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32 Multiple choice questions

  1. This is a common test for the renal system. It helps diagnose kidney disease & other systemic diseases which may affect the kidneys and gives results regarding the function of the kidney & other various body functions.
  2. 1 hour.
  3. A Urinalysis Test
  4. It can be refrigerated.
  5. 4.6-8.0
  6. The urine is more concentrated. It is more likely to contain abnormal constituents (if they are present).
  7. The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/protein-in-urine/basics/causes/sym-20050656
  8. 0-4/hpf
  9. Strenuous exercise, dehydration, fever.
  10. The Pt is dehydrated.
  11. In the morning.
  12. Renal problems.
  13. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  14. United States Library of Medicine USA National Institute of Health: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003582.htm
  15. 0-150 mg/24 hr
  16. 0-18 mg/dL
  17. Zero
  18. A ketone is a substance that is produced by our body when fat cells break down. They are found in the blood & eventually spill over into the urine. Normally there should be none in urine.
  19. Diabetes Mellitus w/ketonuria, the breakdown of body fats into ketones (d/t starvation), carb free diets, severe diarrhea, dehydration, or vomiting.
  20. A Urinalysis Test
  21. Zero
  22. The urine has been standing too long or there is an infection & bacs have begun to reduce it to ammonia.
  23. Diabetes Mellitus, excessive glucose intake, or low renal threshold for glucose reabsorption.
  24. Acidosis (either Respiratory or Metabolic)
  25. The Pt is overhydrated or has Diabetes Insipidus.
  26. When the body burns fat for energy or fuel.
  27. Zero
  28. 1.002-1.035
  29. A Urinalysis Test
  30. Zero
  31. 0-5/hpf
  32. When there is not enough insulin to help the body use sugar for energy. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. Since the body is unable to use glucose for energy, the body breaks down fat instead.