EZ: Electrolyte & Acid Base imbalances, S/S. CA LVN NCLEX. Hypocalcemia, Hypercalcemia, Hypokalemia, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia, Hypernatremia, Alkalosis. Nursing. flashcards |

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S/S: Osteoporosis, hyperactive reflexes:


S/S: Muscle weakness, weak pulse:


S/S: Muscle weakness, kidney stones:


S/S: Fluid balance & mental status changes:


S/S: Muscle cramps, irreg. HR:


This hormones causes Na retention in the body:


The most reliable method for monitoring fluid balance is:

Daily wts.

Vomiting, diarrhea, and profuse sweating can cause dehydration, l/t rapid HR but weak pulse, dark urine, and:

Elevated BUN and elevated Hematocrit.

Failing kidneys cannot effectively do this:

Excrete water

Ileostomy Pt's have continues liquid stools l/t::

Lot's of loss of water/become dehydrated.

Dehydration and fluid loss lead to this:

Hyponatremia and mental status changes.

Lung disease can lead to hypoventilation which can l/t this:

CO2 retention and acidosis.

Hyperventilation causes this:


Potassium supplements should be taken with food/without food:

With food.

Slow-K should be crushed/not be crushed:

Not be crushed.

Health-Illness Continuuum: Most of the Pt's goals are being met but thru adaptation:

Moderate wellness

Health-Illness Continuum: All of the Pt's goals are being met:

High level wellness

Health-Illness Continuum: Chronically ill but able to meet most needs:

Moderate wellness

Health-Illness Continuum: Pt is near death:

Near death

Health-Illness Continuum: Lack of energy, inattention, minor aches & pains:

Low level of health

Health-Illness Continuum: Chronic disorders, disability:

Low level of health

The Nurse|Patient relationship is based on this:


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