How were sparking wines accidentally invented?
wine bottles chilled in the winter and restarted fermenting in the spring
What are the 3 grape varietals for making sparkling wines in Spain?
What are the 3 famous grape varietals for making sparkling wines in Italy?
1. Muscat (white)
2. Brachetto (red)
3. Glera (red)
What are the 2 most common grape varietals for making sparking wine in the new world?
2. Pinot Noir
What are 2 synonyms for the Traditional method of making sparkling?
1. Fermented in the bottle
2. Classical Method
What does reserve mean in the making of sparking wines?
a still wine from an earlier vintage used for blending
What is different in the bottles between a sparkling wine and a still wine?
a heavy punt for sparkling wine
What type of location does the second fermentation usually take place when in the bottle?
dark and cool, such as in cellars or caves
What is the name of the process where the fermented juice remains in contact with the yeast?
What other benefit occurs during lees aging in sparkling wines?
Carbon Dioxide becomes more dissolved
Within a single brand of sparkling wines, what are the 6 main types of Cuvee?
4. Blanc de Blanc
5. Blanc de Noirs
List in order, the 3 processes which follow assemblage before the second fermentation in sparkling wine making?
3. Cold Stabilization
Historically, what are the 6 steps of disgorging?
1. end of bottle in icy brine
2. sediment freezes
3. turn bottle upright
4. open bottle
5. remove ice plug
List from low to high, what are the 7 levels of sweetness in Sparkling wines?
1. Brut Nature
2. Extra Brut
4. extra dry or extra sec
7. doux which is very sweet
What are the 3 features of the house style of sparking wines?
1. mixing of several years
2. least expensive
3. highest volume made in winery
What 2 grape varietals would be used to make a Blanc de Noirs in Champagne?
1. Pinot Noir
2. Pinot Meunier
Name 3 synonyms for the Tank method of Sparkling wine fermentation?
2. curve close
3. bulk method
List the steps in the second fermentation process when using the a tank method?
1. ferment dry
2. add cuvee
3. add yeast and sugar
4. ferment under pressure
5. left on lees
What method is a hybrid between the tank method and bottle method for fermenting sparkling wines?
What process is needed when fermenting in the bottle but not needed when fermenting in a tank?
The transfer method in the US is noted by 2 different phrases on the label of a bottle of sparkling wine?
1. Fermented in the Bottle
2. Bottle Fermented
List the steps in partial fermentation?
1. Ferment to a point
3. racked off sediment
4. 2nd Fermentation in tank
5. filtered and bottled
Having the 2nd fermentation in a tank is common in which 3 types of fermentation?
1. Tank method
2. Transfer method
3. Partial Fermentation method
What type of fermentation gives you 1/2 the alcohol, 1/2 the pressure and is more sweet?
Name the 2 standard champagne bottle sizes which are smaller than the standard bottle.
In order, list the 3 standard bottle sizes for Champagne which are incremented by 2 bottles from the Magnum bottle size.
The term for the sparkling wine which is incompletely fermented in the bottle is?
Blanquette de Limoux Methode Ancetrale
What remains in the bottle of Blanquette de Limoux Methode Ancestrale sparkling wines which is usually removed in other sparkling wines?
List the 4 steps in order for Partial Fermentation after the first fermentation and before the second fermentation?
What are the 4 main types of fermentation processes for making sparking wines?
List the top 10 sparkling wine producing countries?