NAME

Question types


Start with


Question limit

of 48 available terms

Print test

48 True/False questions

  1. Beta blockers side effecthypotension (don't give if SBP < 100), bradycardia, AV block, extreme fatigue/lethargy, impotence

          

  2. antiplatelet drugs side effecthypotension (don't give if SBP < 100), bradycardia, AV block, extreme fatigue/lethargy, impotence

          

  3. ARBsangina, MI, HTN, CHF, shock. consider early admin. in select pts: suspected ischemic chest pain, UA (change in angina pattern), acute pulm. edema (if BP > 90 systolic).

          

  4. nitroprusside usesangina, MI, HTN, CHF, shock. consider early admin. in select pts: suspected ischemic chest pain, UA (change in angina pattern), acute pulm. edema (if BP > 90 systolic).

          

  5. Plavix MOAantiplatelet - inhibits platelet aggregation by selectively preventing binding of ADP to its receptor. Prolongs bleeding time.

          

  6. morphine sulfate dose and administrationgive "low & slow." 2 to 4 mg every 5-10 min titrated to effect. no cap on the dose. given IV push over 5 min.

          

  7. Calcium channel blockers (Cardizem, Procardia/nifedipine, Norvasc/amlodipine) MOA and usesslows ventricular rate. decreases afterload. more of an antiarrhythmic. Used for HTN, Afib, Aflutter.

          

  8. LMWH (lovenox) usesused for DVT, PE, MI (STEMI & NSTEMI), DIC, A-Fib, post PTCA or CABG with some lytics if < 48 hrs. For STEMI with/without reperfusion up to 8 days.

          

  9. GP-IIb/IIIa inhibitors - Reopro, Aggrastat, Integrilinantiplatelet (PREVENTS clot formation & from getting bigger)

          

  10. Fibrinolytics (thrombolytics) side effectsIncreased BP

          

  11. Furosemide (lasix) and Bumex side effectelectrolyte imbalances (especially hypokalemia - which makes a person more likely to have digoxin toxicity if on that as well)

          

  12. Heparin usesantiplatelet that PREVENTS clot formation, prevents platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. used for CAD, post MI (STEMI and NSTEMI).

          

  13. Fibrinolytics (thrombolytics) - end in "ase" MOA and usesBREAK UP clots already formed. Used in MI (STEMI ONLY: w/chest pain > 20 min & < 12 hrs), CVA, PE. Max age for use - 75.

          

  14. Heparin MOAPREVENTS clot formation & from getting bigger.

          

  15. Intropin (dopamine) side effectincreases force of contraction (squeeze). particularly used for acute exacerbations of CHF where BP has fallen.

          

  16. Plavix indicationswith or without lytics for 14 days, with or without reperfusion, NSTEMI - give for 6-9 mos, STEMI - gie for 1 year. ALL STEMIs and NSTEMIs get Plavix.

          

  17. Aspirin actions will reduce:CHEW the tablet. standard therapy for new pain suggestive of AMI. better to use baby aspirin bc it's flavored. if allergic give plavix.

          

  18. Nitro side effectused for HTN, MI. side effect - hypotension, so monitor BP!

          

  19. ACE inhibitors side effectshypotension (orthostatic hypotension early on) - Monitor BP!, hyperkalemia, persistent cough (have to get off drug)

          

  20. Beta blockers nursing considerationshypotension (don't give if SBP < 100), bradycardia, AV block, extreme fatigue/lethargy, impotence

          

  21. Aspirin administrationCHEW the tablet. standard therapy for new pain suggestive of AMI. better to use baby aspirin bc it's flavored. if allergic give plavix.

          

  22. Dobutamine (dobutrex) side effectdecreased BP bc it vasodilates, but can also increase BP by increasing CO

          

  23. GP-IIb/IIIa inhibitors - Reopro, Aggrastat, Integrilin - side effectACS w/NO ST segment elevation (NSTEMI), non-Q wave MI, UA, CA reocclusion post PCI or with fibrinolytics given 24 hrs before balloon/stent.

          

  24. Nitro usesantiplatelet that PREVENTS clot formation, prevents platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. used for CAD, post MI (STEMI and NSTEMI).

          

  25. D/C these drugs if pt has MIbleeding!

          

  26. aldosterone blockers (end in "one") - spironolactone side effectpotassium sparing diuretic used in MI and CHF

          

  27. Furosemide (lasix) and Bumex usesdiuretics used to decrease preload (volume)

          

  28. aspirin usesantiplatelet that PREVENTS clot formation, prevents platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. used for CAD, post MI (STEMI and NSTEMI).

          

  29. Dobutamine (dobutrex) MOAvasodilation

          

  30. Plavix major side effectsused for HTN, MI. side effect - hypotension, so monitor BP!

          

  31. ACE inhibitors usesangina, MI, HTN, CHF, shock. consider early admin. in select pts: suspected ischemic chest pain, UA (change in angina pattern), acute pulm. edema (if BP > 90 systolic).

          

  32. ACE inhibitors (pril's) MOAhypotension (orthostatic hypotension early on) - Monitor BP!, hyperkalemia, persistent cough (have to get off drug)

          

  33. ARBs MOA, side effectsWatch for bleeding especially when given with NSAIDs, ASA, heparin, or coumadin

          

  34. Natrecor (natriuretic peptide) side effectcauses diuresis - opposes renin so it causes excretion of sodium & water to treat fluid overload. used for ACUTE episodes of CHF.

          

  35. Intropin (dopamine) MOAincreases force of contraction (squeeze). particularly used for acute exacerbations of CHF where BP has fallen.

          

  36. Furosemide (lasix) and Bumex MOAdiuretics used for HTN, CHF, renal failure

          

  37. morphine sulfate indicationsused for STEMI, consider in NSTEMI, evidence of acute pulmonary edema. also if systolic BP > 90 and no hypovolemia.

          

  38. GP-IIb/IIIa inhibitors - Reopro, Aggrastat, Integrilin usesantiplatelet (PREVENTS clot formation & from getting bigger)

          

  39. morphine sulfate goaldrug of choice for acute pain d/t MI. decreases pain of ischemia, decreases anxiety (gives feeling of euphoria), decreases extension of ischemia by decreasing O2 demands.

          

  40. fibrinolytics time of administrationCHEW the tablet. standard therapy for new pain suggestive of AMI. better to use baby aspirin bc it's flavored. if allergic give plavix.

          

  41. precautions with morphine sulfatedepression of ventilation (consult MD), N/V common (can premed w/zofran), bradycardia, drop in BP (increase fluids, elevate feet, lower head)

          

  42. positive inotrope drugs & their MOAALL NSAIDs except ASA (aspirin) must be DC'd for good.

          

  43. morphine sulfate actionsdrug of choice for acute pain d/t MI. decreases pain of ischemia, decreases anxiety (gives feeling of euphoria), decreases extension of ischemia by decreasing O2 demands.

          

  44. Beta blockers (lol's) usesthey inhibit/block the SNS response - decrease HR, contractility, stroke volume, CO, BP, AV node conduction

          

  45. Nitro actionsdecreases pain of ischemia, venous blood return to heart, preload & cardiac O2 consumption. Increases venous dilation and cardiac collateral flow. Dilates coronary arteries.

          

  46. aldosterone blockers (end in "one") - spironolactone useshyperkalemia

          

  47. Natrecor (natriuretic peptide) MOA and usecauses diuresis - opposes renin so it causes excretion of sodium & water to treat fluid overload. used for ACUTE episodes of CHF.

          

  48. Beta blockers MOAPREVENTS clot formation & from getting bigger.