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77 Matching questions

  1. GIS Stands for...
  2. Geostrophic winds
  3. Submarine Fans are fed mainly by sediment delivered from land via...
  4. In the Northern hemisphere the deflection is to the ______ due to the Coriolis effect
  5. Human Classification
  6. 3 types of breaking waves
  7. Coast Definition

    Seaward Limit...
  8. Linear, Magnetic patterns associated with mid ocean ridges are configured as?
  9. List three possible ways that s shell can be preserved in the fossil record
  10. Define Ice Sheet
  11. GIS Line
  12. Hawaiian Islands
  13. What is NZ largest volcano?
  14. What is GIS?
  15. Human Classification
  16. Data output from a GIS
  17. Define Gaia Hypothesis
  18. The production of plant plankton or phytoplankton int he ocean relies mainly on...
  19. Glaciers grow during the winter and melt away entirely during the summer T/F
  20. Why use a GIS
  21. Wavelength (L)
  22. In which major atmospheric circulation is NZ?
  23. GIS Attribute Data
  24. Human Classification
  25. New Zealand is at the junction of two major surface current systems, what are they?
  26. On approaching a coastline, how are the amplitude and propagation speed of a tsunami generally affected?
  27. What is the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate? in degrees per km?
  28. Human Classification
  29. Location of volcanoes on earth
  30. Define Lithosphere and Asthenosphere
  31. Spatial data are represented by ...
  32. In the Southern hemisphere the deflection is to the ______ due to the Coriolis effect
  33. Cold-cored cyclones will _______ with height
  34. Three types of waves
  35. If all land based ice on earth was to melt, how much would sea level rise by approximately?
  36. What system is commonly used to describe the colour of a soil?
  37. Basalt magma that is low in silica content and hot tends to build tall cone volcanoes T/F
  38. Human Classification
  39. Which of the following does Evolution not explain?

    a) The complexity of bodies
    b) The Tree of life
    c) The origin of life
    d) The diversity of life on earth
  40. At any one time about how many volcanoes are actively erupting on land on planet earth?
  41. Sea Waves are...
  42. Three reasons for biases in the fossil record
  43. Why do volcanoes occur at subduction zones?
  44. The ............... is an example of an active, continent-continent collision

    a) Arabian Peninsula slamming into North Africa under the red sea
    b) Westward movement of the South American plate over the Nazca Plate
    c) Northern movement of Baja California and a sliver of western California toward the Hawaiian Islands
    d) Northward Movement of India into Eurasia
  45. Which environment would improve the likelihood of an organism being included in the fossil record?

    The dry savannah.
    A Swamp.
    A Desert
    Fossils are equally likely to be found in all these environments
  46. GIS Points
  47. Wave Period (T)
  48. Convergent/Subduction zones create what type of volcanism
  49. Warm-cored cyclones will ______ with height.
  50. What is the main driver of atmospheric processes?
  51. Give the two types of plate boundary seen in NZ
  52. Waves classified on the basis of ______ and _______
  53. GIS Vector:
  54. Jacobshavn Isbra, a glacier in Greenland, has done what in the last few decades?
  55. Average depth of the pacific ocean is deeper than the average of other main oceans because...
  56. The best place to study mid-ocean ridges
  57. Human Classification
  58. GIS Polygon
  59. NZ is part of a vast submarine landscape that originated from...
  60. Coastal flooding associated with storm surge can be caused by
  61. Coast Definition

    Inland Limit....
  62. Raster
  63. Global Thermohaline Circulation is driven by
  64. Swell waves are...
  65. Ray
  66. Which of the following energy sources is thought to drive the lateral motions of Earths lithospheric plates?

    a) Gravitational attractive forces of the sun and moon
    b) Electrical and magnetic fields localised in the inner core
    c) export of heat from deep in the mantle to the top of the asthenosphere
    d) swirling movements of the molten iron particles in the outer core
  67. During the last ice age or glaciation 18000 years ago did the sea level drop by 120m?
  68. Hot spots
  69. What would likely be found in ground water associated with agricultural land use?
  70. Wind Waves are dependant on...
  71. Human Classification
  72. What causes the Coriolis Force?
  73. Approximately what % of the earth is covered in glaciers?
  74. Other ways of Fossils being preserved
  75. Sea level is expected to rise _m by 2100, which will increase coastal risks
  76. The sinking of dense water for the Thermohaline Circulation occurs mainly...
  77. Where would you drill to recover samples of the oldest basalts of the oceanic crust, which are jurassic in age?
  1. a Taupo Caldera
  2. b Geographic Information System
  3. c Line between source and wavefront showing path of wave: perpendicular to wavefront
  4. d Points, lines and polygons (spatial data) associated with databases of attributes (attribute data) are considered vector layer types.
  5. e weaken
  6. f The Sun
  7. g Homo
  8. h waves generated by the wind blowing now, and in the recent past, in the area of observation.
  9. i Homosapiens
  10. j Convergent
  11. k - high spring tides
    - low atmospheric pressure
    - wind set-up
    - wave run-up
    - freshwater flooding
  12. l Left
  13. m Explosive eruptions
  14. n Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) and the Subtropical Gyre or Inflow
  15. o False
  16. p Height & Period
  17. q True
  18. r Turbidity Currents
  19. s d) Northward movement of India into Eurasia
  20. t 9.8 degrees per km
  21. u -Find spatial relationships
    -Identify process from spatial pattern; e.g. spatial autocorrelation
    -Way finding
    -Design better processes
  22. v Points: X & Y Locations
  23. w (at the moment): Iceland
  24. x Hotspots: the idea is that there is a supply of magma from a plume, fixed in the Earth's mantle, that 'burns' a hole in the plate as it moves across the plume
  25. y Mammalia
  26. z The amplitude increases and the propagation speed decreases.
  27. aa Primates
  28. ab (i) surging
    (ii) spilling
    (iii) plunging
  29. ac Top of Tidal Zone
  30. ad Oceanic Side of the Aleutian Trench
  31. ae Of Widespread subduction of the ocean floor.
  32. af A Swamp
  33. ag Many volcanoes are associated with, and help define, the tectonic plates on Earth
  34. ah •Show an age progression from SE to NW
    •Youngest activity at SE end (e.g. Loihi)
    •Islands subsiding with time as they move away from the heat source
  35. ai Around Antarctica and the North Atlantic Ocean
  36. aj ACC
  37. ak Wind generated waves (period T < 20 seconds)
    Infragravity waves (T = 20 sec. - 5 minutes)
    Long period waves ( T > 5 minutes)
  38. al A Seasonal ice covering on the polar oceans with a very high surface albedo.
  39. am c) The origin of life
  40. an Dissolve/Moulds
  41. ao 1m
  42. ap Time between crests
  43. aq Chordata
  44. ar • Fetch
    • Wind Speed
    • Storm/Wind Duration
  45. as Raster or Vector
  46. at Yes
  47. au Insects in amber

    Mammoths in ice

    Carbon Film

    Incased in Ice
  48. av Light, Nutrients and Ocean Mixing
  49. aw 10%
  50. ax waves which have travelled into the area of observation after having been generated by previous winds in other areas.
    These waves may travel thousands of kilometres from their origin before dying away. There may be swell present even if the wind is calm and there are no 'sea' waves.
  51. ay Works with the spatial data to make GIS more powerful
  52. az Not all environments preserve fossils well

    Not all organisms are capable of being preserved

    Low numbers of individuals / restricted geographic range reduces the likelyhood of preservation
  53. ba 20
  54. bb Where wind waves first interact with the sea floor
  55. bc Earths Rotation
  56. bd A row and column matrix (pixels) of X & Y space with attribute information associated with each pixel is considered a raster layer type.
  57. be Munsell Colour Chart
  58. bf Normal and reversed magnetised strips roughly parallel to the ridge
  59. bg deepen
  60. bh Is cartography
  61. bi Rigid lithospheric plates move over weaker asthenospheric mantle
  62. bj 70
  63. bk d) swirling movements of the molten iron particles in the outer core
  64. bl • Deflected winds >1km above the surface
    • Speed is proportional to pressure gradient and strength of coriolis effect
    • Airflow is anticlockwise around low pressure in the N hemisphere and the converse for the S hemisphere
  65. bm Animalia
  66. bn Polygon: Connected X & Y Locations that contain attribute information.
  67. bo Salt, Heat and Wind
  68. bp Doubled in Speed
  69. bq Right
  70. br All organisms on earth closely integrated to form a self regulating complex system
  71. bs Hominidae
  72. bt Distance between crests
  73. bu •Volcanoes occur because water released from the downgoing oceanic slab triggers melting; the melt then rises to the surface because it is lighter than the surrounding rocks. A lot of magma never even makes it to the surface.
  74. bv The super continent of Gondwana
  75. bw A system which uses information that is geographic/spatial
  76. bx Nitrate
  77. by Line: Connected X & Y Locations