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Certified Clinical Medical Assistant Exam flashcards |
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  • Acromial process

    The outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade.

    Anthropometric measurements

    Set of techniques for determining an individual's body fat composition by measuring and recording dimensions of the body such as height and weight.

    Aorta

    The main trunk of the systemic arteries.

    Antecubital fossa

    The triangular cavity on the anterior section of the arm opposite the elbow.

    Aseptic

    Free from pathogenic micro-organisms.

    Autoclave

    An instrument that sterilizes equipment and supplies by high pressure saturated steam.

    Axillary

    The area on the human body under the joint that connects the arm to the shoulder.

    Brachial artery

    The major artery of the upper arm.

    Bradycardia

    A slow heart rate.

    Biohazard bag

    A container designed to collect any biological waste or product that has been contaminated with biological waste.

    Bronchodilators

    A substance that dilates the bronchi in the lungs decreasing resistance in the respiratory airways.

    Celsius

    A scale for measuring temperature named for Anders Celsius.

    Cerumen

    A yellow waxy substance secreted by the ear canal.

    Cidex

    A disinfectant and sterilization product of alkaline glutaraldehyde.

    Conjunctiva

    A clear mucous membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball.

    Cyanotic

    Appearance of blue or purple skin.

    Diastolic or diastole

    The period of time when the heart fills with blood after contraction.

    Deltoid

    The muscle forming the rounded contour of the shoulder, shaped almost like a letter D.

    EKG

    Electrocardiography, a test that records the electrical activity of the heart.

    Fahrenheit

    The temperature scale proposed in 1724 by Daniel Gariel Fahrenheit.

    Hemorrhoids

    External or internal swollen veins in the anal canal.

    Holter Monitor

    A device that measures a patient's cardiac activity over a period of time.

    Hypertension

    High blood pressure.

    Hypertensive crisis

    A severe increase in blood pressure which could result in stroke.

    Inner canthus

    The corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet.

    Intradermal injection

    An injection within or between the layers of the skin.

    Intramuscular injection

    An injection of a substance directly into the muscle.

    Nebulizer

    A device that administers medication in a mist form.

    OSHA

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

    Otoscope

    A device used to look into the ears.

    Palpate

    To examine by touch.

    Parenteral medication

    Any medication that is administered in a route other than ingestion.

    Pediatrics

    Branch of medicine dealing with the care of infants, children, and adolescents.

    Prehypertension

    A state of having a high normal blood pressure with the potential for developing high blood pressure.

    Pulmonary artery

    Artery that carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs.

    Respirations

    The vital sign assessment of observing the number of times the chest rises in 1 minute.

    Sharps container

    A puncture-proof container designed specifically to safely dispose of needles, scalpels, and other sharp disposable medical instruments.

    Sim's position

    Patient lies on the left side with the right knee sharply bent and resting on the exam table.

    Snellen chart

    A chart used to determine visual acuity.

    Sphygmomanometer

    A device for performing blood pressures; includes the blood pressure cuff.

    Stethoscope

    A device for listening to the internal sounds of the body.

    Subcutaneous injection

    An injection of solution below the skin, into the subcutaneous tissue.

    Supine position

    Patient lies on his or her back.

    Suture

    A stitch used to hold tissue together.

    Systolic or systole

    The contraction of the heart.

    Tachycardia

    An abnormally fast heartrate.

    Temporal artery

    A major artery of the head, under the skin of the forehead.

    Topical

    Applied to the surface of the skin.

    Transdermal patch

    An adhesive patch, placed on the skin to administer a specific dose of medication through the skin and into the bloodstream.

    Tympanic membrane

    A thin membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear; also known as the ear drum.

    Ventricles

    The two large chambers that collect blood from the atria and expel blood to the entire body or to the lungs.

    Venipuncture

    Drawing blood from the vein.

    Vital signs

    Measurements observed, measured and monitored to check a patient's level of physical function.

    Caregiver

    Person delegated to provide care for a partially dependent patient.

    Community services

    A service or activity performed by a group of people for the benefit of the public; may be a non-profit organization.

    Electronic health record

    Systematic collection of a patient's health care and treatment in a digital form.

    Electronic communication

    Methods of communication via digital methods such as fax, email, voicemail, or by computer.

    Electronic medical record

    Systematic collection of a patient's health care and treatment in a digital format in the physician's office or medical facility.

    EMS

    Emergency Medical Service; organization that provides acute medical care out of the hospital and may provide transport to patients in medical crisis.

    Dementia

    A loss of brain function - often memory - that occurs with some diseases.

    Fax

    Facsimile, the machine or the method by which a scanned printed material is transported via telephone transmission.

    Form letter

    A document with information that can be tailored to individual needs.

    Geriatric

    Relating to elderly patients, determined by age and patient's profile.

    HIPAA

    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act; a law that governs the sharing or disclosure of patient information.

    Office manager

    Person responsible for day-to-day operation of a company or in our case medical office or clinic.

    Pediatric

    Relating to patients from birth to the age of maturity, usually 18 years of age.

    Practice management software

    Software that stores patient information for use in billing, scheduling, patient calls, and registration.

    Prefix

    The first part of a word, before the root, that may alter the root.

    Root

    The central part of a word that may refer to a part of the body or system.

    Suffix

    The end part of the word that alters the meaning of the root.

    Subordinate

    A person under the authority of another person in an organization.

    Supervisor

    Person that is in charge of a particular department or facility.

    Advance booking

    Scheduling appointments for patients on a future date.

    CEU

    Continuing Education Unit.

    Cluster scheduling

    Grouping appointments for patients with similar problems or procedures.

    CMS

    Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

    Coding

    The use of numbers and letters to describe illnesses, diseases, and medical procedures.

    Conditioning

    The removal of metal items from paperwork to prepare for placing in medical records.

    Controlled substances

    Medications or substances listed by schedule and controlled under the Controlled Substance Act according to the potential for addiction or medical use.

    Database

    The area of POMR charting that includes information such as the patient's chief complaint.

    DEA

    Drug Enforcement Agency. A federal law enforcement agency tasked with regulation of controlled substances.

    Durable supplies

    Supplies that are expensive and not often replaced.

    Federal Register

    The official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of federal agencies and organizations.

    Filing

    Method by which medical records are kept to ensure ease in updating and finding of records.

    Global periods

    Includes all services related to a procedure during a period of time depending on payer guidelines.

    Indexing

    Order in which paperwork is added to a medical record.

    Informed consent

    A form of patient consent in which the patient has been told and understands the procedure that has been prescribed.

    Inpatient

    Someone who has been admitted to a hospital or other health care facility.

    Medicare

    Government-based health insurance for people over the age of 65 and others with certain disabilities.

    Biohazard

    A substance or object that may contain micro-organisms that can spread disease.

    CDC

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; provides safety guidelines for medical offices and facilities.

    Chain of custody

    A method of handling specimens that may be used in a legal setting.

    CLSI

    Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute; an organization that sets standards for laboratories.

    Disinfect

    To reduce or remove pathogens from surfaces.

    DNA testing

    Identification by looking at the genetic material; includes tests that determine paternity of a pediatric patient.

    Domestic abuse

    Physical, emotional, or verbal abuse performed by someone related to or living with a person.

    HBV

    Hepatitis B Virus.

    HCV

    Hepatitis C Virus.

    HIV

    Human immunodeficiency virus.

    Influenza

    A virus commonly known as the flu.

    Immunizations

    Injections or medications that help an individual's immune system become fortified against disease.

    The Joint Commission or TJC

    An organization that accredits health care organizations and programs.

    OSHA

    Occupational Safety and Health Association; An organization that sets guidelines to ensure medical professional safety.

    PPE

    Personal Protection Equipment; items used to help prevent contamination from biohazardous materials.

    Sanitation

    The process of cleaning equipment and devices after use on a patient and before decontamination or sterilization.

    Sharps container

    A leak-proof, puncture-proof container labeled with a biohazard symbol for the disposal of needles and other sharp medical instruments.

    Standard precautions

    Originally called Universal Precautions when the CDC created the guidelines in the 1980s; guidelines to instruct health care providers to minimize the risk of disease transmission when giving care.

    Biohazard

    Anything that is a risk to organisms, such as ionizing radiation or harmful bacteria or viruses.

    Bloodborne pathogens

    Pathogenic micro-organisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans.

    Blood culture

    A laboratory test used to check for bacteria or other micro-organisms in a blood sample.

    Catheter

    A hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted into a vessel or cavity of the body to withdraw fluids.

    Chain of custody

    The chronological documentation, or paper trail, showing the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of specimens, which can be used as evidence.

    Chemical reagent strip testing

    A method of urinanalysis involving the use of plastic strips to which chemically specific reagent pads are affixed.

    Clean-catch midstream specimen

    A method of urine collection that may be ordered to diagnose urinary tract infections or to evaluate the effectiveness of drug therapy.

    Dermal puncture

    A procedure in which a finger or heel is lanced to obtain a small quantity of blood for testing; also called a capillary draw, finger stick, heel stick, or skin puncture.

    Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid or EDTA

    Used as an anticoagulant to keep blood specimens from clotting.

    Enteric

    Pertaining to the intestines.

    Galactosemia

    An inherited disorder in which the body is unable to use, or metabolize, the simple sugar galactose, causing the affected patient to be unable to tolerate any form of milk, as well as other foods containing galactose.

    Hematocrit

    The proportion of the blood that consists of packaged red blood cells, expressed as a percentage by volume; the hematocrit test measures the percentage of hematocrit in the blood.

    Occult blood

    Blood that comes from a source that cannot be immediately determined.

    Phenyketonuria or PKU

    A metabolic genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency in the hepatic enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase; classic PKU causes permanent intellectual disability, seizures, delayed development, behavioral problems, psychiatric disorders, a "mousy" body odor, lightening of skin and hair, and eczema.

    Point of care

    At or near the site of patient care.

    Quality control

    A method of repeated assay of known standard materials and monitoring reaction parameters to ensure precision and accuracy.

    Random specimen

    A single urine specimen taken at any time.

    Reagents

    Chemical substances known to react in specific ways; used to detect or synthesize other substances in chemical reactions.

    Reference laboratory

    A laboratory that is outside a patient care facility; usually, it is able to perform many more types of testing than are available at the average hospital laboratory.

    Semen

    The thick, whitish secretion of the male reproductive organs discharged from the urethra during ejaculation.

    Sputum

    Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated through the mouth.

    Stool

    Waste or excrement from the digestive tract that is formed in the intestine and expelled through the rectum; also called feces.

    Suprapubic

    Pertaining to a location above the symphysis pubis, which is the slightly movable interpubic joint of the pelvis, consisting of two bones separated by a disk of fibrocartilage and connected by two ligaments.

    Timed specimen

    Collected over a predetermined time period to obtain more specific information; such specimens are sometimes collected 2 hours after a meal to test for diabetes.

    Urine

    The fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided through the urethra.

    Angina pectoris

    The sensation of pain or discomfort in the chest. (for more details look on page 186 of your study guide.)

    Aorta

    The largest artery in the human body; carries oxygenated blood away from the heart.

    Aortic valve or aortic semilunar

    Prevents blood in the aorta from returning to the left ventricle during diastole.

    Apex

    The lower pointed end of the heart.

    Arrhythmia

    An abnormal heart rhythm.

    Arteriosclerosis

    A chronic disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the arteries.

    Artifact

    Electrical or magnetic interference that alters the EKG tracing.

    Asystole

    The absence of any electrical activity in the heart.

    Atherosclerosis

    Plaque buildup on the inner lining of blood vessels.

    Atrioventricular (AV) node

    Consists of specialized tissue that is able to regulate the impulses between atria and ventricles. It is in the upper right side above the right atrium.

    Atrium

    A small muscular pouch-like structure that fills the ventricles with blood.

    Augmented leads

    Leads created by combing two of the three limb leads to create a positive electrode; the third creates the negative electrode.

    Base

    The Top of the heart.

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