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  1. To view airways and diagnose the lung disease; a device used to see the inside of the lungs. It can be flexible or rigid. Usually, a flexible bronchoscope is used. The flexible bronchoscope is a tube less than 1/2 inch wide and about 2 feet long. NPO for 8-12 hours before test;NPO after test until Gag Reflex return.
  2. 7.35- 7.45; a measurement of acidity or alkalinity
  3. 80%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)
  4. Inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough. Also called pleuritis.
  5. a blockage of an artery in the lungs by fat, air, a blood clot, or tumor cells; Fat Emboli,Air Emboli
  6. a group of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they move gases such as oxygen from the atmosphere into the body's circulation;(ex: Spirometry)
  7. partial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift
  8. 35-45 mm Hg; The amount of carbon dioxide dissolved in arterial blood.
  9. Used to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.
  10. Severe form of Pneumonia — lung inflammation usually caused by infection. Legionnaires' disease is caused by a bacterium known as legionella. Bacterial growth stored in water.
  11. reducing inflammation; EX: Intal/Beclovent
  12. Inflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia.
  13. 35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.
  14. nuclear scanning test used to detect a blood clot that is preventing normal blood flow to part of a lung (pulmonary embolism);(Ex: Ventilation Scan/Perfusion Scan)
  15. Prevents bronchospasms caused by acetylcholine; EX: ipratropium bromide/atropine
  16. Relax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol
  17. 24-26 mEq/L; Calculated value of the amount of bicarbonate in the bloodstream
  18. progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe; Chronic bronchitis-Inflammation of Bronchi(lung infection),
    Emphysema-overdistention of the airspaces of the lungs,
  19. Diagnostic radiology procedure used to examine the chest and the organs and structures located in the chest; used to assess the lungs, as well as the heart (either directly or indirectly) by looking at the heart itself.
  20. Relaxes smooth muscles of the Tracheobrachial tree; EX: aminophylline/theophyline
  21. pH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;
  22. 10-20 mcg/mL (Bronchodilator)
  23. Respiratory Opposite; Metabolic Equal
  24. Tachycardia, Hypotension, Arrhythmias, GI distress, Tremors, Anxiety, Headache
  25. Bronchodilator First, than Corticosteroids second.
  26. analysis provides information on the following:
    1] Oxygenation of blood through gas exchange in the lungs. 2] Carbon dioxide (CO2) elimination through respiration. 3] Acid-base balance or imbalance in extra-cellular fluid (ECF).
  27. pH up, CO2 up, and HCO3 up
  28. partial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Blood in the interpleural space.
  29. TB is suspected
  30. > 95%; The arterial oxygen saturation.
  31. pH up, CO2 down, and HCO3 down
  32. High fowlers Position, Pursed lip breathing, Administer O2,
  33. life-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting into the blood.
  34. inadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs
  35. EX: Isoniazid/Rifampin/Ethambutol; Side Effects-Turns urine, saliva, sweat, sputum orange in color.
  36. the measure of the concentration of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood.
  37. pH down, CO2 down, and HCO3 down
  38. Highly contagious infection caused by Mycobaterium TB. Transmitted by Droplet and use Airborne Precautions.
  39. acute viral respiratory infection that begins like the flu but quickly progresses to severe dyspnea, high fatality rate;Coronavirus.