151 Matching questions
- Around what temperature does Bud Break usually occur?
- What soil conditions do not promote Phylloxera?
- What are the best condition for flowering?
- What does the abbreviation for IMP mean?
- What is the benefit of having a vineyard near water?
- How are old world vine varieties saved from Phylloxera?
- What level of Climate occurs at the regional level?
- What metabolic process moves sugars from the leaf to the grape?
- What bio fumigant can reduce nematodes?
- Berry Set take about how long?
- Most grapes vines are propagated how?
- What is the most common method to spread viral diseases in vineyards?
- What is KMW measuring?
- What happens to grapevine grown in very fertile soil?
- What is the term for abnormal fruit caused by bad weather?
- Most grape vines are trimmed having 2 what?
- What signals the grape vine to go into the dormant state?
- Harvest occurs how long after verasian?
- The amount of photosynthesis changes under 2 main conditions.
- Name the 5 main physical geographical features important to a location of a vineyard?
- What are the 3 most common white grapes that benefit from noble rot?
- What are the summer conditions of a Mediterranean climate?
- What human process can cause grapevines to have shallow roots?
- What type organism causes Pierce's disease?
- Most grape vines that have grapes for wine making grow best between what latitudes?
- What climate has hotter summer, colder winters and may have less precipitation?
- Photosynthesis slows as temperatures become greater than?
- How does noble rot affect the grape?
- What is the canopy?
- In order from youngest to oldest, what are the 3 terms used to describe and arm of a grape vine as it grows older?
- What level of Climate occurs at the vineyard level?
- Describe the humidity in a Mediterranean climate?
- List 4 steps on how a grape vine is cloned?
- What is Klosterneuburger Mostwaage?
- What are the 4 particle sizes of soils found in vineyards?
- What type of pruning is done with Cordon training?
- Grape vines have lived over how many years?
- What is the term for pruning vine leaves during the growing season?
- What are the 5 ideal conditions for photosynthesis?
- Is fog good or bad?
- Define Weather.
- What units does France measure sugar in a grape?
- If the density of the grape must is 1.068, what is the Oechlse?
- What is left on a grapevine after Spur Pruning?
- What weather condition is both good and bad for wine making but is good for Botrytis?
- Where are the sugars for the grapevine stored for later use?
- How are grape vine flowers pollinated?
- What is the term used for the branch of agriculture that specifically deals with the intentional cultivation of grapevines?
- What percent alcohol will 68 Oechle grapes be fermented dry?
- What is the other term for Powdery Mildew?
- What 5 conditions will promote maximum ripeness?
- What occurs about 3 months after bud break?
- What is the tool to measure Brix?
- Humidity promotes what 2 main disease categories?
- What are the winter conditions of a Mediterranean climate?
- When sugar is not available to the grapevine, what does the plant use to metabolize for energy?
- What happens to the berries if it rains during harvest?
- The best vineyards have an aspect that slopes how?
- What is the annual average precipitation that is best for wine grapes?
- What weather condition can both reduce humidity and pests but also cause plant stress?
- What was the pest that nearly destroyed all old world grapevines?
- Nematodes are more of a problem when the grapevine has?
- What is the main difference of Integrated Pest Management compared to non-IPM?
- What type organism causes noble rot?
- The term "old vines" is not regulated but many times means how many years old?
- The physiological change of the berry is called?
- How much alcohol will 24 Brix grapes fermented dry be?
- What type of diseases are Powery Mildew and Downy Mildew?
- What are the ideal conditions for noble rot?
- Which Sustainable viticulture organization is nicknamed Napa Green?
- What major department runs the NOP in the US?
- Lodi Rules are associated with which Sustainable viticulture organization?
- What are 5 categories that make up climate and weather?
- Photosynthesis occurs best above what temperature?
- What benefit is cloning over propagating from seeds?
- What was the Latin name for the pest that nearly destroyed all old world grapevines?
- What continent generally prohibits irrigation of vineyards?
- What is unique about Pergola Training systems?
- What vineyard practice has metaphysical elements and a few mandated practices?
- What disadvantage does a hillside have for a vineyard?
- What 3 US organizations are involved with Sustainable Viticulture?
- How much alcohol will 12 Baume grapes were fermented dry be?
- Photosynthesis is best between what temperatures?
- What is the term for the grapevine metabolic process that converts Carbon dioxide and water to sugar?
- What is the French term for Noble Rot?
- What is the climate term for a vineyard that has such cool temperatures or such a short summer growing season that grapes are just barely able to achieve enough ripeness for harvesting before autumn frosts arrive?
- What type of wine is processed from grapes which have noble rot?
- In the best vineyards, what are the winter like?
- What primary method is used to avoid viral diseases in a vineyard?
- In the best vineyards, what are the summers like?
- For a new planting, what year does a new vine first produce grapes?
- What 3 factors make up terror?
- What is the term for growing grape specifically for making wine?
- What are 3 disadvantages of growing grape vines from seeds?
- What method of propagation is used for most grape vines under cultivation?
- For each 10 degree F increase what happens to a grapevine?
- Grape vines can produce more excellent wines after how many years?
- What are the 2 types of Guyot training systems?
- What are the 2 ideal conditions for fungal disease?
- What will start lowering the acid level in a grape?
- Berry Set is also called?
- The glassy-winged sharpshooter transmits what disease?
- Why are longer days important in developing grapes?
- What advantage does a vineyard usually have at higher elevations?
- What underground animal can spread virus diseases from plant to plant in a vineyard?
- What is left on a grapevine after Cane Pruning?
- What vineyard practice notes phases of the moon?
- What is the German term for Noble Rot?
- Pierce's disease causes what condition in a grapevine?
- The 3rd year of a grape vine is sometime called?
- Poor sugar-acid balance can be caused by?
- What advantage does a hillside have for a vineyard?
- What is the other term for Downy Mildew?
- What are the 4 metabolic processes in grapes vines?
- What units does Austria measure sugar for wine making?
- What 5 types of soils are most commonly found in vineyards?
- What process breaks down sugar for energy?
- What do new world species grapevines do to protect from Phylloxera?
- What are the 4 type of vine training systems?
- How many years free of chemicals before a vineyard can be classified as organic?
- What international organization certifies a vineyard as Biodynamic Viticulture?
- What units does US measure sugar in grapes?
- What is the Scion?
- What climate has high rainfall and mild temperatures overall?
- What level of Climate occurs at the plant level?
- What is VSP?
- What does the abbreviation NOP mean as a part of the USDA?
- The term for the small holes in the underside of the leaf where water evaporates is?
- About how many day is it from bud break to harvest for a typical grape vine?
- Are grapes considered part of the canopy?
- What is the order of the annual growth cycle of a grapevine: bud break, flowering, berry set, verasian, ripening, harvest?
- Sugar is stored in the berry in what stage of the annual growth cycle?
- Flowering occurs how many days after bud break?
- What changes about the berry during the ripening stage of the annual growth cycle?
- What is the term for poor fruit set?
- For a new planting, what year does a new vine produce grapes good enough for wine making?
- What 2 things happen when a grape vine is entering the dormant state?
- Define Climate.
- What is the Latin name for the organism causes Noble Rot?
- What part of the grapevine, creates sugars?
- What units does Germany measures sugar in a grape must?
- What are the 3 main climates for vineyards?
- What part of the grapevine did Phylloxera attack Vitis vinifera?
- What type of pruning is done with Guyot Training?
- What vineyard practice is noted for leaving the land for the next generation in better condition?
- What is the difference between single Guyot and double Guyot training systems?
- What is the best aspect?
- What is oechlse measuring?
- What 4 components make up Terroir in the old world?
- Attaching a new cane onto a trunk is called?
- What time of the year is best for pruning vines?
- a Coulure
- b Macro-climate
- c Vertical Shoot Positioning
- d the roots
- e 1. clay
- f Biodynamic Vitculture
- g 1. Cut a short cane
2. Place cane in water
3. Root will grow
4. Plant in soil
- h Verasian
- i the leaf
- j 3rd year
- k Pierce's disease
- l high winds
- m Integrated Pest Management
- n by propagating infected vine cuttings
- o National Organic Program
- p not adding new vines.
- q Maritime Climate
- r 100 years
- s 1. Maritime
- t about 1 and 1/2 months
- u 1. single Guyot
2. double Guyot
- v KMW
- w cloning
- x less frost
- y Sustainable Viticulture
- z 1. warm days
2. long days
3. clear days
4. minimal shading
5. southern aspect or northern aspect
- aa third leaf
- ab 1. Head training or bush training
- ac refractometer or old fashioned hydrometer
- ad premature leaf fall
- ae Brix
- af 140 to 160 days
- ag Fog
- ah produces more sugar in grapes
- ai Ripening
- aj 1. Climate
- ak 95 F
- al KMW unit of measure for sugar in Austria
- am Drip irrigation
- an softens and enlarges
- ao Malic Acid
- ap millerange
- aq cold nights
- ar 24 * 5/9 = 13.3 % alcohol
- as morning fog and afternoon sun
- at Edelfaule
- au Lodi Winegrape Commission
- av about 1 and a half months
- aw Oechlse
- ax Translocation
- ay 1. Latitude
5. Proximity to bodies of water
- az Nematode
- ba single Guyot has 1 canes per vine trained along one wire.
double Guyot has 2 canes per vine each trained along a different wire.
- bb Marginal Climate
- bc sweet wines
- bd Wind or self pollinated
- be Fungus
- bf Canopy Management
- bg Phylloxera
- bh Stomatas
- bi 68 Oechle is roughtly 9% alcohol
- bj First or second year
- bk less temperature fluctuation
- bl historical average weather
- bm warm and dry
- bn warm dry weather
- bo 50 degree F
- bp Baume
- bq Photosynthesis
- br uses filaments into the grape to extract water
- bs Demeter International
- bt rich sandy soils
- bu warm to hot days
- bv more sunlight
- bw Biodynamic Viticulture
- bx they swell
- by 50 degrees F
- bz the sugar density of the grape must
- ca 20 to 30 inches per year
- cb short, cold to cold days
- cc 1. mold
- cd 40 to 80 days
- ce both. Fog is good for botrytis
- cf high temperatures
- cg harder for workers
- ch by cloning
- ci Oidium
- cj Pourriture noble
- ck 1. bud break
3. berry set
- cl actual meteorological conditions experienced in an area.
- cm towards the sun
- cn The vines can be overhead
- co 70 F to 85 F
- cp Botrytis cinerea
- cq Cordons
- cr a tiny louse
- cs 1. warm
- ct form galls under the leaves
- cu Viticulture
- cv metabolizing Malic Acid
- cw Wine making
- cx Pernonospore
- cy IMP control pests without chemicals
- cz 1. leaves drop
2. sap is withdrawn from branches to the trunk and roots
- da 1. Spurs
- db 1. Lodi Winegrape Commission
2. Napa Valley Vintners
3. New York State Vine Balance
- dc 1. Semillon
3. Chenin Blanc
- dd 20 years
- de The entire top of the grape vine
- df meso-climate
- dg 3 years
- dh 1. Climate
3. Physical Geography
- di yes
- dj There are more leaves than grapes.
- dk 68 Oechlse
- dl 50 years
- dm mild and wet
- dn Fruit set
- do Slope of hill facing sun
- dp micro-climate
- dq 1. Photosynthesis
- dr Napa Valley Vintners
- ds 1 or 2 canes, each with 6 to 10 nodes
- dt cane pruning
- du 12% alcohol
- dv The grape vine above the root.
- dw bacteria
- dx graft old world vines onto new world rootstock
- dy Europe
- dz spur pruning
- ea The exact sugar content of the grape must
- eb 1. Temperature
- ec 1. warm (not hot and not cold)
2. long days
3. clear days
4. minimal shading
- ed 1. takes a long time
2. high failure rate
3. unpredictable traits
- ee USDA
- ef winter
- eg Fungal
- eh Mustard Plant
- ei 1. Clay
4. rocks and stone
- ej The respiration doubles.
- ek several canes on a few inches long, with 1 or 2 nodes on each cane
- el shallow roots
- em low
- en 30 N to 50 N
30 S to 50 S
- eo Offspring a genetically identical
- ep Respiration
- eq grafting
- er 1. Sunshine
- es Continental Climate
- et the grape
- eu berry set also called fruit set