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166 True/False questions

  1. Define Weather.The grape vine above the root.

          

  2. What weather condition is both good and bad for wine making but is good for Botrytis?Fog

          

  3. Poor sugar-acid balance can be caused by?Mustard Plant

          

  4. What vineyard practice addresses global warming?Sustainable Viticulture

          

  5. What are the best condition for flowering?Respiration

          

  6. What time of the year is best for pruning vines?Edelfaule

          

  7. Are grapes considered part of the canopy?by cloning

          

  8. What soil conditions do not promote Phylloxera?1. warm (not hot and not cold)
    2. long days
    3. clear days
    4. minimal shading
    5. Aspect

          

  9. What continent generally prohibits irrigation of vineyards?harder for workers

          

  10. What type of wine is processed from grapes which have noble rot?morning fog and afternoon sun

          

  11. What is the order of the annual growth cycle of a grapevine: bud break, flowering, berry set, verasian, ripening, harvest?1. bud break
    2. flowering
    3. berry set
    4. verasian
    5. ripening
    6. harvest

          

  12. What primary method is used to avoid viral diseases in a vineyard?not adding new vines.

          

  13. What is the term for poor fruit set?Coulure

          

  14. What advantage does a hillside have for a vineyard?less frost

          

  15. The best vineyards have an aspect that slopes how?towards the sun

          

  16. What units does France measure sugar in a grape?Oechlse

          

  17. List 4 steps on how a grape vine is cloned?several canes on a few inches long, with 1 or 2 nodes on each cane

          

  18. What type organism causes noble rot?Fungus

          

  19. The 3rd year of a grape vine is sometime called?third leaf

          

  20. What unit of USDA tracks organic food products?Mustard Plant

          

  21. What underground animal can spread virus diseases from plant to plant in a vineyard?not adding new vines.

          

  22. What is the other term for Downy Mildew?Pourriture noble

          

  23. Is fog good or bad?Vertical Shoot Positioning

          

  24. What is the benefit of having a vineyard near water?1. Head training or bush training
    2. Guyot
    3. Cordon
    4. Pergola

          

  25. Sudden acceleration to maturation of the berry is called?third leaf

          

  26. What occurs about 3 months after bud break?berry set also called fruit set

          

  27. What is another name for Shatter?Slope of hill facing sun

          

  28. What are 3 disadvantages of growing grape vines from seeds?1. takes a long time
    2. high failure rate
    3. unpredictable traits

          

  29. What vineyard practice has metaphysical elements and a few mandated practices?Biodynamic Viticulture

          

  30. What is left on a grapevine after Spur Pruning?the leaf

          

  31. What is the main difference of Integrated Pest Management compared to non-IPM?Wine making

          

  32. What is the Scion?actual meteorological conditions experienced in an area.

          

  33. What vineyard practice has leaf days and root days?Biodynamic Viticulture

          

  34. What happens to grapevine grown in very fertile soil?Pourriture noble

          

  35. What is the most common method to spread viral diseases in vineyards?Botrytis cinerea

          

  36. If the density of the grape must is 1.068, what is the Oechlse?third leaf

          

  37. What vineyard practice is more of a grayscale of relative value?cane pruning

          

  38. What vineyard practice is noted for leaving the land for the next generation in better condition?cane pruning

          

  39. What is the annual average precipitation that is best for wine grapes?Europe

          

  40. What is KMW measuring?The exact sugar content of the grape must

          

  41. What is the term for growing grape specifically for making wine?Canopy Management

          

  42. What are the 4 particle sizes of soils found in vineyards?winter

          

  43. What level of Climate occurs at the regional level?winter

          

  44. The glassy-winged sharpshooter transmits what disease?Verasian

          

  45. What is the difference between single Guyot and double Guyot training systems?1. single Guyot
    2. double Guyot

          

  46. The term for the small holes in the underside of the leaf where water evaporates is?Stomatas

          

  47. What changes about the berry during the ripening stage of the annual growth cycle?softens and enlarges

          

  48. What are the 5 ideal conditions for photosynthesis?1. warm days
    2. long days
    3. clear days
    4. minimal shading
    5. southern aspect or northern aspect

          

  49. What 3 US organizations are involved with Sustainable Viticulture?1. Lodi Winegrape Commission
    2. Napa Valley Vintners
    3. New York State Vine Balance

          

  50. What is Klosterneuburger Mostwaage?KMW unit of measure for sugar in Austria

          

  51. How much alcohol will 12 Baume grapes were fermented dry be?Wind or self pollinated

          

  52. For each 10 degree F increase what happens to a grapevine?The respiration doubles.

          

  53. What are the summer conditions of a Mediterranean climate?mild and wet

          

  54. In the best vineyards, what are the summers like?Pourriture noble

          

  55. Name the 5 main physical geographical features important to a location of a vineyard?Nematode

          

  56. What is the term for abnormal fruit caused by bad weather?Coulure

          

  57. What is VSP?Vertical Shoot Positioning

          

  58. What is the canopy?Vertical Shoot Positioning

          

  59. How does noble rot affect the grape?Coulure

          

  60. What type of pruning is done with Cordon training?Fungus

          

  61. The term for the metabolic process where materials are moved from one part of the plant to another part is?the grape

          

  62. What stage of the annual growth cycle does the seed develop?winter

          

  63. What is the French term for Noble Rot?Pourriture noble

          

  64. What is the climate term for a vineyard that has such cool temperatures or such a short summer growing season that grapes are just barely able to achieve enough ripeness for harvesting before autumn frosts arrive?Marginal Climate

          

  65. What are the winter conditions of a Mediterranean climate?low

          

  66. What type of diseases are Powery Mildew and Downy Mildew?Fungal

          

  67. What 5 types of soils are most commonly found in vineyards?1. clay
    2. chalk
    3. sand
    4. gravel
    5. limestone

          

  68. What is the other term for Powdery Mildew?Oidium

          

  69. In the best vineyards, what are the winter like?towards the sun

          

  70. Nematodes are more of a problem when the grapevine has?shallow roots

          

  71. What part of the grapevine did Phylloxera attack Vitis vinifera?the roots

          

  72. What are the 4 metabolic processes in grapes vines?1. Photosynthesis
    2. Respiration
    3. Transpiration
    4. Translocation

          

  73. Define Climate.historical average weather

          

  74. What do new world species grapevines do to protect from Phylloxera?form galls under the leaves

          

  75. What vineyard practice is more organic than organic?Sustainable Viticulture

          

  76. What is the Latin name for the organism causes Noble Rot?Fungus

          

  77. What was the Latin name for the pest that nearly destroyed all old world grapevines?a tiny louse

          

  78. Berry Set is also called?Fruit set

          

  79. Acid falls in the berry in what stage of the annual growth cycle?Verasian

          

  80. The term "old vines" is not regulated but many times means how many years old?20 years

          

  81. Describe the humidity in a Mediterranean climate?mild and wet

          

  82. What are the ideal conditions for noble rot?morning fog and afternoon sun

          

  83. For a new planting, what year does a new vine first produce grapes?First or second year

          

  84. What major department runs the NOP in the US?Mustard Plant

          

  85. What level of Climate occurs at the vineyard level?meso-climate

          

  86. What is left on a grapevine after Cane Pruning?millerange

          

  87. What climate has hotter summer, colder winters and may have less precipitation?mild and wet

          

  88. What are 5 categories that make up climate and weather?1. Maritime
    2. Continental
    3. Mediterranean

          

  89. Grape vines can produce more excellent wines after how many years?Coulure

          

  90. What 5 conditions will promote maximum ripeness?refractometer or old fashioned hydrometer

          

  91. Around what temperature does Bud Break usually occur?50 degrees F

          

  92. Photosynthesis occurs best above what temperature?50 degree F

          

  93. Grape vines have lived over how many years?by cloning

          

  94. What human process can cause grapevines to have shallow roots?Drip irrigation

          

  95. What benefit is cloning over propagating from seeds?1. takes a long time
    2. high failure rate
    3. unpredictable traits

          

  96. What units does US measure sugar in grapes?Oechlse

          

  97. What are the 2 types of Guyot training systems?1. Head training or bush training
    2. Guyot
    3. Cordon
    4. Pergola

          

  98. The physiological change of the berry is called?Verasian

          

  99. What type of pruning is done with Guyot Training?cane pruning

          

  100. What is the German term for Noble Rot?Edelfaule

          

  101. What is the tool to measure Brix?refractometer or old fashioned hydrometer

          

  102. Harvest occurs how long after verasian?about 1 and a half months

          

  103. What are the 3 main climates for vineyards?warm dry weather

          

  104. What does the abbreviation for IMP mean?Integrated Pest Management

          

  105. In order from youngest to oldest, what are the 3 terms used to describe and arm of a grape vine as it grows older?1. Spurs
    2. Canes
    3. Cordons

          

  106. What was the pest that nearly destroyed all old world grapevines?a tiny louse

          

  107. What percent alcohol will 68 Oechle grapes be fermented dry?1. warm (not hot and not cold)
    2. long days
    3. clear days
    4. minimal shading
    5. Aspect

          

  108. Which Sustainable viticulture organization is nicknamed Napa Green?metabolizing Malic Acid

          

  109. What are the 3 most common white grapes that benefit from noble rot?Botrytis cinerea

          

  110. When sugar is not available to the grapevine, what does the plant use to metabolize for energy?Malic Acid

          

  111. What part of the grapevine, creates sugars?the sugar density of the grape must

          

  112. What metabolic process moves sugars from the leaf to the grape?Translocation

          

  113. What signals the grape vine to go into the dormant state?cold nights

          

  114. What will start lowering the acid level in a grape?metabolizing Malic Acid

          

  115. How much alcohol will 24 Brix grapes fermented dry be?1. Climate
    2. Soil
    3. Physical Geography

          

  116. Most grape vines that have grapes for wine making grow best between what latitudes?30 N to 50 N
    30 S to 50 S

          

  117. What are the 2 ideal conditions for fungal disease?Pernonospore

          

  118. Sugar is stored in the berry in what stage of the annual growth cycle?Ripening

          

  119. What vineyard practice prides on using water wisely?Sustainable Viticulture

          

  120. What bio fumigant can reduce nematodes?1. Climate
    2. Soil
    3. Physical Geography

          

  121. What process breaks down sugar for energy?Pourriture noble

          

  122. What is another term for abnormal fruit set?millerange

          

  123. Photosynthesis is best between what temperatures?Slope of hill facing sun

          

  124. Humidity promotes what 2 main disease categories?1. Cut a short cane
    2. Place cane in water
    3. Root will grow
    4. Plant in soil

          

  125. What happens to the berries if it rains during harvest?they swell

          

  126. What disadvantage does a hillside have for a vineyard?1. Maritime
    2. Continental
    3. Mediterranean

          

  127. What 3 factors make up terror?Coulure

          

  128. Where are the sugars for the grapevine stored for later use?the grape

          

  129. What are the 4 type of vine training systems?warm dry weather

          

  130. What is the term for the grapevine metabolic process that converts Carbon dioxide and water to sugar?millerange

          

  131. Flowering occurs how many days after bud break?berry set also called fruit set

          

  132. What type organism causes Pierce's disease?bacteria

          

  133. Berry Set take about how long?both. Fog is good for botrytis

          

  134. What is the term for pruning vine leaves during the growing season?Sustainable Viticulture

          

  135. What is the term used for the branch of agriculture that specifically deals with the intentional cultivation of grapevines?Wine making

          

  136. What weather condition can both reduce humidity and pests but also cause plant stress?Botrytis cinerea

          

  137. For a new planting, what year does a new vine produce grapes good enough for wine making?First or second year

          

  138. Vines can start decreasing in quantity of grapes around how many years old?20 years

          

  139. What is unique about Pergola Training systems?1. single Guyot
    2. double Guyot

          

  140. How are grape vine flowers pollinated?Wind or self pollinated

          

  141. Most grapes vines are propagated how?by cloning

          

  142. Attaching a new cane onto a trunk is called?grafting

          

  143. About how many day is it from bud break to harvest for a typical grape vine?140 to 160 days

          

  144. Why are longer days important in developing grapes?USDA

          

  145. How many years free of chemicals before a vineyard can be classified as organic?3 years

          

  146. What stage of the annual grow cycle does the berry change color?Verasian

          

  147. What international organization certifies a vineyard as Biodynamic Viticulture?Biodynamic Viticulture

          

  148. What units does Germany measures sugar in a grape must?KMW

          

  149. What does the abbreviation NOP mean as a part of the USDA?National Organic Program

          

  150. What units does Austria measure sugar for wine making?Oechlse

          

  151. The amount of photosynthesis changes under 2 main conditions.1. Sunshine
    2. Temperature

          

  152. What level of Climate occurs at the plant level?1. Climate
    2. Soil
    3. Physical Geography

          

  153. What method of propagation is used for most grape vines under cultivation?cloning

          

  154. What 4 components make up Terroir in the old world?1. Climate
    2. Soil
    3. Sunlight
    4. Water

          

  155. What vineyard practice notes phases of the moon?Sustainable Viticulture

          

  156. What climate has high rainfall and mild temperatures overall?low

          

  157. Lodi Rules are associated with which Sustainable viticulture organization?Lodi Winegrape Commission

          

  158. How are old world vine varieties saved from Phylloxera?rich sandy soils

          

  159. Photosynthesis slows as temperatures become greater than?95 F

          

  160. Pierce's disease causes what condition in a grapevine?short, cold to cold days

          

  161. Most grape vines are trimmed having 2 what?Cordons

          

  162. What 2 things happen when a grape vine is entering the dormant state?1. leaves drop
    2. sap is withdrawn from branches to the trunk and roots

          

  163. Ripening occurs after what stage of the annual growth cycle?Ripening

          

  164. What advantage does a vineyard usually have at higher elevations?harder for workers

          

  165. What is oechlse measuring?the sugar density of the grape must

          

  166. What is the best aspect?Slope of hill facing sun