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39 True/False questions

  1. Anti-Inflammatory Agentsreducing inflammation; EX: Intal/Beclovent

          

  2. Pneumothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift

          

  3. Anti-Tuberculosis AgentsHighly contagious infection caused by Mycobaterium TB. Transmitted by Droplet and use Airborne Precautions.

          

  4. Metabolic AlkalosispH down, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  5. PaO235-45 mm Hg; The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood.

          

  6. PleurisyInflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough. Also called pleuritis.

          

  7. Legionnaries Diseasenuclear scanning test used to detect a blood clot that is preventing normal blood flow to part of a lung (pulmonary embolism);(Ex: Ventilation Scan/Perfusion Scan)

          

  8. Anti-Cholinergic BronchodilatorsPrevents bronchospasms caused by acetylcholine; EX: ipratropium bromide/atropine

          

  9. PneumoniaInflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia.

          

  10. Respiratory AcidosispH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  11. Respiratory AlkalosispH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  12. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromeinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  13. Hemothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift

          

  14. PaCO235-45 mm Hg; The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood.

          

  15. TuberculosisInflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia.

          

  16. Order of Inhalation UseRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  17. Chest XrayDiagnostic radiology procedure used to examine the chest and the organs and structures located in the chest; used to assess the lungs, as well as the heart (either directly or indirectly) by looking at the heart itself.

          

  18. ROME35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  19. CBCthe measure of the concentration of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood.

          

  20. Pulmonary Embolusa blockage of an artery in the lungs by fat, air, a blood clot, or tumor cells; Fat Emboli,Air Emboli

          

  21. Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsPrevents bronchospasms caused by acetylcholine; EX: ipratropium bromide/atropine

          

  22. CO235-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  23. Side Effects of Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsTachycardia, Hypotension, Arrhythmias, GI distress, Tremors, Anxiety, Headache

          

  24. BronchoscopyRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  25. Arterial Blood GasHighly contagious infection caused by Mycobaterium TB. Transmitted by Droplet and use Airborne Precautions.

          

  26. ThoracentesisUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  27. Sputum AFB testUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  28. Acute Respiratory Failureinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  29. HCO324-26 mEq/L; Calculated value of the amount of bicarbonate in the bloodstream

          

  30. Pulmonary Function Testa blockage of an artery in the lungs by fat, air, a blood clot, or tumor cells; Fat Emboli,Air Emboli

          

  31. SaO280%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)

          

  32. Nursing InterventionsUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  33. COPD35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  34. Metabolic AcidosispH down, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  35. Lung Scannuclear scanning test used to detect a blood clot that is preventing normal blood flow to part of a lung (pulmonary embolism);(Ex: Ventilation Scan/Perfusion Scan)

          

  36. BronchodilatorsRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  37. Acute Respiratory Distressinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  38. Therapeutic Range for Aminophylline10-20 mcg/mL (Bronchodilator)

          

  39. pH35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.