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114 True/False questions

  1. What fermentation process is chilled to 50 degree F throughout fermentation?Clairette de Die

          

  2. What process is needed when fermenting in the bottle but not needed when fermenting in a tank?in the tank

          

  3. Which fermentation process creates the highest atmospheric pressure?Traditional

          

  4. What grape varietal would be used to make Rose in Champagne?1. Chardonnay
    2. Pinot Noir
    3. Pinot Meunier

          

  5. What 2 processes back to back removes lees from bottles?1. Riddling
    2. Disgorging

          

  6. What type of fermentation gives you 1/2 the alcohol, 1/2 the pressure and is more sweet?in the tank

          

  7. The second fermentation usually adds how much more alcohol?about 1% more

          

  8. Brachetto d'Acqui is located in what region of Italy?Piedmont

          

  9. What are the 4 main types of fermentation processes for making sparking wines?1. ferment dry
    2. add cuvee
    3. add yeast and sugar
    4. ferment under pressure
    5. left on lees

          

  10. Name the 2 standard champagne bottle sizes which are smaller than the standard bottle.1. Split
    2. Half

          

  11. What is assemblage?Adding same cuvee to bottle after disgorging

          

  12. What is dosage?Adding same cuvee to bottle after disgorging

          

  13. Dosage is added to the bottle in which fermentation process?1. Ferment to a point
    2. Chilled
    3. racked off sediment
    4. 2nd Fermentation in tank
    5. filtered and bottled

          

  14. What is petillant?fizzy sparking

          

  15. Name 3 synonyms for the Tank method of Sparkling wine fermentation?1. Charmat
    2. curve close
    3. bulk method

          

  16. The second fermentation in the transfer method occurs where?In the bottle

          

  17. Name the standard champagne bottle size which is equal to 16 bottles.Balthazar

          

  18. How many standard bottles are in the Methuselah bottle size?sur lie

          

  19. What type of location does the second fermentation usually take place when in the bottle?about a month or more

          

  20. What 2 Italian sparkling wines are partially fermented?1. Moscato d'Asti
    2. Brachetto d'Acqui

          

  21. The doux level of sweetness usually has what percentage of sugar?greater than 5%

          

  22. What other benefit occurs during lees aging in sparkling wines?a still wine from an earlier vintage used for blending

          

  23. Most sparkling wines of France are made by this method?1. Moscato d'Asti
    2. Brachetto d'Acqui

          

  24. California Champagne will not be able to be used after what date?March 10, 2016

          

  25. What is unique about Prestige Cuvee?tete de cuvee

          

  26. What remains in the bottle of Blanquette de Limoux Methode Ancestrale sparkling wines which is usually removed in other sparkling wines?sediment

          

  27. What is a mechanized Pupitre?an "A frame" used in Champagne, France for riddling and is shaken each day.

          

  28. Partial fermentation of sparkling wine is usually what percentage of alcohol?1. Moscato d'Asti
    2. Brachetto d'Acqui

          

  29. What is pupitre?a method for making Rose wine

          

  30. Historically, what are the 6 steps of disgorging?sur lie

          

  31. What is the normal atmospheric pressure inside a bottle of sparkling wine?6 atmospheres

          

  32. List in order, the 3 processes which follow assemblage before the second fermentation in sparkling wine making?1. Fining
    2. Racking
    3. Cold Stabilization

          

  33. Name the standard champagne bottle size which is equal to 20 bottles.Nebuchadnezzar

          

  34. In order, list the 3 standard bottle sizes for Champagne which are incremented by 2 bottles from the Magnum bottle size.Magnum

          

  35. List the steps in partial fermentation?about a month or more

          

  36. The Brut level of sweetness usually has what percentage of sugar?1.2% to 1.7%

          

  37. What are the literal translation for tete de cuvee in English?cream of the crop

          

  38. What is the grape varietal for making sparkling wines in Germany?Reisling

          

  39. What is another term for Prestige Cuvee?Remuage

          

  40. Sparkling wines made in France but outside of the Champagne region are called?Crements

          

  41. What is the German word for Sparkling wine?sur lie

          

  42. Why can Partial fermentation be produced all year round?Partial fermentation

          

  43. What is the most famous sparkling wine from Italy?Sekt

          

  44. The 2 most famous areas for making sparking wine in Italy are?1. Franciacorta
    2. Talento

          

  45. List the steps in the second fermentation process when using the a tank method?1. Traditional
    2. Tank
    3. Transfer
    4. Partial

          

  46. What is tranversage?transfer between bottles

          

  47. What aromas are created with Autolysis?Gyropallette

          

  48. What is transversage?Juice settling

          

  49. What method of fermentation can be performed all year round?Partial fermentation

          

  50. Between high and low, sparkling wines usually want what level of acid?high

          

  51. What is another French term for "sur lie"?sous tirage

          

  52. Lees Aging is more common in what 2 types of Cuvee?1. prestige
    2. vintage wines

          

  53. Sparkling wine made in Spain is called?wine bottles chilled in the winter and restarted fermenting in the spring

          

  54. How long is Clairette de Die fermented?6 months

          

  55. What is debourbage?transfer between bottles

          

  56. How were sparking wines accidentally invented?wine bottles chilled in the winter and restarted fermenting in the spring

          

  57. What method is a hybrid between the tank method and bottle method for fermenting sparkling wines?1. Charmat
    2. curve close
    3. bulk method

          

  58. What was the earliest example of a wine being named after a place?Prosecco

          

  59. How much sugar is added at the Brut Nature level of sweetness?zero sugar added

          

  60. What is 1 atmosphere of weight of air at sea level?tete de cuvee

          

  61. What character of wine which may be wanted, but can be removed through filtering?flavor components

          

  62. What happens when "liqueur de tirage" is added to the wine?The second fermentation starts

          

  63. What is "liqueur de tirage"?transfer between bottles

          

  64. What is frizzante?fizzy sparking

          

  65. Which is the most common grape varietal used for making sparking wine in Australia?1. Chardonnay
    2. Pinot Noir

          

  66. Having the 2nd fermentation in a tank is common in which 3 types of fermentation?Clairette de Die

          

  67. Mocato d'Asti is located in what region of Italy?Piedmont

          

  68. The EU allows adding what to white sparkling wine to make rose sparking wine?red wine

          

  69. What are 2 synonyms for the Traditional method of making sparkling?1. Fermented in the bottle
    2. Classical Method

          

  70. What are the 2 typical pressure units of measure?1. atmostphere
    2. pounds per square inch

          

  71. What is added to the sparkling wine wine for balance during dosage?1. Moscato d'Asti
    2. Brachetto d'Acqui

          

  72. What region is noted for Blanquette de Limoux Methode Ancestrale?sediment

          

  73. What are the 2 white grapes are best for aromatic white sparkling wines?leaving on lees

          

  74. Are incomplete fermented wines in the bottle, sweet or dry?sweet

          

  75. The term for the sparkling wine which is incompletely fermented in the bottle is?1. Moscato d'Asti
    2. Brachetto d'Acqui

          

  76. Which fermentation process does not have dosage?1. Tank method
    2. Transfer method

          

  77. Which fermentation process creates the highest alcohol?1. Tank method
    2. Transfer method

          

  78. What is different in the bottles between a sparkling wine and a still wine?Sekt

          

  79. What are the 3 features of the house style of sparking wines?1. Muscat
    2. Riesling

          

  80. What are the 5 synonyms for Brut Nature?liqueur d'expedition

          

  81. Name the standard bottle size for champagne which is equal to 2 standard bottles.Magnum

          

  82. Name a blanc to blanc sparkling wine from Spain?Cava

          

  83. List the top 10 sparkling wine producing countries?Effervescent Wines

          

  84. What is another term for riddling?tete de cuvee

          

  85. Which fermentation process creates the lowest alcohol?Partial Fermentation

          

  86. When is "liqueur de tirage" added for sparking wine?Sekt

          

  87. What are the 3 main grapes of Champagne?1. Chardonnay
    2. Pinot Noir
    3. Pinot Meunier

          

  88. What gives the tank method in sparkling wine fermentation the bad rap?being a cheaper process

          

  89. What is Saignee?a method for making Rose wine

          

  90. What does reserve mean in the making of sparking wines?Sekt

          

  91. What step is not used for aromatic sparkling wines?leaving on lees

          

  92. How long is the second fermentation?about a month or more

          

  93. What is the French term for dosage?sous tirage

          

  94. What is riddling?leaving the bottles upside down to bring the lees near the cap

          

  95. Which 2 fermentation processes have dosage added to the tank?1. Tank method
    2. Transfer method

          

  96. What are the English words for "sur lie"?sur lie

          

  97. The first fermentation in the transfer method occurs where?Traditional

          

  98. List the 4 steps in order for Partial Fermentation after the first fermentation and before the second fermentation?1. Refrigeration
    2. Racking
    3. Filtering
    4. Blending

          

  99. What are the 3 famous grape varietals for making sparkling wines in Italy?1. Muscat (white)
    2. Brachetto (red)
    3. Glera (red)

          

  100. List from low to high, what are the 7 levels of sweetness in Sparkling wines?1. Brut Nature
    2. Extra Brut
    3. Brut
    4. extra dry or extra sec
    5. sec
    6. demi-sec
    7. doux which is very sweet

          

  101. What viticulture area is famous for Clairette de Die?sur lie

          

  102. What 2 grape varietals would be used to make a Blanc de Noirs in Champagne?Pinot Noir

          

  103. Which fermentation process has the longest lees aging?Traditional

          

  104. What are the 3 grape varietals for making sparkling wines in Spain?1. Xarel-lo
    2. Macebeo
    3. Parellada

          

  105. Champagne, which has a cool climate, produces sparkling wines which are?Cava

          

  106. What is the French term for lees aging?liqueur d'expedition

          

  107. What is the grape varietal for making sparkling wines in the Loire Valley?Prosecco

          

  108. Within a single brand of sparkling wines, what are the 6 main types of Cuvee?1. Prestige
    2. Vintage
    3. nonvintage
    4. Blanc de Blanc
    5. Blanc de Noirs
    6. Rose

          

  109. What is Autolysis?Slightly Sparkling

          

  110. Sparking wines are also called?Effervescent Wines

          

  111. What is the name of the process where the fermented juice remains in contact with the yeast?lees aging

          

  112. Name the standard champagne bottle size which is equal to 12 bottles.Salmanazar

          

  113. The transfer method in the US is noted by 2 different phrases on the label of a bottle of sparkling wine?being a cheaper process

          

  114. What are the 2 most common grape varietals for making sparking wine in the new world?Shiraz