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109 Multiple choice questions

  1. The patient is lethargic and difficult to arouse.
  2. A patient with esophageal varices who has a blood pressure of 96/54 mm Hg
  3. "I will need to use a sunscreen when I am outdoors."
  4. Ask the patient more about the concerns with stoma management.
  5. lie down for about 30 minutes after eating.
  6. administer IV fluids.
  7. anti-HBs.
  8. inhibit the development of stress ulcers.
  9. assess the BP and pulse.
  10. administer polyethylene glycol lavage solution (GoLYTELY) to ensure that the bowel is empty before the surgery.
  11. hangs the irrigating container about 18 inches above the stoma.
  12. Prepare the pt for surgery.
  13. blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine.
  14. Monitor stools for blood.
  15. smoked foods such as bacon and ham.
  16. Temperature 100.8° F (38.2° C)
  17. Administer loperamide (Imodium) after each stool.
  18. "The cobalamin injections will prevent me from becoming anemic."
  19. Schedule the patient for HCV genotype testing.
  20. The patient uses witch hazel compresses to decrease anal irritation.
  21. A patient who has abdominal distention and an apical heart rate of 136 beats/minute
  22. collect a stool specimen.
  23. potassium.
  24. "How long have you had abdominal pain?"
  25. Cherry gelatin and fruit
  26. The patient's hands flap back and forth when the arms are extended.
  27. colonoscopy.
  28. endoscopy.
  29. leukopenia.
  30. Urine output over an 8-hour period is 2500 mL.
  31. The patient has absent breath sounds throughout the left lung.
  32. Obtain a stool specimen for culture.
  33. The patient's stools are clay colored.
  34. anti-hepatitis A virus immunoglobulin M (anti-HAV IgM).
  35. place the patient on NPO status.
  36. The LPN/LVN gives the iron supplement and phosphate binder with lunch.
  37. Assess the pt. about the individual risk factors for constipation.
  38. Phosphate level
  39. Elevated temperature
  40. Elevate the head of the bed to at least 30 degrees.
  41. antacids after eating and sucralfate 30 minutes before eating.
  42. Ibuprofen (Advil) 400 mg PO PRN for pain
  43. Report the patient's symptoms to the health care provider.
  44. reposition the tube and check for placement.
  45. "Ranitidine decreases secretion of gastric acid."
  46. Avoid use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco.
  47. cobalamin (B12) nasal spray or injections
  48. Offer supplemental feedings between meals.
  49. The patient has recently noticed blood in the stools.
  50. medication use.
  51. Oatmeal with cream
  52. Scrambled eggs, English muffin, and apple juice
  53. Joint pain
  54. Use care when eating high-fiber foods to avoid obstruction of the ileum.
  55. 2 cups.
  56. Assist the patient to ambulate.
  57. "I eat small meals throughout the day and have a bedtime snack."
  58. Administer the prescribed morphine sulfate before dressing changes.
  59. Calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  60. "It will be helpful to keep the head of your bed elevated on blocks."
  61. Infuse normal saline at 250 mL/hr.
  62. Infuse 1000 mL of lactated Ringer's solution.
  63. Place the pt. in a private room w/contact isolation
  64. "Do you use any over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?"
  65. Lg. amounts of fluids should be taken to prevent impaction or bowel obstruction.
  66. monitor the tumor status after surgery.
  67. amoxicillin (Amoxil), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and omeprazole (Prilosec).
  68. Implement fecal management system.
  69. The patient is alert and oriented.
  70. Take prescribed pain medications before a bowel movement is expected.
  71. The patient's central venous pressure (CVP) is decreased.
  72. rapid respirations.
  73. "Vitamin supplements may be needed to prevent problems with anemia."
  74. Stools test negative for occult blood.
  75. Assess the perineal drainage and incision.
  76. Encourage the pt to express feelings and ask questions about IBS.
  77. about fistula formation between the bowel and bladder.
  78. Corn tortilla with eggs
  79. document the stoma assessment.
  80. Obtain the vital signs.
  81. Apply a scrotal support and ice to reduce swelling.
  82. the benefits of misoprostol (Cytotec) in protecting the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa.
  83. Amylase
  84. "Avoid foods that cause pain after you eat them."
  85. "Having this new diagnosis must be very hard for you."
  86. periodically aspirates and tests gastric pH.
  87. abdominal distention.
  88. measures that will be helpful in improving appetite.
  89. Infuse metronidazole (Flagyl) 500 mg IV.
  90. Cardiac rhythm
  91. The patient's lungs have crackles audible to the midline.
  92. breath sounds.
  93. Place the patient on contact precautions.
  94. notify the surgeon.
  95. Muscle twitching and finger numbness
  96. endoscopic procedures may be used for treatment.
  97. Apply an ice pack to the right lower quad.
  98. Red, velvety patches on the buccal mucosa
  99. A dish of lemon gelatin
  100. treats gastroesophageal reflux disease by decreasing stomach acid production.
  101. is much less likely to clot.
  102. use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  103. proton pump inhibitors.
  104. Administer the spironolactone.
  105. Rovsing sign.
  106. maintaining cardiac output.
  107. asks the patient to empty the bladder.
  108. administration of nystatin (Mycostatin) oral tablets.
  109. "Can you tell me more about your pain?"