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  1. «Compression» reduces the amount of space needed to store a file, and it reduces the ___
  2. The main video formats along with codecs (for the last two) are: ___
  3. In HTML 4, the doctype declaration specifies the ___
  4. «attributes» ? ___
  5. The «figure» and «figure caption» elements are new to HTML5, and give you more ___
  6. Canvas also enables you to render ___
  7. The «doctype» is a declaration that is found at the ___
  8. this markup creates a first-level heading: ___
  9. You can display different kinds of images on a Web page, most of which fall into two main categories: ___
  10. The «canvas» element is used for ___
  11. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is called a markup language because ___
  12. You use the «video» element along with the «src» attribute to designate a ___
  13. As the size of the screen increases and more pixels are needed, canvas begins to pixelate so use ___
  14. You should also use the codecs attribute to ___
  15. The «figcaption element» provides ___
  16. <head>, contains markup and code used by the browser, such as ___
  17. Tags surround content and give it ___
  18. «audio» example: ___
  19. The main purpose of SVG, as its name implies, is to create ___
  20. The «figure» element specifies the type of figure you're adding, such as an image, diagram, photo, and so on. This element provides a major benefit: ___
  21. The «figcaption element» is optional. It adds a caption to an image on a Web page, and you can display the caption ___
  22. <tt> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  23. the «entity» &reg; represents the ___
  24. To create an outline of a rectangle without a fill color, use the context.strokeRect method: ___
  25. the «entity» &copy; represents the ___
  26. autoplay? ___
  27. SVG has a plethora of attributes, which help you create all kinds of ___
  28. HTML5 defines DOM methods, properties, and events for the <video> element. This allows you to ___
  29. The «progress» element indicates the progress of ___
  30. Notepad+++ offers features that make it easier to ___
  31. To use the «audio» element, include the <audio> tag and a path to the file on your hard drive or a ___
  32. JavaScript works with the two-dimensional (2D) application programming interface (API) to actually draw items on the canvas: ___
  33. Because of how HTML5 was created, it doesn't require ___
  34. New text-related elements in HTML5 include ___
  35. In HTML 4, «single tags» are called «empty tags» because they don't require an ___
  36. «Video compression» reduces the size of video images while retaining the highest quality video with the minimum ___. All of this makes for better performance.
  37. When two or more elements apply to the same block of text, you should nest tag pairs appropriately so that ___
  38. The "backup" content, also referred to as ___
  39. The context.fillStyle method fills the rectangle with a blue color using the RGB values 0, 0, 255 : ___
  40. HTML also uses some single tags, like <br /> for a ___ and <hr /> for a horizontal line.
  41. The basic syntax for the canvas element is as follows: ___
  42. character encoding ? ___
  43. HTML5 includes several «global attributes», which you can use with any HTML5 element. Examples of global attributes include ___
  44. You may need to use «special characters» on a Web page, which requires ___
  45. you can use the W3C's validation service at to ___
  46. You can also use SVG ___
  47. This simplified doctype is partially responsible for why HTML5 pages easily lend themselves for viewing in a ___
  48. <dir> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  49. Search engines also use the «alt attribute» to identify types of images and what's in them, since search engines can't ___
  50. The «img» element uses several attributes: ___
  51. The <b> element should now be used to ___
  52. The «video» element enables you to ___
  53. The following is an example of the markup for adding an MP4 file to a Web page: ___
  54. it's best to use a variety of Web browsers to ensure your markup ___
  55. Blank lines and indents simply help you read the markup more ___
  56. The following markup uses the figure element, specifies the width and height of the image, and adds a caption: ___
  57. The <source> tag is being used as content of the video element so that the type attribute can be set and so that the multiple format option is available: ___
  58. Other attributes are available that you can add for control of the video: ___
  59. Text between the <video> and </video> tags will only display in browsers that ___
  60. The «canvas» element is new in HTML5 and creates a container for ___
  61. One of the major benefits of SVG is its ___
  62. A best practice is to use the type attribute to ___
  63. A tip from Microsoft: Think of SVG as being similar to an ___ slide, which uses scalable objects.
  64. Text between the <audio> and </audio> tags will display in browsers that ___
  65. A good example of an attribute is when creating a hyperlink, as follows: ___
  66. You can include attributes such as color, rotation, stroke color and size, and so on, to ___
  67. controls? ___
  68. to insert an image named bluelogo.png that's accessible from another Web site, type the following element: ___
  69. A tip from Microsoft: Think of canvas as being similar to ___. You can draw images using shapes and other tools, and the result is pixel based.
  70. A tag is a ___
  71. The «figure» element specifies ___
  72. <center>, <basefont>, <big>, <font> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  73. The <strong> element indicates strong ___
  74. HTML5 also includes many new elements that increase the ___
  75. The three primary types of audio files supported by popular browsers are ___
  76. When a Web browser reads a doctype declaration, the browser assumes that everything on the Web page uses the ___
  77. The context.fillRect method creates a 200-pixel wide x 100-pixel tall rectangle, positioned 10 pixels down and 20 pixels over from the upper-left corner of the canvas and fills it using the color specified by fillStyle: ___
  78. example of correct nesting: ___
  79. a best practice is to create pages assuming Web page visitors use a current or near-current browser, which means using ___
  80. To help ensure your audio plays on the majority of ___, use the source attribute to include multiple formats in your markup.
  81. Every HTML page includes ___
  82. If you must create ___ that must scale well, go with SVG.
  83. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) uses markup to describe content for display on a ___
  84. every Web page requires the «doctype declaration» at the ___
  85. <b> ? ___
  86. With SVG, you provide ___
  87. Other popular Web video formats also include H.264, OGG, and ___
  88. Along with a video format, you should also specify the «codec», which is a technology used for ___
  89. "replace the «italic» and «bold» tags with the ___
  90. If you are ___, such as maps, map overlays, weather data, and so on, use canvas.
  91. <command>: The command element is used to define a command button that ___
  92. The new HTML5 doctype, in comparison, is very simple: ___
  93. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) : ___
  94. An «element» is the ___
  95. In Internet Explorer 9, you can press F12 to open browser mode. This mode enables you to edit pages without leaving the browser. In addition, you can click «Document Mode» on the menu bar and then ___
  96. The <small> element should be used for ___
  97. Some HTML 4 text-related elements now have slightly different ___
  98. To add a fallback to your HTML document, replace the canvas element with the text (e.g.): ___
  99. <title> ? ___
  100. Each «special character» that can be reproduced in a Web page has an ___
  101. HTML5 allows you to use a shorthand method of specifying the controls attribute: ___
  102. HTML5 is less restrictive than HTML 4. You don't have to ___ for all elements (although some elements still require start and end tags), and you can enter tags in uppercase or lowercase.
  103. <head> ? ___
  104. Content in the ___ can also include formatting styles for the page.
  105. Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is a language for describing ___
  106. poster? ___
  107. The W3C requires the «alt attribute» for accessibility by ___
  108. A tag pair or an empty tag is also called an ___
  109. Most tags come in pairs; one tag is called the opening or start tag, and the other is the
  110. <body>? ___
  111. A photograph is a type of raster image and is most often in JPG format. Other raster file formats that work well on Web pages are ___
  112. Removing elements from the
    list of available HTML elements is referred to as ___
  113. The «meter» element indicates content that's a ___
  114. A closing tag is identical to an opening tag except the closing tag includes a ___
  115. An «entity» is a special character, such as the ___
  116. Another important thing to know about character encoding in HTML5 is that you should use UTF-8 encoding whenever possible, because ___
  117. Not all tags describe data on their own or at least not in enough detail for rendering, so some elements must include ___
  118. In addition, SVG can be indexed by search engines because it's created by ___.
  119. Generally, use canvas for small screens, such as those on ___
  120. if you need to apply a lot of formatting to any Web page, it's best to use ___
  121. If the drawing requires a large number of objects, use canvas. SVG begins to ___
  122. Vector graphic changes size to fit the screen on which it's displayed, whether the screen is on a 32-inch computer monitor or a ___
  123. You add attributes to elements according to this basic syntax: ___
  124. You can also use the <object> tag to embed another ___
  125. You can easily identify an HTML document because it has an ___
  126. The «audio» element enables you to incorporate audio, such as ___
  127. With canvas, the Web page becomes a drawing pad, and you use JavaScript commands to ___
  128. The following markup is for a figure with multiple images that share a single caption, the results of which are: ___
  129. the «entity» &deg; represents the ___
  130. The <html> tag encompasses everything on the page other than the ___
  131. In HTML 4, all <!DOCTYPE> declarations require a reference to a ___
  132. A «vector image» is made up of ___
  133. Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) enables you to create ___
  134. <hx> ? ___
  135. <time> element examples: ___
  136. Nesting means ___
  137. HTML also uses some single tags, like <br /> for a line break and <hr /> for a ___
  138. All phrase tags (from w3schools) :
  139. For the most part, MP3 is the ___
  140. HTML5 is less restrictive than ___
  141. Use the img element to display linked ___
  142. This markup refers to an MP4 video file: ___
  143. The audio element and video element are two of the major changes in HTML5, enabling you to ___
  144. This script first finds the element with the id smlRectangle: ___
  145. The <object> tag defines an ___
  146. These four tags <html>, <head>, <title>, and <body> are required on ___
  147. raster images lose quality (they become pixelated) as you enlarge them, but vector images ___
  148. When a Web browser or mobile device such as a smartphone opens an HTML file, it ___
  149. HTML5 is less restrictive than HTML 4. You don't have to include end tags for all elements (although some elements still require start and end tags), and you can enter tags in ___
  150. The following HTML elements are considered deprecated and are not supported in HTML5 pages: ___
  151. The <i> element now indicates content in an ___
  152. A «raster image» is made up of ___
  153. The canvas element requires the «id» attribute to reference the canvas in ___
  154. One benefit of making times and dates machine-readable on your Web page is that it helps ___
  155. You must include an attribute within a tag so that the Web browser knows how to handle ___
  156. <html> ? ___
  157. to insert an image named redball.jpg that's in a subfolder called images, type this element: ___
  158. The following markup can be included in an HTML file to create a purple ball: ___
  159. <applet> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  160. The <del> tag defines text that has been ___
  161. Some older browsers cannot render canvas drawings or animation. Therefore, you should add an ___
  162. Most tags come in pairs; one tag is called the ___, and the other is the
    closing or end tag.
  163. The <ins> tag defines a text that has been ___
  164. The <code> tag is a phrase tag. It defines a ___
  165. you should use UTF-8 encoding whenever possible, because most browsers use UTF-8. That means you add the following declaration to the head element: ___
  166. This example shows the same video available in two formats, and the OGG format specifies codecs: ___
  167. SVG technology is not new, but HTML5 now enables SVG objects to be embedded in Web pages without ___
  168. The DTD is simply a set of rules that help a Web browser turn tags and content into ___ ( html4)
  169. This example shows the same audio file available in two formats: ___
  170. Canvas vs SVG: If the drawing is relatively small, use ___
  171. <p> ? ___
  172. You can include JavaScripts inside the ___
  173. The blank lines between parts of the page, such as between the doctype declaration and the <html> tag, don't ___
  174. the «entity» &dollar; represents the ___
  175. <mark>: The mark element is very handy for ____
  176. The primary way to add images to an HTML document is with the ___
  177. <strike> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  178. <acronym> element is considered deprecated so use ___
  179. Not all video formats are supported by all browsers, although MP4/H.264 is the most widely used by both ___
  180. the «entity» &percnt; represents the ___
  181. Notice that the attribute and its value are both ___
  182. <time>: The time element indicates content that is a ___
  183. The rule for nesting is that nested tags must be closed before ___
  184. DTD, which stands for ___ ( html4)
  185. The «onload» attribute causes the JavaScript function in the script to run: ___
  186. <mark> element example: ___
  187. <img> ? ___
  188. <a href=URL> ? ___
  189. <time>: The time element indicates content that is a time or date, which can be made machine-readable with the ___
  190. The HTML5 specification requires that the whole meta element fits in the first 1,024 bytes of the document, which is why you include it at ___
  191. Note that the strong element will look like the bold element. The W3C prefers that you use <strong> over ___
  192. There are no hard and fast rules for choosing to use canvas or SVG. Your choice depends mainly on the nature of ___
  193. the <em> element indicates ___
  194. These four tags ___ are required on every Web page.
  195. loop? ___
  196. An «entity» begins with an ampersand (&) and ends with a ___
  197. The "backup" content, also referred to as fallback content, won't display if ___
  198. Because only the XML that describes the SVG graphic is transmitted, even large images don't require a lot of ___
  199. The HTML5 doctype is case-insensitive, so ___
  200. Attributes are easy to use and are just ___
  201. the «entity» &euro; represents the ___
  202. To help make your video viewable by the majority of browsers and devices, you can use the source attribute to ___
  203. A Web page with markup means it includes tags, which are ___
  204. The following attributes are not used in HTML5, although these attributes are not actually part of any HTML specification: ___
  1. a .htm or .html file extension.
  2. b emphatic stress/Emphasized text.
  3. c context.fillRect(10, 20, 200, 100);
  4. d inside a tag.
  5. e displaying real-time data output
  6. f Inserts an image from a file or another Web site.
  7. g definition.
  8. h the top of the page in the head element.
  9. i search engines produce better
    search results.
  10. j functionality of Web pages or streamline the markup.
  11. k 2D graphics in Extensible Markup Language (XML).
  12. l inserted into a document.
  13. m draw pixel-based shapes on a canvas that include color, gradients, and pattern fills.
  14. n <!doctype html>
  15. o renders as expected for the widest audience.
  16. p Copyright symbol (©), and its numerical code is &#169;
  17. q canvas.
  18. r CSS instead.
  19. s importance.
  20. t replace controls="controls" with simply «controls». The same principle applies to the «autoplay» and «loop» attributes.
  21. u each SVG object.
  22. v images in a Web page.
  23. w CSS for efficiency.
  24. x WebM, although WebM is used less than 10 percent of the time.
  25. y «datetime» attribute.
  26. z people with disabilities. People with limited vision may use a screen reader, which reads aloud the alternate text for each image.
  27. aa maintain quality even when enlarged.
  28. ab image, text, or some other HTML content within the canvas element that will display if the drawing cannot.
  29. ac specify the video format.
  30. ad Degree symbol (°), and its numerical code is &#176;
  31. ae meaning or functionality in HTML5.
  32. af Repeats the video
  33. ag their parent tags.
  34. ah scalable vector graphic shapes, but you can create images and text as well.
  35. ai <source src="intro.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  36. aj load, play, and pause videos, as well as setting duration and volume.
  37. ak Start playing the video automatically upon page load
  38. al Web browsers and mobile devices.
  39. am to change the look and feel of text, images, and other Web content separates style from content.
  40. an closing or end tag.
  41. ao Office PowerPoint
  42. ap highlighting text on a page.
  43. aq music and other sounds, in HTML documents.
  44. ar element. An element can describe content, insert graphics, and create hyperlinks.
  45. as shapes.
  46. at your project, and your skill level in one or the other.
  47. au <svg id="svgpurpball" height="200" xmlns="">
    <circle id="purpball" cx="40" cy="40" r="40" fill="purple" />
  48. av <tag attribute="value">
  49. aw are modifiers of HTML elements that provide additional information.
  50. ax OGG, MP3, and WAV.
  51. ay browsers and devices
  52. az PNG, GIF, and BMP
  53. ba scripts that add interactivity, and keywords to help search engines find the page.
  54. bb Displays the title of the Web page, which appears at the top of the Web browser, usually on the page's tab in a tabbed browser.
  55. bc character encoding.
  56. bd Applies boldface to text.
  57. be easily in an editing tool.
  58. bf Web browser on a computer or a mobile device.
  59. bg Displays a set of controls for playing, pausing, and stopping the video, and controlling the volume
  60. bh <meta charset="UTF-8">
  61. bi var canvas = document.getElementById("smlRectangle");
  62. bj the <abbr> tag instead.
  63. bk fallback content
  64. bl embedded object within an HTML document. Use this element to embed multimedia (like audio, video, Java applets, ActiveX, PDF, and Flash) in your web pages.
  65. bm text with various embellishments, and animate objects by making them move, change scale, and so on.
  66. bn the <object> tag instead.
  67. bo Dollar symbol ($), and its numerical code is &#36;
  68. bp lines and curves based on mathematical expressions.
  69. bq appear on a Web page.
  70. br context.fillStyle = "rgb(0,0,255)";
  71. bs Document Type Definition.
  72. bt <p>Your dog is a <mark style="background-color:orange;"> friend for life</mark>.
  73. bu slash before the keyword.
  74. bv Generally used to «anchor» a URL to text or an image; can also create a named «anchor» within a document to allow for linking to sections of the document.
  75. bw include end tags
  76. bx img element.
  77. by degrade as it continually adds objects to the DOM.
  78. bz HTML page's language and DTD
  79. ca mobile devices.
  80. cb dollar symbol, the registered trademark (a capital R within a circle), and accented letters.
  81. cc incorporate videos in HTML documents using minimal code.
  82. cd top of the page.
  83. ce SVG.
  84. cf <figure>
    <img src="doghappy.jpg" alt="Happy dog" width="100" height="125" />
    <figcaption>Happy dogs are good dogs</figcaption>
  85. cg scalable objects that resize to best fit the screen on which they're viewed, whether a PC screen or a smartphone.
  86. ch you use it to describe (mark up) pieces of content to display on a Web page.
  87. ci specify the codec(s), if applicable.
  88. cj uppercase or lowercase.
  89. ck <html>, <head>, <title>, and <body>
  90. cl check and validate HTML code.
  91. cm Web page.
  92. cn users click to invoke a command.
  93. co context = canvas.getContext("2d");
  94. cp <command>, <mark>, and <time>, <meter> and <progress>..
  95. cq compressing data.
  96. cr to place one element inside another.
  97. cs webpage into your HTML document.
  98. ct most browsers use UTF-8.
  99. cu The process of incorporating entities in a Web page.
  100. cv before or after the image.
  101. cw keywords that help to give an HTML page structure.
  102. cx «entity» name and a numerical code.
  103. cy <video width="400" height="300" poster="x.png" autoplay="autoplay" controls="controls" loop="loop">
    <source src="x.mp4" type="video/mp4"/>
    <source src="x.ogv" type='video/ogg codecs="theora, vorbis"'/>
  104. cz the pages you see on the Web.
  105. da doctype declaration at the top.
  106. db the attribute.
  107. dc Creates a heading, which can be first level (h1) through sixth level (h6).
  108. dd language or rules specified in the declaration.
  109. de do not support the <audio> element.
  110. df drawing instructions rather than an image file.
  111. dg registered trademark symbol (®), and its numerical code is &#174;
  112. dh Contains markup and code used by the browser, such as scripts that add interactivity, and keywords to help search engines find the page. Content in the <head> tag can also include formatting styles for the page.
  113. di «strong» element"
  114. dj <audio controls="controls">
    <source src="x.ogg" type="audio/ogg" />
    <source src="x.mp3" type="audio/mp3" />
  115. dk deleted from a document.
  116. dl tags.
  117. dm a task towards completion.
  118. dn the latest HTML elements.
  119. do include multiple formats in your markup.
  120. dp «attributes», which are modifiers of HTML elements that provide additional information.
  121. dq alternate voice or mood, like spoken text.
  122. dr provide multimedia from a Web browser without the need for plugins.
  123. ds graphics, and uses JavaScript to draw the graphics dynamically.
  124. dt <b>, although they seem to produce nearly identical results.
  125. du <canvas id="smlRectangle" height="100" width="200"></canvas>
    <!-- This element creates your drawing pad. -->
  126. dv head element of your HTML document, or in an external file.
  127. dw src, alt, height, width, ismap, usemap
  128. dx offset text without conveying importance, such as for keywords or product names.
  129. dy the keyword "doctype" can be uppercase or lowercase.
  130. dz best choice for multiple browser compatibility.
  131. ea pixels.
  132. eb Percent symbol (%), and its numerical code is &#37;
  133. ec bandwidth.
  134. ed the <ul> tag instead.
  135. ee id, lang, and class, etc
  136. ef time or date, which can be made machine-readable with the «datetime» attribute.
  137. eg <time datetime="2013">
    <time datetime="2013-04">
    <time datetime="04-15">
  138. eh line break
  139. ei <h1>Pet Care 101</h1>
  140. ej a reference to a DTD.
  141. ek DTD
  142. el Euro symbol (€), and its numerical code is &#8364;
  143. em context.strokeStyle = "red";
  144. en deprecation. (The same thing applies
    to attributes.)
  145. eo <video src="intro.mp4" width="400" height="300">
  146. ep semicolon (;).
  147. eq XML
  148. er create and edit HTML documents.
  149. es a video file to be played in an HTML document.
  150. et bandwidth needed to transmit the file.
  151. eu <a href="">This is a link.</a>
  152. ev anywhere you would insert a PNG, JPG, or GIF
  153. ew piece of computer code.
  154. ex the <code> tag or CSS instead.
  155. ey uniform resource locator (URL) that points to the audio file.
  156. ez the <del> tag instead for small amounts of text, or use CSS for large blocks of text.
  157. fa the ability to easily add multiple images side by side.
  158. fb flexibility.
  159. fc "see" pixels in images.
  160. fd HTML 4.
  161. fe <img src="" alt="Company XYZ blue logo" />
  162. ff horizontal line.
  163. fg end tag.
  164. fh <acronym>, <applet>, <basefont>, <big>, <center>, <dir>, <font>, <frame>, <frameset>, <noframes>, <strike>, <tt>
  165. fi opening or start tag
  166. fj Defines text as a paragraph.
  167. fk fraction of a known range.
  168. fl • MP4 or H.264
    • OGG + Theora with Vorbis audio
    • WebM + VP8
  169. fm <em>, <strong>, <code>, <samp>, <kbd>, <var>
  170. fn <img src="images/redball.jpg" alt="Red ball graphic" />
  171. fo small print, like a copyright line.
  172. fp JavaScript and to add it to the Document Object Model (DOM).
  173. fq Identifies the page as an HTML document.
  174. fr control of the type of image you are displaying and the ability to include captions.
  175. fs <canvas id="smlRectangle" height="100" width="200"> Your browser does not support the canvas tag. </canvas>
  176. ft <body onload = "f1();">
  177. fu every Web page.
  178. fv the type of figure you want to use in an HTML document, such as an illustration or photo.
  179. fw <audio src="x.mp3" controls="controls">
  180. fx <p>Make sure your pet has plenty of <i><b>fresh water</b></i> during hot weather.</p>
  181. fy very top of almost every HTML document.
  182. fz drawing, rendering, and manipulating images and graphics dynamically in HTML5.
  183. ga they do what you intended.
  184. gb <head> tag
  185. gc highly detailed vector documents
  186. gd canvas is supported.
  187. ge poster, autoplay, controls, loop
  188. gf <figure>
    <img src="x.jpg" alt="xxx" width="100" height="125"/>
    <img src="y.jpg" alt="yyy" width="100" height="125"/>
    <img src="z.jpg" alt="zzz" width="100" height="125"/>
    <figcaption>xxx yyy zzz ytytytt</figcaption>
  189. gg extensions of elements.
  190. gh a caption for the figure.
  191. gi combination of tags and the content they enclose.
  192. gj Surrounds content that's visible on the Web page when viewed in a Web browser.
  193. gk renders (interprets and reproduces) the content of the page.
  194. gl do not support the <video> element.
  195. gm keyword surrounded by angled brackets.
  196. gn Microsoft Paint
  197. go bgcolor, bordercolor, bordercolorlight, bordercolordark
  198. gp Displays a static image file before the video loads
  199. gq using the <object> or <embed> tags.
  200. gr bit rate
  201. gs raster (or bitmap) and vector
  202. gt <video src="/videos/x.mp4" width="400" height="300" poster="x.jpg" autoplay="autoplay" controls="controls" loop="loop">
  203. gu mobile device like a smartphone.
  204. gv select an older version of the browser to see how a page renders.