EZ. NCLEX. LVN LPN RN. Types of Bone Fractures. Review. Nursing. A list of the common types of fractures: Greenstick, Fissured, Comminuted, Oblique, Sprial, Pathological, Stress, etc. flashcards |

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Greenstick fracture

Kids get this type of fracture. It is splintered and bent:

Fissured fracture

This is an incomplete fracture. aka 'Hairline'. It is located in the outer layer of the bone:

Comminuted fracture

This type of fracture has more than two fragments of bone that have broken off:

Transverse fracture

The break occurs at a right angle to the axis of the bone:

Oblique fracture

This fracture ccurs at an angle other than a right angle to the axis of the bone:

Spiral fracture

The line of break is helical/spiral in this type of fracture:

Impact fracture

In this type of fracture, more than two fragments driven into ea. other:

Interarticular

This type of fracture extends into the articular surface:

Longitudinal

This type of fracture runs along the axis of the bone:

Pathological

When a fracture occurs spontaneously d/t disease it is this type of fracture:

Stress

This type of fracture occurs from jogging:

Closed

In this type of fracture the skin is not broken:

Complete fracture

In this type of fracture the bone is broken all the way through/completely through:

Complex fracture.

A large amount of damage done to the soft tissue around the bone in this type of fracture:

Hairline fracture

This type of fracture is categorized as an incomplete fracture. There is a crack in the outer layer. It is also known as a "Fissure Fracture":

A Pt's Xray reveals several bone fragments at the distal end of the femur. This is a:

Comminuted fracture

This fracture is a crushing of one bone into another & usually involves a joint:

Impact fracture

In this fracture part of the bone is still intact & is not completely detached from the other part:

Incomplete fracture

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