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26 Matching questions

  1. Members of the highest caste in Hinduism are known as __________
  2. _______ both describes the Chinese manner of thought, and a major Chinese religion.
  3. ____________ focuses on the direct relationship between the individual and the universe and/or God.
  4. Two Treatises on Government, written by ____________, influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
  5. Philosopher ____________ published Phenomenology of Mind in 1807 and Philosophy of Right in 1821, among other works.
  6. __________ penned the famous phrase, "I think, therefore I am."
  7. __________ was Alexander the Great's tutor, and a student of Plato.
  8. The Ancient Greek philosopher _________ wrote Republic and Symposium.
  9. The religion of _____________, founded in second-century A.D., believed that Satan represented all things material, and God all things of light; each human being is a composite of matter (Satan) and godly light (God), and suffered not from sin, but from contact with matter
  10. Followers of the philosophy of ____________ in Ancient Greece and Rome never showed joy or sadness
  11. ___ _____ is known as the Father of Taoism
  12. The last accepted pagan philosophy, _____________ was founded by Plotinus around 300 A.D. and based upon the ideas of Plato.
  13. ____________ are a sect of hedonism (Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure) that believes that pleasure of the mind, not just the senses, is the ultimate good.
  14. "But human nature does not go backward, and we never return to the times of innocence and equality, when we have once departed from them."

    This quote is attributed to which French philosopher? _______
  15. The religious system of China for many years, _______________ is based on the practices of li and jen.
  16. Seventeenth-century British philosopher ___________ argued for a strong, even brutal government in order to keep humanity from becoming savages.
  17. ___________ declared that the gods had named him the wisest of all humanity, because he was the only one who knew how little he knew.
  18. Believing man to be the center of the universe can be described as a view of _____________.
  19. A student of Martin Heidegger, ____________ wrote Truth and Method and is considered by many to be the father of Hermeneutics.
  20. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were both _______________, finding their spirituality in nature and the natural world.
  21. ___________ believe in the four noble truths: existence is suffering, suffering is caused by need, suffering can cease, and there is a path to the cessation of suffering.
  22. The ____________ were a radically unconventional group formed by Antisthenes in Greece in 400 A.D.
  23. German philosopher ______________ wrote Being and Time
  24. German metaphysician ___________ began his string of successful philosophical publications with Critique of Pure Reason in 1781.
  25. The religion of _________ was founded by the Prophet Mohammed.
  26. A German philosopher born in 1844, ___________'s work was later used by Nazi apologists as justification for their actions.
  1. a Plato
  2. b Georg W.F. Hegel
  3. c Socrates
  4. d John Locke
  5. e Existentialism
  6. f Neoplatonism
  7. g Martin Heidegger
  8. h Taoism
  9. i Hans-Georg Gadamer
  10. j Friedrich Nietzsche
  11. k Rene Descartes
  12. l Lao Tzu
  13. m Thomas Hobbes
  14. n Islam
  15. o Aristotle
  16. p Transcendentalists
  17. q Epicureans
  18. r Humanism
  19. s Cynics
  20. t Stoicism
  21. u Confucianism
  22. v Manichaeism
  23. w Buddhists
  24. x Jean Jacques Rousseau
  25. y Immanuel Kant
  26. z Brahmans