EZ: Procedures, safety, hand washing, PPE, PASS, catheter placement, urethra lengths, nosocomial infections, xerostoma (dry mouth). CA LVN LPN NCLEX Nursing. flashcards |

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This is the amout of time req'd to wash your uncontaminated hands:

10-15 seconds.

This is the amount of time req'd to wash your contaminated hands:

2 mins.

This is a microbial agent used when washing hands:

Chlorhexedine gluconate (CHG)

This is a microbial agent used when washing hands:

Hibeclens

This is the purpose of handwashing:

To prevent the spread of microorganisms.

This is the most imporant way to prevent spreading microorganisms:

Handwashing

This is the prime mechanism in preventing infection:

Hand washing.

This is the main cause of the spreading of infections:

The lack of proper hand washing.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

When your hands are visibily soiled.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

Before caring for a patient.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

After caring for a patient.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

Before and after caring for a patient.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

The moments in between caring for patients.

When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:

Before, after, and in between caring for patients.

Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The first step "P" stands for:

'Pull'. Pull the pin.

Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The second step "A" stands for:

'Aim'. Aim at the base of the fire.

Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The third step "S" stands for:

'Squeeze'. Squeeze the handle.

Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The fourth step "S" stands for:

'Sweep'. Sweep side to side.

This is done to reduce anxiety:

Introduce yourself as you approach the Patient.

Do this when approaching a patient before a procedure:

Introduce yourself.

This is how to hold sterile objects:

Above waist level.

The amount of time a surgical mask may be worn:

20-30 mins.

Surgical masks may only be worn 20-30 mins because:

Moisture builds & makes it ineffective against maintaining sterility.

This infection a patient acquires from being in the hospital:

Nosocomial infection.

This is a site for a nosocomial infection:

The respiratory tract.

This is a site for a nosocomial infection:

The urinary tract.

This is a site for a nosocomial infection:

The blood stream.

This is a site for a nosocomial infection:

Surgical wounds.

This is a site for a nosocomial infection:

Traumatic wounds.

This is the length of the female urethral canal in inches:

1in. - 1.5 in.

This is the length of the femeal urethral canal in cm:

3 cm - 4 cm.

This is the number of inches in which to insert a urinary catheter in a female:

2 in.- 3 in.

This is the number of cm in which to insert a urinary catheter into a female:

5 cm - 7.5 cm.

This is the number of inches in which to insert a urinary catheter in a male:

6 in - 10 in.

This is the number of cm in which to insert a urinary catheter in male:

15 cm - 25 cm.

A female's catheter securement location:

To the thigh.

A male's catheter securement location:

To the abdomen.

Rationale for securing a catheter to the abdomen of a male:

It straightens the angle of the penoscrotal junction & reduces pressure on the urethra.

PPE stands for:

Personal protective equipment.

PPE items:

Gloves, Gown, Mask.

PPE donning order:

1) Gown 2) Mask/respirator 3) Goggles/faceshield 4) Gloves last.

PPE removal order (#1):

1) Gloves first. 2) Mask 3) Gown

PPE removal order (#2):

1) Gloves first. 2) Goggles 3) Gown 4) Mask/Resp (because removing the gown tosses bacs into the air).

This is how to don gloves:

While pulling it onto the hand, the inside of the gloves is touched first.

This part of a trach is removed & cleaned every 2-4 hrs:

Inner cannula.

This is how often an inner trach is removed and cleaned:

Q 2hrs - 4hrs.

This is what is used to clean an inner trachea:

Hydrogen peroxide.

A patient shows knowledge of xerostoma cleaning when he states he will clean his mouth with:

Hydrogen peroxide.

The definition of xerostoma is:

Dry mouth.

Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:

Age

Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:

Some medications

Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:

Radiation treatment of the head & neck.

Xerostoma can lead to:

Rampant tooth decay in older adults.

This assessment of the oral cavity is done before radiation therapy of the head or neck:

Xerostoma.

These interventions of the oral cavity are done before radiation therapy of the head or neck:

Restorative dental procedures.

Xerostoma:

"Dry mouth."

Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:

'OralBalance' gel.

Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:

'Salivart' solution.

Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:

'Salix' lozenges.

Sterile package: The distance of the sterile border is:

1 inch.

The distance one cannot touch from the edge in a sterile package:

1 inch.

When opening a sterile package, maintain this distance from the edge:

1 inch.

To maintain sterility, maintain this distance from the edge of a sterile package:

1 inch.

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