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39 True/False questions

  1. Pneumothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift

          

  2. BronchoscopyRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  3. Metabolic AlkalosispH up, CO2 up, and HCO3 up

          

  4. ROMERespiratory Opposite; Metabolic Equal

          

  5. Arterial Blood Gasanalysis provides information on the following:
    1] Oxygenation of blood through gas exchange in the lungs. 2] Carbon dioxide (CO2) elimination through respiration. 3] Acid-base balance or imbalance in extra-cellular fluid (ECF).

          

  6. BronchodilatorsRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  7. Pulmonary Embolusa group of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they move gases such as oxygen from the atmosphere into the body's circulation;(ex: Spirometry)

          

  8. COPDprogressive disease that makes it hard to breathe; Chronic bronchitis-Inflammation of Bronchi(lung infection),
    Emphysema-overdistention of the airspaces of the lungs,
    Asthma

          

  9. SaO280%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)

          

  10. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromeacute viral respiratory infection that begins like the flu but quickly progresses to severe dyspnea, high fatality rate;Coronavirus.

          

  11. Respiratory AlkalosispH up, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  12. Order of Inhalation UseRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  13. Metabolic AcidosispH down, CO2 down, and HCO3 down

          

  14. Sputum AFB testTB is suspected

          

  15. Pneumoniapartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Air in the interpleural space; mediastinal shift

          

  16. PleurisyInflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough. Also called pleuritis.

          

  17. Anti-Tuberculosis Agentsreducing inflammation; EX: Intal/Beclovent

          

  18. PaO280%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)

          

  19. Lung Scannuclear scanning test used to detect a blood clot that is preventing normal blood flow to part of a lung (pulmonary embolism);(Ex: Ventilation Scan/Perfusion Scan)

          

  20. Chest XrayDiagnostic radiology procedure used to examine the chest and the organs and structures located in the chest; used to assess the lungs, as well as the heart (either directly or indirectly) by looking at the heart itself.

          

  21. Legionnaries DiseaseSevere form of Pneumonia — lung inflammation usually caused by infection. Legionnaires' disease is caused by a bacterium known as legionella. Bacterial growth stored in water.

          

  22. CO2> 95%; The arterial oxygen saturation.

          

  23. Anti-Inflammatory Agentsreducing inflammation; EX: Intal/Beclovent

          

  24. Acute Respiratory Distressinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  25. Side Effects of Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsTachycardia, Hypotension, Arrhythmias, GI distress, Tremors, Anxiety, Headache

          

  26. Acute Respiratory Failureinadequate gas exchange due to damage to lungs

          

  27. PaCO280%-90%; partial pressure of oxygen that is dissolved in arterial blood.
    New Born - Acceptable range 40-70 mm Hg. Elderly: Subtract 1 mm Hg from the minimal 80 mm Hg level for every year over 60 years of age: 80 - (age- 60) (Note: up to age 90)

          

  28. Therapeutic Range for AminophyllinepH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  29. Anti-Cholinergic BronchodilatorsPrevents bronchospasms caused by acetylcholine; EX: ipratropium bromide/atropine

          

  30. Respiratory AcidosispH down, CO2 up, and HCO3 up;

          

  31. Pulmonary Function Testa group of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and release air and how well they move gases such as oxygen from the atmosphere into the body's circulation;(ex: Spirometry)

          

  32. CBC35-45 mEq/L; measures the amount of carbon dioxide in the liquid part of your blood, called the serum.

          

  33. ThoracentesisUsed to remove fluid from the chest cavity. Pt in sitting position resting over bedside table.

          

  34. pH7.35- 7.45; a measurement of acidity or alkalinity

          

  35. TuberculosisInflammation of the lungs caused by infection. Bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause pneumonia.

          

  36. Methylaxanthine BronchodilatorsPrevents bronchospasms caused by acetylcholine; EX: ipratropium bromide/atropine

          

  37. Nursing InterventionsRelax smooth muscle and increase respiration; EX: epinephrine/albuterol

          

  38. HCO324-26 mEq/L; Calculated value of the amount of bicarbonate in the bloodstream

          

  39. Hemothoraxpartial or complete collapse of a lung as a result of accumulation of Blood in the interpleural space.