Name the 4 main alcohols in wine?
1. Ethyl Alcohol also called Ethanol
3. Methyl Alcohol also called Methanol
4. Fusel Alcohols also called Higher Alcohols
Name the 3 main acids in wine that originate from grapes?
1. Tartar Acid
2. Malic Acid
3. Citric Acid
Name the 3 main acids in wine that are created through fermentation?
1. Lactic Acid
2. Acetic Acid
3. Succinic Acid
Which acid is sometimes added to low quality wines?
Citric Acid which is also natural in minute quantities
What acid can be create by either bacteria or through a chemical reaction between alcohol and oxygen?
What can be added to a wine before selling that is determined by the amount of acid measured in the wine?
Name 5 phenolic compound groups?
2. Favones and Flavonols
What does Malolactic Fermentation do to Malic Acid?
1. Assuage (make less intense)
2. convert to Lactic Acid.
What produces the tears or legs in a glass of wine after the wine is swirled?
high levels of Alcohol
What sometimes can appear at the bottom in a wine bottle but is not considered a defect?
Name 5 main types of wine?
1. Red Wine
2. White Wine
3. Rose Wine
4. Sparkling Wine
5. Fortified Wine
All 5 types of wines can be made with 3 main levels of sweetness, what is another term for level of sweetness?
wine making style
What are the 3 main levels of sweetness that the 5 main types of wine can be made?
2. Semi-Sweet also called Off-Dry
Name 2 main styles of Rose Wine?
1. Dry Rose Wine
2. Off-Dry Rose Wine
(very rarely is a Rose sweet)
Name 3 main types of Sparkling Wine?
1. Red Sparkling Wine
2. White Sparkling Wine
3. Rose Sparkling Wine