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  1. Niellucio minimum 90%
  2. South Australia
  3. Pinot Menier
  4. Ampelography (ἄμπελος, "vine" + γράφος, 'writing') is the field of botany concerned with the identification and classification of grapevines.
  5. True
  6. Northern Rhône wines tend to be Syrah dominant, blended with either Rousanne & Marsanne or with Viognier (except for Cornas AOP which is 100% Syrah). Southern Rhône wines tend to be blends of many different varietals with some relative importance to Grenache.
  7. Amontillado.
  8. It literally translates to Yellow Wine. It is wine that is made from Savagnin (Naturé) grapes. The wine is not filled to the brim of the barrel so that it allows for the growth of yeast film called Fleur du Vin developing on the surface of the wine protecting it from excessive oxidation. Gradually the wine turns yellow and starts to develop a flavour profile called Goût de Jaune (Yellow Taste) which are often described as walnuts, roasted almond, and hazelnut. A few strict rules are imposed on producing this wine.
  9. Merlot
  10. Grenache Noir
    Grenache Gris
    Grenache Blanc
  11. True
  12. Ch. Belgrave
    Ch. Camensac
    Ch. Cantemerle
  13. 257g/L
  14. 45hl/ha to 75hl/ha
  15. Sciacarello minimum 40%
  16. False
  17. Wines made out of late harvested grapes which is partially affected by Botrytis Cinerea.
  18. Michel Gros
  19. Olorosso
  20. Douro DOC
  21. Pinot-Chardonnay-Mâcon AOP
    Mâcon-Villages AOP
    Saint-Véran AOP
    Pouilly-Fuissé AOP
    Pouilly-Loché AOP
    Pouilly-Vinzelles AOP
    Viré-Clessé AOP
  22. Phylloxera
  23. Öchsle / 4 - 2 = residual sugar (percentage)
  24. Campania
  25. Alcohol and Glycerol Level
  26. Calvados du Pays d'Auge AOP
    Calvados Domfrontais AOP
    Calvados AOP
  27. Côte de Provence Sainte-Victoire AOP
    Côte de Provence Fréjus AOP
  28. Brandy made out of fermenting pips and skins of grapes. Same as Marc in France. Most Grappa does not see wood but if it is aged, takes on amber colour.
  29. 16C° (61F°) to 18C° (64F°)
  30. Solera System
  31. Pineau de la Loire (Loire)
    Steen (South Africa)
  32. Aszú
  33. Riesling
  34. Cabernet Sauvignon
    Cabernet Franc
    Merlot
    Malbec
    Petit Verdot
    Carmenère
    Sémillon
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Muscadelle
  35. Merlot
  36. True
  37. It started in 2006 and came into effect in 2012.
  38. Lussac-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Montagne-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Puisseguin-Saint-Émilion AOP
    Saint-Georges-Saint-Émilion AOP
  39. Sérine (Rhône)
    Shiraz (Australia, South Africa, US)
  40. La Rioja
    Catamarca
    Salta
  41. Garganega
  42. Cabernet Franc
    Cabernet Sauvignon
  43. Les Amoureuses
    Les Charmes
    Les Cras
    Les Plantes
    Les Fuées
    Aux Combottes
  44. 1300 to 1500 hours per year.
  45. 30% Pinot Noir
    15% Gamay
  46. 50hl/ha to 69hl/ha
  47. Grande Dame
  48. Brunello (Brunello di Montalcino), Prugnolo Gentile (Vino Nobile di Montepulciano)
  49. Melon de Bourgogne (Loire)
  50. Chenin Blanc, Dessert Wine
  51. Luxembourg
  52. Rousanne & Marsanne
  53. Muscadet a.k.a. Melon de Bourgogne
  54. True. Recioto is what people from Veneto call Passito.
  55. Le Petit Mouton
  56. Saint-Emillion (Cognac, Amagnac)
  57. Minimum 95%
  58. Zolzenburg
  59. A district within Anbaugebieten.
  60. Montepulciano
  61. Niederöstrreich
  62. *It has to be a DOC for at least 5 years.
    *It has to plant more vines per hector.
    *It has to reduce the yield.
    *It has to be traded in vessels less than 5L.
    *It has to pass the quality test after the fermentations, and before bottling.
    *Pruning must meet the prescribed criteria.
    *Vilification method must meet the prescribed criteria.
    *The wine must be aged longer.
    *It has to be sealed with the government issued DOCG seal.
  63. Sovereign
  64. Chaptalization is the process of adding sugar to unfermented grape must in order to increase the alcohol content in the resulting wine.
  65. Cariñena (Spain)
    Mazuelo (Rioja)
  66. Nebbiolo
  67. Bonarda
  68. Hessische Bergstraße
  69. Porto DOC
  70. A mixture of sweet reserve wine and yeast added to the bottle to start the secondary fermentation in the bottle.
  71. Minimum 85%
  72. Chenin Blanc
  73. Clos Saint-Jacques
    Clos des Varoilles
    La Perrière
    Aux Combottes
    Bel Air
    Clos du Chapître
    Les Cazetiers
    Champeaux
  74. Monastrell (Spain)
    Mataro (Australia, US)
  75. Cabernet Francs (a.k.a Breton).
  76. 1920 to 1933
  77. Kimméridgien - Layers of fossilised oyster shells.
  78. Liqueur made from lemon peel.
  79. Rioja Alta
    Rioja Alavesa
    Rioja Baja
  80. Yakima Valley AVA
    Red Mountains AVA
    Horse Heaven Hills AVA
    Wahluke Slope AVA
    Rattlesnake HIlls AVA
  81. Sur Lie
  82. Trentino-Alto-Adige
  83. Port made from white grapes.
  84. Château-Chalon AOP
  85. Twice in Pot Still
  86. Mayacamas Mountains
  87. Limestone, Clay
  88. Columbia Gorge AVA
    Columbia Valley AVA
    Walla Walla Valley AVA
  89. Pourriture Grise, or Grey Rot.
    Caused by Botrytis Cinerea.
  90. Malbec
  91. Valais
  92. Willamette Valley AVA
  93. Vin de Primeur is wine that are permitted by INAO to be sold in the same year as the harvest. There are 55 AOCs permitted to produce Vin de Primeur. Beaujolais Nouveau AOP is evidently the most famous Vin de Primeur in which it is released on the third Thursday of November following the harvest.
  94. 35hl/ha to 37hl/ha
  95. Trappist
  96. 100hL/ha
  97. Puttonyos
  98. Vernaccia
  99. Appellation d'Origine Protégée (AOP) - Also known as AOC until 2012
    <Appellation d'Origine Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure (AOVDQS) - Abolished in 2012>
    Vin de Pays
    Vin de Table
  100. 12C° or 56F°
  101. Marsannay
    Fixin
    Nuits-Saint-Georges
  102. Chorey-lès-Beaune
    Saint-Romain
  103. 11% ABV
  104. Vino Frizzante
  105. Full bodied rosé produced from the blend of predominantly Grenache, with Cinsault, Mouvèdre, and Syrah.
  106. Malepère AOP
  107. Méthode Traditionelle, or
    Traditional Method in English
    ("Méthode Champenoise" is now outlawed in EU)
  108. 1855, Napoléon Bonaparte ordered to classify the growth of wines from Médoc based on the then-current price list from majour négociants around the city of Bordeaux.
  109. False
  110. Stellenbosch
    Paarl
    Darling
    Swartland
    Tygerberg
    Cape Point
    Tulbach
  111. Fitou AOP
  112. Grapes that went through Passito process are pressed and fermented dry. Resulting in high alcohol, dry wine with intense flavour.
  113. 6 months in the barrel (12 months for Rioja and Ribera del Duero),
    18 months in the bottle. (for Rioja and Ribera del Duero)
    Total: 24 months (30 for Rioja and Ribera del Duero) before release.
  114. Sharpshooter
  115. Port made from red grapes.
  116. Clairette 100%
  117. False. Cornas is only permitted to produce red wine exclusively from Syrah.
  118. South Australia
  119. Gironde
  120. Niagara Peninsula
  121. Toscana (Tuscany in English)
  122. Trebbiano Romagnolo
  123. Rasteau AOP
    Muscat Beaumes de Venise AOP
  124. Pfalz
  125. Trebbiano Toscano 65%,
    Malvasia Bianca 15% minimum
  126. Demi or Half Bottle
  127. Three times in Pot Still
  128. Okanagen Valley
    Simikameen Valley
    Fraser Valley
    Vancouver Island
  129. South Australia
  130. Vin Santo made from red grapes in Italy.
  131. Grain spirits. Juniper berries and other botanical.
  132. 6 months in the barrel,
    18 months in the bottle.
    Total: 24 months before release.
  133. Central Otago
  134. Grillo
    Cataratto
    Inzollia
    Perricone
    Calabrese
  135. Rousanne and Marsanne.
  136. South Australia
  137. Fino
  138. Syrah minimum 85%
    with Rousanne and Marsanne.
  139. Château-Grillet AOP
  140. Les Saint-Georges
    Les Vaucrains
    Les Cailles
    Aux Boudot
    Les Pruliers
    La Richemone
    Les Porrets
    Rue de Chaux
    Aux Cras
    Aux Thorey
    Clos de la Maréchale
    Clos des Argillières
    Clos des Grandes Vignes
    Aux Pedrix
  141. Ch. Climens (Sauternes)
    Ch. Coutet (Barsac)
    Ch. Guiraud (Barsac)
    Ch. Rieussec (Sauternes)
    Ch. Suduiraut (Fargues)
    Ch. La Tour Blanche (Perignac)
    Ch. Rabaud-Promis (Bommes)
    Ch. Sigalas Rabaud (Bommes)
    Ch. Rayne-Vigneau (Bommes)
    Ch. Clos Haut-Peyraguey (Bommes)
    Ch. Lafaurie-Peyraguay (Bommes)
  142. False
  143. Ch. Belair
    Ch. Figeac
    Ch. Beau-Séjour-Bécot
    Ch. Canon
    etc...
  144. It must be aged for nine months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
  145. Corton AOP
    Corton-Charlemagne AOP
    Charlemagne AOP
  146. Vitis Vinifera
  147. Quintessence de Grains Nobles (Domaine Weinbach)
    Trie Spéciale (Domaine Zind-Humbrecht)
  148. Jerez-Xérès-Sherry
    y Manzanilla de Barrameda DOC.
  149. Vinsobres AOP. Grenache 50% minimum. Red wine only.
  150. True
  151. 2), In the interest of service excellence.
  152. At least 51% of the blend comes from Grand Champagne AOP and the rest comes from Petit Champagne AOP.
  153. It is a Madeira made from single vintage and single varietal.
    Also known as Vintage Madeira.
    It is required to be matured in wood for minimum 20 years.
    It must be made exclusively from the labeled varietal.
  154. Macvin de Jura AOP
  155. Chardonnay
    Pinot Blanc
    Pinot Gris
    15% each
  156. Avize
    Chouilly
    Cramant
    Mesnil-sur-Oger
    Oger
    Oiry
  157. Sir Winston Churchill
  158. Rice-Koji
  159. Four
  160. Charmes-Chambertin AOP and Mazoyères-Chambertin AOP
  161. Syrah minimum 90%, Rousanne & Marsanne.
  162. Sicillia (Sicily in English)
  163. Blanc de Blancs
  164. Pruning and Ageing Methods
  165. Mendoza
    San Juan
  166. Méridional
  167. Fleur de Champagne
  168. Denominación de Origen Vino de Pago (VP)
    Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOC)
    Denominación de Origen (DO)
    Vino de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica (VCIG)
    Vinñedos de España
    Vino de la Tierra
    Vino de Mesa
  169. Coastal Region
    Breede River Valley
    Olifants River
    Klein Karoo
    Others
  170. 36 months after Tirage.
  171. 1934
  172. Les Gaudichots
    Aux Malconsorts
    Les Beaux Monts
    Les Suchots
    Clos des Réas
    Les Chaumes
  173. Mildiou, or Mildew.
    It was found in Europe around 1878-1880.
  174. Veneto
  175. Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
  176. Sémillon
  177. *Declared ion 20 November 1975
    Schlossberg (Kientzheim)
    *Declared on 23 November 1983
    Altenberg (Bergbieten)
    Altenberg (Bergheim)
    Brand (Turckheim)
    Eichberg (Eguisheim)
    Geisberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Gloeckelberg (Rodern et Saint-Hippolyte)
    Goldert (Gueberschwihr)
    Hatschbourg (Hattstatt et Vœgtlinshoffen)
    Hengst (Wintzenheim)
    Kanzlerberg (Bergheim)
    Kastelberg (Andlau)
    Kessler (Guebwiller)
    Kirchberg (Barr)
    Kirchberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Kitterlé (Guebwiller)
    Moenchberg (Andlau et Eichhoffen)
    Ollwiller (Wuenheim)
    Rangen (Thann et Vieux-Thann)
    Rosacker (Hunawihr)
    Saering (Guebwiller)
    Sommerberg (Niedermorschwihr et Katzenthal)
    Sonnenglanz (Beblenheim)
    Spiegel (Bergholtz et Guebwiller)
    Wiebelsberg (Andlau)
    *Declared on 17 December 1992
    Altenberg (Wolxheim)
    Bruderthal (Molsheim)
    Engelberg (Dahlenheim et Scharrachbergheim)
    Florimont (Ingersheim et Katzenthal)
    Frankstein (Dambach-la-Ville)
    Froehn (Zellenberg)
    Furstentum (Kientzheim et Sigolsheim)
    Mambourg (Sigolsheim)
    Mandelberg (Mittelwihr et Beblenheim)
    Marckrain (Bennwihr et Sigolsheim)
    Muenchberg (Nothalten)
    Osterberg (Ribeauvillé)
    Pfersigberg (Eguisheim et Wettolsheim)
    Pfingstberg (Orschwihr)
    Praelatenberg (Kintzheim)
    Schœnenbourg (Riquewihr et Zellenberg)
    Sporen (Riquewihr)
    Steinert (Pfaffenheim et Westhalten)
    Steingrubler (Wettolsheim)
    Steinklotz (Marlenheim)
    Vorbourg (Rouffach et Westhalten)
    Wineck-Schlossberg (Katzenthal et Ammerschwihr)
    Winzenberg (Blienschwiller)
    Zinnkoepflé (Soultzmatt et Westhalten)
    Zotzenberg (Mittelbergheim)
    *Declared on 12 January 2007
    Kaefferkopf (Ammerschwihr)
  178. Margaret River
  179. Riesling
  180. La Grande Rue AOP
    Richebourg AOP
    La Romanée AOP
    Romanée-Conti AOP
    Romanée-Saint-Vivant AOP
    La Tâche AOP
    Echézeux AOP
    Grand-Echézeux AOP
  181. 10C° to 16C° (50F° to 61F°)
  182. Dry White Wine
  183. New South Wales
  184. Merlot (except for Ch. Cheval Blanc, in which the dominant varietal is Cabernet Franc; and for Ch. Figeac in which the dominant varietal is Cabernet Sauvignon)
  185. 8C° (46F°) to 10C° (50F°)
  186. Altenberg de Bergheim
    Kaefferkopf
  187. 55hl/ha to 75hl/ha
  188. 45hl/ha to 68hl/ha
  189. Sauvignon Blanc
  190. Colli Arteri
    Colli Florentini
    Colline Pisane
    Colli Senesi
    Montalbano
    Montespertoli (since 1996)
    Rùfina
    Classico
  191. Succinic Acid, Acetic Acid, and Lactic Acid.
  192. Egri Bikavér
  193. Vin de Paille is a sweet straw wine in which the grapes are left on the straw mats to dry (the process is called "Passerillage") so the juice is concentrated. It is also made in Jura. Same practice of wine making is also seen in Austria, Greece, and notably in Italy (Vin Santo for example.).
  194. Marsannay
  195. Mainly Grechetto
  196. Naturé (Jura)
  197. Didier Dagueneau
  198. 306g/L
  199. True
  200. Pinot Noir x Cinsaut
    Pinotage
  201. Solomon
  202. 33g/L to 50g/L.
  203. Dom Ruinart
  204. Xinomavro
  205. Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (prior to 1 January 2007) - INAO
    Institut National de l'Origine et de la Qualité (Still called INAO despite the new name's acronym being INOQ)
  206. Beverage made from steeping cinchona bark with old Barolo wine.
  207. Cornouaille AOP
    Pays d'Auge AOP
  208. True. Mainly from Grenache and Clairette.
  209. Stag's Leap Wine Cellars Cabernet Sauvignon 1973
    Chateau Montelena CHardonnay 1973
  210. Bairrada DOC
  211. Secondary fermentation must take place in the bottle.
    It must be aged for 9 months after Tirage (removal of sediment).
    It must be aged for one year before the release.
  212. Approximately 100km (60miles)
  213. Melchizedek
  214. South Australia
  215. Red and Rosé
    Cabernet Francs
  216. Prugnolo Gentile (a.k.a. Sangiovese)
  217. Domaine Faiveley
  218. Grapes that went through Passito process are pressed and fermented sweet, then put in the barrel partially full with yeast film allowed to develop on the surface. Produced mainly in Toscana from white grapes. If it is produced from red grapes, it is allowed to be labeled as "Occhio di Pernice".
  219. Méthode par Transversage, or
    Transfer Method in English
  220. Temperature: 12C° or 56F°
    Humidity: 70%~75%
    Dark
    No Vibration
    No Smell
    Laid down on the side with the label facing up.
  221. Pavillon Rouge
  222. Sweet White Wine
  223. 30 years
  224. 2), Cour-Cheverny AOP.
    Produced exclusively from Romarantin.
  225. Primat or Goliath
  226. Ruländer (Germany)
    Pinot Grigio (Italy)
    Szürkebarát (Hungary)
    Grauburgunder (Germany)
  227. Nebuchadnezzar
  228. Grande Cuvée
  229. Menu Pineau
  230. Rias Baixas DOC
  231. True
  232. Rousette (Altese)
  233. Grenache 50% minimum,
    and Syrah 25% minimum.
    Red wine only.
  234. Carmenère
  235. Vidal
  236. Saint-Amour
    Juliénas
    Chénas
    Moulin-à-Vent
    Fleurie
    Chiroubles
    Morgon
    Régnié
    Brouilly
    Côte de Brouilly
  237. Yarra Valley
  238. Tokaji Aszúeszencia
    180g/L
    5 years before release.
  239. 10C° (50F°) to 14C° (57F°)
  240. Bouzeron,
    Aligoté
  241. Rheinhessen
  242. Ribera del Duoro DOC
  243. Breton (Loire)
    Bouchet (Bordeaux)
  244. Continental Climate - It is the only region is New Zealand to be classified as true Continental Climate.
  245. 18C° (64F°) to 20C° (68F°)
    Higher for high-end wines.
  246. At least 50% of the cépage is from noble grapes.
  247. Wheat
  248. 5.5% ABV
  249. *It has to be produced exclusively from Savagnin (Naturé).
    *Ouillage (Topping-up) and Soutirage (Racking) are prohibited.
    *Minimum six years maturation in the wood. (Longest legal requirement for maturation for French wine.)
    *It must be sold in a 620ml bottle called Clavelin.
  250. Turning of bottles to bring the yeast sediment to the neck of the bottles.
    It is also called Riddling in English.
  251. Viula (a.k.a. Macabeo)
    Garnacha Blanca
    Malvasia
    Chardonnay
    Sauvignon Blanc
    Berdejo
    Maturana Blanca
    Tempranillo Blanco
    Torrontes
  252. 6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)
  253. The amount of organic acid.
    Poly-phenol Level
    Poly-phenol from Barrels
    Residual Sugar Level
    Alcohol Content
    Concentration of Extract
    Free Sulpheric Acid Level
  254. Magnum
  255. Barbera
  256. Abruzzo
  257. Minimum 95%
  258. True. Aforzato is what people from Lombardia call Amarone.
  259. Vendange Tardive
  260. Shiraz
  261. Melon d'Arbois (Jura)
    Beaunois (Burgundy)
  262. Sémillon
  263. Chenin Blanc
  264. Dôle
  265. New South Wales
  266. Ch. Bahans Haut Brion
  267. Onomasia Proelefsis Anoteras Piotitas (OPAP)
    Onomasia Proelefsis Elechomeni (OPE)
    Topikos Oinos
    Epitrapezios Oinos
  268. Chambertin AOP
    Chambertin-Clos de Bèze AOP (May also be labeled as Chambertin AOP)
    Chapelle-Chambertin AOP
    Griotte-Chambertin AOP
    Charmes-Chambertin AOP (May also be labeled as Mzoyères-Chambertin AOP)
    Mzoyères-Chambertin AOP (May also be labeled as Charmes-Chambertin AOP)
    Latrichières-Chmabertin AOP
    Ruchottes-Chambertin AOP
  269. Clos de la Roche AOP
    Clos-Saint-Denis AOP
    Clos des Lambrays AOP
    Clos de Tart AOP
    Bonnes-Mares AOP
  270. Jerez de la Frontera
    El Puerto de Santa Maria
    Sanlúcar de Barrameda
  271. Dundee Hills AVA
    Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
    McMinnville AVA
    Ribbon Ridge AVA
    Eola-Amity Hills AVA
    Chehalem Mountains AVA
  272. 4th, Saint-Julien
  273. Maybe
    Some grapes such a Sangiovese can exhibit brick colour at youth too especially in high-yield.
  274. Grenache
  275. 7% ABV
  276. Cabernet Francs
    Cabernet Sauvignon
  277. 8C° (46F°) to 12C° (54F°)
  278. They are fortified wines in which the fermentation is halted by the addition of brandy. Leaving the resulted wine sweet and high in alcohol.
  279. Vino Spumante
  280. Balthazar
  281. Puget Sound AVA
  282. Cascade Mountains
  283. Peat is used for fire to dry malted barley, resulting in smoky flavour often referred to as "peatiness".
  284. Victoria
  285. Clairette
    Ugni Blanc
    Sémillon
    Rolle (a.k.a. Vermentino or Malvoisie de Corse)
  286. Gluconic Acid, and Galacturonic Acid.
  287. Steven Spurrier
    the chair and president of
    l'Academie du Vin
  288. Minimum 85%
  289. Spanna (Ghemme)
    Chiavennasca (Valttelina)
  290. Canteiro
  291. Because the Cathedral of Reims was a venue for coronation of the King of France and the still wine of Champagne region was served at the banquet.
  292. Ch. Ferrière
    Ch. Malescot Saint-Exupéry
    Ch. Marquis d'Alesme-Becker
    Ch. Boyd-Cantenac
    Ch. Cantenac-Brown
    Ch. Desmitail
    Ch. d'Issan
    Ch. Kirwan
    Ch. Palmer
  293. Vermentino 100%
  294. Touriga Nacional
    Touriga Francesa
    Tinta Roriz (a.k.a. Aragones, Tempranillo)
    Tinta Barroca
    Tinta Cão
    Tinta Pinheira
    Baga
    Tinta Negro Mole
  295. 1947 to 1952.
  296. Vino de Aguja
  297. No1, La Romanée AOP 0.8ha (Monopole of Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair)
    No2, Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP 1.57ha
    No3, La Grande-Rue AOP 1.7ha (Monopole of Domaine François Lamarche)
    No4, Romanée-Conti AOP 1.8ha (Monopole of Domaine de la Romanée-Conti)
    No5, Château-Grillet 3.4ha AOP (Monopole of Château Grillet)
  298. Gisbourne
  299. Vino Espumosso
  300. Maceration, or Skin Contact
  301. Mondeuse
    Chasselas
    Rousette (Altese)
  302. Le Rhin (in French), Der Rhein (in German), or the Rhine in English
  303. True
  304. True
  305. Saignée
  306. Designated Viticultural Areas
  307. It has to be minimum 50% Mouvèdre and it has to be aged in wood for 18 months.
  308. 2nd, Saint-Estèphe
  309. Prädikatswein
    Qualitätswein
    Landwein
    Tafelwein
  310. False. Hermitage is only permitted to produce white and red wines.
  311. Region
    District
    Ward
  312. Pinot Noir
  313. Blanc de Noirs
  314. Colombard
  315. True
  316. Jeroboam
  317. Loureiro
    Arinto
    Alvarinho (Alvariño in Spain)
    Encruzado
    Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Terrantes
  318. Rancio is a production method of Vins Doux Naturels and Vins de Liqueur in which the wine is left under the sun either in the barrels or in the bottles for an extended period of time which maderises the wine. Similar to Madeira poduction.
  319. Northland
    Auckland
    Waikato / Bay of Plenty
    Gisborne
    Hawkes Bay
    Wellington
  320. Niagara Peninsula
    Lake Erie North Shore
    Pelee Island
    Prince Edward County
  321. Fermentation that converts harsher Malic Acid into milder Lactic Acid.
  322. A liquid consisting of base wine and sucrose (sugar) used for dosage. It can sometimes include flavouring and preservatives that are trade secret.
  323. True
  324. Mont de Milleu
    Montée de Tonnerre
    Fourchaume
    Vaillons
    Montmais
    Mélinots
    Côte de Léchet
    Beauroy
    Vaucoupain
    Vosgros
    Les Fourneux
    etc...
  325. Chassagne-Montrachet
  326. Wine was produced exclusively from the grapes harvested by the owner of the winery. Equivalent to "Domaine" in Burgundy.
  327. Tartaric Acid,
    Malic Acid,
    and Citric Acid.
  328. Ch. d'Yquem
  329. Nahe
  330. Sancerre AOP
    Menetou-Salon AOP
    Reuilly AOP
  331. Ausbruch
  332. Wormwood is steeped with wine. It is consumed as aperitivo or digestivo.
  333. Prädikatswein
    Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)
    Landwein
    Tafelwein
  334. Arroyo Grande Valley AVA
    Arroyo Seco AVA
    Carmel Valley AVA
    Chalone AVA, Cienega Valley AVA
    Edna Valley AVA
    Hames Valley AVA
    Lime Kiln Valley AVA
    Livermore Valley AVA
    Monterey AVA, Mt.
    Harlan AVA
    Pacheco Pass AVA
    Paicines AVA
    Paso Robles AVA
    San Antonio Valley AVA
    San Benito AVA
    San Bernabe AVA
    San Francisco Bay AVA
    San Lucas AVA
    San Ysidro District AVA
    Santa Clara Valley AVA
    Santa Cruz Mountains AVA
    Santa Lucia Highlands AVA
    Santa Maria Valley AVA
    Santa Ynez Valley AVA
    Sta. Rita Hills AVA
    York Mountain AVA
  335. At least 51% of ingredients has to be corn, and aged in new charred American oak barrel.
  336. Balthazar
  337. Schaumwein
    It is a blanket term encompassing all types of sparkling wine whether the gas naturally occurs as a result of fermentation or otherwise.
  338. Ch. Pétrus
    Ch. l'Evangile
    Ch. Lafleur
    Ch. Le Pin
    Ch. La Conseillante
    Ch. Gazin
    etc...
  339. Clos des Goisses
  340. Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOP
  341. Comtes de Champagne
  342. Eau-de-Vie
  343. Clairette 55% minimum, Aligoté 10% minimum, and Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains
  344. Los Carneros AVA 1983-08-18
    Howell Mountain AVA 1983-12-30
    Wild Horse Valley AVA 1988-11-30
    Stags Leap District AVA 1989-01-27
    Mt. Veeder AVA 1990-02-20
    Atlas Peak AVA 1992-01-22
    Spring Mountain District AVA 1993-05-13
    Oakville AVA 1993-07-02
    Rutherford AVA 1993-07-02
    St. Helena AVA 1995-09-11
    Chiles Valley AVA 1999-02-17
    Yountville AVA 1999-03-19
    Diamond Mountain District AVA 2001-06-01
    Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA 2004-02-25
    Calistoga AVA 2009-12-08
    Coombsville AVA 2011-12-14
  345. Bourgros
    Les Presuses
    Vaudésir
    Grounouilles
    Valmur
    Les Clos
    Blanchots
    La Moutone is also permitted on the label but not recognized by INAO as a Grand Cru vineyard.
  346. *Red Grapes
    Poussard
    Trousseau
    Pinot Noir (Gros Noirien)
    *White Grapes
    Savagnin (Naturé)
    Chardonnay (Melon d'Arbois)
  347. Dordogne
    Garonne
    Ciron
  348. Vosge Mountains
  349. Gutedel (Alsace, Germany)
  350. Aconcagua Valley
    Casablance Valley
    San Antonio Valley
    Maipo Valley
    Rapel Valley
    Curicó Valley
    Maule Valley
    Itata Valley
    Bio Bio Valley
    Malleco Valley
  351. Louise
  352. Sémillon
  353. Rice
  354. Cérons AOP
    Barsac AOP
    Sauternes AOP
  355. False. Chaptilisation is prohibited in Austria.
  356. Rheingau
  357. Vitis Labrusca
  358. Primitivo (Italy)
  359. Stone of apricot
    (for the flavour of almond).
  360. Syrah 100%
  361. Tempranillo
    Garnacha
    Mazuelo (a.k.a. Cariñena)
    Graciano
    Maturana Tinta
    Maturana Parda
    Monastrel
  362. Ahr
  363. Sauvignon Blanc
  364. 3rd, Margaux
  365. Tannat
  366. Cataratto Bianco Comune
  367. Grand Cru
  368. Perrières
    Charmes
    Genevrières
    Poursot
    Les Gouttes d'Or
    Les Bouchères
    Les Santenots Blancs
  369. Coteaux Champnois AOP
  370. Hawkes Bay
  371. de Villaine family
    Leroy family
  372. Corvina Veronese
    Rondinella
    Molinara
  373. 12C° (54F°) to 14C° (57F°)
  374. Lombardia
  375. 18C° (64F°) to 20C° (68F°)
  376. Sugar Cane
  377. It is an unofficial designation in which a given AOP or a vinayard is solely owned by a proprietor, such as Clos du Tart AOP, Château-Grillet AOP, or Savenières-Coulée-de-Serrant AOP. It is also applicable to the Premier Cru AOPs with vineyard designation such as Meursault Clos de la Barre (Appelation Meursault Premier Cru Protégée) by Comte Lafon. Some Grand Cru AOP and village level AOP may carry "Monopole" designation on its etiquette when historical "lieu-dit", or certain "climat" is solely owned by a single proprietor. e.g. Corton Clos des Cortons (Appelation Corton Grand Cru Protégée) by Domaine Faiveley, or Vosne-Romanée Clos du Château (Appelation Vosne-Romanée Protégée) by Domaine du Compte Liger-Belair.
  378. Brut Zéro
    Brut 100%
    Brut non-Dosé
    Ultra Brut
    Brut de Brut
    Brut Sauvage
  379. Chadonnay
  380. Sandstone mixed with small pebbles and sand.
  381. Minimum 75%
  382. Rosé des Riceys AOP
  383. Ambonnay
    Beaumont-sur-Vesle
    Bouzy
    Louvois
    Mailly
    Pusieulx
    Sillery
    Verzenay
    Verzy
  384. Weisser Riesling (Germany)
    White Riesling (US)
    Johannisberg Riesling (US)
    Rheinriesling (Germany)
  385. Potatoes, wheat, and oats.
  386. Emiglia-Romagna
  387. *It has to be a single vintage Tawny opted for long maturation period.
    *It has to display the vintage and bottled year on the label.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the third year from the vintage between July and the end of the year.
    *It is only permitted to be bottled after seven years of maturation in wood.
  388. Rolle (Provence)
  389. 40hl/ha to 45hl/ha
  390. Vin Pétillant
  391. Bourgogne Mousseux AOP
  392. <18g/L residual sugar.
    It is allowed without condition if it is <12g/L sugar.
    If it is 12g/L~18g/L sugar, sugar minus total acidity must be equal to or less than 10g/L.
    Light Green
  393. Northern Transdanubia
    Northern Hungary
    Southern Transdanubia
    The Great Plain
  394. Corton AOP (including all 32 climats)
  395. Dom Pérignon
  396. Saint-Bris AOP
    Similar soil type to Chablis region: alluvial and Kimméridgien, thus producing steely, and minerally Sauvignon Blanc with flavors of sour green apples.
  397. A single vineyard. It must be larger than 5ha.
    2,658 of them in existence as of 2009.
  398. Either once in Continuous Still or twice in Pot Still, in 400L Pièce.
  399. 70% to 75%
  400. 1), Renaming of Appellation d'Origine Controlée (AOC) to Appellation d'Origine Protégée (AOP)
    2), Abolishment of Appellation d'Origine de Vin de Qualité Supérieur (AOVDQS)
  401. Trockenberenauslese (TBA)
    Eiswein and Berenauslese (BA)
    Auslese
    Spätlese
    Kabinett
  402. Riesling
    Gewurztraminer
    Pinot Gris
    Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains
    Pinot Blanc (Klevner)
    Sylvaner
    Chasselas (Gutedel)
    Pinot Noir
  403. 61
  404. 40hl/ha to 45hl/ha
  405. Finger Lakes AVA
    Hudson River Region AVA
    Long Island AVA
    North Fork of Long Island AVA
    Hamptons of Long Island AVA
    Lake Erie & Chautauqua AVA
    Niagara Escarpment AVA
  406. Vin Mousseux, or Crémant
  407. Mauzac
    Chardonnay
    Chenin Blanc
    9 months after tirage.
  408. Maipo Valley
  409. Vitis Rupestris, Vitis Riparia, and Vitis Berlandieri
  410. Celebri
  411. Saint-Estèphe
    Pauillac
    Saint-Julien
    Listrac-Médoc
    Moulis
    Margaux
  412. Ch. Laville-Haut-Brion
    Ch. Couhins
    Ch. Couhins-Lurton
  413. Limestone, gravel, and clay.
  414. Auxerrois (a.k.a. Côt and Malbec)
  415. Pommard
    Volnay
    Blagny
  416. 30°-50° North
  417. Cabernet Sauvignon
  418. Tokaji Natúreszencia / Tokaji Eszencia
    250g/L
  419. Maximum ±1.5%
  420. Chardonnay
  421. False
  422. Sweet Potato
  423. Finger Lakes AVA
  424. Méthode Charmat, or Méthode de la Cuvée Close
  425. Saale-Unstrut
  426. North Coast AVA
  427. True (unless it is Gentil from Altenberg de Bergheim or from Kaefferpopf)
    Majority of wines from Alsace are varietal instead of blends (except for Edelzwicker, Gentil or Crémant) and each AOP does not automatically denote the varietal so it is necessary to intrduce the varietal when presenting the bottle to the customer.
  428. Cabarnet Franc
    Cabernet Sauvignon
    Gamay
  429. Chardonnay
  430. Quality Wines Produced in Specified Regions (QWpsr) or Vin de Qualité Produits dans une Région Déterminé (VQPRD) and Table Wine (TW) or Vins de Table
  431. No
  432. Hop
  433. 6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)
  434. Zinfandel
  435. Minimum 15 years.
  436. Puglia (or Apulia)
  437. 85%
  438. Lambrusco
  439. John Woodhouse
    While travelling in Sicily, he realized that the wine made in Marsala tasted similar to Port, Sherry, and Madeira.He then decided to recreate the fortified wine there with maturation process similar to solera syetem in Sherry production.
  440. Mediterranean
  441. False. The wire must be thoroughly loosen but the cage must not be removed when opening.
  442. Musigny AOP
  443. <9g/L residual sugar.
    It is allowed without condition if it is <4g/L sugar.
    If it is 4g/L~9g/L sugar, sugar minus total acidity must be equal to or less than 2g/L.
    Yellow
  444. Retsina
  445. Sancerre AOP
  446. Cuvée Femme
  447. Standard or Full Bottle
  448. 17%~22% AVB
  449. Gros Plant (Loire, Cognac, Armangac)
  450. Clos de Vougeot AOP
  451. Piemonte (Piedmont in English)
  452. Sangiovese (Grosso)
  453. Alexander Valley AVA
    Anderson Valley AVA
    Atlas Peak AVA
    Benmore Valley AVA
    Bennett Valley AVA
    Chalk Hill AVA
    Chiles Valley AVA
    Clear Lake AVA
    Cole Ranch AVA
    Coombsville AVA
    Covelo AVA
    Diamond Mountain District AVA
    Dos Rios AVA
    Dry Creek Valley AVA
    Fort Ross-Seaview AVA
    Green Valley of Russian River Valley AVA
    Guenoc Valley AVA
    High Valley AVA
    Howell Mountain AVA
    Knights Valley AVA
    Los Carneros AVA
    McDowell Valley AVA
    Mendocino AVA
    Mendocino Ridge AVA
    Mt. Veeder AVA
    Napa Valley AVA
    Northern Sonoma AVA
    Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA
    Oakville AVA
    Potter Valley AVA
    Red Hills Lake County AVA
    Redwood Valley AVA
    Rockpile AVA
    Russian River Valley AVA
    Rutherford AVA
    Solano County Green Valley AVA
    Sonoma Coast AVA
    Sonoma Mountain AVA
    Sonoma Valley AVA
    Spring Mountain District AVA
    St. Helena AVA
    Stags Leap District AVA
    Suisun Valley AVA
    Wild Horse Valley AVA
    Yorkville Highlands AVA
    Yountville AVA
  454. Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Bienvenue-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Chevalier-Montrachet AOP
    Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet AOP
    Le Montrachet AOP
  455. Columbia Valley AVA
  456. Flor is a film of yeast that protects Sherry wine from excessive oxidation, allowing it to take on numerous flavors as it matures in barrel. It is a result of barrels not filled to the brim. Similar practices are seen in Vin Jaune of Jura (Fleur du Vin) or in Marsala.
  457. Palomino (Dry)
    Pedro Ximénez (Sweet)
  458. Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto
  459. Molise
  460. Ugni Blanc x Seibel4986
  461. *Red Grapes:
    Cinsaut
    Counoise
    Grenache Noir
    Mourvèdre
    Muscardin
    Piquepoul Noir
    Syrah
    Terret Noir
    Vaccarèse (Brun Argenté)
    *White Grapes
    Bourboulenc
    Clairette Blanche
    Clairette Rose
    Grenache Blanc
    Grenache Gris
    Picardan
    Piquepoul Blanc
    Piquepoul Gris
    Roussanne
  462. Sachsen
  463. 1933
  464. Marlborough
    Nelson
    Canterbury / Waipara
    Central Otago
  465. 20 years
  466. Corton AOP
    Corton-Charlemagne AOP
  467. True
  468. 6C° (43F°) to 12C° (54F°)
  469. True
  470. *It has to be harvested and vilified in the years in which the superior-vintage was declared by IVDP.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the second year from the vintage between January and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to June of the third year from the harvest without filtration.
    *It has to be made from the single vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.
  471. Smaragd 18.2°KMW
    Federspiel 17~18.2°KMW
    Steinfeder 15~17°KMW
  472. With the peel of bitter orange.
  473. Shiraz
  474. Cadillac AOP
    Loupillac AOP
    Saint-Croix-du-Mont AOP
  475. Minimum 95%
  476. Ch. Calon-Ségur
  477. Cabernet Francs a.k.a Breton.
    Gamay
  478. Altesse (Jura)
  479. Les Bressandes
    Le Corton
    Les Pougets
    Les Renardes
    Le Clos du Roi
    La Tappe au Vert
    Île des Vergelesses
    Le Fichots
    etc...
  480. Vintners Quality Alliance
  481. Cortese
  482. Mâcon AOP
    Mâcon-Supérieur AOP
    Mâcon+Commune (eg. Mâcon-Solutré AOP, Mâcon-Vinzelles AOP, Mâcon-Loché AOP)
  483. Spanna (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)
  484. Tasmania
  485. Niederöstrreich
    Wien
    Burgenland
    Steinmark
  486. Wort
  487. Manzanilla
  488. True
  489. Western Australia
  490. 2,050L of juice from 4,000kg of grapes.
  491. False
  492. 235g/L
  493. Chenin Blanc
  494. Hazelnut
  495. Sweet White Wine
  496. Single Malt Whisky
    Blended Whisky
  497. Bâtard-Montrchet AOP
    Montrachet AOP
  498. Vinho Verde DOC
  499. Process of removing the sediment from the neck of the bottle by freezing at very low temperature.
  500. North
  501. Los Carneros AVA
  502. Savenières-Coulée-de-Serrant AOP
  503. Les Grandes Ruchottes
    Les Champs Gain
    Abbaye de Morgeot
    La Grande Montagne
    Morgeot
    Cailleret
    Clos Saint-Jean
    Bois de Chassagne
    La Maltroie
  504. Mordechai or Salmanazar
  505. Minimum 5 years.
  506. 6C° (43F°) to 8C° (46F°)
  507. Victoria
  508. 12 months in the barrel,
    24 months in the bottle.
    Total: 36 months before release.
  509. True
  510. It is a wine making practice in Austria, where the grapes were laid on straw mats in the shades, allowed to dry. It is then pressed and vinified to make sweet wine. This wine making is also practiced in Rhône and Jura (Vin de Paille), and in Italy (Passito or Recioto)
  511. Carruades de Lafite
  512. Sardignia
  513. Dom Pérignon
    Dom Pérignon Cuvée Œnothéque
  514. Bocksbeutel
    Green
  515. Willamette Valley AVA
    -Dundee Hills AVA
    -Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
    -McMinnville AVA
    -Ribbon Ridge AVA
    -Eola-Amity Hills AVA
    -Chehalem Mountains AVA
    Umpqua Valley AVA
    -Red Hill Douglas County AVA
    Rogue Valley AVA
    Applegate Valley AVA
    Southern Oregon AVA
  516. Margaux (21)
  517. Furmint
    Hárslevelü
    Sarga Muskotály (a.k.a. Muscat Blancs à Petits Grains)
  518. False
  519. Mosel
  520. Aidani
    Athiri
    Muscat Savatiano
  521. It is blended Tawny Port from various vintages in which the wine is matured for a defined period of time: 10, 20, 30, 40, 40+ years.
    It has to be approved by IVDP.
    It is bottled after filtration.
    It must have the maturation period and bottled year on the label.
  522. Coteaux du Layon AOP - Regional Appellation
    Quarts de Chaume AOP and Bonnezeau AOP - Communal Appellation
  523. 18 months in the barrel,
    42 month in the bottle.
    Total: 60 months before release.
  524. Pinot Noir
  525. Gamay minimum 75%,
    Pinot Noir and Syrah.
    Must be picked by hand.
  526. Lowland
    Speyside
    Highland
    Islay
    Campbeltown
    The Islands (Arran, Jura, Mull, Orkney and Skye)
  527. Henri Jayer
  528. Criadera(s)
  529. 16C° (61F°) to 20C° (68F°)
  530. Estufa
  531. Hermitage (South Africa)
  532. Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair
  533. 125hL/ha
    (except for Elbling: 150hL/ha)
  534. Savatiano
  535. North Coast AVA
    Central Coast AVA
    Sierra Foothills AVA
    Central Valley AVA
    South Coast AVA
  536. Sweet White Wine from
    Petit Manseng and Gros Manseng.
  537. Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
  538. Chardonnay
  539. Rehoboam
  540. Terra Rossa
  541. Récoltant-Manipulant - It is used to identify that the the winery grew their own grapes to make wine. Most small producers fall into this category.
  542. Minervois la Livinière AOP
    from total of at least 60% of Syrah, Mourvèdre, and Grenache.
    Must be matured until 1 November following the year of the harvest.
  543. 16
  544. Morey-Saint-Denis and
    Chambolle-Musigny
  545. Domaine des Comtes Lafon
  546. Palme d'Or
  547. Cabernet Sauvignon
  548. Clos du Mesnil
    Clos d'Ambonnay
  549. Calabria
  550. Minimum 85%
  551. Port in which 1/3 of White Port is added to the Tawny Port.
  552. Szamorodni
  553. Pinot Bianco
    Pinot Nero
    Chardonnay
  554. Vale d'Aosta
  555. False
    l'Etoile AOP is only permitted to produce white, Vin Jaune, and Vin de Paille wines.
  556. 276g/L
  557. Pinot Noir
  558. Friuli-Venezia-Giulia
  559. <330L
  560. Gravel, sand, and clay.
  561. Because it works as a rain curtain. The West of the Mountains is classified as Maritime Climate, receiving more rain while the East side is classified as Continental Climate and it is more dry.
  562. Bas-Armagnac AOP
    Armagnac Ténarèze AOP
    Haut-Armagnac AOP
  563. 6 months in the barrel,
    12 months in the bottle.
    Total: 18 months before release.
  564. Macabeu (France)
    Macabeo (Spain)
    Viura (Rioja)
  565. Rivaner (Luxembourg, Slovenia)
  566. Chasselas
  567. Minimum 95%
  568. *It has to be made exclusively from grapes that are harvested in the inferior-declared vintage.
    *It has to display the vintage on the label.
    *The application to declare vintage must be submitted to IVDP in the fourth year from the vintage between March and September.
    *It has to be bottled in between July of the second year from the harvest to the end of the sixth year from the harvest.
  569. True. Production of rosé is also permitted.
  570. En Primeur is the the practice of merchants and trade organizations are invited to taste the barrel sample of wines that are entering the maturing phase. It is then sold before bottling at a significantly lower price than after being bottled. Though it is often seen as a gamble since the wine price can appreciate or depreciate depending on many factors such as overall quality, age-worthiness, or the economy.
  571. Macedonia & Thrace
    Espiros & Ionian Islands
    Thessaly
    Centreal Greece
    Peloponnese
    Aegian Islands
  572. Blanc Fumé (Loire)
    Fumé Blanc (US)
  573. 15 months after Tirage.
  574. Merlot
  575. Victoria
  576. Addition of acids to the wine (acidification) to make the wine more acidic, most commonly in warm climate regions where grapes are often harvested at advanced stages of ripeness with high levels of sugars, but very low levels of acid.
  577. Minimum 95%
  578. Twice in Pot Still, in 300L Barrique.
  579. Minimum 85%
  580. True
    Vintage Port is bottled without filtration, thus comes with a large amount of sediment. It is thus important to decant it prior to serving.
  581. Les Combettes
    Les Pucelles
    Les Chalumaux
    Cailleret
    Les Folatières
    Clavillon (or Clavoillon)
    Champ Canet
  582. Scotch whisky. Honey and various herbs.
  583. Corvina Veronese
    Rondinella
    Molinara
  584. 5th, Pauillac
  585. Montagnes de Reims
    Vallée de la Marne
    Côte des Blancs
  586. Bosco
  587. Württenburg
  588. Chablis
    Côte de Nuits
    Côte de Beaune
    Côte Chalonnaise
    Mâconnais
    Beaujolais
    (Bourgogne Tonnerre AOP)
    (Coteaux du Lyonnais AOP)
    (Côte Roannaise AOP)
    (Côte du Forez AOP)
  589. Franken
  590. Sangiovese (Grosso)
  591. Bouchard Père et Fils
  592. Œil de Pedrix
  593. 20°-40° South
  594. Ch. Ausone
    Ch. Cheval Blanc
    Ch. Angélus (Upgraded in 2012)
    Ch. Pavie (Upgraded in 2012)
  595. Barbera
  596. Grand Champagne
    Petit Champagne
    (Fine Champagne)
    Borderies
    Fins Bois
    Bons Bois
    Bois Ordinaire
  597. Western Australia
  598. 40hl/ha to 64hl/ha
  599. A collection of vineyards within a district.
    167 of them in existence as of 2009.
  600. 0g/L to 15g/L.
  601. Marc de Bourgogne AOP
  602. Ugni Blanc
    (a.k.a. Saint-Emilion in Cognac and in Armagnac)
  603. Bonnes-Mares AOP
    Musigny AOP
  604. False
  605. Côte de Sézanne
    Côte des Bars
  606. >45g/L residual sugar.
  607. Marsannay AOP
  608. Methuselah
  609. 90hL/ha
  610. Piccolo
  611. Cuvée William Deutz
  612. In 1973, Ch. Mouton-Rothschild was upgraded from Second Growth to First Growth.
  613. Priorat DOC
  614. Sugar + Yeast = Alcohol + Carbon Dioxide
    (C6H12O6 -> 2C2H5OH + 2CO2)
  615. Cuvée Laetitia
  616. Ull de Llebre (Cataluña)
    Ojo de Lliebre (Cataluña)
    Cencibel (La Mancha)
    Tinto Fino (Castilla Léon)
    Tinto del Pais (Castilla Léon)
    Tinta de Toro (Spain)
    Tinto de Madrid (Madrid)
    Tinta Roriz (Portugal)
    Aragonez (Portugal)
  617. Junmai Daiginjo (50%)
    Daiginjo (40%)
    Junmai Ginjo (40%)
    Ginjo (40%)
    Honjozo (30%)
  618. C° = (F°-32) x 5/9
  619. Eastern Switzerland
    Neuchâtel
    Vaud
    Genève (Genf, Ginevra, Genèva, Geneva)
    Valais
    Ticino
  620. False (Prohibited in California)
  621. 13 legally defined wine producing regions of Germany.
  622. Spätburgunder (Germany)
    Blauburgunder (Germany)
    Gros Noirien (Jura)
  623. One Year
  624. False
  625. Nielluccio (Corsica)
  626. Puligny-Montrachet
  627. Sauvignon Blanc a.k.a. Blanc Fumé
    Chasselas
  628. 14C° (57F°) to 16C° (61F°)
  629. Limestone
  630. Carignan, Marsanne, and Viognier.
  631. Sipon (Slovenia)
  632. Garganega
    Trebbiano di Soave
  633. Ch. Angélus
  634. True
  635. La Tâche AOP
    Romanée-Conti AOP
  636. Minimum 90% (Exceptions are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenère, Petit Syrah, Mouvèdre, Grenache, Marsanne, Rousanne, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tannat, Tempranillo, and Zinfandel which are minimum 75%)
  637. 1976
  638. Western Australia
  639. Száraz
  640. Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains 75% minimum and the rest is Clairette.
  641. Vins Doux Naturels made out of Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains.
  642. Continental
  643. Liguria
  644. Chiavenasca (a.k.a. Nebbiolo)
  645. Edes
  646. It has to be dried in straw mats for the minimum of 45 days. It has to be aged for 18 months before release.
  647. Blue Agave
  648. 100%
  649. Mommessin
  650. Minimum 10 years.
  651. Grenache
    Cinsault
    Mouvèdre
    Carignan
    Syrah
    Tibouren
  652. Macabeo (a.k.a. Viula)
    Parellada
    Xarel-lo
    also permitted are:
    Malvasia
    Chardonnay
    Monastrel
    Garnacha
    Trepat
    Pinot Noir
  653. Sultana
  654. American Viticultural Area
  655. Syrah minimum 80%, and Viognier.
  656. Domaine Faiveley
  657. Minimum 85%
  658. 3 years before release.
  659. Lazio
  660. Condrieu AOP
    Château-Grillet AOP
  661. Valles de Famatina
  662. Torrontes Riojano
  663. Granite and schist.
  664. Augusta, Missouri
  665. <45g/L residual sugar.
    Red
  666. Minimum 85%
  667. Crio-Extraction
  668. Grande Siècle
    Salon
  669. Melchior
  670. Savenières-Roches-aux-Moins AOP
  671. Aged Ruby Port.
  672. Pedro Gimenez (completely unrelated to Pedro Ximénez in Spain)
  673. Macvin du Jura AOP
    Clairette du Languedoc AOP
    Frontignan AOP
    Muscat de Frontignan AOP
    Vin de Frontignan AOP
    Pineau des Charentes AOP
    Floc de Gascogne AOP
  674. 2nd, Saint-Julien
  675. Third Thursday of November following the harvest.
  676. Vosge Mountains provide the rain curtain to the Alsace wine producing region from the wet Altlantic winds coming from the West. As a result, Alsace wine producing region is the driest region in France with 500~600mm of annual rain fall. It is classified as Semi-Continental climate.
  677. La Grande Rue - Domaine François Lamarche
    La Romanée - Domaine du Château de Vosne-Romanée (a.k.a. Domaine du Comte Liger-Belair)
  678. Chardonnay
    Pinot Noir
    Pinot Menier
  679. Palo Cortado
  680. Aligoté and Chardonnay.
    Must be picked by hand.
  681. Agiorgitiko
    Liatiko
    Limnio
    Mavrodaphne
    Moschophilero
    Xinomavro
  682. Basilicata
  683. Aÿ
    Tours-sur-Marne
  684. Piccolit
  685. Rogue Valley AVA
  686. Mittelrhein
  687. Muscat du Cap Corse AOP
    Maury AOP
    Maury Rancio AOP
    Banyuls AOP
    Banyuls Rancio AOP
    Banyuls Grand Cru AOP
    Banyuls Grand Cru Rancio AOP
    Rivesaltes AOP
    Rivesaltes Rancio AOP
    Muscat de Rivesaltes AOP
    Grand Rousillon AOP
    Grand Rousillon Rancio AOP
    Muscat de Lunel AOP
    Muscad de Mireval AOP
    Frontignan AOP
    Muscat de Frontignan AOP
    Vin de Frontignan AOP
    Muscat de Saint-Jean de Minervois AOP
  688. *It has to be produced from the four noble varietals - Riesling, Gewurtztraminer, Pinot Gris, and Muscat. (Except for Zolzenberg where Sylvaner is permitted instead of Muscat.)
    *It has to be produced from one of the fifty one "Lieux-Dits" (noted sites).
    *It has to satisfy the minimum sugar level (or potential alcohol), vine density, and maximukm yield.
    *Principally, it has to be a varietal wine. (Except for Altenberg de Bergheim, and Kaefferkopf where the blends are also permitted.)
    *Grapes must be harvested by hand.
  689. Pomerol AOP
    Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP
    Néac AOP
    Fronsac AOP
    Canon-Fronsac AOP
    Côtes de Castillon AOP
    Bordeaux Côtes de Francs AOP
  690. 5th, Pauillac
  691. Sekt (secondary fermentation must occur in the bottle), Perlwein (CO2 can be added.)
  692. Sercial
    Verdelho
    Boal
    Malvasia
    Tinta Negra Mole
    Terrantes
    Bastardo
  693. F° = 9/5 x C° + 32
  694. Schwarzriesling (Germany)
    Müllerrebe (Germany)
  695. 1873
  696. Ch. Lafite Rothschild (Pauillac)
    Ch. Latour (Pauillac)
    Ch. Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac)
    Ch. Margaux (Margaux)
    Ch. Haut-Brion (Péssac-Léognan) -*Not in Médoc but in Graves.
  697. Oidium, or Powdery Mildew.
    It arrived in Europe around 1855-1856.
  698. Umbria
  699. Trebbiano Toscano
  700. Chardonnay
    Chenin Blanc
    12 months after tirage and 15 months before release.
  701. Minimum 3 years.
  702. Baden
  703. 4th, St-Julien
  704. Ch. Pavie
  705. Maule Valley
  706. False
  707. It homogenizes the quality and flavor of the wine while allowing it to mature for an extended period of time.
  708. Albalíssa
  709. Septentrional
  710. Koji
  711. Ch. Pichon-Longueville Baron
    Ch. Pichon-Longueville Comtesse de Lalande
  712. 1935
  713. Madeira DOC
  714. Montepulciano
  715. Three years
  716. South
  717. Sand and Sandstone covered by large pebbles.
  718. Les Forts de Latour
  719. Edelfaule
  720. Grolleau
  721. Négociant-Manipulant - It is used to identify that the wine comes from a large négociant that mainly purchases grapes from the growers to make their wine. Majority of Champagne productions including most major Maison fall into this category.
  722. Moscatel de Alejandria
  723. Luján de Cuyo
    San Rafael
  724. 6 months in the barrel,
    42 months in the bottle.
    Total: 48 months before release.
  725. Méthode Rurale, or Rural Method in English
  726. Ch. Duhart-Milon Rothschild
  727. Muscat du Cap Corse AOP
  728. Galets
  729. Finger Lakes AVA
    Hudson River AVA
    Long Island AVA
    Lake Erie AVA
  730. Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC)
    Indicação Proveniência Regulmentada (IPR)
    Vinho Regional
    Vinho de Mesa
  731. Pouilly Fumé AOP a.k.a.
    Blanc Fumé de Pouilly AOP
  732. Penedès DOC
  733. Marche
  734. Cabernet Sauvignon
  735. Chenin Blanc a.k.a Pineau de la Loire.
  736. Montagny AOP
  737. Clare Valley
    Barossa Valley
    Eden Valley
    Adelaide Hills
    McLaren Vale
    Kangaroo Island
    Robe
    Pathaway
    Coonawarra
  738. Grapes left in the shade to dry out, concentrating the flavour components and sugar. Similar wine making methods are observed in Rhône, Jura, and in Austria.
  739. Mutage is a process for making Vins Doux Naturels and Vins de Liqueur in which the fermentation is halted or prevented by the addition of brandy, making the resulting wine high in alcohol and high in residual sugar.
  740. Additional 500L of juice from 4000kg of grapes after La Cuvée is extracted.
  741. Flazy-Echézeaux
  742. Wines made out of late harvested grapes which is largely affected by Botrytis Cinerea.
  743. Denominazione di Origine Controlata e Garantita (DOCG)
    Denominazione di Origine Controlata (DOC)
    Vino da Tavola Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)
    Vino da Tavola
  744. Chenin Blanc a.k.a Pineau de la Loire.
  745. False. No large format of Romanée-Conti was produced in 1945.
  746. Dão DOC
  747. Cabernet Sauvignon
  748. Côt (France)
    Auxerrois (Cahors)
  749. Klevner (Alsace)
    Weissburgunder (Germany)
    Pinot Bianco (Italy)
  750. The grape juice obtained from the harvest is kept without going through fermentation. In order to achieve the desired residual sugar level, it is permitted to be added to the wine up to the 25% of the volume of resulting wine. It must come from the same locality as the wine in which it is added.