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39 True/False questions

  1. PaO280%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)

          

  2. SaO2> 95%; The arterial oxygen saturation.

          

  3. Respiratory AcidosispH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  4. Arterial Blood Gasanalysis provides information on the following:
    1] Oxygenation of blood through gas exchange in the lungs. 2] Carbon dioxide (CO2) elimination through respiration. 3] Acid-base balance or imbalance in extra-cellular fluid (ECF).

          

  5. Metabolic AlkalosispH down, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  6. Anti-Inflammatory AgentsEX: Isoniazid/Rifampin/Ethambutol; Side Effects-Turns urine, saliva, sweat, sputum orange in color.

          

  7. Pulmonary Embolusa blockage of an artery in the lungs by fat, air, a blood clot, or tumor cells; Fat Emboli,Air Emboli

          

  8. PaCO235-45 mm Hg; The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood.

          

  9. Acute Respiratory Distresslife-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting into the blood.

          

  10. Pulmonary Function Testa group of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they move gases such as oxygen from the atmosphere into the body's circulation;(ex: Spirometry)

          

  11. PleurisyInflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough. Also called pleuritis.

          

  12. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromeacute viral respiratory infection that begins like the flu but quickly progresses to severe dyspnea, high fatality rate;Coronavirus.

          

  13. Therapeutic Range for AminophyllinepH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  14. Metabolic AcidosispH up, CO2 up, and HCO3 up

          

  15. Side Effects of Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsTachycardia, Hypotension, Arrhythmias, GI distress, Tremors, Anxiety, Headache

          

  16. Hemothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift

          

  17. pH35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  18. TuberculosisHighly contagious infection caused by Mycobaterium TB. Transmitted by Droplet and use Airborne Precautions.

          

  19. CBC35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  20. Respiratory AlkalosispH up, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  21. Chest XrayDiagnostic radiology procedure used to examine the chest and the organs and structures located in the chest; used to assess the lungs, as well as the heart (either directly or indirectly) by looking at the heart itself.

          

  22. Acute Respiratory Failureinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  23. Sputum AFB testTB is suspected

          

  24. Nursing Interventionsnuclear scanning test used to detect a blood clot that is preventing normal blood flow to part of a lung (pulmonary embolism);(Ex: Ventilation Scan/Perfusion Scan)

          

  25. CO224-26 mEq/L; Calculated value of the amount of bicarbonate in the bloodstream

          

  26. BronchodilatorsTo view airways and diagnose the lung disease; a device used to see the inside of the lungs. It can be flexible or rigid. Usually, a flexible bronchoscope is used. The flexible bronchoscope is a tube less than 1/2 inch wide and about 2 feet long. NPO for 8-12 hours before test;NPO after test until Gag Reflex return.

          

  27. Order of Inhalation UseBronchodilator First, than Corticosteroids second.

          

  28. Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsRelaxes smooth muscles of the Tracheobrachial tree; EX: aminophylline/theophyline

          

  29. Legionnaries DiseaseUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  30. ROMERespiratory Opposite; Metabolic Equal

          

  31. Lung Scan24-26 mEq/L; Calculated value of the amount of bicarbonate in the bloodstream

          

  32. BronchoscopyRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  33. HCO335-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  34. COPD35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  35. PneumoniaInflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia.

          

  36. ThoracentesisUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  37. Pneumothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Blood in the interpleural space.

          

  38. Anti-Tuberculosis AgentsEX: Isoniazid/Rifampin/Ethambutol; Side Effects-Turns urine, saliva, sweat, sputum orange in color.

          

  39. Anti-Cholinergic BronchodilatorsRelaxes smooth muscles of the Tracheobrachial tree; EX: aminophylline/theophyline