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69 True/False questions

  1. Christopher Wren(1632-1723) oversaw the rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral (shown in pictures) in London after the church burned down during the Great Fire of 1666.

          

  2. pop arta smoky-shodowy way of modeling form

          

  3. jambsframes of a doorway.

          

  4. abacusframes of a doorway.

          

  5. fauvism
    20th C. like impressionism but with unreal use of color -french for "the wild beasts".

          

  6. kinetic art
    20th C. moves or has illusion of movement.

          

  7. Valutescircular, spiral scroll-like motifs. (Ionic Order at the top of each column.)

          

  8. Mannerists16th C. Exagerations: floating angels, the confusion of illusion and reality,contorted and elogated figures, awkward spatial relationships, and strange lighting effects.

          

  9. catacombsunderground burial chambers outside Rome.

          

  10. Botticelli
    12th-15th C. A French and Northern European style; very verticcal. Flying butttresss, pointed arches and vaults, decorated profusely with sculptures and stained glass.

          

  11. caryatidssupports in post & lintel architecture of female figures.

          

  12. Brunelleschi(1377-1446) was a Florentine Renaissance architect who invented single vanishing point perspective and designed the brilliant, great, new dome for the Cathedral of Florence

          

  13. Medicia famous and innovative Italian sculptor of the Baroque period whose sculptures, such as David, Apollo and Daphne, St. Peter's Chair, and Ecstasy of St. Theresa are full of dynamic movement and emotion.

          

  14. Ionic column
    valute design, & stands on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate, or platform.

          

  15. Chiaroscuroa plain square block connecting the top of a doric column to the beam it supports.

          

  16. Berninifamily of Florence (13th-17th centuries) was wealthy, powerful banking family who patronized many of the well-known works of Renaissance art.

          

  17. doric column
    elaborate capitals decorated with leaves and scrolls.

          

  18. pointillism
    19th C. Allows the viewer to visually mix the colors of a painting that had been applied in minute individual dots.

          

  19. greater naturalism(c. 1525-1569) is known for his portrayal of peasants and scenes from their everyday life.

          

  20. Rembrandt(1601-1669) one of the best painters and printmakers of all time, lived during the Baroque period and is remembered for his dramatic use of light, single, group, and self-portraits and works such as The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, The Night Watch, The Descent from the Cross, and Abraham and Isaac.

          

  21. stylobateplatform for a column.

          

  22. neoclassicism
    19th C. Emphasized quickly observed and sketched landscapes & everyday life. (blotchy appearance)

          

  23. corbelled arches
    blocks stacked brick-wise to form a pointed arch.

          

  24. Classical Period4th C. more genre subjects, and Romans built temples, roads, bath complexes, civic buildings, palaces, and aquaducts.

          

  25. Giotto
    12th-15th C. A French and Northern European style; very verticcal. Flying butttresss, pointed arches and vaults, decorated profusely with sculptures and stained glass.

          

  26. Lintelhorrizontal beam that rests on the jambs.

          

  27. panelsframes of a doorway.

          

  28. Romanesque style16th C. Exagerations: floating angels, the confusion of illusion and reality,contorted and elogated figures, awkward spatial relationships, and strange lighting effects.

          

  29. relief sculpture
    narrative action

          

  30. frescosis a type of painting in which the artist paints in pigments mixed with water on wet or dry plaster.

          

  31. St. Chapelle(1445-1510) was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance who painted figures whose feet did not touch the ground.

          

  32. Jan Vermeer16th C. Exagerations: floating angels, the confusion of illusion and reality,contorted and elogated figures, awkward spatial relationships, and strange lighting effects.

          

  33. postmodernism20th C. modernism, with humanistically decorative elements.

          

  34. trumeauCentral vertical supporting pillar of a doorway. (imitation of human or animal forms)

          

  35. Art Noveau5th-8th C. Celtic Ireland, Scotland and northern Brittain: stone carvings and crosses.

          

  36. Renaissance13th &14th C. A classical style, humanism, naturalism. More festive, colorful and realistic. (this style is painting only)

          

  37. sfumatoa smoky-shodowy way of modeling form

          

  38. Victorian
    19th C. "Gothic Revival" or "Neo-Gothic"
    Painting- everyday life & landscapes.

          

  39. friezes/metopesdecorative depictions on the beam above the columns.

          

  40. Impressionism
    19th C. flat images inspired by Japanese Prints, emphasizing geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour. less blotchy.

          

  41. photomosaic
    20th C. a picture made up of pictures.

          

  42. Trompe L'oeil
    Roman technique to fool the eye into thinking a picture is 3D.

          

  43. Corinthian column
    no base, and topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus

          

  44. squinchesblock-like members laid accross the corners of a strucural unit to provide support for a dome.

          

  45. Rococo
    18th C. Decorative wall and ceiling schemes; turned the agitated drama of to light, pastel-toned, swirling compositions. Idylic. architecture: shells, scrolls, &leaves with stucco.

          

  46. Dark Ages5th-8th C. Celtic Ireland, Scotland and northern Brittain: stone carvings and crosses.

          

  47. Greco-Roman
    18th C. Decorative wall and ceiling schemes; turned the agitated drama of to light, pastel-toned, swirling compositions. Idylic. architecture: shells, scrolls, &leaves with stucco.

          

  48. Pieter Brugel
    20th C. meant to shock: contorted figures, screaming color, and outrageous themes.

          

  49. Op art20th C. early comic book style.

          

  50. Donatello(1386-1466) was a famous Florentine early Renaissance sculptor and artist who created the well-known bronze statue David (shown above top left), the bronze equestrian statue Gattamelata (shown above bottom left), and the marble statue St. George (shown above right), all of which depict naturalism and realistic human feelings and emotions.

          

  51. Postimpressionism
    19th C. flat images inspired by Japanese Prints, emphasizing geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour. less blotchy.

          

  52. Nabis19th C. distorted reality and pursued sinewy forms or abstract patterning.

          

  53. Baroque5th-8th C. Celtic Ireland, Scotland and northern Brittain: stone carvings and crosses.

          

  54. Neoclassicism17th-19th C. Palladian/Classical style- Baroque energy, classical elements, and a touch of gothic.

          

  55. Tempietto
    1st Renaissance building created in immatation of a Roman temple & in vaulted by a dome and encircled by classical columns. (Andrea Palladio)

          

  56. Byzantine style
    about mid 6th C. (domes & arches) Meant to convey a supernatural, otherworldly efect. Hagia Sophia by Isidorus and Athemius.

          

  57. Archaic Period9th-8th centuries B.C. Greek art: vase paintings, geometric styles. zigzag, meandering and triangular designs; lively animal and human silhouettes by 6th C.

          

  58. Gothicwas an early Florentine Renaissance painter and architect known for his dramatic, realistic frescos that depict of deep human expressions and emotions

          

  59. Proto-Renaissance1250 to 17th Century. Emphasis on wall decoration in fresco and painting of alterpieces. captures the moment before movement

          

  60. Villa Rotunda
    19th C. "Gothic Revival" or "Neo-Gothic"
    Painting- everyday life & landscapes.

          

  61. tempera paintings(1601-1669) one of the best painters and printmakers of all time, lived during the Baroque period and is remembered for his dramatic use of light, single, group, and self-portraits and works such as The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, The Night Watch, The Descent from the Cross, and Abraham and Isaac.

          

  62. die burke
    20th C. meant to shock: contorted figures, screaming color, and outrageous themes.

          

  63. Helenistic Period9th-8th centuries B.C. Greek art: vase paintings, geometric styles. zigzag, meandering and triangular designs; lively animal and human silhouettes by 6th C.

          

  64. Dada artists20th C. assembled any materials available. "found objects"

          

  65. pedimentspre-easels.

          

  66. Cubism
    20th C. was the most revolutionary and far-reaching art movement fo the centrury. (nonsensical geometric shapes.)

          

  67. terracotta
    1st Renaissance building created in immatation of a Roman temple & in vaulted by a dome and encircled by classical columns. (Andrea Palladio)

          

  68. Neoplatonic philosophy17th-19th C. Palladian/Classical style- Baroque energy, classical elements, and a touch of gothic.

          

  69. atlantescircular, spiral scroll-like motifs. (Ionic Order at the top of each column.)