EZ: Urinalysis. Lab Values in #'s, Beginner questions. CA LVN NCLEX LPN. Ranges & amounts of the following: pH, Specific Gravity, protein, WBC, RBC, nitrates, ketones. flashcards |

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This is the normal range of urine pH:

4.6-8.0

This is the Specific Gravity of urine:

1.002-1.035

This is the normal amount of protein found in 1 dL of urine:

0-18 mg/dL

This is the normal amount of protein found in urine in 24 hrs:

0-150 mg/24 hr

This is the normal amount of RBCs found in urine:

0-4/hpf

This is the normal amount of WBCs found in urine:

0-5/hpf

Urine has a fruity odor when this is occurring:

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

When urine pH is below 4.6, this is occurring:

Acidosis (either Respiratory or Metabolic)

When urine pH is above 8.0, this is occurring:

The urine has been standing too long or there is an infection & bacs have begun to reduce it to ammonia.

When the 'Specific Gravity' of urine is high, this is occurring:

The Pt is dehydrated.

When the 'Specific Gravity' of urine is low, this is occurring:

The Pt is overhydrated or has Diabetes Insipidus.

When protein is found in the urine intermittently, this is a d/t:

Strenuous exercise, dehydration, fever.

When protein is found in urine this is a significant S/S of:

Renal problems.

When Glucose is found in urine it indicates this:

Diabetes Mellitus, excessive glucose intake, or low renal threshold for glucose reabsorption.

When Ketones are found in urine it can be d/t this:

Diabetes Mellitus w/ketonuria, the breakdown of body fats into ketones (d/t starvation), carb free diets, severe diarrhea, dehydration, or vomiting.

The normal amount of Glucose found in urine is this amount:

Zero

The normal amount of Ketones found in urine is this amount:

Zero

This is a common test for the renal system:

A Urinalysis Test

This test helps to diagnose kidney disease and other systemic diseases which may affect the kidneys:

A Urinalysis Test

The results of this test give information regarding kidney function and various body functions:

A Urinalysis Test

A Urinalysis Test:

This is a common test for the renal system. It helps diagnose kidney disease & other systemic diseases which may affect the kidneys and gives results regarding the function of the kidney & other various body functions.

This is the time of day when it is best to get a urinalysis specimen:

In the morning.

This is the reason why it is better to get a urine sample in the morning:

The urine is more concentrated. It is more likely to contain abnormal constituents (if they are present).

A urine specimen should be examined within this amount of time:

1 hour.

Urine that cannot be examine promptly can or cannot be refrigerated?

It can be refrigerated.

This is what a keytone is:

A ketone is a substance that is produced by our body when fat cells break down. They are found in the blood & eventually spill over into the urine. Normally there should be none in urine.

This is why/when are ketones are produced:

When the body burns fat for energy or fuel.

This is why/when are ketones are produced:

When there is not enough insulin to help the body use sugar for energy. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. Since the body is unable to use glucose for energy, the body breaks down fat instead.

The normal amount of Bilirubin found in urine is this amount:

Zero

The normal amount of Nitrite found in urine is this amount:

Zero

This page on this website has info about why protein might be found in urine:

The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/protein-in-urine/basics/causes/sym-20050656

This page on this website has info about the RBC Urine Test:

United States Library of Medicine USA National Institute of Health: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003582.htm

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