EZ. Eye Disorders flashcards for the Partial Idiot #5. Meds, treatments, contraindications, Glaucoma, Retinopathy, Miotic/Mydriatic, Pilocarpine, Flourescein dye. Nursing, CA LVN NCLEX free online study guide. flashcards |

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This is the initial treatment for a splash injury to the eye:

Normal saline irrigation

Drooping of the upper eyelid is called this:

Ptosis

Absense of the crystalline lens is called this:

Aphakia

The most common ocular damage secondary to DM is:

Diabetic Retinopathy

This med is used to paralyze the ciliary muscle during an eye exam:

Cycloplegic

Obstruction in eye channel outflow l/t increased intraocular pressure causes this:

Glaucoma

This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:

Over 40 y.o.

This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:

African American

This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:

Diabetes

If untreated, Glaucoma will:

Damage the optic nerve.

If untreated, Glaucoma will:

L/t an increase in intraocular pressure.

If untreated, Glaucoma will:

Cause blindness d/t pressure and nerve damage.

Impaired vision/loss of peripheral vision before loss of central vision can occur in:

Glaucoma

This med is used to trt Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma:

Timolol

Timolol, the Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma med, is categorized as a:

Beta Blocker

A Beta Blocker med that is used to trt Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma is:

Timolol

Timolol can be used to treat:

Ocular hypertension

Timolol can be used to treat:

Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma

This category of Glaucoma med lowers IOP:

Miotics

This category of med constricts the pupils in Glaucoma Pts:

Miotics

This category of med increases aqueous outflow in Glaucoma Pts:

Miotics

These meds constric pupils l/t increasing aqueous outflow l/t reduced IOP:

Miotics

This category of meds causes pupils to dilate:

Mydriatics

This type of med is contraindicated in Narrow Angle Glaucoma:

Mydriatics

This med is a Mydriatic:

Cyclogel

Cyclogel is a:

Mydriatic

Cyclogel causes pupils to dilate. It is a:

Mydriatic

This med blocks the beta receptors in the ciliary epithelium:

Timolol

The Beta Blocker, Timolol, is contraindicated in:

Bronchospasms and COPD

Timolol is also known as:

Timoptic, Betimol, APO-Timolol

Systemic side effects of oral Timolol:

Hypertension, hypotension, bradycardia

This med is used to constrict the pupil:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This med is a cholinergic agonist and it is used to constrict the pupil:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This med contains epinepherine:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This pupillary constriction med contains epinepherine and is a cholinergic agonist:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic is a cholinergic:

agonist

This med is used for Open Angle Glaucoma:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic do this to the pupils:

Constrict them

This is when Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic is applied:

At bedtime (1x/day)

This med is an opthlamic gel used to trt Open Angle Glaucoma:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This procedure is done to Pts w/Glaucoma:

Trabeculoplasty

This procedure is a non penetrating thermal burn that improves aqueous humor outflow:

Trabeculoplasty

A Trabecuoplasty procedure:

Is a non penetrating thermal burn in the eye.

A Trabecuoplasty procedure:

Improves aqueous humor outflow in the eye in Glaucoma Pts.

Aqueous humor outflow in Glaucoma patients can be improved w/this procedure:

Trabeculoplasty

This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:

Cataracts

This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:

Glaucoma

This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:

Diabetic Retinopathy

This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:

Macular Degeneration

This med is an eye drop that causes the pupils to constrict to increase the circulation of aqueous humor:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This eye drop med is a direct acting miotic:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

This eye drop med has an epinepherine base:

Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic

The purpose of constricing the pupils is to:

Increase circulation of aqueous humor.

Pilocarpine: Is it a direct acting or an indirect acting miotic eye drop?

Direct acting

This eye drop med is used post injury to examine corneal damage:

Flouresein dye

After using this wash the eye with eye wash care or sterile saline:

Flouresein dye

This eye drop dye is used to visualize eye injury:

Flouresein dye

This can be used to flush the eye after using Flouresein dye:

Eye wash care

This can be used to flush the eye after using Flouresein dye:

Dunno.

Damage to the cornea of the eye necessitates the use of:

Flouresein dye

Flouresein dye is used to assess damage to this part of the eye:

The cornea

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Wear protective eye shield while sleeping or napping for 1 wk after surgery.

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Wear sun shades to help protect the eye in bright light.

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting (over 25 lbs).

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Avoid bending over.

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Avoid exercising and similar activities which may stress the eye while it is healing.

Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:

Avoid getting constipated.

This is a sign of macular degeneration:

Loss of central vision.

Atropine is a:

Cycloplegic

This med is a Cycloplegic:

Atropine

This med temporarily paralyzes the accomodation reflex:

Atropine

This med is used during opthalmoscopic exams to better visualize the retina:

Atropine

This disease is a painless & gradual loss of peripheral to central vision:

Open Angle Glaucoma

This disease is a gradual loss of peripheral to central vision:

Open Angle Glaucoma

Bright flashes of light across the field of vision is:

A detached retina

The eye condition which contributes to a detached retina is:

Nearsightedness/Myopia

Nearsightedness is:

Myopia

Myopia is:

Nearsightedness

MySELF (myopia) is:

Near ME! (Nearsightedness).

Intervention: In Pt w/detached retina:

Bandage both eyes (to prevent mvmt of either eye).

Safety/Teaching: In Pt w/detached retina:

Discourage coughing (it leads to high ICP)

Eye S/S of Cocaine OD:

Dilated pupils

Eye S/S of Morphine OD:

Miosis (pin point pupils)

Eye S/S of Morphine use:

Pupils are equally constricted and pin point.

The name of the eye test chart on the wall is:

Snellen Test

Normal vision is:

20/20

Parameter for "Legally blind":

20/200

Safety: Pt who has been ly diagnosed as being legally blind:

Have a home assessment done prior to discharge.

A Pt who has been ly diagnosed as being legally blind needs this:

Psychological support

This is described as a shadow/curtain falling across the field of vision:

Detached retina

Intervention: A Pt w/MS has diplopia:

Apply eye patch to one eye.

Isopto-Atropine is also called this:

Atropine Sulfate

This med is used in a diagnostic exam of the eye:

Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops

Use of this eye med is contraindicated in Pts w/Narrow Angle Glaucoma:

Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops

This eye med is a Mydriatic (causing pupil dilation):

Atropine

Mydriatic meds do this:

Cause pupil dilation

S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:

Blurry vision

S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:

Mouth dryness

S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:

Tachycardia

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate is this type of med:

Mydriatic

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:

Blurry vision

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:

Photophobia

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:

Mouth dryness

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:

Tachycardia

Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:

A burning sensation when instilled into the eye.

A Pt may return to work after this many days following a Trabeculoplasty procedure:

1-2 days.

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