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750 True/False questions

  1. What are the famous AOPs in Normandie that produces apple brandy?Garganega
    Trebbiano di Soave

          

  2. What are the four noble varietals and four other varietals permitted in Alsace wine producing region?Prädikatswein
    Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)
    Landwein
    Tafelwein

          

  3. What is the Spanish term for
    Sparkling Wine?
    Garganega

          

  4. What does AVA stand for?American Viticultural Area

          

  5. What is the name of the river that flows on the East of Alsace wine producing region that serves as a natural boarder between France and Germany?Sur Lie

          

  6. Kabinett in Austria is part of Qualitätswein designation. True or false?True. Aforzato is what people from Lombardia call Amarone.

          

  7. What is the grape permitted for
    Gavi DOCG?
    Vernaccia

          

  8. What is the main ingredient of Rum?Sugar Cane

          

  9. What is the dominant red varietal in Centre Nivernais?Merlot

          

  10. What are the three levels of geographical classification in South Africa?Region
    District
    Ward

          

  11. What is the name of the disease in which the leaves, flower, and fruits are covered in grey mold? It also causes fruits to shribble and concentrate the flavour component resulting in sweet desert wine.Crio-Extraction

          

  12. This AVA in New York state produces around 85% of the entire output of the state. What is the name of the AVA?False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.

          

  13. This DOC in Portugal produces early drinking lightly sparkling wine from Alvarinho. What is the name of this DOC?Vinho Verde DOC

          

  14. How does an Alsace wine qualify for Gentil on the label?At least 50% of the cépage is from noble grapes.

          

  15. What is the grape permitted for Barbera d'Alba DOC?Cortese

          

  16. What is the name of the Italian region which has many lakes that softens the Continental climate? This region is known for sparkling wine made from traditional method such as Franciacorta DOCG.Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

          

  17. What is Young Tawny?It is a Madeira made from single vintage and single varietal.
    Also known as Vintage Madeira.
    It is required to be matured in wood for minimum 20 years.
    It must be made exclusively from the labeled varietal.

          

  18. What is the ideal cellar temperature for storage of wine?*It has to be harvested and vilified in the years in which the superior-vintage was declared by IVDP.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the second year from the vintage between January and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to June of the third year from the harvest without filtration.
    *It has to be made from the single vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.

          

  19. What are the synonyms of Nebbiolo?Sérine (Rhône)
    Shiraz (Australia, South Africa, US)

          

  20. I am a type of Sherry lighter in colour and quite dry. My flavour is fragile and I am meant to be drunk within a couple of days after being opened. I was covered by "Flor" during production. Jerez de la Frontera and El Puerto de Santa Maria are mainly where we come from. I am required to have >15% ABV. What type of Sherry am I?Fino

          

  21. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from
    Pol Roger.
    Sir Winston Churchill

          

  22. What is the name of the AVA that is known the world over for their
    Pinot Noir?
    Rasteau AOP
    Muscat Beaumes de Venise AOP

          

  23. What are Vins Doux Naturels?Menu Pineau

          

  24. What is the formula for F° to C° conversion?Gravel, sand, and clay.

          

  25. What is the bottle format containing 18L (24 bottles) called?Shiraz

          

  26. What is Remuage?It is a wine making practice in Austria, where the grapes were laid on straw mats in the shades, allowed to dry. It is then pressed and vinified to make sweet wine. This wine making is also practiced in Rhône and Jura (Vin de Paille), and in Italy (Passito or Recioto)

          

  27. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Deutz.Cuvée William Deutz

          

  28. Name two Grand Crus monopoles in the village of Vosne-Romanée that do not belong to
    Domaine de la Romanée-Conti and who do they belong to?
    Dom Pérignon
    Dom Pérignon Cuvée Œnothéque

          

  29. What is the name of second wine of
    Ch. Mouton-Rothschild?
    Le Petit Mouton

          

  30. What are the main stylistic differences between Northern Rhône wines and Southern Rhône wines?Northern Rhône wines tend to be Syrah dominant, blended with either Rousanne & Marsanne or with Viognier (except for Cornas AOP which is 100% Syrah). Southern Rhône wines tend to be blends of many different varietals with some relative importance to Grenache.

          

  31. What is the legal requirement for calling wine Alsace Grand Cru AOP?Clairette 100%

          

  32. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Perrier-Jouët.Fleur de Champagne

          

  33. What percentage of wine does it have to come from the AVA in order to put the said AVA on the label in Oregon?6 months in the barrel (12 months for Rioja and Ribera del Duero),
    18 months in the bottle. (for Rioja and Ribera del Duero)
    Total: 24 months (30 for Rioja and Ribera del Duero) before release.

          

  34. What are the main grapes permitted for Soave Superiore DOCG?Corvina Veronese
    Rondinella
    Molinara

          

  35. In Bordeaux, Acidification is permitted. True or false?True

          

  36. When is Beaujolais Nouveau AOP released each year?Full bodied rosé produced from the blend of predominantly Grenache, with Cinsault, Mouvèdre, and Syrah.

          

  37. What is the varietal requirement in California?Minimum 75%

          

  38. Only 6 bottles of Romanée-Conti in Magnum was produced in 1945.
    True or False?
    True

          

  39. What is the name of the twin enclaves in Savennières AOP that is not
    Coulée-de-Serrant AOP?
    Savenières-Roches-aux-Moins AOP

          

  40. What does IVDP stand for in Portugal?Gravel, sand, and clay.

          

  41. Name all six sub regions of Burgundy. Also name four less important regions that are designated their own AOPs.Saint-Estèphe
    Pauillac
    Saint-Julien
    Listrac-Médoc
    Moulis
    Margaux

          

  42. What is the dominant varietal of left bank Bordeaux?Auxerrois (a.k.a. Côt and Malbec)

          

  43. What is the name of the Italian region which produces a high volume of Aglianico? The capitol is Napoli (Naples). Think of Greco di Tufo DOCGPuglia (or Apulia)

          

  44. Madiran AOP is know for producing red wine from predominantly what varietal?Tannat

          

  45. What is the bottle format containing 27L (36 bottles) called?Rehoboam

          

  46. What is an "Einzellage"?A mixture of sweet reserve wine and yeast added to the bottle to start the secondary fermentation in the bottle.

          

  47. What is the name of the wine making technique in which the wine is deliberately not racked after the fermentation is complete, and aged with the sediment to extract more flavour?Sur Lie

          

  48. Who administrates AVAs?Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

          

  49. Name three Premier Cru Vineyrards from Meursault.Les Gaudichots
    Aux Malconsorts
    Les Beaux Monts
    Les Suchots
    Clos des Réas
    Les Chaumes

          

  50. What is the name of the grape permitted in Seyssel AOP?Sweet White Wine

          

  51. What is the varietal requirement in Oregon?Minimum 90% (Exceptions are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenère, Petit Syrah, Mouvèdre, Grenache, Marsanne, Rousanne, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, and Zinfandel which are minimum 75%)

          

  52. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Mumm.Grand Cru

          

  53. What is the formula of alcoholic fermentation?100hL/ha

          

  54. What is the specie of grapes that is generally used for making wine?Chenin Blanc a.k.a Pineau de la Loire.

          

  55. What is the range of maximum yield in red Grand Cru Burgundy?35hl/ha to 37hl/ha

          

  56. In which state does Swan District exist?Victoria

          

  57. Which regional AOP of Burgundy is known for their blend of Pinot Noir, Gamay, and other varieals?Olorosso

          

  58. What is the most Southerly AVA in Oregon?Rogue Valley AVA

          

  59. What are "Passito" grapes?Menu Pineau

          

  60. What is Vin de Paille?Port made from red grapes.

          

  61. What is the varietal requirement for white Patrimonio AOP?18 months in the barrel,
    42 month in the bottle.
    Total: 60 months before release.

          

  62. How do you convert Öchsle to residual sugar (percentage)?Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto

          

  63. Which Grand Cru vineyard in
    Côte de Nuits is it permitted to produce white wine?
    Koji

          

  64. Name two Grand Cru vineyards from Morey-Saint-Denis.Perrières
    Charmes
    Genevrières
    Poursot
    Les Gouttes d'Or
    Les Bouchères
    Les Santenots Blancs

          

  65. What is the varietal requirement of red Hermitage AOP?Sciacarello minimum 40%

          

  66. What is the dominant varietal of
    Pays Nantais?
    Shiraz

          

  67. In which year was Wine Institute in the United States established? It is also the year in which UC Davis opened the faculty of Viticulture and Oenology.1934

          

  68. When did the French wine legislation reform start and when did the new regulation come into effect?It started in 2006 and came into effect in 2012.

          

  69. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which is the most Easterly of all Anbaugebieten in Germany? It is also know to produce a high quality dry white wine with earthy character that are sold in Bocksbeutel bottles?Rheinhessen

          

  70. What is the third most widely planted white varietal in Argentina?Moscatel de Alejandria

          

  71. In Germany, Chaptilisation is prohibited in Prädikatswein production True or false?True

          

  72. What is the ideal latitude for growing vitis vinifera in Southern Hemisphere?12C° (54F°) to 14C° (57F°)

          

  73. What does "La Cuvée"
    (a.k.a. Tête de Cuvée) in
    Champagne AOP consist of?
    Ch. d'Yquem

          

  74. What is the aging requirement for red Reserva in Spain?Minimum 5 years.

          

  75. What is the bottle format containing 15L (20 bottles) called?Nebuchadnezzar

          

  76. Which village from Côte Chalonaise that produces simple, acidic white wine made from lesser known white grape varietal very often used for Kir, and what is the name of the varietal?Bouzeron,
    Aligoté

          

  77. What is the main ingredients of Awamori?Rice-Koji

          

  78. What is the soil type in Saint-Émilion?Sand and Sandstone covered by large pebbles.

          

  79. In Burgenland, Chaptilisation is permitted provided a certain condition is met. True or false?False. Chaptilisation is prohibited in Austria.

          

  80. When was AOC law enacted?Mutage is a process for making Vins Doux Naturels and Vins de Liqueur in which the fermentation is halted or prevented by the addition of brandy, making the resulting wine high in alcohol and high in residual sugar.

          

  81. What is the name for the levels of barrels that are above the "solera" barrels?Criadera(s)

          

  82. Which AOP of Mâconais are permitted to produce white, red, and rosé wine?Savatiano

          

  83. What is Amarone?Grapes that went through Passito process are pressed and fermented dry. Resulting in high alcohol, dry wine with intense flavour.

          

  84. Name three Premier Cru vineyards from Nuits-Saint-Georges.Viula (a.k.a. Macabeo)
    Garnacha Blanca
    Malvasia
    Chardonnay
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Berdejo
    Maturana Blanca
    Tempranillo Blanco
    Torrontes

          

  85. In which state does
    Adelaide Hills exist?
    Vin de Paille is a sweet straw wine in which the grapes are left on the straw mats to dry (the process is called "Passerillage") so the juice is concentrated. It is also made in Jura. Same practice of wine making is also seen in Austria, Greece, and notably in Italy (Vin Santo for example.).

          

  86. What are the two AOPs in Provence that gained the AOP status in 2005?Vinsobres AOP. Grenache 50% minimum. Red wine only.

          

  87. What is the method of sparkling wine making in which the secondary fermentation and soutillage (racking) takes place in a large air-tight fermentation tank?Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

          

  88. Which Château in St-Emilion Grand Cru Classé was it promoted from Grand Cru Classé to Grand Cru Classé Château B in 1954, and then to Château A in 2012?Ch. Ausone
    Ch. Cheval Blanc
    Ch. Angélus (Upgraded in 2012)
    Ch. Pavie (Upgraded in 2012)

          

  89. What are the three tiers in traditional wine classification of Wachau.Prädikatswein
    Qualitätswein
    Landwein
    Tafelwein

          

  90. Which style of wine is produced by which grapes in Bourgueil?Red and Rosé
    Cabernet Francs

          

  91. In which state does Great Southern ecist?South Australia

          

  92. In which state does Barossa Valley exist?South Australia

          

  93. What is the ideal serving temperature for Millésimé (non-vintage) Champagne and Sparkling Wine?8C° (46F°) to 12C° (54F°)

          

  94. What is Amaretto flavoured with?Hazelnut

          

  95. In which class and what commune is Ch. Lynch-Bages classified?5th, Pauillac

          

  96. What is the name of second wine of
    Ch. Margaux?
    Le Petit Mouton

          

  97. Name two from all the AVAs in New York state.Finger Lakes AVA
    Hudson River Region AVA
    Long Island AVA
    North Fork of Long Island AVA
    Hamptons of Long Island AVA
    Lake Erie & Chautauqua AVA
    Niagara Escarpment AVA

          

  98. What is the bottle format containing 1.5L (2 bottles) called?Mordechai or Salmanazar

          

  99. What are the four levels of wine classification in Austria?*It has to be produced exclusively from Savagnin (Naturé).
    *Ouillage (Topping-up) and Soutirage (Racking) are prohibited.
    *Minimum six years maturation in the wood. (Longest legal requirement for maturation for French wine.)
    *It must be sold in a 620ml bottle called Clavelin.

          

  100. What is the condition of Süß designation in German wine?Temperature: 12C° or 56F°
    Humidity: 70%~75%
    Dark
    No Vibration
    No Smell
    Laid down on the side with the label facing up.

          

  101. What is the only
    Premier Cru Supérieur
    in Sauternes?
    Wheat

          

  102. What is the most widely planted white varietal in Argentina?Pinot Noir

          

  103. Name the only Grand Cru vineyard from Vougeot.Clos de Vougeot AOP

          

  104. What is Frasueira or Garrafeira?A mixture of sweet reserve wine and yeast added to the bottle to start the secondary fermentation in the bottle.

          

  105. What is the name of the disease in which the whole plant gets covered in white mold, and it causes leaves, flowers, and fruits to fall off?Muscat du Cap Corse AOP

          

  106. What is the varietal requirement of
    Vin de Paille produced in Hermitage AOP?
    Rousanne and Marsanne.

          

  107. What is the ideal serving temperature for dessert wine?6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)

          

  108. What is the style of wine produced in Saussignac AOP?Sémillon

          

  109. In wines produced in AVAs what is the allowable difference in alcohol by volume between the one that is on the label, and the one actually in wine?Maximum ±1.5%

          

  110. What are the grapes permitted for Bardolino DOC?Corvina Veronese
    Rondinella
    Molinara

          

  111. Name two "Districts" within Coastal Region in South Africa.Coastal Region
    Breede River Valley
    Olifants River
    Klein Karoo
    Others

          

  112. What is the name for the Southern Rhône region in French?Méridional

          

  113. What is the name of the AOP in Corsica that produces Vin Doux Nturel?Muscat du Cap Corse AOP

          

  114. Which Grand Cru vineyards of Montrachet are shared by the villages of both Puligny-Montrachet
    and Chassagne-Montrachet?
    Bâtard-Montrchet AOP
    Montrachet AOP

          

  115. What is the formula for C° to F° conversion?C° = (F°-32) x 5/9

          

  116. What is the minimum varietal requirement for German wines?Secondary fermentation must take place in the bottle.
    It must be aged for 9 months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
    It must be aged for one year before the release.

          

  117. Which village does the vineyard "Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet" exist?Chassagne-Montrachet

          

  118. What is the method of sparkling wine making in which the wine that has gone through the secondary fermentation is transferred to the pressurized tank, then cooled, and racked before bottled?Ribera del Duoro DOC

          

  119. What are the synonyms of Sangiovese Piccolo (not Sangiovese Grosso)?Ull de Llebre (Cataluña)
    Ojo de Lliebre (Cataluña)
    Cencibel (La Mancha)
    Tinto Fino (Castilla Léon)
    Tinto del Pais (Castilla Léon)
    Tinta de Toro (Spain)
    Tinto de Madrid (Madrid)
    Tinta Roriz (Portugal)
    Aragonez (Portugal)

          

  120. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Gosset?Sir Winston Churchill

          

  121. Name three Vins Doux Naturels AOPs.Vin de Paille is a sweet straw wine in which the grapes are left on the straw mats to dry (the process is called "Passerillage") so the juice is concentrated. It is also made in Jura. Same practice of wine making is also seen in Austria, Greece, and notably in Italy (Vin Santo for example.).

          

  122. Define Chaptilisation.Chaptalization is the process of adding sugar to unfermented grape must in order to increase the alcohol content in the resulting wine.

          

  123. What is the designation in Austria that exists in between BA and TBA with minimum 27° KMW?Ausbruch

          

  124. What are the synonyms of Temperanillo?Sérine (Rhône)
    Shiraz (Australia, South Africa, US)

          

  125. Name one château from 5th growth in Haut-Médoc.Clairette
    Ugni Blanc
    Sémillon
    Rolle (a.k.a. Vermentino or Malvoisie de Corse)

          

  126. What is the general terminology for brandy made out of fruits such as cherries, raspberries, and plums?Eau-de-Vie

          

  127. What is the second most planted red varietal in France?Chardonnay

          

  128. What is the only DO recognised in La Rioja region in Argentina?Minimum 90% (Exceptions are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenère, Petit Syrah, Mouvèdre, Grenache, Marsanne, Rousanne, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, and Zinfandel which are minimum 75%)

          

  129. Which AVA is shared by Napa Valley AVA and Sonoma Valley AVA?Los Carneros AVA

          

  130. How is Scotch whisky usually distilled?Twice in Pot Still

          

  131. What are the grapes permitted for Valpolicella DOC?Rousette (Altese)

          

  132. What is the range of residual sugar content that is allowed to use the terminology Demi Sec?33g/L to 50g/L.

          

  133. What is the dominant varietal of Montagne de Reims?Cabernet Francs (a.k.a Breton).

          

  134. What is the soil type in Pomerol?Primitivo (Italy)

          

  135. What grapes are permitted for producing Rosé d'Anjou AOP?Montepulciano

          

  136. Name all Grand Cru
    Montrachet vineyards.
    Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Bienvenue-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Chevalier-Montrachet AOP
    Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Le Montrachet AOP

          

  137. Of all the 77 villages allowed to produce Côte du Rhône wines, how many of them are allowed to put their village name on the label?True

          

  138. I am a type of Fino Sherry that is aged for an extended period of time. I am amber in colour and I have a nutty flavour. I am required to have a minimum alcohol >15%. What type of Sherry am I?Amontillado.

          

  139. How long does the Alsace wine producing region stretch from North to South?Approximately 100km (60miles)

          

  140. What is the name of the AOP in Languedoc that produces exclusively rosé wine?Coteaux Champnois AOP

          

  141. What are the synonyms of
    Pinot Menier?
    Gros Plant (Loire, Cognac, Armangac)

          

  142. What is the base of Gin and how is it seasoned?It homogenizes the quality and flavor of the wine while allowing it to mature for an extended period of time.

          

  143. What is the minimum alcohol level allowed for Auslese, Spätlese, and Kabinett in Germany?7% ABV

          

  144. What is the bottle format containing 9L (12 bottles) called?Grain spirits. Juniper berries and other botanical.

          

  145. What is the name of the wine making technique in which the juice is put in a holding tank at below -7C° (19F°) to concentrate the sugar and flavour component?Sur Lie

          

  146. Name all six commues of Médoc from North to SouthCh. Duhart-Milon Rothschild

          

  147. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete in which vineyards are located North of Heiderberg, East of Rhein (the Rhine), and the West of Odenwald mostly producing Spätburgunder?Hessische Bergstraße

          

  148. What is the soil type of left bank Méridional?Sand and Sandstone covered by large pebbles.

          

  149. In which state does Geelong exist?Victoria

          

  150. What grapes are permitted for producing rosé from Touraine AOP?False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.

          

  151. What is the grape permitted for
    Cinque Terre DOC?
    Chardonnay

          

  152. Which villages in Côte de Nuits do they lack Grand Cru vineyards?35hl/ha to 37hl/ha

          

  153. I am a type of Sherry that did not take on the blanket of "Flor". I am golden in colour and quite dry. I am required to have a minimum alcohol >17%. What type of Sherry am I?Olorosso

          

  154. When serving Alsace Grand Cru AOP wine, it is necessary to name the varietal when presenting the bottle. True or False?True. Aforzato is what people from Lombardia call Amarone.

          

  155. How is Cognac distilled
    and how is it aged?
    Twice in Pot Still, in 300L Barrique.

          

  156. What is the name of the wine in Switzerland that is made from vinifying at least 51% of Pinot Noir and Gamay together?Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

          

  157. What is "Anbaugebiete"?Ampelography (ἄμπελος, "vine" + γράφος, 'writing') is the field of botany concerned with the identification and classification of grapevines.

          

  158. What is the name of the rosé wine made with 100% Pinot Noir in Neuchâtel?Œil de Pedrix

          

  159. What is the name of this Spanish wine region which is only permitted to produce white wine using mostly Albariño?Rias Baixas DOC

          

  160. What is the most widely planted red varietal in Argentina?Minimum 90% (Exceptions are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenère, Petit Syrah, Mouvèdre, Grenache, Marsanne, Rousanne, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, and Zinfandel which are minimum 75%)

          

  161. Name one wine producing region in Hungary besides Tokaj-Hegyalija.*Red Grapes
    Poussard
    Trousseau
    Pinot Noir (Gros Noirien)
    *White Grapes
    Savagnin (Naturé)
    Chardonnay (Melon d'Arbois)

          

  162. What are the two most common types of Scotch?Single Malt Whisky
    Blended Whisky

          

  163. What is the most ideal environment for storing wine?70% to 75%

          

  164. What is the ideal serving temperature for dry white wine?6C° (43F°) to 12C° (54F°)

          

  165. What is the German term for
    Sparkling Wine?
    Continental

          

  166. What is the name of the Italian region which is an island which is known for Marsala DOC?Sicillia (Sicily in English)

          

  167. What is the maximum capacity of barrels they are allowed to use for the production of Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva?Koji

          

  168. Name all Grand Cru Vineyards from Vosne-Romanée.Finger Lakes AVA
    Hudson River Region AVA
    Long Island AVA
    North Fork of Long Island AVA
    Hamptons of Long Island AVA
    Lake Erie & Chautauqua AVA
    Niagara Escarpment AVA

          

  169. Name all monopoles owned by Domaine de la Romanée-Conti in Vosne-Romanée.Northland
    Auckland
    Waikato / Bay of Plenty
    Gisborne
    Hawkes Bay
    Wellington

          

  170. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which is the most Northerly of all Anbaugebieten in Germany and it hardly produces wines above Spätlese? It is located within former East Germany.Saale-Unstrut

          

  171. What is the minimum residual sugar level for Sélection de Grains Nobles for Gewurtztraminer and Pinot Gris?Syrah minimum 90%, Rousanne & Marsanne.

          

  172. What is the most planted white varietal in France?Ugni Blanc
    (a.k.a. Saint-Emilion in Cognac and in Armagnac)

          

  173. What is the name of the grape permitted in Crépy AOP?Chasselas

          

  174. What is the dominant varietal in Northern Greece OPAPs?Xinomavro

          

  175. What is the name of the style of ale that are produced in eight authorized Belgian monasteries?Malepère AOP

          

  176. This Spanish wine region produces around 90% of all the Cava produced. What is the name of this region?Pinot Noir x Cinsaut
    Pinotage

          

  177. What are the main grape varietals in Sherry?No1, La Romanée AOP 0.8ha (Monopole of Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair)
    No2, Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP 1.57ha
    No3, La Grande-Rue AOP 1.7ha (Monopole of Domaine François Lamarche)
    No4, Romanée-Conti AOP 1.8ha (Monopole of Domaine de la Romanée-Conti)
    No5, Château-Grillet 3.4ha AOP (Monopole of Château Grillet)

          

  178. Name at least three red grape varietals grown in Greece.Agiorgitiko
    Liatiko
    Limnio
    Mavrodaphne
    Moschophilero
    Xinomavro

          

  179. Which mountain ranges stands in between Napa County and Sonoma County?Wines made out of late harvested grapes which is partially affected by Botrytis Cinerea.

          

  180. Name two AVAs that exist on the East of Cascade Mountains, and in Washington State?Yakima Valley AVA
    Red Mountains AVA
    Horse Heaven Hills AVA
    Wahluke Slope AVA
    Rattlesnake HIlls AVA

          

  181. What is Tawny Indication of Age?Aged Ruby Port.

          

  182. Wine coming from the warmer climate tend to have darker colour, and the wine coming from the colder climate tend to have lighter colour. True or false?Spanna (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  183. What does VQA stand for in Canada?Vintners Quality Alliance

          

  184. Why are Cascade Mountains so important to the viticulture in Pacific Northwest?Because it works as a rain curtain. The West of the Mountains is classified as Maritime Climate, receiving more rain while the East side is classified as Continental Climate and it is more dry.

          

  185. What are the varietals permitted for Rasteau AOP,
    and Rasteau Rancio AOP?
    Grenache Noir
    Grenache Gris
    Grenache Blanc

          

  186. Name one Cuvée de Prestige from Krug.Clos du Mesnil
    Clos d'Ambonnay

          

  187. What is the varietal requirement of Cornas AOP?Syrah 100%

          

  188. What is the name of the wine produced in Tokaj region made from grapes unaffected by Botrytis Cinerea, which means "Au Naturel"?Szamorodni

          

  189. Which village in Côte de Nuits does it lack Premier Cru or Grand Cru vineyards?Marsannay

          

  190. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete in which the vineyards stretch from Lorchhusen to Assmannhausen, then to Wiesbaden? The wine from this Anbaugebiete is known to be elegant, yet fruity, while attaining sophisticated aroma and power.Rheingau

          

  191. In order to qualify for VQA in British Columbia, how much grape has to come from British Columbia?Minimum 95%

          

  192. What grapes other than Pinot Noir and Gamay are permitted in
    Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOP?
    What is the maximum allowable percentage of each varietals?
    >45g/L residual sugar.

          

  193. This Spanish wine region is known for introducing the drip irrigation system in the 1980 by two legendary wine makers René Barbier and Álvaro Palacios. It is known to produce mostly red wine from the blend of Garnacha with international varietals such as Cariñena, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. What is the name of this region?1920 to 1933

          

  194. What is the ideal temperature for complex white wine?10C° (50F°) to 14C° (57F°)

          

  195. What is the name of the Italian region which is an island South of Corse (Corsica) which is well known for their Vermentino?Toscana (Tuscany in English)

          

  196. What is the aging requirement for Madeira (no designation).Minimum 3 years.

          

  197. What is Acidification?Addition of acids to the wine (acidification) to make the wine more acidic, most commonly in warm climate regions where grapes are often harvested at advanced stages of ripeness with high levels of sugars, but very low levels of acid.

          

  198. How is Armagnac distilled
    and how is it aged?
    Corvina Veronese
    Rondinella
    Molinara

          

  199. Vidal is a cross hybrid of what two varietals?Rogue Valley AVA

          

  200. What is the name of the large pebbles found in Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOP vineyards?Clairette 55% minimum, Aligoté 10% minimum, and Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

          

  201. If 2/3 of the guests have finished the appetizer and one of the guests with the empty plate has finished a glass of wine. What is your action?
    1), Automatically pour the same wine to the glass.
    2), Offer to pour more of the same wine.
    3), Collect the empty glass.
    4), Wait for the next course to be served, then offer another type of wine to the host.
    10C° (50F°) to 14C° (57F°)

          

  202. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete in which the 88% of the wine produced here is red wine made from Spätburgunder and Portugieser. It has vineyards situated on steep hills?Ahr

          

  203. What is the most widely planted grape in Canada?Vidal

          

  204. Name one wine producing region in British Columbia.Okanagen Valley
    Simikameen Valley
    Fraser Valley
    Vancouver Island

          

  205. What is the name of the Italian region which is the only region in Italy that is not facing the sea? Think of Montefalco Sgrantino DOC.Umbria

          

  206. What are the synonyms of Furmint?Spanna (Ghemme)
    Chiavennasca (Valttelina)

          

  207. Name three AOP from Libournais besides Saint-Émilion AOP, Saint-Émilion Grand Cru AOP, and Saint-Émilion Satélites.Pomerol AOP
    Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP
    Néac AOP
    Fronsac AOP
    Canon-Fronsac AOP
    Côtes de Castillon AOP
    Bordeaux Côtes de Francs AOP

          

  208. What does R.M. on Champagne seal stand for and what does it mean?Récoltant-Manipulant - It is used to identify that the the winery grew their own grapes to make wine. Most small producers fall into this category.

          

  209. Name one each from red and white grape varietals permitted in Jura?*Red Grapes
    Poussard
    Trousseau
    Pinot Noir (Gros Noirien)
    *White Grapes
    Savagnin (Naturé)
    Chardonnay (Melon d'Arbois)

          

  210. What is the bottle aging requirement for Non Millésimé (non-vintage) champagne?*It has to be harvested and vilified in the years in which the superior-vintage was declared by IVDP.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the second year from the vintage between January and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to June of the third year from the harvest without filtration.
    *It has to be made from the single vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.

          

  211. What is the regional requirement for labeling in Australia?Syrah minimum 90%, Rousanne & Marsanne.

          

  212. What is the ideal serving temperature of Vin Jaune?14C° (57F°) to 16C° (61F°)

          

  213. What is the permitted alcohol percentage range of Madeira DOC?17%~22% AVB

          

  214. What is the name of the disease in which the leaves are covered in white powdery residue?Trentino-Alto-Adige

          

  215. What is the name of the Italian region which mostly produces early drinking wine? Think of Est! Est!! Est!!! di Montefiascone DOCCalabria

          

  216. What is "Vin de Primeur"?Stone of apricot
    (for the flavour of almond).

          

  217. Is Bordeaux AOP permitted to produce white wine?True. Production of rosé is also permitted.

          

  218. What is the most widely planted red varietal in New Zealand.Pedro Gimenez (completely unrelated to Pedro Ximénez in Spain)

          

  219. What is the specie of grapes that is regarded as table grapes and when made into wine impart a "foxy flavor" profile?Vitis Labrusca

          

  220. When opening a sparkling wine bottle, the cage must be removed before twisting the bottle/cork. True or false?False. The wire must be thoroughly loosen but the cage must not be removed when opening.

          

  221. This DOC in a Portuguese island is famous for their fortified wine. What is the name of this DOC?Madeira DOC

          

  222. Name at least two white grape varietals grown in Greece.Aidani
    Athiri
    Muscat Savatiano

          

  223. What is the aging requirement for Crémant d'Alsace?It must be aged for nine months after Tirage (removal of sediment).

          

  224. What are the factors that determines the speed of maturation in wine?The amount of organic acid.
    Poly-phenol Level
    Poly-phenol from Barrels
    Residual Sugar Level
    Alcohol Content
    Concentration of Extract
    Free Sulpheric Acid Level

          

  225. What is the bottle format containing 12L (16 bottles) called?Mordechai or Salmanazar

          

  226. This region produces about 80% of entire output of Canada and known for German style Ice Wine from Riesling and Vidal. Which region is this?Mayacamas Mountains

          

  227. Name two of the eight sub-regions of Chianti.Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Tinta Negra Mole
    Terrantes
    Bastardo

          

  228. Name three Grand Cru vineyards shared by Pernand-Vergelesses and Aloxe-Corton.Touriga Nacional
    Touriga Francesa
    Tinta Roriz (a.k.a. Aragones, Tempranillo)
    Tinta Barroca
    Tinta Cão
    Tinta Pinheira
    Baga
    Tinta Negro Mole

          

  229. Name three AOPs in Graves permitted to produce botrytised wines.True

          

  230. What is the minimum aging requirement for Very Old Sherry (VOS) defignation?20 years

          

  231. What is the name of second wine of
    Ch. Latour?
    Les Forts de Latour

          

  232. What does Weingut mean?Wine was produced exclusively from the grapes harvested by the owner of the winery. Equivalent to "Domaine" in Burgundy.

          

  233. What is the name of the Italian region which boarders Austria, and it is the most Northerly region in Italy? Think of Teroldego Rotaliano DOC.Liguria

          

  234. What is the name of the AOP from Champagne region that produces the red, white, and rosé still wine made from the three champagne varietals?Rousette (Altese)

          

  235. Name three smaller AVAs from
    North Coast AVA.
    Dundee Hills AVA
    Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
    McMinnville AVA
    Ribbon Ridge AVA
    Eola-Amity Hills AVA
    Chehalem Mountains AVA

          

  236. In which year was Phylloxera discovered in Sonoma?1873

          

  237. Name all three sub-regions of Champagne AOP that have Cru 100% (Grand Cru) villages.Montagnes de Reims
    Vallée de la Marne
    Côte des Blancs

          

  238. What is Limoncello?Brandy made out of fermenting pips and skins of grapes. Same as Marc in France. Most Grappa does not see wood but if it is aged, takes on amber colour.

          

  239. Name two Grand Cru vineyards shared by Pernand-Vergelesses, Aloxe-Corton, and Ladoix.Corton AOP
    Corton-Charlemagne AOP

          

  240. What is the name of the Italian region which is stylistically similar to Greek wine due to the influences by Greek seafarers who originally brought wine making to this region? Think of Cirò DOC.Lombardia

          

  241. In Australia, Chaptilisation is permitted. True or false?True. Production of rosé is also permitted.

          

  242. When serving Vintage Port, it is necessary to decant. True or False?True

          

  243. What is the second most widely planted red varietal in Australia?Trebbiano Toscano

          

  244. How is Irish whisky usually distilled?Three times in Pot Still

          

  245. Pacific Northwest wine producing region is divided by what mountain range?Northland
    Auckland
    Waikato / Bay of Plenty
    Gisborne
    Hawkes Bay
    Wellington

          

  246. Red wine turns from darker colour to lighter colour as it matures. True or false?True

          

  247. What is the third most widely planted red varietal in Australia?Merlot

          

  248. Which Grand Cru vineyards from Gevrey-Chambertin are they allowed to interchange their names?Les Grandes Ruchottes
    Les Champs Gain
    Abbaye de Morgeot
    La Grande Montagne
    Morgeot
    Cailleret
    Clos Saint-Jean
    Bois de Chassagne
    La Maltroie

          

  249. What is a "Flor"?A district within Anbaugebieten.

          

  250. When did the Judgement of Paris take place?Macabeu (France)
    Macabeo (Spain)
    Viura (Rioja)

          

  251. What are the five châteaux of Première Grand Cru Classé of Médoc and in which commune are they located?Chardonnay
    Chenin Blanc
    12 months after tirage and 15 months before release.

          

  252. In which class and what commune is Ch. Cos d'Estournel classified?2nd, Saint-Estèphe

          

  253. In Burgundy, Acidification is prohibited. True or false?False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.

          

  254. What is the unofficial designation of high quality Sélection de Grains Nobles wine in Alsace that far exceeds the legal requirement for Sélection de Grains Nobles, regarded as equivalent or higher in quality to German Trockenbeerenauslese or Hungarian Tokaji Eszencia?Quintessence de Grains Nobles (Domaine Weinbach)
    Trie Spéciale (Domaine Zind-Humbrecht)

          

  255. What are the synonyms of Carignan?Cariñena (Spain)
    Mazuelo (Rioja)

          

  256. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Billecart-Salmon.Cuvée Femme

          

  257. What is the name of the Italian region which is know for their Negroamaro grapes? The capitol is Bari.Puglia (or Apulia)

          

  258. Name two wine producing regions from South Australia.Clare Valley
    Barossa Valley
    Eden Valley
    Adelaide Hills
    McLaren Vale
    Kangaroo Island
    Robe
    Pathaway
    Coonawarra

          

  259. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Henri Boillot.Cuvée Laetitia

          

  260. What is the ideal serving temperature of off-dry rosé?6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)

          

  261. What is the most planted white varietal in California?Chardonnay

          

  262. What is the benefit of Solera system?It homogenizes the quality and flavor of the wine while allowing it to mature for an extended period of time.

          

  263. I am a type of Fino Sherry coming from the port city of Sanlúcar de Barrameda. Since the grapes that I am made of come from the seaboard, I taste slightly salty.
    I am required to have a minimum alcohol >15%. What type of Sherry am I?
    Manzanilla

          

  264. What are the synonyms of Malbec?Côt (France)
    Auxerrois (Cahors)

          

  265. This DOC in Portugal is famous for their powerful and dry red wine, but also known for their light and refreshing white wine. You will also find a statue of sommelier in the city of Nelas. What is the name of this DOC?Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Sauvignon

          

  266. What is the condition of Halbtrocken in German wine and what colour of seal does it receive?Chardonnay

          

  267. What is the ideal serving temperature for Non-Millésimé (non-vintage) Champagne and Sparkling Wine?6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)

          

  268. What is the name of the AOP enclaved in Savennières AOP that is a monopole of Nicholas Joly?Savenières-Roches-aux-Moins AOP

          

  269. What are the synonyms of Rousette?Mediterranean

          

  270. Amarone and Aforzato are the same thing. True or false?True. Aforzato is what people from Lombardia call Amarone.

          

  271. What grapes are permitted for producing rosé from Crémant de Loire AOP?Clairette 100%

          

  272. What are the grape permitted for Franciacorta DOCG?Chiavenasca (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  273. What are the synonyms of Arbois?Menu Pineau

          

  274. Clos des Cortons is a monopole of which Domain?Domaine des Comtes Lafon

          

  275. In California, Chaptilisation is prohibited in Prädikatswein. True or false?True

          

  276. Muscadet is the only permitted varietal in the AOPs in Pays Nantais. True or False?True

          

  277. What is the name of the AOP in Southern Rhône in which
    Vin de Liquer is produced?
    Ahr

          

  278. What is the range of maximum yield in white village appellation in Burgundy?45hl/ha to 75hl/ha

          

  279. Define "Monopole" situation in France.It is an unofficial designation in which a given AOP or a vinayard is solely owned by a proprietor, such as Clos du Tart AOP, Château-Grillet AOP, or Savenières-Coulée-de-Serrant AOP. It is also applicable to the Premier Cru AOPs with vineyard designation such as Meursault Clos de la Barre (Appelation Meursault Premier Cru Protégée) by Comte Lafon. Some Grand Cru AOP and village level AOP may carry "Monopole" designation on its etiquette when historical "lieu-dit", or certain "climat" is solely owned by a single proprietor. e.g. Corton Clos des Cortons (Appelation Corton Grand Cru Protégée) by Domaine Faiveley, or Vosne-Romanée Clos du Château (Appelation Vosne-Romanée Protégée) by Domaine du Compte Liger-Belair.

          

  280. What are the dominant varietal in wines produced in Libournais?Merlot (except for Ch. Cheval Blanc, in which the dominant varietal is Cabernet Franc; and for Ch. Figeac in which the dominant varietal is Cabernet Sauvignon)

          

  281. What is the AOP in Southern Rhône that gained the AOP status in 2006?Vinsobres AOP. Grenache 50% minimum. Red wine only.

          

  282. What are the synonyms of Muscadet?Melon de Bourgogne (Loire)

          

  283. How is Campari seasoned?With the peel of bitter orange.

          

  284. What is the name of the famous Benedictine monk credited for improving the quality of then-still wine of the Champagne Region?Dom Pérignon

          

  285. Clos de la Barre is a monopole of which Domaine?Domaine Faiveley

          

  286. Clos des Réas in Vosne-Romanée AOP is a monopole of which Domaine?Michel Gros

          

  287. Name three Premier Cru vineyards from Chassagne-Montrachet.Les Grandes Ruchottes
    Les Champs Gain
    Abbaye de Morgeot
    La Grande Montagne
    Morgeot
    Cailleret
    Clos Saint-Jean
    Bois de Chassagne
    La Maltroie

          

  288. What are the two levels of EU wine classification according to the 1962 Treaty of Rome?Secondary fermentation must take place in the bottle.
    It must be aged for 9 months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
    It must be aged for one year before the release.

          

  289. In AVAs, what percentage of wine does it have to come from the vintage in order to put the said vintage on the label?Maybe
    Some grapes such a Sangiovese can exhibit brick colour at youth too especially in high-yield.

          

  290. What is the grape permitted for Vernaccia di Oristano DOC?Nebbiolo

          

  291. In the United States, Chaptilisation is prohibited. True or false?False (Prohibited in California)

          

  292. Cassis AOP is permitted to produce white. True or false?True

          

  293. Name two Premier Cru vineyards from Chambolle-Musigny.Les Amoureuses
    Les Charmes
    Les Cras
    Les Plantes
    Les Fuées
    Aux Combottes

          

  294. Napa Valley AVA and Sonoma Valley AVA belong to what larger AVA?Arroyo Grande Valley AVA
    Arroyo Seco AVA
    Carmel Valley AVA
    Chalone AVA, Cienega Valley AVA
    Edna Valley AVA
    Hames Valley AVA
    Lime Kiln Valley AVA
    Livermore Valley AVA
    Monterey AVA, Mt.
    Harlan AVA
    Pacheco Pass AVA
    Paicines AVA
    Paso Robles AVA
    San Antonio Valley AVA
    San Benito AVA
    San Bernabe AVA
    San Francisco Bay AVA
    San Lucas AVA
    San Ysidro District AVA
    Santa Clara Valley AVA
    Santa Cruz Mountains AVA
    Santa Lucia Highlands AVA
    Santa Maria Valley AVA
    Santa Ynez Valley AVA
    Sta. Rita Hills AVA
    York Mountain AVA

          

  295. What is the name for noble rot in Germany?Száraz

          

  296. What is the method of sparkling wine making in which the wine going through the fermentation is bottled and the remaining fermentation takes place in the bottle?Le Petit Mouton

          

  297. What is the grape permitted for
    Soave DOC?
    Garganega

          

  298. This state in Australia has a similar climate to New Zealand and well known for their Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir, Riesling, and Chardonnay. Which state is this?Riesling

          

  299. What is the name of the cult vignéron from Burgundy who is credited for macération-à-froid (cold soaking) technique and revolutionlised many aspects of viticulture and wine making in 1960's, and who passed away in 2006?Abruzzo

          

  300. What is the varietal requirement of Crémant de Die AOP?Clairette 55% minimum, Aligoté 10% minimum, and Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

          

  301. Which wines each from red and white won the first place in Paris tasting?3rd, Margaux

          

  302. What is the climate of Septentrional?Continental

          

  303. What is the name of the Italian region in which it has the most rain fall in Italy that is known for their sweet white wine? Think of Collio DOCRibera del Duoro DOC

          

  304. Use of citric acid for the purpose of Acidification in EU is prohibited. True or false?False

          

  305. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from PommeryCh. Duhart-Milon Rothschild

          

  306. In Austria, Kabinett is allowed to be chaptalised. True or false?False

          

  307. La Romanée AOP is a monopole of which domaine?Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair

          

  308. Name three AVAs that exist on the West of Cascade Mountains, and which exists in Oregon?Willamette Valley AVA
    -Dundee Hills AVA
    -Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
    -McMinnville AVA
    -Ribbon Ridge AVA
    -Eola-Amity Hills AVA
    -Chehalem Mountains AVA
    Umpqua Valley AVA
    -Red Hill Douglas County AVA
    Rogue Valley AVA
    Applegate Valley AVA
    Southern Oregon AVA

          

  309. What are the four levels of wine classification in Germany?Prädikatswein
    Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)
    Landwein
    Tafelwein

          

  310. What is the grape permitted for
    Barolo DOCG and Barbaresco DOCG?
    Spanna (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  311. What is the second second planted red varietal in California?Colombard

          

  312. What does N.M. on Champagne seal stand for and what does it mean?Négociant-Manipulant - It is used to identify that the wine comes from a large négociant that mainly purchases grapes from the growers to make their wine. Majority of Champagne productions including most major Maison fall into this category.

          

  313. Name three villages in Côte de Beaune which are only permitted to produce red wine.Musigny AOP

          

  314. What is Liqueur d'Expedition?125hL/ha
    (except for Elbling: 150hL/ha)

          

  315. What is the most widely grown red varietal in Italy?Sangiovese (Grosso)

          

  316. This region in Australia has similar climate to Pomerol or Saint-Emillion and well known for their Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Which region is this?Margaret River

          

  317. Name the only two Grand Cru vineyrds from Chambolle-MusignyBonnes-Mares AOP
    Musigny AOP

          

  318. In which state does Mudgee exist?American Viticultural Area

          

  319. What is the system in which Sherry is aged? It is the system that the new wine is added from the top of the stack of barrels, then that barrel tops off the next level of barrels below and so on.Pedro Gimenez (completely unrelated to Pedro Ximénez in Spain)

          

  320. What is the name of second wine of
    Ch. Haut-Brion?
    Garganega

          

  321. What are the synonyms of Zinfandel?Monastrell (Spain)
    Mataro (Australia, US)

          

  322. What are the three main acids occurring as a result of fermentation?17%~22% AVB

          

  323. What is the grape permitted for Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC?Pinot Bianco
    Pinot Nero
    Chardonnay

          

  324. What are the dominant red varietals in Touraine?Cabernet Francs a.k.a Breton.
    Gamay

          

  325. What is the name of the AOP in Burgundy which produces sparkling red wine from Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Gamay, and other minor varietals?
    Note: It is not Crément de Bourgogne
    Bourgogne Mousseux AOP

          

  326. What is the varietal requirement of Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?It has to be minimum 50% Mouvèdre and it has to be aged in wood for 18 months.

          

  327. What is the only third growth from Saint-Estèphe?Grain spirits. Juniper berries and other botanical.

          

  328. Name three rivers that flow through Bordeaux region from North to South.Ch. Duhart-Milon Rothschild

          

  329. What is the name for the pre-fermentation sugar rich soup that is used to make beer?Wort

          

  330. What is the Italian term for
    Sparkling Wine?
    Vino Spumante

          

  331. Name one châteaux from classed growth in Graves that are only classified for their white wines.Ch. Laville-Haut-Brion
    Ch. Couhins
    Ch. Couhins-Lurton

          

  332. What is the second most widely grown white varietal in Italy?Trebbiano Toscano

          

  333. What is the maximum yield in Mosel?Sugar Cane

          

  334. What are the synonyms of
    Chenin Blanc?
    Pineau de la Loire (Loire)
    Steen (South Africa)

          

  335. Name all seven (or eight) Grand Cru Vineyards of Chablis from North-West to South-East.Les Grandes Ruchottes
    Les Champs Gain
    Abbaye de Morgeot
    La Grande Montagne
    Morgeot
    Cailleret
    Clos Saint-Jean
    Bois de Chassagne
    La Maltroie

          

  336. What is the dominant varietal of Sauternes AOP?Sugar + Yeast = Alcohol + Carbon Dioxide
    (C6H12O6 -> 2C2H5OH + 2CO2)

          

  337. Name at least two AVAs from Willamette Valley AVA.Dundee Hills AVA
    Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
    McMinnville AVA
    Ribbon Ridge AVA
    Eola-Amity Hills AVA
    Chehalem Mountains AVA

          

  338. Relative to Bordeaux, in which direction is Armagnac located?Bas-Armagnac AOP
    Armagnac Ténarèze AOP
    Haut-Armagnac AOP

          

  339. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which has vineyards stretching for approximately 130km (80miles) and it is situated where Nahe merges with Rhein (the Rhine)?Mittelrhein

          

  340. Name all six red varietals and three white varietals permitted to grow in Bordeaux.Cabernet Sauvignon
    Cabernet Franc
    Merlot
    Malbec
    Petit Verdot
    Carmenère
    Sémillon
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Muscadelle

          

  341. What are the three Provincias producing wine in Noroeste in Argentina?La Rioja
    Catamarca
    Salta

          

  342. What is the aging requirement for red Gran Reserva in Spain?12 months in the barrel,
    24 months in the bottle.
    Total: 36 months before release.

          

  343. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Veuve Cliquot.Grande Dame

          

  344. What is Vendenge Tardive in
    Alsace wine?
    Wines made out of late harvested grapes which is partially affected by Botrytis Cinerea.

          

  345. What are the synonyms of Maccabeu?Sérine (Rhône)
    Shiraz (Australia, South Africa, US)

          

  346. What are the two main acids occurring in botrytised wines?Gluconic Acid, and Galacturonic Acid.

          

  347. In which state does Yarra Valley exist?Victoria

          

  348. What is Liquer de Tirage?With the peel of bitter orange.

          

  349. What is the bottle format containing 15L (20 bottles) called?Garganega

          

  350. What is the Italian term for effervescent, or lightly sparkling wine?Vino Frizzante

          

  351. In Italy, Chaptilisation is prohibited. True or false?False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.

          

  352. What is the style of wine produced in Monbazillac AOP?Syrah 100%

          

  353. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete in which the wine is said to have the floral characteristic of Mosel and elegance of Rheingau?Nahe

          

  354. Name two grapes permitted for Madeira DOC.Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Tinta Negra Mole
    Terrantes
    Bastardo

          

  355. What is the official name of Sherry?Continental

          

  356. Name the only AOP in Burgundy that is permitted to produce wine from Sauvignon Blanc. Upgraded to AOC in 2003.Saint-Bris AOP
    Similar soil type to Chablis region: alluvial and Kimméridgien, thus producing steely, and minerally Sauvignon Blanc with flavors of sour green apples.

          

  357. What are the synonyms of Chasselas?Gutedel (Alsace, Germany)

          

  358. Name two red varietals permitted in Provence.Grenache
    Cinsault
    Mouvèdre
    Carignan
    Syrah
    Tibouren

          

  359. What is the varietal requirement of Saint-Péray AOP?Rousanne & Marsanne

          

  360. What are the permitted varietals in Blanquette de Limoux AOP? How long does it have to be aged?Shiraz

          

  361. What is Vin Santo in Italy?Grapes that went through Passito process are pressed and fermented sweet, then put in the barrel partially full with yeast film allowed to develop on the surface. Produced mainly in Toscana from white grapes. If it is produced from red grapes, it is allowed to be labeled as "Occhio di Pernice".

          

  362. What is the range of maximum yield in white regional appellation in Burgundy?16C° (61F°) to 18C° (64F°)

          

  363. What is the French term for effervescent, or lightly sparkling wine?6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)

          

  364. What is the aging requirement for white and rosé Reserva in Spain?Minimum 85%

          

  365. What is the name of the Italian region which is covered with eroded limestone? The capitol is Potenza. Think of Aglianico del Vulture DOCGBasilicata

          

  366. What is the range of maximum yield in red Premier Cru Burgundy?Montepulciano

          

  367. What is Rancio?Rancio is a production method of Vins Doux Naturels and Vins de Liqueur in which the wine is left under the sun either in the barrels or in the bottles for an extended period of time which maderises the wine. Similar to Madeira poduction.

          

  368. What is the name of the Italian region which is known for their world renowned Chianti DOCG, Chianti Classico DOCG, and Brunello di Montalcino DOCG?Toscana (Tuscany in English)

          

  369. What is the name of the famous wine produced in Northern Hungary called "Blood of the Egrian Bull"?Egri Bikavér

          

  370. What is the name of the Vin de Liquer AOP produced in Jura?Macvin de Jura AOP

          

  371. Name three climats from Corton AOPDesignated Viticultural Areas

          

  372. Name three of the five regional AVAs in California.Arroyo Grande Valley AVA
    Arroyo Seco AVA
    Carmel Valley AVA
    Chalone AVA, Cienega Valley AVA
    Edna Valley AVA
    Hames Valley AVA
    Lime Kiln Valley AVA
    Livermore Valley AVA
    Monterey AVA, Mt.
    Harlan AVA
    Pacheco Pass AVA
    Paicines AVA
    Paso Robles AVA
    San Antonio Valley AVA
    San Benito AVA
    San Bernabe AVA
    San Francisco Bay AVA
    San Lucas AVA
    San Ysidro District AVA
    Santa Clara Valley AVA
    Santa Cruz Mountains AVA
    Santa Lucia Highlands AVA
    Santa Maria Valley AVA
    Santa Ynez Valley AVA
    Sta. Rita Hills AVA
    York Mountain AVA

          

  373. What is the main ingredients of
    Kuma-Shochu?
    Garganega

          

  374. What is the varietal requirement of red Saint-Joseph AOP?Minimum 85%

          

  375. What is the varietal requirement in Canada?Minimum 85%

          

  376. What is the minimum aging requirement for Tokaji Aszú 3 to 6 Puttonyos?3 years before release.

          

  377. In which year, which château was upgraded from which growth to which growth?1920 to 1933

          

  378. This region in Australia is known for their superior Pinot Noir. What region is this?Temperature: 12C° or 56F°
    Humidity: 70%~75%
    Dark
    No Vibration
    No Smell
    Laid down on the side with the label facing up.

          

  379. What is the vintage requirement for labeling in Australia?Minimum 85%

          

  380. Name three appellations in
    Entre-Deux-Mers district that are allowed to produce botrytised wine.
    Cadillac AOP
    Loupillac AOP
    Saint-Croix-du-Mont AOP

          

  381. Which Château in St-Emilion Grand Cru Classé was it promoted from Grand Cru Classé to Grand Cru Classé Château B in 1996, and then to Château A in 2012?Ch. Angélus

          

  382. Name two sub-regions of Champagne AOP that don't have
    Cru 100% (Grand Cru) villages.
    Rasteau AOP
    Muscat Beaumes de Venise AOP

          

  383. What is Sélection de Grains Nobles in Alsace wine?Wines made out of late harvested grapes which is largely affected by Botrytis Cinerea.

          

  384. Cornas AOP produces a small amount of white wine made out of Rousanne & Marsanne. True or false?False. Cornas is only permitted to produce red wine exclusively from Syrah.

          

  385. With what varietal is Hunter Valley known for?Sémillon

          

  386. This Weinbauregionen produces 61% of wine by volume in the entire country. It is also famous for their Grüner Veltliner. Main subregions include Wachau and Weinviertel.Niederöstrreich

          

  387. What is the name of the AOP in Languedoc that produces red from minimum 50% Merlot and rosé from 50% Cabernet Franc in which it gained AOP status in 2007?Emiglia-Romagna

          

  388. Name at least three châteaux from Pomerol AOPSaint-Amour
    Juliénas
    Chénas
    Moulin-à-Vent
    Fleurie
    Chiroubles
    Morgon
    Régnié
    Brouilly
    Côte de Brouilly

          

  389. What are the synonyms of Pinot Gris?Melon d'Arbois (Jura)
    Beaunois (Burgundy)

          

  390. Name two Premier Cru vineyards from Puligny-Montrachet.Clos Saint-Jacques
    Clos des Varoilles
    La Perrière
    Aux Combottes
    Bel Air
    Clos du Chapître
    Les Cazetiers
    Champeaux

          

  391. What is the name of the varietal native to Bordeaux, which found a new home in Chile that is not Malbec?Carmenère

          

  392. What is the name of the AOP situated on the left bank directly across from
    Pouilly-Fumé AOP?
    Emiglia-Romagna

          

  393. In which class and what commune is Ch. Léoville-Barton classified?2nd, Saint-Julien

          

  394. Which villages in Côte de Beaune lacks Premier Cru Vineyards?Chorey-lès-Beaune
    Saint-Romain

          

  395. What are the two Provincias producing wine in Centro-Oeste in Argentina?Mendoza
    San Juan

          

  396. What are the three main acids naturally occurring in the grapes?Gluconic Acid, and Galacturonic Acid.

          

  397. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which produces the smallest volume of wine in Germany? It is also the most Easterly Anbaugebiete in Germany.Sachsen

          

  398. What is the varietal requirement of red Vin de Corse AOP?Sciacarello minimum 40%

          

  399. Name two Premier Cru vineyards from Vosne-Romanée.Les Gaudichots
    Aux Malconsorts
    Les Beaux Monts
    Les Suchots
    Clos des Réas
    Les Chaumes

          

  400. What is the method of sparkling wine making in which the secondary fermentation takes place in the bottle?Méthode Traditionelle, or
    Traditional Method in English
    ("Méthode Champenoise" is now outlawed in EU)

          

  401. This AOP in Northern Rhône is a monopole, and it is known for their Viognier wine. What is the name of the AOP?Temperature: 12C° or 56F°
    Humidity: 70%~75%
    Dark
    No Vibration
    No Smell
    Laid down on the side with the label facing up.

          

  402. What are the two biggest changes took place in the wine classification law reform of 2006?1), Renaming of Appellation d'Origine Controlée (AOC) to Appellation d'Origine Protégée (AOP)
    2), Abolishment of Appellation d'Origine de Vin de Qualité Supérieur (AOVDQS)

          

  403. What is the ideal annual average temperature for growing vitis vinifera?10C° to 16C° (50F° to 61F°)

          

  404. What are the dominant white varietals in Centre Nivernais?Sémillon

          

  405. Name two Cru 100% (Grand Cru) Villages from Côte des Blancs.Ambonnay
    Beaumont-sur-Vesle
    Bouzy
    Louvois
    Mailly
    Pusieulx
    Sillery
    Verzenay
    Verzy

          

  406. Lirac AOP is allowed to produce red, white, and rosé. True or false?True. Mainly from Grenache and Clairette.

          

  407. Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is under a co-ownership of which families?Domaine Faiveley

          

  408. What is the third most widely planted white varietal in Australia?Sémillon

          

  409. Name two white grape varietals permitted in Rioja DOCMinimum 75%

          

  410. When did Spain introduce
    their wine laws?
    Vino Spumante

          

  411. Name at least two wine producing regions from Chile.Aconcagua Valley
    Casablance Valley
    San Antonio Valley
    Maipo Valley
    Rapel Valley
    Curicó Valley
    Maule Valley
    Itata Valley
    Bio Bio Valley
    Malleco Valley

          

  412. Name one white varietals permitted in Provence.Clairette
    Ugni Blanc
    Sémillon
    Rolle (a.k.a. Vermentino or Malvoisie de Corse)

          

  413. What is the main ingredients of Satsuma-Shochu?Sweet Potato

          

  414. With what varietal is Clare Valley known for?Riesling

          

  415. What is Occhio di Pernice?Vin Santo made from red grapes in Italy.

          

  416. What is the third most planted white varietal in California?Sauvignon Blanc

          

  417. What is the grape permitted for Montepulciano d'Abruzzo DOC?Montepulciano

          

  418. What is Vin Jaune and how is it made?Grapes that went through Passito process are pressed and fermented sweet, then put in the barrel partially full with yeast film allowed to develop on the surface. Produced mainly in Toscana from white grapes. If it is produced from red grapes, it is allowed to be labeled as "Occhio di Pernice".

          

  419. What is the minimum aging requirement for Very Old Rare Sherry (VORS) defignation?3 years before release.

          

  420. Brick tinge to the rim of wine indicates the age of the wine. True or false?True

          

  421. What is the name of the Italian region which is facing Adriatic sea and known for Lambrusco DOC?Lombardia

          

  422. In which class and what commune is Ch. Branaire-Ducru classified?1873

          

  423. What are the three sub-appellations of Armagnac AOP?Grand Champagne
    Petit Champagne
    (Fine Champagne)
    Borderies
    Fins Bois
    Bons Bois
    Bois Ordinaire

          

  424. What does DVA stand for in Canada?Côt (France)
    Auxerrois (Cahors)

          

  425. Name three most notable white grape varietals in Portugal.Loureiro
    Arinto
    Alvarinho (Alvariño in Spain)
    Encruzado
    Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Terrantes

          

  426. What is Dégorgement
    (Disgorgement in English)?
    Garganega

          

  427. What is the bottle format containing 20L (26.66 bottles) called?Solomon

          

  428. What is the specie of grapes that is generally used as a base vine for grafting vitis vinifera to avoid the harm of phylloxera?Muscat du Cap Corse AOP

          

  429. What is the name of the Italian region with many mountains which is known for their Montepulciano? The capitol is L'Aquila.Abruzzo

          

  430. This DOC in Portugal produces still wine from the same area as Porto DOC. What is the name of this DOC?Douro DOC

          

  431. What are the three most important grape varietals in Cava?Trebbiano Romagnolo

          

  432. What is the most widely planted white varietal in New Zealand.Sauvignon Blanc

          

  433. Name one from four wine producing regions in New York state.Niederöstrreich
    Wien
    Burgenland
    Steinmark

          

  434. Passito and Recioto are the same thing. True or false?True. Recioto is what people from Veneto call Passito.

          

  435. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Nicolas Feuillatte.Palme d'Or

          

  436. Name two terminology allowed for Champagne that did not receive any sugar in dosage?Montagnes de Reims
    Vallée de la Marne
    Côte des Blancs

          

  437. What is the ideal latitude for growing vitis vinifera in Northern Hemisphere?Chardonnay

          

  438. What is the style of wine produced in Bergerac Sec AOP?Granite and schist.

          

  439. What is the terminology used for late harvest Chenin Blanc in Vouvray?Vendange Tardive

          

  440. What is the AOP that is only allowed to produce Vin Jaune?Continental

          

  441. What is the name of the Tokaji Aszú equivalent to 7 to 8 Puttonyos? What is the minimum residual sugar level? What is the aging requirement?Tokaji Aszúeszencia
    180g/L
    5 years before release.

          

  442. In order to qualify for VQA with the name of the vineyard in Canada, how much grape has to come from the said vineyard?Minimum 85%

          

  443. What are the varietals permitted for producing white Anjou AOP?Chenin Blanc

          

  444. What is the base of Dranbuie and what is it seasoned with?Scotch whisky. Honey and various herbs.

          

  445. What is the maximum yield in Rheingau?90hL/ha

          

  446. What is the varietal requirement for labeling in Australia?Vermentino 100%

          

  447. Name at least one wine producing regions in South Island of New Zealand.Marlborough
    Nelson
    Canterbury / Waipara
    Central Otago

          

  448. What is the second most widely planted white varietal in Argentina?Torrontes Riojano

          

  449. Name two Premier Cru vineyards from Gevrey-Chambertin.Les Gaudichots
    Aux Malconsorts
    Les Beaux Monts
    Les Suchots
    Clos des Réas
    Les Chaumes

          

  450. In which class and what commune is Ch. Clerc-Milon classified?Morey-Saint-Denis and
    Chambolle-Musigny

          

  451. What is the most planted red varietal in France?Pedro Gimenez (completely unrelated to Pedro Ximénez in Spain)

          

  452. What is "Ampelography"?Vin de Primeur is wine that are permitted by INAO to be sold in the same year as the harvest. There are 55 AOCs permitted to produce Vin de Primeur. Beaujolais Nouveau AOP is evidently the most famous Vin de Primeur in which it is released on the third Thursday of November following the harvest.

          

  453. What is the third most widely grown red varietal in Italy?Barbera

          

  454. What is the climate of Méridional?Continental

          

  455. What is the minimum residual sugar level for Vendenge Tardive for Gewurtztraminer and Pinot Gris?257g/L

          

  456. In which year, who ordered to classify the growth of wines from Médoc according to what?True

          

  457. What is the grape permitted for Gattinara DOCG and Ghemme DOCG?Spanna (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  458. What is Tavel AOP famous for?Full bodied rosé produced from the blend of predominantly Grenache, with Cinsault, Mouvèdre, and Syrah.

          

  459. What is the aging requirement for Extra Reserva in Madeira.Minimum 10 years.

          

  460. What is the most widely planted white varietal in Australia?Merlot

          

  461. What is the name of the Tokaji Aszú made entirely from botrytised grapes? What is the minimum residual sugar level?Phylloxera

          

  462. What is the name of the wine region that produces the second biggest volume in New Zealand?Rosé des Riceys AOP

          

  463. What is the dominant varietal of
    Côte des Blancs?
    Chardonnay

          

  464. What is Ruby Port?Port made from red grapes.

          

  465. Name all four wine producing regions in Austria.Ch. Ferrière
    Ch. Malescot Saint-Exupéry
    Ch. Marquis d'Alesme-Becker
    Ch. Boyd-Cantenac
    Ch. Cantenac-Brown
    Ch. Desmitail
    Ch. d'Issan
    Ch. Kirwan
    Ch. Palmer

          

  466. Côte du Roussillon Village AOP is only permitted to produce red wines. True or false?True

          

  467. What is the second most planted red varietal in California?Merlot

          

  468. Name three smaller AVAs from Central Coast AVA.Arroyo Grande Valley AVA
    Arroyo Seco AVA
    Carmel Valley AVA
    Chalone AVA, Cienega Valley AVA
    Edna Valley AVA
    Hames Valley AVA
    Lime Kiln Valley AVA
    Livermore Valley AVA
    Monterey AVA, Mt.
    Harlan AVA
    Pacheco Pass AVA
    Paicines AVA
    Paso Robles AVA
    San Antonio Valley AVA
    San Benito AVA
    San Bernabe AVA
    San Francisco Bay AVA
    San Lucas AVA
    San Ysidro District AVA
    Santa Clara Valley AVA
    Santa Cruz Mountains AVA
    Santa Lucia Highlands AVA
    Santa Maria Valley AVA
    Santa Ynez Valley AVA
    Sta. Rita Hills AVA
    York Mountain AVA

          

  469. What is the most widely grown white varietal in Italy?Cataratto Bianco Comune

          

  470. What are the synonyms of
    Müller-Thurgau?
    Rivaner (Luxembourg, Slovenia)

          

  471. What is Frangelico flavoured with?Stone of apricot
    (for the flavour of almond).

          

  472. What are the two AOPs in Northern Rhône known for their wines made out of Viognier?The amount of organic acid.
    Poly-phenol Level
    Poly-phenol from Barrels
    Residual Sugar Level
    Alcohol Content
    Concentration of Extract
    Free Sulpheric Acid Level

          

  473. What is the bottle format containing 30L (40 bottles) called?Balthazar

          

  474. What are the synonyms of Vermentino?Spanna (Ghemme)
    Chiavennasca (Valttelina)

          

  475. Name at least two wine producing regions in North Island of New Zealand.Northland
    Auckland
    Waikato / Bay of Plenty
    Gisborne
    Hawkes Bay
    Wellington

          

  476. What is the dominant white varietal in Touraine?90hL/ha

          

  477. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete near the French boarder which is the second largest Anbaugebieten in Germany that benefits from warmer climate?Mittelrhein

          

  478. What is the name for the sweet Szamorodni?Mediterranean

          

  479. What is the main ingredient of Tequilla?It homogenizes the quality and flavor of the wine while allowing it to mature for an extended period of time.

          

  480. Central Otago belongs to what type of climate?Continental Climate - It is the only region is New Zealand to be classified as true Continental Climate.

          

  481. How many Grand Cru monopoles are there in the village of Vosne-Romanée?*It has to be produced exclusively from Savagnin (Naturé).
    *Ouillage (Topping-up) and Soutirage (Racking) are prohibited.
    *Minimum six years maturation in the wood. (Longest legal requirement for maturation for French wine.)
    *It must be sold in a 620ml bottle called Clavelin.

          

  482. What is the third most widely planted red varietal in Argentina?Trebbiano Toscano

          

  483. What is the condition in which
    "Fine Champagne"
    is allowed on the label?
    Ch. d'Yquem

          

  484. Gigondas AOP is allowed to produce rosé wine. True or false?No

          

  485. Name two wine producing regions of Greece.Macedonia & Thrace
    Espiros & Ionian Islands
    Thessaly
    Centreal Greece
    Peloponnese
    Aegian Islands

          

  486. What is the biggest wine producing region in Chile?Maule Valley

          

  487. What are the main ingredients of Bourbon and what is the legal requirement to qualify for being called a Bourbon?At least 51% of ingredients has to be corn, and aged in new charred American oak barrel.

          

  488. Which commune has the largest number of classified growth in Médoc?Maule Valley

          

  489. What is the grape permitted for
    Chianti DOCG and Chianti Classico DOCG?
    Sangiovese (Grosso)

          

  490. What is the minimum percentage of Pinot Noir and Gamay in Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOP?11% ABV

          

  491. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Philipponnat.Mont de Milleu
    Montée de Tonnerre
    Fourchaume
    Vaillons
    Montmais
    Mélinots
    Côte de Léchet
    Beauroy
    Vaucoupain
    Vosgros
    Les Fourneux
    etc...

          

  492. What primary ingredient is added to the beer for flavouring?Merlot

          

  493. What grapes are permitted for producing white from
    Crémant de Loire AOP?
    Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Sauvignon

          

  494. What is the name of second wine of
    Ch. Lafite-Rothschild?
    Carruades de Lafite

          

  495. What are the three varietals explicitly forbidden from being used for producing Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOP?Carignan, Marsanne, and Viognier.

          

  496. What is the name of the Italian region which is mostly clay soil with the capitol of Ancona? Think of Verdicchio dei Castelli.Marche

          

  497. What is the name of the Italian region in which it produces the best examples of Nebbiolo grapes such as
    Barolo DOCG, and Barbaresco DOCG?
    Piemonte (Piedmont in English)

          

  498. What percentage of wine does it have to come from the specific vineyard in order to put the said vineyard on the label in California?Minimum 95%

          

  499. What is the German term for effervescent, or lightly sparkling wine?6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)

          

  500. Name five châteaux from 3rd growth in Margaux.100hL/ha

          

  501. What is the name for the
    Northern Rhône region in French?
    Bosco

          

  502. What is the name of the wine making technique in which the skin is immersed in the juice prior to fermentation?Trappist

          

  503. Corbières AOP is permitted to produce white wine. True or false?True. Mainly from Grenache and Clairette.

          

  504. What is the grape permitted for
    Colli Orientali del Friuli Piccolit DOCG?
    Vernaccia

          

  505. In which class and what commune is Ch. Palmer classified?1935

          

  506. Name one wine producing region in Switzerland.Clare Valley
    Barossa Valley
    Eden Valley
    Adelaide Hills
    McLaren Vale
    Kangaroo Island
    Robe
    Pathaway
    Coonawarra

          

  507. Name the only Grand Cru vineyard in Côte de Beaune which is permitted to produce red wine.Sancerre AOP
    Menetou-Salon AOP
    Reuilly AOP

          

  508. Name at least three chateaux from Saint-Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé Chateaux B.Marlborough
    Nelson
    Canterbury / Waipara
    Central Otago

          

  509. What is the ideal serving temperature of Vintage Port?12C° or 56F°

          

  510. Gigondas AOP is allowed to produce white wine. True or false?False

          

  511. What is the legal requirement for Late Bottled Vintage Port (LBV)?*It has to be made exclusively from grapes that are harvested in the inferior-declared vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the fourth year from the vintage between March and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to the end of the sixth year from the harvest.

          

  512. What is the soil type of Septentrional?Continental

          

  513. What are the six (or seven)
    sub-appellations of Cognac AOP?
    Blanc Fumé (Loire)
    Fumé Blanc (US)

          

  514. What are the five classification of Sake and how much surface weight (in percentage) need to be polished off to qualify them?Onomasia Proelefsis Anoteras Piotitas (OPAP)
    Onomasia Proelefsis Elechomeni (OPE)
    Topikos Oinos
    Epitrapezios Oinos

          

  515. What are the grapes permitted for producing Coteaux de Saumur AOP and in which style?Chenin Blanc, Dessert Wine

          

  516. What are the synonyms of Cabernet Franc?Rolle (Provence)

          

  517. What is the aging requirement for Reserva in Madeira DOC.Minimum 5 years.

          

  518. What is the condition of Lieblich in German wine and what colour of seal does it receive?<45g/L residual sugar.
    Red

          

  519. What is the minimum residual sugar level for Vendenge Tardive for Riesling and Muscat?235g/L

          

  520. What is a "Großlage"?A collection of vineyards within a district.
    167 of them in existence as of 2009.

          

  521. In Franken, the wines are sold in what bottle in which colour?Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair

          

  522. What is the Spanish term for effervescent, or lightly sparkling wine?Vino de Aguja

          

  523. What is the bottle format containing 25L (33.33 bottles) called?C° = (F°-32) x 5/9

          

  524. Côte du Rhône AOP is permitted to produce rosé wine. True or false?True. Mainly from Grenache and Clairette.

          

  525. Name five Alsace Grand Cru AOP's Lieu-Dit.*Declared ion 20 November 1975
    Schlossberg (Kientzheim)
    *Declared on 23 November 1983
    Altenberg (Bergbieten)
    Altenberg (Bergheim)
    Brand (Turckheim)
    Eichberg (Eguisheim)
    Geisberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Gloeckelberg (Rodern et Saint-Hippolyte)
    Goldert (Gueberschwihr)
    Hatschbourg (Hattstatt et Vœgtlinshoffen)
    Hengst (Wintzenheim)
    Kanzlerberg (Bergheim)
    Kastelberg (Andlau)
    Kessler (Guebwiller)
    Kirchberg (Barr)
    Kirchberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Kitterlé (Guebwiller)
    Moenchberg (Andlau et Eichhoffen)
    Ollwiller (Wuenheim)
    Rangen (Thann et Vieux-Thann)
    Rosacker (Hunawihr)
    Saering (Guebwiller)
    Sommerberg (Niedermorschwihr et Katzenthal)
    Sonnenglanz (Beblenheim)
    Spiegel (Bergholtz et Guebwiller)
    Wiebelsberg (Andlau)
    *Declared on 17 December 1992
    Altenberg (Wolxheim)
    Bruderthal (Molsheim)
    Engelberg (Dahlenheim et Scharrachbergheim)
    Florimont (Ingersheim et Katzenthal)
    Frankstein (Dambach-la-Ville)
    Froehn (Zellenberg)
    Furstentum (Kientzheim et Sigolsheim)
    Mambourg (Sigolsheim)
    Mandelberg (Mittelwihr et Beblenheim)
    Marckrain (Bennwihr et Sigolsheim)
    Muenchberg (Nothalten)
    Osterberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Pfersigberg (Eguisheim et Wettolsheim)
    Pfingstberg (Orschwihr)
    Praelatenberg (Kintzheim)
    Schœnenbourg (Riquewihr et Zellenberg)
    Sporen (Riquewihr)
    Steinert (Pfaffenheim et Westhalten)
    Steingrubler (Wettolsheim)
    Steinklotz (Marlenheim)
    Vorbourg (Rouffach et Westhalten)
    Wineck-Schlossberg (Katzenthal et Ammerschwihr)
    Winzenberg (Blienschwiller)
    Zinnkoepflé (Soultzmatt et Westhalten)
    Zotzenberg (Mittelbergheim)
    *Declared on 12 January 2007
    Kaefferkopf (Ammerschwihr)

          

  526. What are the grapes permitted for Marsala DOC?Chiavenasca (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  527. What is the grape permitted for Valtellina DOCG?Chiavenasca (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)

          

  528. What is the name of the AVA that exists on the West of Cascade Mountains, and in Washington State?Puget Sound AVA

          

  529. What are the synonyms of Savagnin?Naturé (Jura)

          

  530. Who invented the fortified wine Marsala?John Woodhouse
    While travelling in Sicily, he realized that the wine made in Marsala tasted similar to Port, Sherry, and Madeira.He then decided to recreate the fortified wine there with maturation process similar to solera syetem in Sherry production.

          

  531. What is the dominant white varietal in Anjou & Saumur?Pinot Noir

          

  532. What is the name of the mountain range that stands on the West of Alsace wine producing region?Vosge Mountains

          

  533. What is a "Bereich"?A district within Anbaugebieten.

          

  534. What soil type is Coonawarra known for?Terra Rossa

          

  535. What is the varietal requirement of Clairette de Die AOP?Sweet Potato

          

  536. What is the name of the soil type in Sherry?Furmint
    Hárslevelü
    Sarga Muskotály (a.k.a. Muscat Blancs à Petits Grains)

          

  537. What is the third most planted red varietal in California?Cabernet Sauvignon

          

  538. l'Etoile AOP is allowed to produce red an rosé wine. True or false?False
    l'Etoile AOP is only permitted to produce white, Vin Jaune, and Vin de Paille wines.

          

  539. What is the first AVA recognised?Turning of bottles to bring the yeast sediment to the neck of the bottles.
    It is also called Riddling in English.

          

  540. What are the synonyms of
    Sauvignon Blanc?
    Blanc Fumé (Loire)
    Fumé Blanc (US)

          

  541. What are the varietals permitted for producing red Anjou AOP?Pinot Bianco
    Pinot Nero
    Chardonnay

          

  542. Name all ten Crus of BeaujolaisSaint-Amour
    Juliénas
    Chénas
    Moulin-à-Vent
    Fleurie
    Chiroubles
    Morgon
    Régnié
    Brouilly
    Côte de Brouilly

          

  543. What are the synonyms of Mouvèdre?Primitivo (Italy)

          

  544. What are the synonyms of Pinot Noir?Spätburgunder (Germany)
    Blauburgunder (Germany)
    Gros Noirien (Jura)

          

  545. What are the synonyms of
    Sangiovese Grosso?
    Brunello (Brunello di Montalcino), Prugnolo Gentile (Vino Nobile di Montepulciano)

          

  546. What is the name of the AOP in Languedoc that produces rosé from Carigan, Grenche, Mouvèdre, and Syrah?Koji

          

  547. Name one of the five "Regions" in South Africa.Los Carneros AVA 1983-08-18
    Howell Mountain AVA 1983-12-30
    Wild Horse Valley AVA 1988-11-30
    Stags Leap District AVA 1989-01-27
    Mt. Veeder AVA 1990-02-20
    Atlas Peak AVA 1992-01-22
    Spring Mountain District AVA 1993-05-13
    Oakville AVA 1993-07-02
    Rutherford AVA 1993-07-02
    St. Helena AVA 1995-09-11
    Chiles Valley AVA 1999-02-17
    Yountville AVA 1999-03-19
    Diamond Mountain District AVA 2001-06-01
    Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA 2004-02-25
    Calistoga AVA 2009-12-08
    Coombsville AVA 2011-12-14

          

  548. This facility is used for Madeira DOC production. The storage facility that is heated up by the sunlight which keeps the building to an average of 30C° (86F°). It is used to keep the barrels containing higher quality Madeira for extended maturation period. What is the name of the facility?Canteiro

          

  549. This DOC in Portugal is known to produce light and fruity white and sparkling wine from traditional method. It is named after their clay soil type too. What is the name of this DOC?Bairrada DOC

          

  550. What are the notable legal requirements of Vin Jaune?*It has to be produced exclusively from Savagnin (Naturé).
    *Ouillage (Topping-up) and Soutirage (Racking) are prohibited.
    *Minimum six years maturation in the wood. (Longest legal requirement for maturation for French wine.)
    *It must be sold in a 620ml bottle called Clavelin.

          

  551. Name two AVAs that exist on the East of Cascade Mountains, and are shared by both Washington State and Oregon?Lussac-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Montagne-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Puisseguin-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Saint-Georges-Saint-Émilion AOP

          

  552. Name two Saint-Émilion Satelite AOPsSaint-Amour
    Juliénas
    Chénas
    Moulin-à-Vent
    Fleurie
    Chiroubles
    Morgon
    Régnié
    Brouilly
    Côte de Brouilly

          

  553. In which vintages was Romanée-Conti AOP not produced?1947 to 1952.

          

  554. Which one of the following AOP is not permitted to produce wine from Chenin Blanc?
    1), Jasnières AOP
    2), Cour-Cheverny AOP
    3), Quincy AOP
    4), Chinon AOP
    True

          

  555. What is the varietal requirement for red Patrimonio AOP?Niellucio minimum 90%

          

  556. What are the four levels of wine classification in Greece?Lowland
    Speyside
    Highland
    Islay
    Campbeltown
    The Islands (Arran, Jura, Mull, Orkney and Skye)

          

  557. What is the name of the Italian region that is a thin and long stretch of hills descending from Alps to Mediterranean?
    Think of Cinque Terre DOC.
    Campania

          

  558. What is Tawny Port?Turning of bottles to bring the yeast sediment to the neck of the bottles.
    It is also called Riddling in English.

          

  559. What are the names of Scotch producing regions?Lowland
    Speyside
    Highland
    Islay
    Campbeltown
    The Islands (Arran, Jura, Mull, Orkney and Skye)

          

  560. In which state does Hunter Valley exist?New South Wales

          

  561. In which state does Margaret River exist?It is a Madeira made from single vintage and single varietal.
    Also known as Vintage Madeira.
    It is required to be matured in wood for minimum 20 years.
    It must be made exclusively from the labeled varietal.

          

  562. In New Zealand, Chaptilisation is prohibited. True or false?True

          

  563. What are the four levels of wine classification in Italy?Denominazione di Origine Controlata e Garantita (DOCG)
    Denominazione di Origine Controlata (DOC)
    Vino da Tavola Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)
    Vino da Tavola

          

  564. What is the name of the Swiss wine producing region with half of the entire outputs in the country?Valais

          

  565. What is Grappa?A mixture of sweet reserve wine and yeast added to the bottle to start the secondary fermentation in the bottle.

          

  566. White wine turns from darker colour to lighter colour as it matures. True or false?False

          

  567. What is the second most widely planted white varietal in Australia?Chenin Blanc a.k.a Pineau de la Loire.

          

  568. What is the aging requirement for Special Reserva, or Old Reserva in Madeira.Secondary fermentation must take place in the bottle.
    It must be aged for 9 months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
    It must be aged for one year before the release.

          

  569. What are two process regulated by AOC, but not regulated by AOVDQS? - Prior to 2012 reform.Succinic Acid, Acetic Acid, and Lactic Acid.

          

  570. What is the varietal requirement of Coteaux de Die AOP?Aligoté and Chardonnay.
    Must be picked by hand.

          

  571. What are the four levels of wine classification in Portugal?Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC)
    Indicação Proveniência Regulmentada (IPR)
    Vinho Regional
    Vinho de Mesa

          

  572. What is the bottle format containing 4.5L (6 bottles) called?Rehoboam

          

  573. What is the second most planted white varietal in France?Merlot

          

  574. How did the Champagne wine come to be associated with celebration?Because the Cathedral of Reims was a venue for coronation of the King of France and the still wine of Champagne region was served at the banquet.

          

  575. What are the permitted varietals in Crémant de Limoux?Chardonnay
    Chenin Blanc
    12 months after tirage and 15 months before release.

          

  576. What are the three sub-regions of
    Rioja DOC?
    Rioja Alta
    Rioja Alavesa
    Rioja Baja

          

  577. What percentage of wine does it have to come from the AVA in order to put the said AVA on the label in California?Minimum 85%

          

  578. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which is the largest of all Anbaugebiten in Germany? Wine is known to be soft, delicate, and fruity.Rheinhessen

          

  579. In which state does Clare Valley exist?South Australia

          

  580. What are the conditions for upgrading DOC to DOCG?Chenin Blanc

          

  581. Name three AVAs from Napa Valley AVA.Comtes de Champagne

          

  582. What is the aging requirement for white and rosé Gran Reserva in Spain?6 months in the barrel,
    42 months in the bottle.
    Total: 48 months before release.

          

  583. Name one Cuvée de Prestige from
    Moët et Chandon.
    Dom Pérignon
    Dom Pérignon Cuvée Œnothéque

          

  584. Which village AOP from
    Côte Chalonaise is only permitted to produce white wine from Chardonnay?
    Rias Baixas DOC

          

  585. What is En Primeur practice?En Primeur is the the practice of merchants and trade organizations are invited to taste the barrel sample of wines that are entering the maturing phase. It is then sold before bottling at a significantly lower price than after being bottled. Though it is often seen as a gamble since the wine price can appreciate or depreciate depending on many factors such as overall quality, age-worthiness, or the economy.

          

  586. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which is the most Southerly and it has the warmest climate of all Anbaugebieten in Germany?Saale-Unstrut

          

  587. I am a type of Sherry that initially had the blanket of "Flor", but it somehow disappeared in the process but allowed to continue maturing. I taste somewhat in between Fino and Olorosso. What type of Sherry am I?Amontillado.

          

  588. What is the dominant varietal of
    Vallée de la Marne?
    Bosco

          

  589. What is the second most widely planted red varietal in Argentina?Bonarda

          

  590. What is the minimum residual sugar level for Sélection de Grains Nobles for Riesling and Muscat?Quintessence de Grains Nobles (Domaine Weinbach)
    Trie Spéciale (Domaine Zind-Humbrecht)

          

  591. What is the dominant red varietal in Anjou & Saumur?Cabernet Francs (a.k.a Breton).

          

  592. Name three Grand Cru vineyards from the village of Gevrey-Chambertin.Ambonnay
    Beaumont-sur-Vesle
    Bouzy
    Louvois
    Mailly
    Pusieulx
    Sillery
    Verzenay
    Verzy

          

  593. What is the minimum alcohol level allowed for BA and TBA in Germany?5.5% ABV

          

  594. What is the dominant varietal in Barossa Valley?Shiraz

          

  595. What is the second most widely grown red varietal in Italy?Montepulciano

          

  596. Name three cities in Xérès region of Spain which forms Sherry triangle.Jerez de la Frontera
    El Puerto de Santa Maria
    Sanlúcar de Barrameda

          

  597. What is the name of the Italian region in which the half of it is a flat and the other half is mountains and foothills? It is know for Soave DOCG, Bardolino DOCG, and Valpolicella DOC.Veneto

          

  598. What does "Jambes", "Larmes", or "Legs", "Tears" indicate?Stellenbosch
    Paarl
    Darling
    Swartland
    Tygerberg
    Cape Point
    Tulbach

          

  599. What is Strohwein?Wormwood is steeped with wine. It is consumed as aperitivo or digestivo.

          

  600. What is the name of the Italian region known for classical agricultural practices? Think of Biferno DOC.Sancerre AOP

          

  601. What is the bottle format containing 6L (8 bottles) called?Methuselah

          

  602. What is the range of maximum yield in white Premier Cru Burgundy?45hl/ha to 68hl/ha

          

  603. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete which is located on the banks of the Neckar and its tributaries, and produces the highest volume of red wine in Germany?Lombardia

          

  604. Clos de Tart AOP is a monopole of which Domaine?Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair

          

  605. Bergerac AOP is not permitted to produce white wine. True or false?True. Mainly from Grenache and Clairette.

          

  606. In order to qualify for VQA in Ontario, how much grape has to come from Ontario?18 months in the barrel,
    42 month in the bottle.
    Total: 60 months before release.

          

  607. With what varietal is Eden Valley known for?Riesling

          

  608. What is the ideal serving temperature of red Burgundy?8C° (46F°) to 10C° (50F°)

          

  609. Name two Premier Cru climats from Chablis.Mont de Milleu
    Montée de Tonnerre
    Fourchaume
    Vaillons
    Montmais
    Mélinots
    Côte de Léchet
    Beauroy
    Vaucoupain
    Vosgros
    Les Fourneux
    etc...

          

  610. What is the ideal serving temperature of red Rhône wine?16C° (61F°) to 18C° (64F°)

          

  611. What are the five smallest AOPs in France?No1, La Romanée AOP 0.8ha (Monopole of Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair)
    No2, Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP 1.57ha
    No3, La Grande-Rue AOP 1.7ha (Monopole of Domaine François Lamarche)
    No4, Romanée-Conti AOP 1.8ha (Monopole of Domaine de la Romanée-Conti)
    No5, Château-Grillet 3.4ha AOP (Monopole of Château Grillet)

          

  612. Who discovered the effect of fermentation by yeast?Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

          

  613. What is the river mouth estuary in which three great rivers of Bordeaux converge near the vineyards of Graves and flows by Médoc towards the Atlantic?Oidium, or Powdery Mildew.
    It arrived in Europe around 1855-1856.

          

  614. What is Barolo Chinato?Liqueur made from lemon peel.

          

  615. Clod de l'Ecu in the village of Beaune is a monopole of which domaine?Domaine Faiveley

          

  616. Name three Cru 100% (Grand Cru) Villages from Montagne de Reims.Ambonnay
    Beaumont-sur-Vesle
    Bouzy
    Louvois
    Mailly
    Pusieulx
    Sillery
    Verzenay
    Verzy

          

  617. What is the legal requirement for Colheita?*It has to be a single vintage Tawny opted for long maturation period.
    *It has to display the vintage and bottled year on the label.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the third year from the vintage between July and the end of the year.
    *It is only permitted to be bottled after seven years of maturation in wood.

          

  618. Which AOP from Mâconnais are permitted to produce white wine only?Pinot-Chardonnay-Mâcon AOP
    Mâcon-Villages AOP
    Saint-Véran AOP
    Pouilly-Fuissé AOP
    Pouilly-Loché AOP
    Pouilly-Vinzelles AOP
    Viré-Clessé AOP

          

  619. In Austria, Prädikatswein is allowed to have Süßreserve added. True or false?False

          

  620. How is Vosge Mountains beneficial to the viticulture in Alsace wine producing region?Savatiano

          

  621. This grape, found in South Africa, is a cross hybrid of two varietals. What is the name of the parent varietals and the resulting varietal?Pinot Noir x Cinsaut
    Pinotage

          

  622. What is "Première Taille" in
    Champagne AOP?
    Pavillon Rouge

          

  623. What is the varietal requirement of red and rosé Châtillon-en-Diois AOP?Grenache 50% minimum,
    and Syrah 25% minimum.
    Red wine only.

          

  624. What is the name of this Spanish wine region which is located at the heart of Castillia Léon and it produces wine from at least 75% Tinto Fino (a.k.a.Tempranillo)?Maceration, or Skin Contact

          

  625. What is the most widely planted red varietal in Australia?Rogue Valley AVA

          

  626. Name the only 4th growth from Pauillac.Altesse (Jura)

          

  627. What is the name of the wine produced in Greece that is infused with pine resin?Retsina

          

  628. Who organized the Paris Wine Tasting of 1976?Steven Spurrier
    the chair and president of
    l'Academie du Vin

          

  629. How long does an Irish whisky have to be aged in wood before released?Three years

          

  630. By which villages is Bonnes-Mares AOP divided?Morey-Saint-Denis and
    Chambolle-Musigny

          

  631. What is the name of the wine making technique in which the red grape is fermented with skin intact, but pressed mid-fermentation to extract lighter coloured juice, then continued the fermentation with the juice alone?Aszú

          

  632. What are the synonyms of Syrah?Pineau de la Loire (Loire)
    Steen (South Africa)

          

  633. Define Malolactic Fermentation.Vin Santo made from red grapes in Italy.

          

  634. What is the name of the wine producing region in New Zealand coined as "The Capitol of Chardonnay in New Zealand"?Gisbourne

          

  635. What are the two DOs in Mendoza?Luján de Cuyo
    San Rafael

          

  636. Name two Vin de Liqueur.The grape juice obtained from the harvest is kept without going through fermentation. In order to achieve the desired residual sugar level, it is permitted to be added to the wine up to the 25% of the volume of resulting wine. It must come from the same locality as the wine in which it is added.

          

  637. Name three varietals each from eighteen red and white varietals permitted for producing Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOP. (List revised and published by INAO in 2009.)*Red Grapes:
    Cinsaut
    Counoise
    Grenache Noir
    Mourvèdre
    Muscardin
    Piquepoul Noir
    Syrah
    Terret Noir
    Vaccarèse (Brun Argenté)
    *White Grapes
    Bourboulenc
    Clairette Blanche
    Clairette Rose
    Grenache Blanc
    Grenache Gris
    Picardan
    Piquepoul Blanc
    Piquepoul Gris
    Roussanne

          

  638. This wine region in New Zealand is well known for their Pinot Noir. Which region is this?Central Otago

          

  639. What is the name of the Italian region in which the vineyards are located in the highest attitude in Europe?
    Known for their only DOC.
    Vale d'Aosta

          

  640. What is the name of the AOPs enclaved in Anjou AOP known for their botrytised Chenin Blanc and what are the two communal AOPs that are known to produce some of the best examples of the botrytised Chenin Blanc in the world?Coteaux du Layon AOP - Regional Appellation
    Quarts de Chaume AOP and Bonnezeau AOP - Communal Appellation

          

  641. What is the grape permitted for
    Orvieto DOC?
    Cortese

          

  642. What is the varietal requirement of Côte Rôtie AOP?Clairette 55% minimum, Aligoté 10% minimum, and Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

          

  643. What is the varietal and aging requirement for Bandol AOP?It has to be minimum 50% Mouvèdre and it has to be aged in wood for 18 months.

          

  644. What is the ideal serving temperature of light red wine?Mediterranean

          

  645. What is the measurement of sweetness derived from the name of the bucket with the capacity of 26kg used to determine the sweetness of the Tokaji Aszú wine?Puttonyos

          

  646. What is the name of the yeast used for sake production?Koji

          

  647. Name one AOPs in Centre Nivernais district that are permitted to produces still rosé wine exclusively from
    Pinot Noir.
    Sancerre AOP
    Menetou-Salon AOP
    Reuilly AOP

          

  648. Which country in the world consumes the most wine per capita?Luxembourg

          

  649. Who regulates and enforces the AOC (prior to 2012) or AOP (after 2012) law?Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (prior to 1 January 2007) - INAO
    Institut National de l'Origine et de la Qualité (Still called INAO despite the new name's acronym being INOQ)

          

  650. What is the legal requirement for Crémant de Jura?Secondary fermentation must take place in the bottle.
    It must be aged for 9 months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
    It must be aged for one year before the release.

          

  651. What are the three (or four) levels of wine classification in France?Denominación de Origen Vino de Pago (VP)
    Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOC)
    Denominación de Origen (DO)
    Vino de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica (VCIG)
    Vinñedos de España
    Vino de la Tierra
    Vino de Mesa

          

  652. What are the synonyms of
    Folle Blanche?
    Klevner (Alsace)
    Weissburgunder (Germany)
    Pinot Bianco (Italy)

          

  653. What is the French term for Sparkling Wine?Ruländer (Germany)
    Pinot Grigio (Italy)
    Szürkebarát (Hungary)
    Grauburgunder (Germany)

          

  654. What is the terminology of sparkling wine made exclusively from white grapes? (100% Chardonnay in Champagne AOP)Blanc de Blancs

          

  655. In which years were the prohibition law enforced?1920 to 1933

          

  656. What is the bottle format containing 3L (4 bottles) called?Nebuchadnezzar

          

  657. What are the synonyms of Chardonnay?Melon d'Arbois (Jura)
    Beaunois (Burgundy)

          

  658. What is the maximum yield in Franken?Jerez-Xérès-Sherry
    y Manzanilla de Barrameda DOC.

          

  659. What percentage of wine does it have to come from the specific vineyard in order to put the said vineyard on the label in Oregon?Minimum 95%

          

  660. What is the name of the tiny insects that suck out the sup of the vine especially the root that causes vines to die?Phylloxera

          

  661. Name two 2nd growth from Pauillac.Ch. Pichon-Longueville Baron
    Ch. Pichon-Longueville Comtesse de Lalande

          

  662. What is the terminology of white to light salmon pink sparkling wine made exclusively from red grapes?Blanc de Noirs

          

  663. This facility is used for producing Madeira DOC. It is a man made heating machine in which the wine is heated in large stainless steel vats which heats the wine to 35C° (95C°) to 50C° (120F°) for minimum three months, then cooled down for three to four weeks before transferred to a large barrel called Cuba. What is the name of the facility?Estufa

          

  664. What is the name of the AOP on the right bank in Centre Nivernais district that produces the world-renowned flinty white wine from Sauvignon Blanc?Tokaji Aszúeszencia
    180g/L
    5 years before release.

          

  665. Name two Saint-Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé Chateaux A.Ch. Ausone
    Ch. Cheval Blanc
    Ch. Angélus (Upgraded in 2012)
    Ch. Pavie (Upgraded in 2012)

          

  666. What are the common ingredients of Vodka?Rolle (Provence)

          

  667. Name one wine producing region in Ontario.Cuvée Femme

          

  668. What is the single most important factor that differentiates Scotch whisky from other types of whisky?Chadonnay

          

  669. What is the minimum alcohol percentage in Champagne AOP?11% ABV

          

  670. How many total classified growth
    are there in Médoc?
    Twice in Pot Still, in 300L Barrique.

          

  671. What is the range of maximum yield in red village appellation in Burgundy?16C° (61F°) to 18C° (64F°)

          

  672. This AVA in Pacific Northwest produces about 98% of grapes used for wine in Washington State. What is the name of the AVA?Columbia Valley AVA

          

  673. Name all six levels of Prädikatswein from highest to lowest in Öchsle level.Trockenberenauslese (TBA)
    Eiswein and Berenauslese (BA)
    Auslese
    Spätlese
    Kabinett

          

  674. What is the legal requirement of
    Vin de Paille made in Hermitage AOP?
    It has to be dried in straw mats for the minimum of 45 days. It has to be aged for 18 months before release.

          

  675. What grapes are permitted for producing Vouvray AOP?Chenin Blanc

          

  676. What is the name of the cult vignéron from Loire who produced highly concentrated white wine from barrel aged Sauvignon Blanc who passed away in 2008?Basilicata

          

  677. What are the grapes permitted for
    Est! Est!! Est!!! di Montefiascone DOC?
    The amount of organic acid.
    Poly-phenol Level
    Poly-phenol from Barrels
    Residual Sugar Level
    Alcohol Content
    Concentration of Extract
    Free Sulpheric Acid Level

          

  678. What is the name of the insects that transmit Pierce's Disease?Sharpshooter

          

  679. What are the three grape varietals permitted in Champagne AOP?Grillo
    Cataratto
    Inzollia
    Perricone
    Calabrese

          

  680. What is the name of grape brandy AOP from Burgundy that is made from fermenting the pips and skins?Marc de Bourgogne AOP

          

  681. Cahors AOP is also permited to produce white. True or false?True

          

  682. What is the grape permitted for Vino Nobile di Montalcino DOCG?Garganega

          

  683. In which class and what commune is Ch. Talbot classified?4th, St-Julien

          

  684. What is the third most widely grown white varietal in Italy?Trebbiano Romagnolo

          

  685. What is the ideal serving temperature of dry rosé?8C° (46F°) to 10C° (50F°)

          

  686. What is the main soil composition of Côte de Nuits?Sweet Potato

          

  687. Name one of the Cuvée de Prestige from Laurent Perrier.Grande Siècle
    Salon

          

  688. What are the seven levels of wine classification in Spain?Denominación de Origen Vino de Pago (VP)
    Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOC)
    Denominación de Origen (DO)
    Vino de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica (VCIG)
    Vinñedos de España
    Vino de la Tierra
    Vino de Mesa

          

  689. Hermitage is permitted to produce rosé wine. True or false?False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.

          

  690. What is the ideal humidity level when storing wine?70% to 75%

          

  691. Which village does the vineyard "Chevalier-Montrachet" exist?New South Wales

          

  692. This DOC in Portugal produces world famous fortified wine from mainly Touriga Nacional. What is the name of this DOC?Chenin Blanc

          

  693. What are the synonyms of Pinot Blanc?Melon de Bourgogne (Loire)

          

  694. What is Vermut di Torino?Port made from red grapes.

          

  695. What is the varietal requirement of white Châtillon-en-Diois AOP?Syrah 100%

          

  696. What are the synonyms of Riesling?Weisser Riesling (Germany)
    White Riesling (US)
    Johannisberg Riesling (US)
    Rheinriesling (Germany)

          

  697. What is the varietal permitted in Tokaji?Furmint
    Hárslevelü
    Sarga Muskotály (a.k.a. Muscat Blancs à Petits Grains)

          

  698. Name two red grape varietals permitted in Rioja DOCTempranillo
    Garnacha
    Mazuelo (a.k.a. Cariñena)
    Graciano
    Maturana Tinta
    Maturana Parda
    Monastrel

          

  699. What is the bottle aging requirement for Millésimé (vintage) champagne?Syrah minimum 90%, Rousanne & Marsanne.

          

  700. Chinon AOP is permitted to produce white wine. True or False?True

          

  701. What is the name of the Anbaugebiete known for the high quality Riesling from vineyards with slate soil situated on steep hills along the Saar and the Ruwer?Maceration, or Skin Contact

          

  702. What is the bottle format containing 0.1875L (0.25 bottle) called?Piccolo

          

  703. Name one of the varietals permitted to produce wine in Savoie wine region.Clairette 100%

          

  704. What is the ideal annual sunlight hours for growing vitis vinifera?1300 to 1500 hours per year.

          

  705. Name three most notable red grape varietals in Portugal.Touriga Nacional
    Touriga Francesa
    Tinta Roriz (a.k.a. Aragones, Tempranillo)
    Tinta Barroca
    Tinta Cão
    Tinta Pinheira
    Baga
    Tinta Negro Mole

          

  706. What is the predominant varietal in Cahors AOP?Auxerrois (a.k.a. Côt and Malbec)

          

  707. Grèves Vigne de l'Enfant Jésus is a monopole of which Domaine?Domaine Faiveley

          

  708. What is the soil type of right bank Méridional?Pinot Noir

          

  709. What is the range of residual sugar content that is allowed to use the terminology Brut?0g/L to 15g/L.

          

  710. What is the condition of Trocken in German wine and what colour of seal does it receive?Trebbiano Romagnolo

          

  711. What are the synonyms of Ugni Blanc?Breton (Loire)
    Bouchet (Bordeaux)

          

  712. In which state does King Valley exist?New South Wales

          

  713. What is
    Muscat-de-Beaumes-de-Venise AOP?
    Augusta, Missouri

          

  714. What is the most well known sub-region of Central Valley?Rogue Valley AVA

          

  715. What is the main soil composition of Côte de Beaune?Limestone, Clay

          

  716. Name three Premières Crus of Sauternes and its commune.Loureiro
    Arinto
    Alvarinho (Alvariño in Spain)
    Encruzado
    Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Terrantes

          

  717. What is White Port?Beverage made from steeping cinchona bark with old Barolo wine.

          

  718. What is the most planted red varietal in California?Chardonnay

          

  719. What is the varietal permitted for producing Retsina?Minimum 75%

          

  720. What is the aging requirement for red Crianza in Spain?12 months in the barrel,
    24 months in the bottle.
    Total: 36 months before release.

          

  721. Pécharmant AOP is only permitted to produce red wine. True or false?True

          

  722. Jurançon AOP is known to produce what style of wine from predominantly which varietals?Sweet White Wine from
    Petit Manseng and Gros Manseng.

          

  723. Name the only two climats in Alsace Grand Cru that are permitted to produce Gentil.Altenberg de Bergheim
    Kaefferkopf

          

  724. What is the range of maximum yield in white Grand Cru Burgundy?125hL/ha
    (except for Elbling: 150hL/ha)

          

  725. In which state does Eden Valley exist?Victoria

          

  726. What is the legal requirement for Vintage Port?*It has to be harvested and vilified in the years in which the superior-vintage was declared by IVDP.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the second year from the vintage between January and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to June of the third year from the harvest without filtration.
    *It has to be made from the single vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.

          

  727. What is the name for the dry Szamorodni?Száraz

          

  728. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Duval-LeroyGrande Dame

          

  729. What are the famous AOPs in Bretagne and in Normadie that produce apple cider?Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Sauvignon

          

  730. What is the ideal serving temperature of red Bordeaux wine?18C° (64F°) to 20C° (68F°)
    Higher for high-end wines.

          

  731. In which state does McLaren Vale exist?It is a Madeira made from single vintage and single varietal.
    Also known as Vintage Madeira.
    It is required to be matured in wood for minimum 20 years.
    It must be made exclusively from the labeled varietal.

          

  732. What is Mutage?Brandy made out of fermenting pips and skins of grapes. Same as Marc in France. Most Grappa does not see wood but if it is aged, takes on amber colour.

          

  733. What is Süßreserve?The grape juice obtained from the harvest is kept without going through fermentation. In order to achieve the desired residual sugar level, it is permitted to be added to the wine up to the 25% of the volume of resulting wine. It must come from the same locality as the wine in which it is added.

          

  734. What is the range of maximum yield in red regional appellation in Burgundy?50hl/ha to 69hl/ha

          

  735. What is the name of the wine produced in Tokaj region made from grapes affected by Botrytis Cinerea, which means "Syrup-like"?Aszú

          

  736. What is the bottle format containing 0.75L (1 bottle) called?Standard or Full Bottle

          

  737. Name the only AOP in Côte de Nuits that is permitted to produce rosé wine.Altenberg de Bergheim
    Kaefferkopf

          

  738. This Alsace Grand Cru is the only climat that is permitted to produce Sylvaner instead of Muscat. What is the name of this climat?Zolzenburg

          

  739. Which village in Côte d'Or does it have a Grand Cru vineyard but lacks Premier Cru Vineyard?Flazy-Echézeaux

          

  740. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Ruinart.Dom Ruinart

          

  741. What is the main ingredients of
    Iki-Shochu?
    Wheat

          

  742. In order to qualify for "Añejo" deisgnation, how long does Tequila have to be aged in the barrel?One Year

          

  743. What is the aging requirement for white and rosé Crianza?6 months in the barrel,
    12 months in the bottle.
    Total: 18 months before release.

          

  744. Name two only Cru 100% (Grand Cru) Villages from Vallée de la Marne.Aÿ
    Tours-sur-Marne

          

  745. What is the main soil composition of Chablis from Jurassic Period?Kimméridgien - Layers of fossilised oyster shells.

          

  746. Name the Cuvée de Prestige from Taittinger.Comtes de Champagne

          

  747. Relative to Bordeaux, in which direction is Cognac located?North

          

  748. What are the synonyms of Cinsaut?Hermitage (South Africa)

          

  749. What is the bottle format containing 0.375L (0.5 bottle) called?Demi or Half Bottle

          

  750. What is the name of the AOP from Champagne region that produces the rosé still wine made exclusively from Pinot Noir?Abruzzo