Music Theory I flashcards |

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A symbol that raises or lowers a pitch by a half or whole step.


When a perfect or a major interval is made a half step larger without changing the numerical name.


The lowest voice.

Circle of Fifths

A diagram like the face of a clock that aids in the memorization of key signatures.


Must appear at the beginning of the staff in order to indicate which pitches are to be associated with which lines and spaces.

Compound Intervals

Intervals larger than and including 8ve.


Pleasing to the ear.


When a perfect or minor interval is made a half step smaller without changing its numerical name.


Not pleasing to the ear.


Notes that are spelled differently but sound the same.

Grand Staff

A combination of two staves joined by a brace, with the top and bottom staves using treble and bass clefs, respectively.

Half Step

The distance from a key on the piano to the very next key, white or black.

Harmonic Interval

Separates pitches that are sounded simultaneously.

Harmonic Minor Scale

A minor scale type which can be thought of as a major with lowered 3 and 6.


The measurement of the distance in pitch between two notes.

Interval Inversion

When one puts the lower note above the upper one (or the reverse).


Identifies the first degree of a scale.

Key of G Major

Refers to the major scale that begins on G.

Key Signature

A pattern of sharps or flats that appears at the beginning of a staff and indicates that certain notes are to consistently raised or lowered.

Ledger Lines

Used to extend the staff.

Major Scale

A specific pattern of small steps (called half steps) and larger ones (called whole steps) encompassing an octave.

Melodic Interval

Separates pitches that are sounded in succession.

Melodic Minor Scale

A minor scale type which has an ascending form and a descending form. It lowers scale degree 3 when ascending and scale degrees 3, 6, and 7 when descending.

Natural Minor Scale

A minor scale formation, similar to a major scale with lowered 3, 6 and 7.


In discussing intervals, the term used instead of 8.


From one letter up or down to its next occurrence.

Octave Register

The space from any C up to the next B.


Major and minor keys that share the same starting note.


A modifier used only in connection with unisons, 4ths, 5ths, 8ves, and their compounds (11ths, and so on).


The highness or lowness of sound.


Major and minor keys that share the same key signature.

Simple Intervals

Intervals smaller than an 8ve.


Indicates the precise pitch desired. An arrangement of five lines and four spaces that can be extended through the use of ledger lines.


A four-note scalar pattern.


To write or play music in some key other than the original.


The term used for the +4 or its enharmonic equivalent, the (5.


In discussing intervals, the term used instead of 1.

Whole Step

Skips the very next key on the piano keyboard and goes instead to the following one.

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