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  • YOUNG PINOT NOIR Adjectives

    Cherry, raspberry, soft, light tannins

    PINOT NOIR Where it grows

    NZ: Martinborough, Central Otago, Marlboro
    CA: Carneros and Sonoma
    Aus: Yarra Valley

    RIESLING Adjectives

    Aromatic, delicate, racy, expressive

    RIESLING Where it grows

    *great botrytized wines, and firm dry
    *Mosel, Nahe, Rheingau, Pfalz
    Wachau in Austria
    *Aus: Clare and Eden Valleys

    SYRAH/SHIRAZ Adjectives

    Black pepper, dark chocolate, notable colour, tannin

    SYRAH/SHIRAZ Where it grows

    Northern Rhone valley: Hermitage, Cote-Rotie
    Southern France (w/ Grenache & Mourverdre)
    Aus: Most planted red grape

    CAB SAUV Moderate Climate Adjectives

    Blackcurrant, black cherry, black olive cedar, green capsicum, mint, eucalyptus, menthol, high tannin

    CAB SAUV Cool Regions Adjectives

    Backcurrant, green capsicum, mint cedar

    CABERNET SAUV Where it grows

    Only in warmish cliamtes
    Homeland: Medoc/Graves
    Northern CA

    CHARDONNAY Adjectives

    Broad, inoffensive unless over-oaked, can be rich and buttery

    CHARDONNAY Where it grows

    Can be grown and ripened almost everywhere except most extreme

    MERLOT Adjectives

    Plump, soft and plummy, less tannic, more opulent

    MERLOT Where it grows

    Most plantetd grape in Bordeaux, best in Pomerol
    More ETOH in warm vintages
    NE Italy
    Chile: very popular

    SAUV BLANC Adjectives

    Grass, green fruits, razor-sharp

    SAUV BLANC Where it grows

    Loire: Sancerre, Pouilly-Fume
    Too warm: lose it's aroma, acidity
    CA, AUS: too heavy
    NZ: with canopy management
    SA: cooler parts
    Bordeaux: blended with Semillon

    GEWURTZ Adjectives

    Lychees, roses, heady, high ETOH
    Deep golden, almost pinkish colour

    GEWURTZ Where it grows

    Germany: too mcuh
    Alsace: most revered
    NZ: east coast
    Alto Adige

    SEMILLON Adjectives

    Figs, citrus, lanolin, full-bodied, rich

    GRENACHE Adjectives

    Pale, sweet, ripe

    GRENACHE Where it grows

    Southern Rhone: most planted grape, blended with Mourvedre, Syrah and Cinsault
    Roussillon: with Grenache Blanc and Grenache Gris=Vins Doux Naturels
    Spain: Garnacah, most planted grape

    CABERNET FRANC Adjectives

    Leafily aromatic, refreshing, rarely heavy

    CABERNET FRANC Where it grows

    Loire: Chinon, Bourgueil, Saumur-Champigny & Anjou-Villages
    St Emilion: cool, damp soils
    Medoc/Graves: insurance agains CS failure
    NZ: resistant to cold winters
    NE Italy: grassy

    TEMPRANILLO Adjectives

    Tobacco leaves, spice, leather

    TEMPRANILLO Where it grows

    Spain's most famous grape, Tinto Fino
    Ribera del Duero: lively, deep-flavoured
    Rioja: blended with Garnacha
    Catalunya: known as Ull de Llebre
    Navarra: blended with Bordeaux grapes
    Portugal: known as Tinta Roriz, port

    MOURVEDRE Adjectives

    Animal, blackberries, ETOH, tannic

    MOURVEDRE Where it grows

    Bandol, Provence
    Souther France
    South AUS
    Adds flesh to GSM
    Spain, Monastrell second most planted grape

    NEBBIOLO Adjectives

    Tar, roses, violets, orange with black tints
    High tannins when ripe

    NEBBIOLO Where it grows

    Piemonte (Barolo, Barbaresco)

    MALBEC Adjectives

    Spice and rich: Argentina
    Gamey: Cahor

    MALBEC Where it grows

    Cahor: Known as Cot or Auxerrois, rustic, animal wines
    Mendoza: Velvety, concentrated, high ETOH


    Very high tannins and ETOH, fireworks, porty

    TOURIGA NACIONAL Where it grows

    Douro Valley

    CARMENERE Adjectives

    Firm, Bordeaux-like, slightly green sometimes

    CARMENERE Where it grows

    NE Italy

    PINOT GRIS Adjectives

    Full, golden, smoky, pungent
    Rich-textured, oily
    High ETOH
    Low acidity

    PINOT GRIS Where it grows

    Alsace: noble grape, finest examples here
    NZ: Tasmania, Marlborough

    CHENIN BLANC Adjectives

    Extremely versatile, honey, straw

    CHENIN BLANC Where it grows

    Middle Loire: btw Muscadet and Upper Loire
    CA and SA: ordinary

    MUSCAT BLANC Adjectives

    Grapey, simple, sweet
    Unaged: grape, peach, rose and citrus aromasM

    MUSCAT BLANC Where it grows

    Italy: Moscot Bianco for Asti
    AUS: strong, sweet, sticky
    Spain: Moscatel

    VIOGNIER Adjectives

    Heady, full-bodied, spice, hawthorn blossom, apricots, delicate perfume
    Mineral flavours
    Delicate peach, pear, violet aromas
    rich mouthfeel, silky texture
    Low acidity, high ETOH

    VIOGNIER Where it grows

    Northern Rhone, Condrieu-Chateau Grillet

    PINOT BLANC Adjectives

    Lively, light, Chardonnay-like, low in acidity

    PINOT BLANC Where it grows

    Italy, Pinot Bianco
    Alsace: everyday, inoffensive grape
    Germany: Trockenbeerenauslesen, rich
    Austria: Weissburgunder
    Alto Adige: Full-bodied

    MARSANNE Adjectives

    Almond, marzipan aromas, very full-bodied
    richness, weight

    MARSANNE Where it grows

    Rhone: white Hermitage
    Southern Rhone
    AUS, Victoria
    CA: Central Coast

    ROUSSANE Adjectives

    Perfumed fruit

    CAB SAUV Warm Climate Adjectives

    Black cherry, black olive

    CAB SAUV Coonwarra Adjectives

    Eucalyptus, mint, menthol

    MERLOT Bordeaux Adjectives

    Harvest early
    Medium body, ETOH
    Higher acidity
    Fresh red fruit: raspberry, ripe strawberry, some vegetal, leafy aromas

    SYRAH: Hot Climate Adjectives

    Full-bodied, soft tannins
    Leathery, earthy flavours
    Spicy notes

    SYRAH: Moderate Climate Adjectives

    Hight Tannins
    Notes of black pepper and mint


    Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale
    Coonawarra, Hunter Valley
    Margaret River

    CHARDONNAY: Cool Climate Adj

    Very steely
    Medium-Light body
    High acidity
    Apple, pear, green plum

    CHARDONNAY: Moderate Climate Adj

    Citrus, meon, peach

    CHARONNAY: Hot Climate Adjectives

    Banana, mango, fig
    Full-bodied, high ETOH
    Low acidity


    Softs the fruit and the acidty
    Butter and hazelnut

    CHARDONNAY: CA Regions

    Russian River


    Adelaide Hills
    Mornington Peninsula



    SAUV BLANC Moderate Climate Adj

    High acidity
    Green, herbaceous flavours
    Green pepper, grass, nettles
    Some fruitiness
    *passion fruit

    SAUV Blanc Hot Climate Adj

    Not very aromatic
    Hints of peach and grapefruit

    RIESLING Cool Climate Adjectives

    Fresh grape, apple
    Natural acidity balanaced with some sugar

    RIESLING: Warm Climate Adjectives

    More citrus and peach

    MUSCAT: Oxidative Ageing Adjectives

    Very dark
    Aromas: raisins, fruit cake, toffee and coffee

    AGED PINOT NOIR: Adjectives

    strawberry, violets, game, mid-ruby hue
    vegetal, farmyard aromas

    PINOT NOIR: Climate

    Hot climate: will ripen too fast and fail to develop flavour compounds
    Cote d'Or perfect place

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