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112 True/False questions

  1. Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeThere are two types of this: 1) Ventilatory Failure. 2) Oxygenation Failure.

          

  2. PleurisyThis is one of three types of COPD. Bronchial lining overreact, causing episodic spasms and inflammation and severe restriction of the airways.

          

  3. Pulmonary Embolism. Etiology:A clot starts in the venous system, travels to the R side of the heart, into the pulmonary artery, and obstructs small vessels & causes pulm. htn. & in infarction.

          

  4. Acute Respiratory Failure. Type 1) Ventilatory FailureThis occurs when the PaO2 is >50 mm Hg, PaCO2 is 50 mm Hg or more, and pH is 7.25 or less.

          

  5. Respiratory Alkalosis. Acute. S/S:Prickling sensations around the mouth or extremeties ("circumoral"/"peripheral" paresthesia). Twitching leading to tetany.

          

  6. Pulmonary Embolism. Can be caused by this:Xrays show dilated pulmonary arteries & the diaphragm elevated on the effected side.

          

  7. TuberculosisNight sweats & fever.

          

  8. Respiratory Alkalosis. Acute. S/S:S/S: Spasms of the wrists & feet ("carpopedal spasms").

          

  9. AtelectasisNurses give pain meds to treat pain because pain prevent Pts from deep breathing, and lack of deep breathing leads to this.

          

  10. Tuberculosis. Interventions:Negative pressure room.

          

  11. Chronic BronchitisThis is one of three types of COPD. It develops from irritants & infections.

          

  12. Acute Respiratory FailureThis happens when there is too much CO2 in the blood.

          

  13. This type of lung cancer is very fast growing.Small Cell.

          

  14. Pneumocystis carinii PneumoniaInflammation of the membranes which envelop the lungs/line the inside of the thoracic cage (the visceral and parietal pleurae).

          

  15. Chronic Bronchitis. S/S:Finger clubbing, hyperinflation, tachycardia, R sided heart failure w/JVD.

          

  16. Chronic Bronchitis. Manifestations:Increases mucous production, impairs airway clearance, causes irreversible narrowing of the small airways. CO2 is retained.

          

  17. Sarcoidosis. Tests:High CA in urine. Positive Kveim-Silzbach Test.

          

  18. Respiratory Alkalosis. There are two types of this:1) Acute. 2) Chronic.

          

  19. Atelectasis"Incomplete expansion of the lung/alveoli clusters ("lobules") or lung segments. This may in turn cause a partial or a complete collapse of the lung."

          

  20. This is one type of COPD.Adenocarcinoma.

          

  21. Sarcoidosis. Etiology:High CA in urine. Positive Kveim-Silzbach Test.

          

  22. Pleural Effusion. Intervention:Thoracentesis.

          

  23. Pneumothorax. TestsIntervention: Chest tube to a water seal drainage. Or, a needle thoracotomy.

          

  24. Pulmonary Embolism. Interventions:Vena cava filter insertion, anti-coagulants, morphine, diuretics, fibrinolytics. Stockings.

          

  25. AsthmaThis is one of 3 types of COPD. "Pink Puffer". Recurrent pulmonary inflammation damages then destroys alveolar walls L/T large spaces when they collapse.

          

  26. Respiratory Alkalosis. Interventions:Breathe into a paper bag. This causes CO2 to increase.

          

  27. Pleurisy/PleuritisAlso called 'Pleuritis'.

          

  28. BronchioectasisWhen Pt coughs up several cupfuls of foul smelling gunk they are suffering from this.

          

  29. PleuritisAlso known as 'Pleurisy'

          

  30. This type of lung cancer is slow growing.Squamous cell/epidermoid.

          

  31. Respiratory Acidosis.This happens when there is too much CO2 in the blood.

          

  32. BronchiectasisThis resp. condition is usually found in the lower lobes.

          

  33. Acute Respiratory FailureThis is an all around failure of the respiratory system.

          

  34. Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeA disorder in which fluid builds up in the lungs causing them to stiffen.

          

  35. Acute Respiratory FailureThis happens when there is too much CO2 in the blood.

          

  36. Respiratory AcidosisInterventions: CPAP, bronchodilators, intubation, dialysis (to remove the illegal drugs that are causing the reduced ventilation), coughing, deep breathing, intubation.

          

  37. Pulmonary Embolism. Simple test to prevent a PE:Coagulation issues.

          

  38. Tuberculosis. Meds:In this disease, an x-ray of the chest shows active or calcified lesions.

          

  39. Cor PulmonalePus, blood, chyle, and necrotic tissue in the pleural space.

          

  40. Pulmonary Embolism. Can be caused by this:Xrays show dilated pulmonary arteries & the diaphragm elevated on the effected side.

          

  41. Respiratory AcidosisThis can occur from an airway disease, suppressed breathing, obstruction (ie: Obesity, COPD, etc.), illegal drugs.

          

  42. Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia. S/S, manifestations:Fluffy infiltrates, nodular lesions, spontaneous pneumothorax.

          

  43. Respiratory AlkalosisNot enough CO2 in the blood.

          

  44. Pneumocystis cariniiNormal flora found in ppl. In immunosuppressed Pts it goes gangbusters.

          

  45. Pulmonary Embolism. Tests:A clot starts in the venous system, travels to the R side of the heart, into the pulmonary artery, and obstructs small vessels & causes pulm. htn. & in infarction.

          

  46. Acute Respiratory Failure. Type 2) Oxygenation FailureThis occurs when blood flows to lung tissue that's experiencing reduced ventilation, or ventilation to lung tissue that's experiencing reduced blood flow, or shunting from the R side of the heart to the L side of the heart.

          

  47. Pneumothorax, "closed".There is a hole which goes from the lung to the intrapleural space.

          

  48. This type of lung cancer is slow growing:Small Cell.

          

  49. EmpyemaPus, blood, chyle, and necrotic tissue in the pleural space.

          

  50. EmphysemaThis person is called a "Pink Puffer".

          

  51. Sarcoidosis. Interventions:Low CA diet, corticosteroids, cytotoxics, high calorie nutritious diet, no exposure to sunlight for Pts w/hyper CA.

          

  52. TuberculosisThis disease is due to acid fast bacilli.

          

  53. Pneumothorax, "Tension".There is hole from the outside of the body which goes to the inside of the body, into the intrapleural space.

          

  54. Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia. Tests:Fiber optic bronch. Xray.

          

  55. AtelectasisThis disease is due to acid fast bacilli.

          

  56. Ashma: S/S:This is one of three types of COPD. Bronchial lining overreact, causing episodic spasms and inflammation and severe restriction of the airways.

          

  57. Chronic Bronchitis. Interventions:Finger clubbing, hyperinflation, tachycardia, R sided heart failure w/JVD.

          

  58. Tuberculosis. Precautions:Night sweats & fever.

          

  59. Pleural Effusion. Test/lab:Lactate dehydrogenase levels.

          

  60. Pleurisy/Pleuritis.S/S: Pleural friction rub, sharp stabbing pain, bed rest. Thoracentesis.

          

  61. Sarcoidosis: S/S, manifestations:Low CA diet, corticosteroids, cytotoxics, high calorie nutritious diet, no exposure to sunlight for Pts w/hyper CA.

          

  62. Pulmonary EmbolismXrays show dilated pulmonary arteries & the diaphragm elevated on the effected side.

          

  63. Legionnaires' DiseaseWhen Pt coughs up several cupfuls of foul smelling gunk they are suffering from this.

          

  64. Pleural Effusion.An excess of fluid in the pleural space.

          

  65. This is one type of COPD.pH is below normal. CO2 is higher than 45 mm Hg.

          

  66. Guillian-Barre SyndromeThis disease paralyzes the resp. muscles.

          

  67. Acute Respiratory FailureWhen the Resp. System can't supply the body w/the O2 it needs or it can't remove CO2.

          

  68. BronchioectatisWhen Pt coughs up several cupfuls of foul smelling gunk they are suffering from this.

          

  69. PneumoniaS/S: Unilateral diminshed breath sounds, sharp pain

          

  70. SarcoidosisIn this disease, when the infection reactivates, necrotic tissue turns cheesy,undergoes fibrosis, or form cavities lined w/multiplying tubercule which spreads thru the lungs & into the tracheobronchial tree.

          

  71. Respiratory AcidosisS/S: Spasms of the wrists & feet ("carpopedal spasms").

          

  72. Pneumothorax, "open".There is a hole which goes from the lung to the intrapleural space.

          

  73. This type of lung cancer is very fast growing:Fluid: 3L/day, steroids, Vit C, diet: High protein/calories, Vit C., low flow O2, intubation. alpha-1 antitrypsin therapy.

          

  74. BronchioectasisThis condition is D/T: Gas inhalation, gastric juices in lungs, obstruction, or recurrent lung infections that are poorly treated.

          

  75. Emphysema. Interventions:Vena cava filter insertion, anti-coagulants, morphine, diuretics, fibrinolytics. Stockings.

          

  76. Respiratory Alkalosis. Chronic. S/S:Deep, rapid breathing is the cardinal sign (+40 resp./min.) w/dizziness. PACO2 is less than 35 mm Hg. Increased pH. Bicarb is normal.

          

  77. This type of med is used to treat lung cancer:Anti-neoplastics.

          

  78. Tuberculosis. S/S:Night sweats & fever.

          

  79. Pneumothorax.There are 4 types of these.

          

  80. Cor PulmonaleThis disease is d/t an increased PVR which leads to an increase in R ventricular pressure.

          

  81. Respiratory Alkalosis. Etiology:Prickling sensations around the mouth or extremeties ("circumoral"/"peripheral" paresthesia). Twitching leading to tetany.

          

  82. AsphyxiaThe term for interference w/respiration leading to cardiopulmonary arrest & death.

          

  83. EmphysemaThis is one of 3 types of COPD. "Pink Puffer". Recurrent pulmonary inflammation damages then destroys alveolar walls L/T large spaces when they collapse.

          

  84. Asthma. Interventions:Drink 3L of fluid/day. Perform pursed lipped breathing.

          

  85. PneumothoraxCollapse of the lung from a loss of negative intrapleural pressure d/t a hole poking thru & air getting in.

          

  86. Empyhsema. Etiology:D/t: Exposure to zirconium, beryllium. Genetics, senstivity to bacteria, fungi, pine pollen.

          

  87. Respiratory AcidosisInterventions: CPAP, bronchodilators, intubation, dialysis (to remove the illegal drugs that are causing the reduced ventilation), coughing, deep breathing, intubation.

          

  88. This is one type of COPD.Asthma.

          

  89. Pulmonary Embolism. S/S:A clot starts in the venous system, travels to the R side of the heart, into the pulmonary artery, and obstructs small vessels & causes pulm. htn. & in infarction.

          

  90. Pneumothorax, "Hemothorax".Blood accumulates in the pleural space d/t: 1) A rib lacerating lung tissue. 2) A rib lacerating an artery. 3) A rupture of a pulmonary blood vessel.

          

  91. Lung CancerUnregulated cell growth & division L/T a tumor.

          

  92. Cor PulmonaleLimit fluid intake to to 1-2L/day. Low Na diet to trt this disease/condition.

          

  93. Pleural Effusion. A complication:Empyema (pus, blood, chyle, and necrotic tissue in the pleural space).

          

  94. Bronchioectasis3 types: 1) Cylindrical/fusiform. 2) Varicose. 3) Saccular/cystic.

          

  95. Pneumocystis carinii PneumoniaFiber optic bronch. Xray.

          

  96. This is one type of lung cancer.Adenocarcinoma.

          

  97. Pneumothorax, Spontaneous.This is due to a bleb rupture.

          

  98. Respiratory Alkalosis.S/S: Spasms of the wrists & feet ("carpopedal spasms").

          

  99. PneumothoraxIntervention: Chest tube to a water seal drainage. Or, a needle thoracotomy.

          

  100. Tuberculosis. Tests:In this disease, an x-ray of the chest shows active or calcified lesions.

          

  101. TuberculosisIn this disease, 3-6 wks after invasion, cell mediated immunity contains then arrests the disease.

          

  102. Pneumothorax.Intervention: Chest tube to a water seal drainage. Or, a needle thoracotomy.

          

  103. Respiratory AlkalosisThis happens when there is too much CO2 in the blood.

          

  104. Cor PulmonaleS/S: Unilateral diminshed breath sounds, sharp pain

          

  105. Severe Acute Resp. Syndrome/'SARS'.Asia. 2003. Corona virus. It is atypical pneumonia.

          

  106. Tuberculosis.Bacteria invade the alveoli then spread via the lymph system & into the circulatory system.

          

  107. Pneumothorax, "Traumatic".A result of blunt chest trauma.

          

  108. BronchioectasisDestruction of the walls of the bronchi.

          

  109. Cor Pulmonale25% of COPD Pts get this condition.

          

  110. Pulmonary Embolism. Can be caused by this:Vena cava filter insertion, anti-coagulants, morphine, diuretics, fibrinolytics. Stockings.

          

  111. Acute Respirator Distress SyndromeA disorder in which fluid builds up in the lungs causing them to stiffen.

          

  112. BronchioectasisWhen Pt coughs up several cupfuls of foul smelling gunk they are suffering from this.