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89 Multiple choice questions

  1. Hominidae
  2. ACC
  3. Mammalia
  4. Animalia
  5. Where wind waves first interact with the sea floor
  6. •Show an age progression from SE to NW
    •Youngest activity at SE end (e.g. Loihi)
    •Islands subsiding with time as they move away from the heat source
  7. 9.8 degrees per km
  8. Rigid lithospheric plates move over weaker asthenospheric mantle
  9. Distance between crests
  10. Not all environments preserve fossils well

    Not all organisms are capable of being preserved

    Low numbers of individuals / restricted geographic range reduces the likelyhood of preservation
  11. Right
  12. -Find spatial relationships
    -Identify process from spatial pattern; e.g. spatial autocorrelation
    -Way finding
    -Design better processes
    -Monitoring
  13. Hotspots: the idea is that there is a supply of magma from a plume, fixed in the Earth's mantle, that 'burns' a hole in the plate as it moves across the plume
  14. The amplitude increases and the propagation speed decreases.
  15. False
  16. The Sun
  17. Works with the spatial data to make GIS more powerful
  18. Yes
  19. (i) surging
    (ii) spilling
    (iii) plunging
  20. Light, Nutrients and Ocean Mixing
  21. Taupo Caldera
  22. 1m
  23. • Deflected winds >1km above the surface
    • Speed is proportional to pressure gradient and strength of coriolis effect
    • Airflow is anticlockwise around low pressure in the N hemisphere and the converse for the S hemisphere
  24. Many volcanoes are associated with, and help define, the tectonic plates on Earth
  25. False
  26. waves which have travelled into the area of observation after having been generated by previous winds in other areas.
    These waves may travel thousands of kilometres from their origin before dying away. There may be swell present even if the wind is calm and there are no 'sea' waves.
  27. False
  28. Points, lines and polygons (spatial data) associated with databases of attributes (attribute data) are considered vector layer types.
  29. True
  30. Explosive eruptions
  31. Nitrate
  32. Dissolve/Moulds
    Infill/Replacement/Cast
    Recystalization
  33. True
  34. Raster or Vector
  35. A Swamp
  36. Of Widespread subduction of the ocean floor.
  37. Insects in amber

    Mammoths in ice

    Carbon Film

    Incased in Ice
  38. Height & Period
  39. True
  40. Top of Tidal Zone
  41. c) The origin of life
  42. Left
  43. The super continent of Gondwana
  44. False
  45. Around Antarctica and the North Atlantic Ocean
  46. 70
  47. Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) and the Subtropical Gyre or Inflow
  48. Oceanic Side of the Aleutian Trench
  49. A Seasonal ice covering on the polar oceans with a very high surface albedo.
  50. deepen
  51. False
  52. - high spring tides
    - low atmospheric pressure
    - wind set-up
    - wave run-up
    - freshwater flooding
  53. True
  54. True
  55. Is cartography
  56. Line: Connected X & Y Locations
  57. Doubled in Speed
  58. All organisms on earth closely integrated to form a self regulating complex system
  59. A row and column matrix (pixels) of X & Y space with attribute information associated with each pixel is considered a raster layer type.
  60. Convergent
    Transform
  61. Munsell Colour Chart
  62. • Fetch
    • Wind Speed
    • Storm/Wind Duration
  63. Geographic Information System
  64. Wind generated waves (period T < 20 seconds)
    Infragravity waves (T = 20 sec. - 5 minutes)
    Long period waves ( T > 5 minutes)
  65. 20
  66. Salt, Heat and Wind
  67. Homosapiens
  68. True
  69. weaken
  70. Line between source and wavefront showing path of wave: perpendicular to wavefront
  71. Turbidity Currents
  72. A system which uses information that is geographic/spatial
  73. True
  74. Polygon: Connected X & Y Locations that contain attribute information.
  75. Normal and reversed magnetised strips roughly parallel to the ridge
  76. Points: X & Y Locations
  77. •Volcanoes occur because water released from the downgoing oceanic slab triggers melting; the melt then rises to the surface because it is lighter than the surrounding rocks. A lot of magma never even makes it to the surface.
  78. Primates
  79. (at the moment): Iceland
  80. d) swirling movements of the molten iron particles in the outer core
  81. Homo
  82. 10%
  83. Time between crests
  84. True
  85. Earths Rotation
  86. False
  87. waves generated by the wind blowing now, and in the recent past, in the area of observation.
  88. d) Northward movement of India into Eurasia
  89. Chordata