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430 True/False questions

  1. Maia/FaunaGoddess of Animals

          

  2. Jean Jacques RousseauRousseau caused considerable conflict over the years with his open expectation of the impending fall of humanity. He believed that humanity was inherently good, but once corrupted by civilization, there was no turning back.

          

  3. Personificationmethod of composition by which the composer extends the technique of twelve tone composition to other areas such as rhythm dynamics timbre and duration. Most important invention in the 20th century.

          

  4. Gilbert and SullivanBritish team writing light-hearted song/story format; Opereta
    "Pirates of Penzance" and Mikado

          

  5. Sergei Prokofiew 1891-1953American composer; Adagio for Strings Abing; Chinese Music;The moon reflected on the second springs.

          

  6. Vincent Van Gogh 1853-1890Dutch post Impressionistic painter "Starry Night" color plate 72; moved to France;committed suicide

          

  7. Barcelona PavilionA style characteristic of seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe, subjects of portraits expanded beyond religious figures to nature and ordinary individuals. Many paintings incorporated long hallways and views through windows or doorways.

          

  8. Ionic
    a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital

          

  9. Thomas Hobbes- wrote Leviathan, and believed that human life on its own was "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
    - argued for a strong, even brutal government in order to keep humanity from becoming savages.

          

  10. goucheOpaque watercolor

          

  11. Pyrrhic Pattern
    What building is shown? (Built in Athens around 450BC)

          

  12. John LockeSpanish surrealist painter

          

  13. Benjamin West 1738-1820Spanish artist color plate 82-The Persistence of Memroy; best known and most sensational of the Surrealists.

          

  14. Botticelli
    One of the leading painters of the Florentine renaissance, developed a highly personal style. The Birth of Venus

          

  15. Apostropheone of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.

          

  16. Edmund Spenserauthor of Faerie Queene in Elizabethan era, one of the greatest moral epics in any language

          

  17. Andre Previnslow

          

  18. Eugene Delacroix 1798-1863- artist of "Liberty Leading People" (1831) and "The Massacre of Chios" (1824).
    - Known for his dramatic imagery

          

  19. Post and Lintelslow

          

  20. AllegoryA story were characters or objects represent abstract idea or qualities. i.e. Goodness, Evil, Love, Death, etc...

          

  21. HeptameterA Dutch painter who used a great deal of light. He enjoyed painting people doing everyday things.

          

  22. Taoism- both describes the Chinese manner of thought, and a major Chinese religion.
    - Largely adopted from Buddhism, Taoism incorporates many gods, the head of which is the Jade Emperor, with the Emperor of the Eastern Mountain serving as second-in-command. It was developed to meet the emotional needs of the people that Confucianism was not addressing. With the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Taoism was denounced, but many followers exist outside of China today.

          

  23. Serialismmethod of composition by which the composer extends the technique of twelve tone composition to other areas such as rhythm dynamics timbre and duration. Most important invention in the 20th century.

          

  24. sculpturethree dimensional work of art, statue

          

  25. Arthur MillerStory of a Great battle between Greece and Troy

          

  26. ApolloGod of sun, light, truth, healing

          

  27. balletFrench impressionist painter

          

  28. Alfred Hitchcock- real name was Domenicos Theotocopoulos.
    - Much of his work expressed religious ecstasy, and El Greco painted many revealing works of devoted ascetics, most notable of which was Burial of the Count Orgaz. An expressionist, his work often included flickering lights. Other great works include Baptism, Crucifixion, and Resurrection.

          

  29. Moai
    a plain, sturdy column with a plain capital

          

  30. Hagia Sophiacharacter who comes to a bad end as a result of own behavior or character flaw

          

  31. Arthur MillerAmerican Playwright: The Crucible; Death of a Salesman; All My Sons

          

  32. VermeerA Dutch painter who used a great deal of light. He enjoyed painting people doing everyday things.

          

  33. Frank Lloyd Wright 1869-1959most famous American architect; Kaufman house also called "Falling Water" Guggenheim museum - New York City Branch.

          

  34. Librettothe text of the opera

          

  35. Humanismpatterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors

          

  36. William BlakeUnited States film actress who appeared in films by D. W. Griffith (1896-1993)

          

  37. korai
    clothed upright statues of women, often of goddesses (generally the Archaic period)

          

  38. AtomistsLeucippus and Democritus

          

  39. Metera sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

          

  40. High Renaissance Painters
    1.Michelangelo
    2.Leonardo de Vinci
    3.Raphael

          

  41. Victor Hugoeight-foot line

          

  42. DenouementThe final unraveling of the plot in any story.

          

  43. MetaphorImplied comparison between two normally unrelated things, indicating a likeness between them. Words can also be used to replace other words. Example: His room is a dump.

          

  44. ChopinA contradiction of a story as it appears to its characters, and what the audience knows as true.

          

  45. Byzantine Style
    Noted for its rich use of ornamental domes, colorful mosaics, and lavish decorations

          

  46. HexameterMost important of the French Romantic painters; profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists.

          

  47. SymbolismThe use of an object to represent another object or idea.

          

  48. T.S. Eliottragic figure of the play, moorish general, desdemonas husband

          

  49. American Indian RugsRepititions of geometric lines

          

  50. Pilgrim's Progressstory of man, Christian, journey faces hobglobins/dragons

          

  51. Jean Jacques RousseauThings that change
    Light and water
    1874 exhibit of art work
    Impression: Sunrise

          

  52. T.S. Eliot-Modernist poet and theorist
    -The Waste Land

          

  53. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn- artist of Return of the Prodigal Son (1636), Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp (1632), Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer (1653), and The Night Watch.
    - Showed a particular interest in painting the poor and downtrodden
    - considered the best Dutch painter in history

          

  54. Aphrodite/VenusGod of love and beauty

          

  55. Obeliskgoldsmith and sculptor, wrote one of the first autobiographies

          

  56. Igor Stravinsky 1882-1971American composer; Appalachian Spring;Fanfare for teh common man; Hoe Down;Americana; 10 honorary doctrine

          

  57. oratorioa musical composition for voices and orchestra

          

  58. UsonianFrank Lloyd Wright developed the ___________ housing design, a take-off on his earlier prairie houses, in response to the vast demand for low income housing.

          

  59. Greek Ionic
    What type of column is shown? (Scrolls, taller)

          

  60. MonetFrench impressionist painter

          

  61. allegrofast

          

  62. Lao Tzu- known as the Father of Taoism
    - Sixth century B.C. philosopher Lao Tzu (or 'Old Sage') is credited with starting the philosophy of Taoism. Some scholars believe that he was a slightly older contemporary of Confucius.

          

  63. Eros/CupidAn epic is a longer poem written in lofty style, presenting characters of high social class in a series of adventures. It is tied to one hero of epic proportions, yet the entire poem details the history of a nation or race. Example: the Odyssey and Iliad.

          

  64. What does the symbol U mean in poetry?A short syllable

          

  65. Thales"Father of Western Philosophy". Greek philosopher who taught that the universe had originated from water.

          

  66. mosaicspatterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors

          

  67. Pavane and the PolonaiseWrote Pride and Prejudice

          

  68. gothic age architecturestained glass, pointed arches and ribbed vaulting

          

  69. Stephen FosterMade a valuable contribution to American folk music by capturing the plaintive spirit of the slaves. "Camptown Races"

          

  70. hagia sophia
    What type of column is shown? (Scrolls, taller)

          

  71. obelisk"Father of Western Philosophy". Greek philosopher who taught that the universe had originated from water.

          

  72. IM Peia line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage

          

  73. Trochaic patternLong-Short

          

  74. Issac Asimovscience fiction writer

          

  75. Art Deco MovementPopular in the 1920s and 30s, art deco work contains geometric three-dimensional forms and curvy surfaces. Subjects are typically men and women from high society jazz age.

          

  76. Color Plate #85Marc Chagall - I and the Village

          

  77. Versailles
    Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility. Exp. of Baroque style in France

          

  78. Jules Verne20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Around the World in Eighty Days. He is considered the Father of Science Fiction.

          

  79. Claude Monet 1840-1926Famous French impressionist composer

          

  80. El GrecoMannerism painter

          

  81. Berthe Morisot 1841-1895one of the first women of Impressionist painters; Young Girl by the Window

          

  82. Chartres Cathedral
    What building is pictured?

          

  83. Jonathan SwiftSpanish surrealist painter

          

  84. Eisenstein- real name was Domenicos Theotocopoulos.
    - Much of his work expressed religious ecstasy, and El Greco painted many revealing works of devoted ascetics, most notable of which was Burial of the Count Orgaz. An expressionist, his work often included flickering lights. Other great works include Baptism, Crucifixion, and Resurrection.

          

  85. Henri Matisse- artist of "Purple Robe" (1937), "The Blue Nude" (1907), "The Piano Lesson" (1916), and "The Moorish Screen" (1921)
    - Known for his bold colors and thick, vibrant brushstrokes
    - pioneer in the modernist movement

          

  86. flat- Ancient Greek philosopher
    - wrote Republic and Symposium
    Plato is credited with being the most influential force on Western philosophy of all time. He taught the likes of Aristotle, and expressed his philosophical beliefs largely through fictional dialogues.

          

  87. MosaicAn arrangement of colored tiles to form a decorative surface.

          

  88. Aristotle- was Alexander the Great's tutor and a student of Plato
    - He disagreed with Plato that form and matter could be perceived as two separate things, and wrote such works as Rhetoric, Poetics, and Metaphysics.

          

  89. Prokofiev...

          

  90. Ernest HemingwayRussian film maker who pioneered the use of montage and is considered among the most influential film makers in the history of motion pictures

          

  91. tempuraFrench Painter, Post impressionism, pointellism (using several small dots of color to create a larger image)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte

          

  92. french female posesubject is lying down away from the artist and looking over her shoulder

          

  93. Michelangelothe hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who hoped to avenge the murder of his father

          

  94. Mark TwainIs a form of writing that blends criticism with humor and wit. Ridiculing with purpose of inspiring reform.

          

  95. Johannes BrahmsGod of War

          

  96. Simone De BeauvoirGod of Wine and Theatre

          

  97. Mary Shelleywrote "Frankenstein" which was a criticism of man controlling nature, "Gothic literature" Daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft

          

  98. Gilbert StuartUnited States painter best known for his portraits of George Washington

          

  99. William Wordsworth-Romantic poet who broke with neoclassical theory in much of his mature poetry
    -The Prelude, Lyrical Ballads

          

  100. Cervantes"Father of Western Philosophy". Greek philosopher who taught that the universe had originated from water.

          

  101. Whole Tone Scalea classic form of Japanese drama involving heroic themes, a chorus, and dance

          

  102. Flying buttressesa brace or support placed on the outside of a building

          

  103. George SandFrench Painter, Post impressionism, pointellism (using several small dots of color to create a larger image)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte

          

  104. Thomas Edison-Modernist poet and theorist
    -The Waste Land

          

  105. Confucianism- based on the practices of li and jen.
    - was based on the ethical system of being neighborly-—it stressed healthy friendships (jen), and proper etiquette and manners when around others (li). Kind, generous, and genuine conduct with both superiors and inferiors is the way to ensure one will be well-treated themselves.

          

  106. Peter Paul RubensFlemish Baroque painter who had assistants complete parts of his work

          

  107. AtomismA term that was originally coined during the Renaissance, it was a belief that man was the center of the universe. Humanism in general is a philosophy that centers around the capabilities of man.

          

  108. Color Plate #78Pablo Picasso - Girl Before a Mirror

          

  109. michelangeloItalian Renaissance artist that painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling and sculpted the statue of David.

          

  110. MacbethA theatrical representation of a story performed to music by ballet dancers. Originally based on court dance

          

  111. Poseidon/Neptuneplayed the xylophone and marimba

          

  112. Aaron Copeland-Romantic novelist whose liberal social and political views underscore her work
    -Frankenstein, the Last Man

          

  113. flying buttressa brace or support placed on the outside of a building

          

  114. No Greek Equivalent/Janus
    the most slender and ornate of the three Greek columns. Known for its decorative capital of delicately carved acanthus leaves.

          

  115. ParmenidesSpanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)

          

  116. Mary Shelley-Romantic novelist whose liberal social and political views underscore her work
    -Frankenstein, the Last Man

          

  117. dada schoolschool of nonsense and anti-art

          

  118. Thomas GainsboroughGainsborough (1727-1788) was one of the first great landscape artists of his time, and was recognized for painting every section of his works himself—unusual in the art field of that period. Pictured here are The Blue Boy and The Honorable Mrs. Graham.

          

  119. F. Scott Fitzgeraldwriter of "This Side of Paradise" and "The Great Gatsby" who coined the term "Jazz Age"

          

  120. Color Plate #68Mahana No Atua (Day of Gods) Paul Gauguin

          

  121. Kshatriyaspatterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors

          

  122. Pablo PicassoThe idea that matter is made out of atoms

          

  123. William ShakespeareGreatest playwright of all time; wrote MacBeth, King Lear, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet; introduced new words to the English language. Histories, tragedies, comedies

          

  124. Fauvism- famous artists: El Greco, Jacopo Tintoretto, and Antoine Caron
    - An Italian art form from 1520-1600, the mannerism movement sought to go against the strict proportionality of the High Renaissance by deliberately skewing scales and figures, with harsh lighting.

          

  125. Artemis/DianaGoddess of Hunting

          

  126. HyperboleGross exaggeration for effect, not to be taken literately. Example: My feet are "KILLING" me.

          

  127. Impressionism...19th century French syle of painting that tried to capture the painter's immediate impressions, usually of the outdoors. In music, a term associated witht the music of Debussy and Ravel

          

  128. Simone MartiniWrote Pride and Prejudice

          

  129. Christopher Wren
    paralleled the age of roman literature under augustus
    followed the greeks

          

  130. Impressionistic Art came before-Author of the first real historical drama and first English tragedy
    -The Tragedy of Doctor Faustus, Edward the Second

          

  131. Medieval ArchitectureLiterature whose primary aim is to expound some moral, political, or other teaching.

          

  132. Tragic PlaywrightsAfrican American author of the Harlem Renaissance.

          

  133. Hera/Juno- Foremost architect of Baroque
    - Ecstasy of St. Theresa, David, Apollo and Daphne, Aeneas

          

  134. Color Plate #77Pablo Picasso - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

          

  135. Tetrameterfour-foot line

          

  136. Handela prolific German baroque composer remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)

          

  137. frescoA contradiction of a story as it appears to its characters, and what the audience knows as true.

          

  138. Romanticism Movement- famous artists: Jean-Francois Millet, Eugene Delacroix, J.M.W. Turner, and William Blake
    - Covering the late eighteenth to early nineteenth centuries, the works of this period stressed the inherent goodness in humanity and shied away from earlier emphasis on reason in art.

          

  139. Hermes/MercuryGod of Commerce, The messenger of Zeus

          

  140. AbstractionInstead of dealing with recognizable imagery, abstract art focuses on colors and form.

          

  141. Andrea PalladioStory of a Great battle between Greece and Troy

          

  142. Henry Dixon Cowellhigh quality rugs made by Persian Muslims, valued for their exquisite designs, vivid colors and skillful make. These rugs were in great demand from China to Europe, greatly improving the Abbasid's economy.

          

  143. New OrleansPlace known for the earliest documented Jazz

          

  144. soliloquyin drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience

          

  145. Pythagorasone of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.

          

  146. Zeus/JupiterThe repeating pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry

          

  147. Claude DebussyFamous French impressionist composer

          

  148. Joseph ConradAuthor of Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim

          

  149. Plato- Ancient Greek philosopher
    - wrote Republic and Symposium
    Plato is credited with being the most influential force on Western philosophy of all time. He taught the likes of Aristotle, and expressed his philosophical beliefs largely through fictional dialogues.

          

  150. Josiah WedgewoodAn English maker of pottery and china, he developed mass production of quality porcelain. Signature blue or pink with cameo inset.

          

  151. Paleolithic
    a plain, sturdy column with a plain capital

          

  152. barbara hepworthBritish abstract sculptor

          

  153. Vincent van Gogh- artist of "The Starry Night" (1889)
    - also painted "Sunflowers" and "Night Cafe"

          

  154. Moral Philosophersin drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience

          

  155. Antonio GaudiLeader of the Spanish Art Nouveau movement, _____________ designed Casa Mila and Casa Batllo in Barcelona.

          

  156. Impressionistic and Post Impressionistic period 1860-1900American composer; Appalachian Spring;Fanfare for teh common man; Hoe Down;Americana; 10 honorary doctrine

          

  157. Read pages 287-290Things that change
    Light and water
    1874 exhibit of art work
    Impression: Sunrise

          

  158. High Renaissance- famous artists during this time: Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, and Michaelangelo
    - From 1490 to 1520, High Renaissance style was composed of order, grace, and harmony, with perfectly proportioned subjects.

          

  159. Irony- founded by the prophet Mohammad
    - Followers, called Muslims, go by the book of the Qur'an, the word of God as told to Mohammed. There are five basic principles to Islam: first, there is only one God, and Mohammed is the only mouthpiece of God; second, five daily ritual prayers; third, paying a religious tax; fourth, fasting during sunlight during the month of Ramadan; and fifth, traveling to Mecca to reunify the nation of Islam (a pilgrimage taken by many each year).

          

  160. Martin HeideggerWrote "Being and Time". nfluenced by the work of Edmund Husserl and considered a founding father of existentialism, Heidegger ultimately rejected both associations. Instead, he focused simply on "being" and examining human moods and experiences. Heidegger's work led the way for the modern study of hermeneutics.

          

  161. SimileA direct comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as". Example: John swims like a fish.

          

  162. Edward Manet 1832-1883Read page 289
    French Impressionistic painter
    Haystack series - Sunrise-Banks of the Seine
    Rowen Cathedral series
    Water -Lilies

          

  163. Corinthian
    the most slender and ornate of the three Greek columns. Known for its decorative capital of delicately carved acanthus leaves.

          

  164. Augustine AgeGod of War

          

  165. Aaron Copeland 1900-1990American composer; Appalachian Spring;Fanfare for teh common man; Hoe Down;Americana; 10 honorary doctrine

          

  166. Degasfound on Easter Island - The South Pacific

          

  167. CerrosThe Mayans built their first temple in ____________.

          

  168. Ray BradburyAmerican Science Fiction writer.."Fahrenheit 451"

          

  169. Hector BerliozComposed "Symphonie Fantastique"

          

  170. Pallas Athena/Minervaa classic form of Japanese drama involving heroic themes, a chorus, and dance

          

  171. Doric
    a plain, sturdy column with a plain capital

          

  172. Neoplatonism- both describes the Chinese manner of thought, and a major Chinese religion.
    - Largely adopted from Buddhism, Taoism incorporates many gods, the head of which is the Jade Emperor, with the Emperor of the Eastern Mountain serving as second-in-command. It was developed to meet the emotional needs of the people that Confucianism was not addressing. With the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Taoism was denounced, but many followers exist outside of China today.

          

  173. Verdi and PucciniGod of Marriage

          

  174. Le CorbusierFrench 20th century architect

          

  175. James Joyce- wrote Two Treatises on Government
    - also published An Essay Concerning Human Understanding to outline the principles of empiricism.

          

  176. mannerisma style of art in the mid to late 16th century that permitted artists to express their own "manner" or feelings in contrast to the symmetry and simplicity of the art of the High Renaissance.

          

  177. Claude Monet- French landscape painter
    - artist of "Dusk" (1908)
    - considered to be one of the founders of impressionism

          

  178. Ghiberti
    The Italian sculptor and goldsmith who was best known for the doors to the baptistery of Florence's cathedral, and another set of doors which was called "The Gates to Paradise". He also wrote one of the earliest autobiographies by an artist, which is crucial to those studying the art and culture of the time (1378-1455).

          

  179. Guggenheim Museum-Principally known for novels of manners and middle class English society
    -Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice

          

  180. Salvador Dali
    clothed upright statues of women, often of goddesses (generally the Archaic period)

          

  181. Jean FragonardAuthor of Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim

          

  182. Leonardo da Vinci
    Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter he is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).

          

  183. Samuel BeckettAn Irish novelist who wrote Ulysses, a stream of consciousness book based loosely on Odyssey

          

  184. Ares/Mars- members of the highest caste in Hinduism
    -

          

  185. RenoirFrench impressionist painter; nude female paintings

          

  186. Islam- founded by the prophet Mohammad
    - Followers, called Muslims, go by the book of the Qur'an, the word of God as told to Mohammed. There are five basic principles to Islam: first, there is only one God, and Mohammed is the only mouthpiece of God; second, five daily ritual prayers; third, paying a religious tax; fourth, fasting during sunlight during the month of Ramadan; and fifth, traveling to Mecca to reunify the nation of Islam (a pilgrimage taken by many each year).

          

  187. Color Plate # 69Sunday Afternoon on the Island of LaGrande Jatte - Georges Pierre Seurat

          

  188. Anapestic PatternShort-Short-Long

          

  189. Dactylic- the farmer/ merchant caste in Hinduism

          

  190. Georgia Okeefe 1887-1986 read pages 315French Post Impressionistic painter; Pointillism; Neo Impressionism or pointilism

          

  191. Pearl Buck
    a plain, sturdy column with a plain capital

          

  192. MonometerThe central or dominating idea of a work.

          

  193. Athena/MinervaGod of Wisdom

          

  194. Edvard GreigNorwegian composer. "Peer Gynt"

          

  195. Pentatonic ScaleDNA of the song

          

  196. Arnold SchoenbergThe creator of the twelve-tone system of atonal music.

          

  197. Poseidon/NeptuneGod of the Sea

          

  198. Miguel de Cervantes SaavedraSpanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)

          

  199. Henrik IbsenNorwegian Playwright who carried realism into the dramatic presentation of domesticlife. Wrote "A Doll's House"

          

  200. Octometereight-foot line

          

  201. Lionel Hamptonplayed the xylophone and marimba

          

  202. Peter Tchaikovsky 1840-1893 read 283-284Russian composer - composed 6 symphonies - The Nutcracker - Swan Lake Suite - Concerti

          

  203. Giottofast

          

  204. El Greco- real name was Domenicos Theotocopoulos.
    - Much of his work expressed religious ecstasy, and El Greco painted many revealing works of devoted ascetics, most notable of which was Burial of the Count Orgaz. An expressionist, his work often included flickering lights. Other great works include Baptism, Crucifixion, and Resurrection.

          

  205. Francesco Petrarch-His works provided the basis for love poetry and popularized the theme of humanism
    -The Cazoniere

          

  206. Baroque artPart of the Counter Reformation. Displayed a religious theme, red and gold color scheme, dark (sinner) vs. light (saint), and was intensely dramatic. Early Baroque art was dominated by Spain.

          

  207. Berninigoldsmith and sculptor, wrote one of the first autobiographies

          

  208. Twelve Tone SystemFrench 20th century architect

          

  209. Demeter/CeresGoddess of Agriculture

          

  210. Charles Dickenswere English writers of the 1840s and 1850s. Known as the Bell Brothers.."Wuthering Heights"

          

  211. Mary WollstonecraftA story were characters or objects represent abstract idea or qualities. i.e. Goodness, Evil, Love, Death, etc...

          

  212. Transcendentalismany system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material

          

  213. Eugene Delacroix - 1798-1863 read pages 246-247French Romantic Painter

          

  214. Brussels tapestriesa classic form of Japanese drama involving heroic themes, a chorus, and dance

          

  215. Al JolsonMade the first talking movie in 1927..The "Jazz Singer"

          

  216. Scott Joplinknown for ragtime music, piano player. Composed "The Entertainment"

          

  217. Leo TolstoyGreek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.

          

  218. Aubrey BeardsleyFamous French impressionist composer

          

  219. Bayeux tapestrywrote Anna Karenina, War and Peace; Russian writer, realistic fiction

          

  220. Greek Doric
    What type of column is shown? (Simple, plain shaft)

          

  221. Surrealismearly 20th century style of painting and to a lesser degrees sculpture that used geometric shapes as underlying primary forms. In contrast to Impressionism, which it succeeded, the primary concern of Cubism was with from rather than color

          

  222. RembrandtHe used light and shadows to convey moods and emotions-Painted the Blinding of Samson

          

  223. Plato
    a plain, sturdy column with a plain capital

          

  224. AristotleGreek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.

          

  225. Jonathan Swift-Noted for his direct style, clear, sharp prose and critical wit
    -Gulliver's Travels, Tale of a Tub

          

  226. Richard Sheridana prolific German baroque composer remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)

          

  227. Noh Theatre- was Alexander the Great's tutor and a student of Plato
    - He disagreed with Plato that form and matter could be perceived as two separate things, and wrote such works as Rhetoric, Poetics, and Metaphysics.

          

  228. Martha Graham6th Century B.C., a Greek philosopher and mathematician, founder of a religous movement called Pythagoreanism

          

  229. Lindisfarne Gospel698-721. hiberno-saxon. mix of christian imagery & northern animal interlace style. classical style: curtain

          

  230. Rococo
    fanciful but graceful asymmetric ornamentation in art and architecture that originated in France in the 18th century

          

  231. Persian Rugsa presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (All is change).

          

  232. Trimeterthree-foot line

          

  233. Honore de BalzacWrote "The Human Comedy"

          

  234. Frank Gehry 1929architect; Guggenheim museum Spain branch; see figure 14.19 on page 366

          

  235. Cynics- were a radically unconventional group formed by Antisthenes in Greece in 400 A.D.
    - This group considered virtue to be the only, not just the highest, good. They were largely self-sufficient, celibate (abstaining from sexual intercourse), and ascetic (renouncing material comforts and leading a life of austere self-discipline).

          

  236. Raphaelstudent of michelangelo, made the school of athens, and the madonna and child series. used pudgeyness to show that people aren't as perfect as they thought.

          

  237. Giotto
    Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style, Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style

          

  238. Vaishyas- the farmer/ merchant caste in Hinduism

          

  239. Edgar Allen Poe
    paralleled the age of roman literature under augustus
    followed the greeks

          

  240. James BoswellScottish author noted for his biography of Samuel Johnson

          

  241. Dimetertwo-foot line

          

  242. minuettoa dance

          

  243. Samuel Taylor ColeridgeGoddess of Agriculture

          

  244. Hera/JunoGod of Marriage

          

  245. Dionysus/BacchusGod of Wine and Theatre

          

  246. Joan MiroSpanish surrealist painter

          

  247. celliniA theatrical representation of a story performed to music by ballet dancers. Originally based on court dance

          

  248. Manhattan Project-Noted for his direct style, clear, sharp prose and critical wit
    -Gulliver's Travels, Tale of a Tub

          

  249. Langston HughesAfrican American author of the Harlem Renaissance.

          

  250. Pierre August Renoir 1841-1919one of the first women of Impressionist painters; Young Girl by the Window

          

  251. Maurice Ravel 1875-1937French Impressionistic music composer; won the Prix de Rome (award given by the French government) Prelude to the afternoon of a Faun; LaMer

          

  252. Zeus/Jupiter aka JoveGod of rain, clouds, thunderbolts.

          

  253. Hades/Plutoone of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.

          

  254. Bronte Sisterswere English writers of the 1840s and 1850s. Known as the Bell Brothers.."Wuthering Heights"

          

  255. madrigal- both describes the Chinese manner of thought, and a major Chinese religion.
    - Largely adopted from Buddhism, Taoism incorporates many gods, the head of which is the Jade Emperor, with the Emperor of the Eastern Mountain serving as second-in-command. It was developed to meet the emotional needs of the people that Confucianism was not addressing. With the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Taoism was denounced, but many followers exist outside of China today.

          

  256. louise nevelsonAn English maker of pottery and china, he developed mass production of quality porcelain. Signature blue or pink with cameo inset.

          

  257. Hephaestus/VulcanGod of the Sun, poetry, music and oracles

          

  258. Classical PeriodPoetry written in iambic pentameter without end rhyme

          

  259. DonatelloIs a form of writing that blends criticism with humor and wit. Ridiculing with purpose of inspiring reform.

          

  260. MannerismA term that was originally coined during the Renaissance, it was a belief that man was the center of the universe. Humanism in general is a philosophy that centers around the capabilities of man.

          

  261. Paul Lawrence DunbarAfrican American writer who wrote Oak and Ivy and about the lives of slavery

          

  262. Hellenistic Period
    that culture associated with the spread of Greek influence as a result of Macedonian conquests; often seen as the combination of Greek culture with eastern political forms

          

  263. Katsushika Hokusai 1760-1849Japanese Artist - Thirty six view of Mt. Fuji - most famous Japanese mountain

          

  264. Eugene O'Neil
    Painted "Annunciation", Annunciation, Siena Cathedral, Italy, international gothic, (Early 14th)

          

  265. Minimalist Musiclate 20th century style in which brief patter is textures, and other musical fragments are repeated for an extended period of time with trance-like persistence.

          

  266. Pablo Picasso 1881-1974Spanish artist; Father of cubism; He moved to Paris; best known painter of the 20th century; Les Demoiselles d'Avignon colorplate #77; Girl before the mirror #78

          

  267. SeuratFrench Painter, Post impressionism, pointellism (using several small dots of color to create a larger image)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte

          

  268. Jane Austensix-foot line

          

  269. renaissancerebirth

          

  270. Existentialism-The Color Purple

          

  271. StoicismStoics believed that restraining emotion is the key to happiness. The majority of their beliefs are similar to the Cynics.

          

  272. Alliteration
    The Italian sculptor and goldsmith who was best known for the doors to the baptistery of Florence's cathedral, and another set of doors which was called "The Gates to Paradise". He also wrote one of the earliest autobiographies by an artist, which is crucial to those studying the art and culture of the time (1378-1455).

          

  273. Trompe l'oeillong days journey into night, the iceman center, ah wilderness, desire under the elms, mourning become electric

          

  274. Merchant of VeniceBessanio along with others are courting a girl, they have to pick a certain box, Bessanio picks the right one and is allowed to marry her

          

  275. Chloris/FloraGoddess of Flowers and Spring

          

  276. Moliere (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin)late 20th century style in which brief patter is textures, and other musical fragments are repeated for an extended period of time with trance-like persistence.

          

  277. Romanesque Stylea dance

          

  278. Christopher MarloweGreek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.

          

  279. SatireIs a form of writing that blends criticism with humor and wit. Ridiculing with purpose of inspiring reform.

          

  280. William ShakespeareTwentieth-century novelist, used the stream-of-consciousness technique in his novel The Sound of Fury, whose intense drama is seen through the eyes of an idiot.

          

  281. Lillian GishUnited States film actress who appeared in films by D. W. Griffith (1896-1993)

          

  282. Daniel DefoePoetry that rhymes at the end of lines

          

  283. Francisco Goya 1746-1828Read page 295 -One of the greatest sculptors of the 19th century - The Thinker: The Kiss 12.2

          

  284. Post Impressionism...transitional movement in the 1880's connecting Impressionism and cubism in the visual arts

          

  285. Georg W. F. Hegel- published Phenomenology of Mind in 1807 and Philosophy of Right in 1821
    - According to the Hegelian dialectic, one thought (i.e. being) invariably leads to a thought of its antithesis (not being), and the two must come together to form an entirely new thought (becoming). This work affirmed logic—-specifically, the logic of language—-as the foundation of the world.

          

  286. Brahmansslow

          

  287. Blank VersePoetry written in iambic pentameter without end rhyme

          

  288. What is the Rhyme Scheme?- penned the famous phrase "I think, therefore I am."
    - Perhaps better known for his contributions to geometry than philosophy (the Cartesian plane is named after him), Descartes is actually considered the founder of modern rationalism.

          

  289. E.E. CummingsThe final unraveling of the plot in any story.

          

  290. Charles DickensRealist novelist, Great Expectations, A Tale of Two Cities. Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, The Pickwick Papers

          

  291. Renaissance Art
    art produced from c. 450 BC to c. 700 AD by the Celts; mostly portable objects; Stone carvings, Crosses with interlace patterns, metal work, manuscripts

          

  292. Hades/Pluto- Ancient Greek philosopher
    - wrote Republic and Symposium
    Plato is credited with being the most influential force on Western philosophy of all time. He taught the likes of Aristotle, and expressed his philosophical beliefs largely through fictional dialogues.

          

  293. Mies van der RoheNorwegian composer. "Peer Gynt"

          

  294. Cimabue
    One of first artists to break away from Italio-Byzantine style, Giotto's teacher,

          

  295. Penny MarshallFemale Movie Director/Producer who motivated women to do film...Big, A League of Their Own, Jumping Jack Flash

          

  296. chalice
    A tall, four-sided shaft of stone that rises to a pointed pyramidal top.

          

  297. Eugene Delacroix-Know for lean prose and ardently masculine themes and characters
    -The Old Man and the Sea, a Farewell to Arms, the Sun Also Rises

          

  298. What does the symbol ' mean in poetry?- artist of "Jack in the Pulpit IV" (1930), "Petunia" (1925), "Cow's Skull, Red, White, and Blue" (1931), and "Red Amaryllis" (1937)
    - Realistic nature images with strong, vibrant colors identify the works of O'Keeffe

          

  299. Claude Debussy 1862-1918Famous French impressionist composer

          

  300. Paul Gaugin 1848-1903French Post-impressionistic painter; moved to Tahiti to look for the unspoiled life. Mahana No Atua(Day of the Gods). He used flat, 2 dimensional surfaces with strong outlines.

          

  301. Neolithic
    the last phase of the Stone Age, marked by the domestication of animals, the development of agriculture, and the manufacture of pottery

          

  302. Alice Walker-Considered to have founded modern European literature; perfected rhyme in threes
    -Divine Comedy

          

  303. reliquarytall, 4 sided pillar of stone that rises to a point

          

  304. Jackson Pollock see page 346 1912-1956action painting- put his canvas on the floor and brought his whole body into action while he splashed and dripped colors in swirling configurations

          

  305. Free VerseConsists of lines that do not have regular meter or rhyme

          

  306. Theodore Gericault - 1791-1824 page 246one of the first women of Impressionist painters; Young Girl by the Window

          

  307. alexander calderwrote Robinson Crusoe; known as the father of the English novel

          

  308. The Parthenon
    What building is shown? (Built in Athens around 450BC)

          

  309. Kouroifree-standing statues of nude male youths

          

  310. Niccolo Machiavelli(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."

          

  311. Hamletthe hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who hoped to avenge the murder of his father

          

  312. Georgia O'Keefe- artist of "Jack in the Pulpit IV" (1930), "Petunia" (1925), "Cow's Skull, Red, White, and Blue" (1931), and "Red Amaryllis" (1937)
    - Realistic nature images with strong, vibrant colors identify the works of O'Keeffe

          

  313. NeoclassicismAn imitation of the style identified with the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome. Usually associated with European art and literature from the mid-1600s through the eighteenth century.

          

  314. Duccio's 'Virgin in Majesty'...

          

  315. Didactic-ismLiterature whose primary aim is to expound some moral, political, or other teaching.

          

  316. Rhymed VerseConsists of lines that do not have regular meter or rhyme

          

  317. Qiu Ying 1494-1552Chinese Painter; harp player in a pavillion

          

  318. Socrates- Plato's teacher
    - declared that the gods had named him the wisest of all humanity, because he was the only one who knew how little he knew.
    - he was later condemned to death by drinking poison hemlock by fellow Athenians for his alleged atheism.

          

  319. Salvador DaliA story were characters or objects represent abstract idea or qualities. i.e. Goodness, Evil, Love, Death, etc...

          

  320. Federico Fellinigoldsmith and sculptor, wrote one of the first autobiographies

          

  321. D.W. Griffith-Known for non-traditional forms of poetry
    -Tulips and Shimneys

          

  322. Baroque PeriodA style characteristic of seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe, subjects of portraits expanded beyond religious figures to nature and ordinary individuals. Many paintings incorporated long hallways and views through windows or doorways.

          

  323. Dante Aligheri-Considered to have founded modern European literature; perfected rhyme in threes
    -Divine Comedy

          

  324. Hagia Sophia
    An example of Byzantine architecture, name this church.

          

  325. Jane AustenGods of Inspiration for literature, Science, and the arts

          

  326. Phoebus/ApolloGod of the Sun, poetry, music and oracles

          

  327. Edmund Spenser-Romantic novelist whose liberal social and political views underscore her work
    -Frankenstein, the Last Man

          

  328. Christ the RedeemerLondon's Great Fire of 1666 led to ___________'s appointment as Surveyor General, overseeing all the reconstruction work on the royal palaces.

          

  329. Mozart and Richard StraussIs the belief that Satan represented all things material, and God all things of light; each human being is a composite of matter (Satan) and godly light (God), and suffered not from sin, but from contact with matter.
    Founded by Mani, who believed himself a descendent of both Buddha and Plato, Manichaeism does not endorse the notion of personal sin—to followers, sin was a physical, tangible concept. The religion was divided into two classes—the elect, who were guaranteed a happy afterlife due to their lifetime of celibacy and religious teachings, and the auditors, who tended to the elect and hoped to be reborn as elect in the next life.

          

  330. Herman Melville-American transcendentalist
    -Moby Dick, Bill Budd

          

  331. Christopher Wrenarchitect refurbished St. Paul's Cathedral

          

  332. The MusesGods of Inspiration for literature, Science, and the arts

          

  333. Beethoven & WagnerTook inspiration from Schiller's "Ode to Joy"

          

  334. Jackson Pollockread page 340

          

  335. ThemeThe central or dominating idea of a work.

          

  336. Epicureans- are a sect of hedonism (Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure) that believes that pleasure of the mind, not just the senses, is the ultimate good.
    - Thoroughly defended by Ancient Greek philosophers, the base of this belief system is that the goal of every action should be increased, long-term pleasure.

          

  337. SocratesGreek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth. Believed writing distorted ideas. His ideas were recorded by his followers (Plato).

          

  338. Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
    is an illuminated manuscript Gospel book in Latin, containing the four Gospels of the New Testament together with various prefatory texts and tables.

          

  339. Francois RabelaisFormer monk. French humanist, wrote the comic masterpieces Gargantua and Pantagruel, stories contained gross humor.

          

  340. The Pigeon HouseDesigned by Mayans, this was once a temple, next to the Pyramid of Sacrifice. Located at Uxmal, it was used for sacrificial ceremonies as late as 1673.

          

  341. Spondaic PatternLong-Long

          

  342. George Pierre Seurat 1859-1891French Post-impressionistic painter; moved to Tahiti to look for the unspoiled life. Mahana No Atua(Day of the Gods). He used flat, 2 dimensional surfaces with strong outlines.

          

  343. Zenoancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)

          

  344. Manichaeismone of Duncan's generals; wants to become King of Scotland; murders Duncan and slays anyone in the way of his kingship

          

  345. TchaikovskyComposed "Rite of Spring"

          

  346. StravinskyComposed "Rite of Spring"

          

  347. Boleroscenery consisting of a wooden frame covered with painted canvas

          

  348. Modern Period1900 to the Present

          

  349. Picasso
    Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style, Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style

          

  350. Cubismearly 20th century style of painting and to a lesser degrees sculpture that used geometric shapes as underlying primary forms. In contrast to Impressionism, which it succeeded, the primary concern of Cubism was with from rather than color

          

  351. Salvador Dali 1904-1989read pages 289
    immediate precursor of the Impressionist painters; effects of light on objects in space. Painting the world without idealizing it.
    Luncheon on the grass 1863
    LeDe'jeuner sur lHerbe

          

  352. King Learthe hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who was betrayed and mistreated by two of his scheming daughters

          

  353. HistoriansFrench Painter, Post impressionism, pointellism (using several small dots of color to create a larger image)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte

          

  354. Benjamin Franklin-Scientist, educator, abolitionist, philosopher, economist, political theorist, and statesman who defined the colonial new world in his writings; principal figure of the American enlightenment
    -Poor Richard's Almanac, Observations on the Increase of Mankind

          

  355. Lorraine HansberryWrote the play "A Raisin in the Sun" about a working-class African American family struggling against poverty and racism.

          

  356. Roman Basilica
    The basis for early Christian architecture; , created in the period of recognition, it had a dome shape at both ends similar to an apse, it had libaries, and it's official meaning was a meeting place in which the romans would meet to discuss things

          

  357. andante
    a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital

          

  358. Arnold Schoenberg 1874-1951one of the first women of Impressionist painters; Young Girl by the Window

          

  359. Hans-Georg GadamerWrote Pride and Prejudice

          

  360. tragic figurecharacter who comes to a bad end as a result of own behavior or character flaw

          

  361. Aphrodite/VenusGoddess of Love and Beauty

          

  362. Hestia/VestaGoddess of the Hearth, the Home and the Roman state

          

  363. pietaOne unit of meter in poetry

          

  364. bel cantoFrench Painter, Post impressionism, pointellism (using several small dots of color to create a larger image)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte

          

  365. Book of Kells
    is an illuminated manuscript Gospel book in Latin, containing the four Gospels of the New Testament together with various prefatory texts and tables.

          

  366. henry mooreabstract sculptor who used rounding techniques and very little detail

          

  367. Celtic ArtAn arrangement of colored tiles to form a decorative surface.

          

  368. Remingtona dance

          

  369. Color Plate #72Vincent van Gogh - The Starry Night

          

  370. Book of Durrow-Influential in establishing the heroic couplet
    -Alexander's Feast, heroic stanzas

          

  371. Immanuel Kant- German metaphysician
    - began his string of successful philosophical publications with Critique of Pure Reason in 1781.
    - Kant believed that reality extended only so far as an individual's personal degree of "knowing," and it is impossible to "know" things that one cannot experience firsthand. Therefore, intangibles such as God, freedom, and immortality cannot be known or proven. After publishing Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, he was ordered by the government to refrain from future writings on the topic of religion.

          

  372. Friedrich Nietzsche-His works provided the basis for love poetry and popularized the theme of humanism
    -The Cazoniere

          

  373. Brunelleschi
    Florentine genius of the early Renaissance built the dome of Florence Cathedral, the Pazzi Chapel, and was instrumental in developing geometrical perspective in painting

          

  374. Andrea PalladioBorn in 1508, ______________ was greatly influenced by Renaissance philosophers and artists, and was made architectural advisor to the Vatican in 1570. His great architectural works include Villa Foscari, Teatro Olimpico, and Palazzo Chiericati, all in Italy.

          

  375. prestoancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)

          

  376. Andrew Wyetha prolific German baroque composer remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)

          

  377. Color Plate #80 Piet MondrianComposition in White, Black, and Red

          

  378. Kronos/SaturnLeucippus and Democritus

          

  379. Mathew Brady6th Century B.C., a Greek philosopher and mathematician, founder of a religous movement called Pythagoreanism

          

  380. Artemis/DianaGod of Wildlife

          

  381. OnomatopoeiaThe use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning. i.e. hiss, hiss, buzz, buzz.

          

  382. John RoeblingWho designed the Brooklyn bridge?

          

  383. multi-mediaearly 20th century style of painting and to a lesser degrees sculpture that used geometric shapes as underlying primary forms. In contrast to Impressionism, which it succeeded, the primary concern of Cubism was with from rather than color

          

  384. Sergei Rachmaninoff 1873-1943Russian romantic composer; 4 piano concerti; Rhapsody on a theme of Paganini; Vocalise; called the last Romantic

          

  385. BuddhistsA painting, drawing, or sculpture of Mary, the Mother of Jesus, holding the dead body of Jesus. The word means "pity" in Italian.

          

  386. Pentameterfive-foot line

          

  387. John DrydenGods of Inspiration for literature, Science, and the arts

          

  388. Rene Descartesslow

          

  389. Eugene O'Neilauthor of Faerie Queene in Elizabethan era, one of the greatest moral epics in any language

          

  390. Herman Melvillewrote Billy Budd, Sailor; Moby Dick; classified as a Dark Romantic; American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet

          

  391. Mary McCarthyUnited States satirical novelist and literary critic (1912-1989)

          

  392. sitarFrank Lloyd Wright developed the ___________ housing design, a take-off on his earlier prairie houses, in response to the vast demand for low income housing.

          

  393. Auguste Rodin 1840-1917Read page 295 -One of the greatest sculptors of the 19th century - The Thinker: The Kiss 12.2

          

  394. bustThe central or dominating idea of a work.

          

  395. Greek Corinthian
    What type of Column is shown? (Decorated with flowers)

          

  396. Othellotragic figure of the play, moorish general, desdemonas husband

          

  397. DelacroixMannerism painter

          

  398. Greek Philosophers Before SocratesPre-Socrates

          

  399. Alexander Dumaswrote "The Three Musketeers" and "The Man in the Iron Mask" and The Count of Monte-Cristo

          

  400. neo-classic periodrefers to the classical revival in European art, architecture, and interior design that lasted from the mid-eighteenth to the early nineteenth century

          

  401. Samuel Barber 1910-1981Read page 289
    French Impressionistic painter
    Haystack series - Sunrise-Banks of the Seine
    Rowen Cathedral series
    Water -Lilies

          

  402. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Florentine genius of the early Renaissance built the dome of Florence Cathedral, the Pazzi Chapel, and was instrumental in developing geometrical perspective in painting

          

  403. Iambic patternShort-Long

          

  404. Hermes/MercuryGod of War

          

  405. The Panthenon
    What building is shown? (Built in Rome)

          

  406. Shudras- laborer caste in Hinduism

          

  407. Color Plate #82Salvador Dali - The Persistence of Memory

          

  408. asideThe central or dominating idea of a work.

          

  409. Color Plate #87Georgia O'Keeffe - Cow's Skull with Calico Roses

          

  410. EpicThe repeating pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry

          

  411. The Iliadfamous photographer of the Civil War - brought the war to the people

          

  412. Foota sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

          

  413. GuernicaPablo Picasso Figure 13.2

          

  414. Merry Wives of WindsorFaulstaf wants sends identical love letters to two women, they are friends and read them together, they want to get him back so they trick him, their husbands think they are cheating on them so they want to catch them, the wives tell them of their trick and the husbands get involved, they make a fool out of Faulstaf

          

  415. Stephen Craneauthor of The Red Badge of Courage

          

  416. Geoffrey ChaucerOpaque watercolor

          

  417. Dionysus/Bacchusrebirth

          

  418. scrim
    a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital

          

  419. Church of San Vitale
    Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter he is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).

          

  420. Heraclitusa presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (All is change).

          

  421. Tyche/FortunaGoddess of Marriage

          

  422. William FaulknerTwentieth-century novelist, used the stream-of-consciousness technique in his novel The Sound of Fury, whose intense drama is seen through the eyes of an idiot.

          

  423. Imageryone of Duncan's generals; wants to become King of Scotland; murders Duncan and slays anyone in the way of his kingship

          

  424. Masaccio
    The ranaissance artist who led the way in establishing a new style of employing deep space, modeling , and anatomical correctness.

          

  425. Minimalist MusicLeucippus and Democritus

          

  426. Popular Transcendentalists- Ralph Waldo Emerson
    - Henry David Thoreau

          

  427. Da Vincipainter, sculpter, architect, engineer, musician; invented the court painter of the king of France; "Mona Lisa," "The Last Supper"(classical), "Vitruvian Man"(anatomy)

          

  428. pop artan artistic movement that emerged in the early 1960s; pop artists took images from popular culture and transformed them into works of fine art

          

  429. constantin brancusiGerman composer who developed the Romantic style of both lyrical and classical music

          

  430. Serge Diaghilevmethod of composition by which the composer extends the technique of twelve tone composition to other areas such as rhythm dynamics timbre and duration. Most important invention in the 20th century.