EZ: Leadership styles, Ethics, Character Traits, Medicare/Medicaid. flashcards |

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A "Never Event".

A National Quality Forum list of 28 sentinel events that are so devastating to Patients that they should never happen.

Medicare

Covers all ppl 65 y.o. +.

Medicare

Cover's ppl under 65 y.o. who have disabilities & are eligible for Social Security.

Part A

This part of Medicare overs inpatient hospital care, SNFs, Hospice, & some HH. No premium, no deductible.

Part B

This part of Medicare is medical insurance. It covers Dr costs, outpatient services, some HH/supplies, some preventive services. A monthly premium & yearly deductible are req'd.

Medicaid

Provides health insurance for low income & disabled ppl <65 y.o..

Autocratic Leadership

This Leader has a high degree of control. Good for emergency situations.

Democratic Leadership

Decisions are made in a group. Keeps group members happy. Let's ppl participate.

Laissez-Faire Leadership

This Leader has no control over a group of employees-employees have complete freedom. No one is responsible for determining goals & plans & achieving those goals.

Coaching Leadership

This Leader develops ppl.

Values

"Unwritten standards, ideals, or concepts which give meaning to a person's life."

Ethical Dilemma

"The required moral action is not clear, ppl don't agree on the solution, no choice is "best".

Fidelity

"The obligation to be faithful to commitments made to self & others."

Veracity

"This is the virtue of truthfulness."

Nonmalficence

"To not do any harm."

Integrity

"An unwavering moral sense of self."

Compassion

"The Nurse's wish to alleviate discomfort."

Discernment

"Common Sense"/"practical wisdom".

Beneficence

Offering treatments & care options that are likely to provide benefit to the Pt. One must take positive action that does good for another.

Justice

"Fairness & equality."

Utilitarianism

"Actions are judged right or wrong based purely on their consequences. Outcomes are the most important elements to consider when making decisions."

Deontology

"Human actions and attitudes are to be based on duty, the moral worth should not be judged only in terms of its consequences."

Civil liability

A Pt can seek financial recovery for injuries & losses.

Criminal law.

Can result in imprisonment or monetary fines.

Tort

"A lawsuit involving a civil wrong." The employer may be liable for the acts/omissions of it's employees.

Malpractice

A breach of the duty that arises out of the relationship between a Pt & a health care worker.

Negligence

An unintentional tort w/injury. Stems from the failure of the wrongdoer to exercise care.

The failure of a health care professional to follow a prescribed duty of care is:

Malpractice

This is an example of an intentional tort.

Outrage

This is an example of an intentional tort.

Assault

This is an example of an intentional tort.

Privacy invasion.

Paternalism

"Preventing patients from making autonomous decisions/deciding for patients w/o regard for their preference."

These are unwritten standards, ideals, or concepts that give meaning to a person's life:

Values

These serve as a guide for making decisions and setting priorities in daily life:

Values

The values of a profession are usually outlined in this:

A Code of Ethics

A comprehensive set of guidelines that outlines the behavioral expectations for the profession this:

A Code of Ethics

Nurses who either: 1) Carry out actions that they believe are wrong, or; 2) Are unable to carry out actions they believe are right, experience this:

'Moral Distess'

This organization developed a code of ethics for LVNs:

The National Assoc. for Practical Nurse Education & Service.

These are character traits that are assoc. w/one's values, morality, & conscience:

Virtues

This is a philosophical theory which requires human actions and attitudes to be based on duty:

Deontology

The moral worth of an action (result) should not be judged only in terms of its consequences is addressed in this philosophical theory:

Deontology

This is step 1 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Identify the Ethical Dilemma

This is step 2 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Identify the Stakeholders and Their Values

This is step 3 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Gather and Verify the Information

This is step 4 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Examine Possible Actions and the Consequences of Each Action

This is step 5 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Determine the Ethical Foundation for Each Action

This is step 6 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Determine the Best Action with the Strongest Ethical Support

This is step 7 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Implement the Action

This is step 8 of 8 in ethical decision making:

Evaluate the Outcome

This act created civil and criminal liability for health care workers who wrongfully disclose a person's health info.:

HIPPA

This is the level of responsibility that society places on individuals for their actions:

Liability

Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Personal Liability:

Civil

Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Financial Recovery:

Civil

Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Loss of license:

Civil

Punishment: Is this of Civil or Criminal Liability? Potential loss of freedom:

Criminal

This is a type of unintentional tort:

Negligence

This occurs when injury results from the failure of the wrongdoer to exercise care:

Negligence

The failure to follow due care in the protection of the injured person is this:

Breach of duty

This is unlawful conduct that places another person in immediate fear of an unlawful touching, battery, or a real threat of bodily harm:

Assault

This is the unlawful touching of someone:

Battery

This is wrongful injury to someone's reputation or standing in a community. May be written (libel) or spoken (slander):

Defamation

This is unlawful restriction of a person's freedom:

False Imprisonment

This is extreme and outrageous conduct in the care of the Pt/dead body:

Outrage

Also called "Legal Rights". Based on legal entitlement to some good or benefit:

Welfare Rights.

The 2 components needed for 'negligence':

1) A duty of care owed to a Pt. 2) A breach of duty to exercise care. 3) Injury & damages occurring from the breach of duty.

Nursing licenses are regulated by this:

State nurse practice laws

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