

    Patient Self-Determination Act

    Pruritus

    itching

    Purpura
    Urticaria
    Verrucae
    Vesicle

    bruising
    hives
    Warts
    Blister

    Advanced directive that specifies an individuals end-of-life wishes.

    Living Will

    Airborne germ that comes in contact with a sterile area

    contamination

    Effective Skin Antiseptics

    Betadine, Hibiclens & Hydrogen peroxide

    Albin/o
    Hidr/o
    melan/o
    onych/o
    xer/o

    White
    Sweat
    Black
    Nail
    Dry

    Sterile procedures that must be maintained regardless of the number and complexity of minor procedures performed in the office?

    Surgical Asepsis

    Accidental tearing of the body tissue usually made by sharp objects?

    laceration

    Instruments used for grasping and clamping.

    Hemostat, Forceps and Needle holder

    What is the source oriented medical record format?

    SOAP
    Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan for treatment.

    Recommended order for checking best available vein site?

    a/c, veins of the fore arm, back of the hand, wrist, foot

    Correct order for procedural steps when drawing blood?

    1. Identify, 2. Wash hands/Don gloves, 3. Apply Tourniquet, 4. Position in close proximity, 5. Place arm in down position.

    When measuring for crutches, what is the elbow angle and the distance from of the top of the crutch to the armpit?

    30 degrees and 2 inches below armpit

    Which condition is an insulin deficiency disorder?

    type 1 diabetes mellitus

    The correct evacuation tube order of draw

    blood cultures, tubes without additives, tubes with additives

    Which autoimmune disorder is characterized by hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos?

    Graves' disease

    What is the appropriate action when palpating for a vein in the upper arm?

    Palpate the antecubital fossa with your index finger.

    The correct location to apply a tourniquet

    Apply three to four inches above puncture site

    When is a syringe most often used for venipuncture?

    Fragile, thin or rolling veins

    What are the seven examination position for patients.

    supine, dorsal recumbent, lethatomy, fowlers, knee to chest, prone, sims.

    Hematoma

    The collection of blood that has escaped from the blood vessels into tissue.

    Hypokinesia

    Abnormally decreased muscular movement.

    Systole
    Diastole

    Force exerted on arterial walls during contraction,
    Sound force exerted during cardiac relaxation.

    Bradypnea

    Decreased in numbers of respirations.

    Throat Cultures

    Are used to detect bacterial, fungal, or viral infection in the throat.

    Polyuria

    large amount of urine

    Pyuria

    Pus in urine

    Dysuria

    Painful urination

    Atrophy

    decreased in size or wasting away of body part or tissue

    dyspnea
    eupnea
    hyperpnea
    hypopnea
    tachypnea
    Orthopnea

    difficult breathing
    normal breathing
    abnormal deep respiration
    shallow respiration
    rapid respiration
    Difficulty or inability to breath unless in an upright position

    Pyrexia
    Afebrile
    Febrile

    Fever
    Absence of fever
    Fever is present

    HMO

    Health Maintenance Organization

    7 Examination Positions

    Supine, Dorsal recumbent, Lithotomy, Fowler's, Knee to Chest, Prone, Sim's

    Dry Heat Sterilization

    Used for instruments that easily corrode

    Chemical Sterilization

    A process that uses chemical agents to achieve sterilization

    Steam Sterilization

    Uses steam under pressure to obtain high temperature of 250-245F with exposure of 20-40 min. (Autoclave)

    Axillary Temperature

    Temperature taken at the armpit

    Temporal Artery Temperature

    Temperature taken by forehead.

    Typanic Temperature

    temperature taken in ear

    myositis

    muscle inflammation and weakness resulting from infection or autoimmune disease

    Continuous Fever

    A fever that remains constant above the baseline; it does not fluctuate.

    Remittent Fever

    Fever that alternately rises and drops, but which has no interval of normal body temperature

    Intermittent Fever

    Fluctuating fever that returns to or below baseline then rises again.

    Bradycardia

    slow heart rate, usually below 60 beats per minute

    Tachycardia

    abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)

    Tachypnea

    Rapid breathing above 20 per minute

    Hematuria
    Anuria
    Nocturia
    Oliguria

    blood in the urine
    absence of urine
    excessive urination at night
    Scanty Urine

    Medical Asepsis

    procedures used to reduce and prevent the spread of microorganisms

    Surgical Asepsis

    Practices that keep objects and areas sterile or free from microorganisms

    Otoscope

    An instrument for examining the tympanic membrane (Ear)

    HIPAA

    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act - 1996- written to protect the privacy of health info.,

    Most utilized routs of medication administration?

    Parental & Oral

    The patient is due for a seven month checkup and comes into the office the next day. Which of the following examinations would be set up for her?

    Pelvic examination only

    Hearing loss that is progressive and associated with aging?

    Presbycusis

    Otosclerosis

    Fusing together of the bones of the middle ear resulting in conductive hearing loss.

    Major purpose of a prenatal visit?

    To prevent serious complications.

    Major purpose of prenatal history?

    To identify high risk patients

    Condition in which central vision is lost and peripheral vision may remain?

    Macular degeneration

    What are Heparin and Coumadin

    Anticoagulants

    Abbreviation for left eye
    Abbreviation for both eyes
    Abbreviation for right eye

    OS
    AU
    OD

    The process whereby the drug is transported from the blood to the intended site of action?

    Distribution

    Agent prescribed for relieving seizures

    Anticonvulsant, Dilantin

    Term used for Woman who has made many viable births?

    Multipara

    When one drug potentates or diminishes the action of another drug?

    Drug interaction

    Disorder that causes symptoms of dizziness, fluctuating hearing loss in one ear and ringing in both ears.

    Meniere's disease

    Term used for number of times a women has been pregnant

    Gravida

    Agency that has the legal responsibility for deciding whether a drug may be distributed and sold

    FDA

    Undesirable action of a drug that may limit its usefulness?

    Side Affect

    Common compounds extracted from adrenal glands of animals.

    Cortisone and Adrenalin

    Drug with a synergistic action.

    Enhances the action of another drug.

    atrophy

    the wasting away of a body organ or tissue

    TIA

    Transient ischemic attack; temporary interference with the blood supply to the brain

    Myocardiam

    cardiac muscle tissue, middle heart wall

    Myositis

    inflammation of muscle tissue

    Orthoplasty

    surgical remodeling of a diseased or damaged joint

    Hemiplegia

    paralysis of one side of the body

    Splenomegaly

    enlargement of the spleen

    Sarcoma

    malignant tumor

    Lymphangioma

    benign tumor of lymph vessels

    Schedule 1

    No accepted medical use in US, and high abuse potiential. ex: heroin, marijuana

    Schedule 2

    highly restricted medical use, high potential for abuse. Opium, Codeine, Cocaine, Fentanyl, Methadone, Meth, Morphine, Amphetamine, PCP, Secobarbitol.

    Schedule 3

    LESSER degree of abuse potential with accepted medical usefulness, abuse leads to moderate dependence. Refil 5x in 6 months

    Schedule 4

    have acceptable medical uses with limited risk of abuse or dependence (benzodiazepines, nonnarcotic analgesics, phenobarbital)

    Schedule 5

    accepted medical use, least potential for abuse. Robitussin

    Which of the following is the correct interpretation of a prescription that reads Penicillin V 500 mg po qid #50

    Dispense fifty tablets penicillin 500 mg each and have patient take four times a day.

    When is the medication label checked?

    d. when checking the order, after calculating the dose, and before putting drug back on shelf

    Which of the following is the recommended maximum volume of fluid introduced to the dorsogluteal site

    5ml

    Which of the following would be a safe area to inject a medication?

    side of thigh

    Dr. Wu orders 100 USP units of heparin to be given to Mrs. Lee. The label on the heparin bottle reads 5,000 units per ml

    2

    Which of the following is the standard measurement of a dosage of insulin

    Unit

    Which of the following is the most commonly used syringe

    1-3 ml

    Which of the following best describes why the oral route is the most widely used method of drug administration

    No special equipment is required.

    Which of the following is equal to 5 ml?

    1 tsp

    Which of the following is the preferred site for infant intramuscular injections?

    vastus lateralis

    Which disorder is a malignant neoplasm of connective tissues?

    sarcoma

    Which of the following is the leading cause of drug administration errors?

    wrong dosage

    Which of the following is the most important guiding principle in medication administration

    Be knowledgeable about drug administered.

    the most appropriate action when marking an injection site on the hip toward the front of the body

    Use palm of hand against trochanter with tip of finger on anterior iliac spine.

    Which of the following best describes one of the most accurate methods of calculating medication dosage for infants and children

    body surface area

    myosarcoma

    a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue

    Which of the following is the main function of protein

    to provide amino acids

    The blood type of the universal recipient

    AB

    Which of the following is the most appropriate method of diagnosing testicular cancer

    . biopsy

    The preferred sample for pregnancy testing is obtained as a

    first morning sample

    the following specimens usually requires preservatives in the container

    24-hour

    Mr. King's chief complaint is urinary frequency, nocturia, and inability to initiate urination.

    transurethral prostatectomy

    Which of the following is a common procedure of tying the vas deferens to render the male sterile

    vasectomy

    Which condition is the complete suppression of urine formation by the kidneys

    anuria

    When performing the hCG pregnancy test

    use a stopwatch to measure the time

    the normal process of excreting urine

    micturition

    disorde rcharacteristic by low-grade fever, pain in the back, muscle aches, and urinary frequency

    prostatitis

    Normal values for fasting blood sugar are

    60-100

    condition is inflammation of the renal pelvis and of the kidney

    pyelonephritis

    risk factor for testicular cancer

    mumps

    the role of the medical assistant in the physician's examination of the male reproductive exam?

    Place the patient in a prone position.

    Which condition is an inflammation within the walls of the bladder

    interstitial cystitis

    An elevated finding of glycosylated hemoglobin indicates

    poor glucose control

    The blood type of the universal donor is

    O

    Which of the following is the average heart rate of children up to two years old

    110

    What is the meaning of urinary incontinence?

    inability to control urination

    Which procedure is the surgical repair of cartilage

    chondroplasty

    Which term describes the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint

    arthroplasty

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