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3. Grape Varieties flashcards |
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  • What is the scientific name for the European grape used to make most wines in the world that was first developed in the Caucasus?

    Vitis vinifera

    What is the scientific name for the North American native grape that is the second most common grape used to make wine in the world?

    Vitis labrusca

    Name the North American insect that nearly wipe out all of the European grape species that is used to make wine?

    Phylloxera

    What is a variety when referring to grapes?

    Subspecies

    What is a clone when referring to grapes?

    A grape vine plant that is genetically identical to another grape vine plant.

    What grape variety is a mutation of the red grape Pinot Noir?

    white grape Pinot Gris

    What grape variety is a mutation of the white grape Pinot Gris?

    white grape Pinot Blanc

    Name 3 mutations of the white grape Muscat?

    1. white grape Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains
    2. white grape Muscat of Alexander
    3. white grape Muscat Ottonel

    What is a crossing referring to grape propagation?

    when 2 subspecies combine to make an offspring

    The red grape Cabernet Sauvignon is a cross from what 2 grapes?

    1. red grape Cabernet Franc
    2. white grape Sauvignon Blanc

    Pinotage is a cross from what 2 grapes?

    1. red grape Pinot Noir
    2. red grape Cinsault

    What is a hybrid?

    when 2 species combine to make an offspring

    Name 3 different hybrids between Vitis vinifera and Vitis labrusca

    1. white grape Seyval Blanc
    2. white grape Vidal Blanc
    3. red grape Baco Noir

    What is the grape variety has the most vines planted in the world?

    white grape Airen

    What 2 grapes are planted in almost every wine growing region of the world?

    1. red grape Cabernet Sauvignon
    2. white grape Muscat

    The 4 most common grapes that are considered International grapes originated from which country?

    France

    Name 2 red grapes which originated from Bordeaux that are considered International grapes?

    1. Cabernet Sauvignon
    2. Merlot

    Name a red grape and a white grape which originated from Burgundy that are considered International grapes?

    1. red grape Pinot Noir
    2. white grape Chardonnay

    Name the 5 commonly grown grapes that produce wines that change the most in character based on terroir?

    Hint: The 4 international grapes and Malbec

    1. red grape Cabernet Sauvignon
    2. white grape Saviginon Blanc
    3. white grape Chardonnay
    4. red grape Merlot
    5. red grape Malbec

    What does autochthonous mean?

    indigenous or native

    When considering wines what does green mean?

    unripen grapes

    What white grape variety is easy to grow, benefits with interaction with wood, rarely made sweet, improves with age?

    white grape Chardonnay

    What white grape variety is less acid, high alcohol, tropical fruit flavors in warmer areas and crisp acid, light to medium body citrus flavors, green fruit aroma in cooler areas?

    white grape Chardonnay

    What white grape is considered the most versatile?

    white grape Chenin Blanc

    What grape is called Steen in South Africa?

    white grape Chenin Blanc

    What white grape variety is adaptable to climate and can be made into still or sparkling, dry to sweet and is high acid in cool climate?

    white grape Chenin Blanc

    What white grape is an ancient grape and is in nearly every region of the world?

    white grape Muscat

    What white grape is made into sweet wines, but also makes excellent dry, has powerful aromas and not uncommon to be fortified?

    white grape Muscat

    What white grape is usually made into vins doux natural in southern France?

    Muscat

    What white grape is used to make fortified wines in Rutherglen?

    Muscat

    What white grape is used to make sparkling wine in Moscato d'Asti of northwestern Italy?

    Muscat

    Pinot Grigio is called by 2 different names in Germany, what are they?

    1. Grauburgunder
    2. Rulander

    What white grape can have a intense floral aroma, petrol scent, makes dessert wines from late-harvest botrytis and is naturally high acid?

    white grape Riesling

    What white grape, if aged, is best aged in old Oak?

    white grape Sauvignon Blanc

    What does the phrase "Sauvignon Blanc with fume Blanc" mean?

    white grape Sauvignon Blanc with oak influence

    What does White Meritage mean?

    blending of 2 Bordeaux white grapes

    What does Red Meritage mean?

    blending of 2 Bordeaux red grapes

    What white grape is low acid, a blending partner with Chardonnay in Australia and with Sauvignon Blanc in Bordeaux?

    white grape Semillion

    What grape is the state signature of the of Virginia?

    Hint: Begins with a V

    white grape Viogner

    What is the German word for Pinot Blanc?

    white grape Weissburgunder

    What white grape is most aromatic with perfume of flowers and spice, first recorded in Italian Alps and is now popular in Alsace?

    white grape Gewurztraminer

    What neutral white grape is used to make Brandy and Cognac?

    white grape Ugni Blanc

    What is the 3rd grape of Burgundy?

    white grape Aligote

    What red grape is used in blending of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in Bordeaux?

    red grape Cabernet Franc

    What red grape is most respected?

    red grape Cabernet Sauvignon

    What red grape has a complex flavor over time, high tannin, late blooming, and blended with Shiraz in Australia?

    red grape Cabernet Sauvignon

    Name the 3 red grapes in G-S-M?

    1. red grape Gernache
    2. red grape Syrah
    3. red grape Mouvedre

    What red grape can be made into a wine that oxidizes quickly having a salmon or orange tinge?

    red grape Grenache

    What red grape in Bordeaux is less intense, less tannic and less alcohol?

    red grape Merlot

    What red grape ripens early in Bordeaux?

    red grape Merlot

    What red grape ripens in cool climate?

    red grape Pinot Noir

    What is the German word for Pinot Noir?

    red grape Spatburgunder

    What red grape is inky, dark-flavored, tannic and can be made into dry, full bodied Rose?

    red grape Shirah

    What red grape is blended with Mourvedre in Australia?

    red grape Shirah

    What red grape is blended with Cabernet Sauvignon in Australia?

    red grape Shirah

    What red grape is the closest to Primitivo?

    red grape Zinfandel

    What grape is legally recognized as a synonym in EU, but a different variety in the US?

    red grape Zinfandel

    What grape is blended with Mazuelo and other reds in Rioja, Spain

    red grape Tempranillo

    In order, What are the German terms the for the following grapes:
    1. Pinot Noir
    2. Pinot Gris
    3. Pinot Blanc
    4. Pinot Meunier

    1. red grape Spatburguner
    2. white grape Gauer Burgunder
    3. white grape Weissburgunder
    4. red grape Schwarzriesling

    What color of grape is Blauer Portugieser which is common in Germany?

    red

    What color of grape is Dornfelder which is common in Germany?

    white

    What color of grape is Silvaner which is common in Germany?

    white

    What color of grape is Muller-Thurgau which is common in Germany?

    white

    What red grape is a cross between 2 red grapes named Blaufrankisch and St. Laurent?

    red grape Zweigelt

    In Italy was is the name for the following grapes:
    1. Pinot Noir
    2. Pinot Gris
    3. Gewurtztraminer

    1. Pinot Nero
    2. Pinot Grisio
    3. Traminer

    What are 2 other names for the red grape Nebbiolo grape?

    1. Spanna
    2. Chiavennasca

    What are 3 other names for the red grape Sangiovese grape?

    1. Brunello
    2. Prugnolo Gentile
    3. Morellino

    List 7 other names for the red grape Tempranillo grape and where are they used?

    1. Tinta del Toro - Toro
    2. Tinta del Pais - Ribera del Duero and Cigales
    3. Ull de Lebre - Catalonia
    4. Cencibel - La Mancha and Valdepenas
    5. Aragonez - Portugal
    6. Tinta Roriz - Douro Valley in Portugal
    7. Valdepenas - United States

    What is the red grape Trebbanio grape called in France?

    Ugni Blanc

    What grape is a cross between red grape Syrah and red grape Peloursin?

    red grape Durif

    What is the red Durif grape called in the United States?

    Petite Sirah

    What are 2 other names for the red Mourvedre grape and where are they used?

    1. Monastrell - Spain
    2. Mataro - United States

    What is the white Viura grape called in Spain?

    white grape Macabeo

    What common indigenous grape of Italy that does NOT grow around the Montepulciano village in Italy?

    Montepulciano grape

    Which grape is mistaken for Carmenere?

    Merlot

    What are 2 other names for red grape Melon de Bougogne?

    1. Muscadet
    2. Mucadelle

    What is the term for a plant developing different characteristics?

    Mutation

    Name the white grape from the upper Rhone River, which is rich and viscous?

    Viogner

    What color of grape is Torrontes?

    white

    What color of grape is Gruner Veltliner which is common in Austria?

    white

    What color of grape is Marsanne which is common in France?

    white

    What color of grape is Roussanne which is common in France?

    white

    What color are the 3 grapes Assyriko, Moschofilero and Rhoditis which are common in Greece?

    white

    What color of grape is Furmint which is common in Hungary?

    white

    What color is Cortese, Garganega, Glera, Verdicchio, Vermentino, Vernaccia which are common grapes in Italy?

    white

    What color is Alvarinho, Arinto, Fernao Pires and Loureiro which are common grapes in Portugal?

    white

    What color is Albarino, Godello, Macabeo, Palomino, Parellada, Pedro Ximenez, Verdejo and Xarel-lo which are common in Spain?

    white

    What color is Chasselas which is common in Switzerland?

    white

    What color are Carignan, Cinsaut, and Mourvedre which are common in France?

    red

    What color of grape is Gamay?

    red

    What color of grape is Pinot Meunier?

    red

    What color of grape is Blaufrankisch which is common in Germany?

    red

    What color is Agiorgitiko, Mavrodaphne, and Xinomavro grapes which are common in Greece?

    white

    What color is Aglianico, Barbera, Corvina and Dolcetto grapes which are common in Italy?

    red

    What color of grape is Montepulciano which is common in Italy?

    red

    What color of grape is Negroamaro which is common in Italy?

    red

    What color of grape is Nero d'Avola which is common in Sicily?

    red

    What color of grape are Nouriga Franca and Touriga National which are common in Portugal?

    red

    What color of grape is Tannat which is common in Uruguay?

    red

    What is the white grape names Chasselas called in Hungary?

    Fendant

    What is the white grape named Fendant called in Switzerland?

    Chasselas

    What is the white grape named Welschriesling called in Croatia?

    Grasevinia

    What is the red grape name Blaufrankisch called in Croatia?

    Frankovka

    Name 3 grapes which originated from the red grape name Crljenak Kastenlanski?

    1. Primitivo in Italy
    2. Zinfandel in US
    3. Plavac Mali in Croatia

    What grape was created by the crossing of the red gaped named Blaufrankisch and the red grape named St. Laurent?

    Zweigelt

    In Austria and Germany, the Pinot Blanc grape is called?

    Weissburgunder

    What white grape has 3 different names in 3 different areas of Portugal and where are they named?

    1. Verdelho - Madeira
    2. Gouveio - Vinho Verde
    3. Godello - rest of Portugal

    Name the 2 white grapes from Portugal which has different names in Rias Baixas, Spain?

    1. Loureiro - Loureira (Rias Baixas)
    2. Alvarinho - Albarino (Rias Baixas)

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