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37 Matching questions

  1. Strike
  2. craton
  3. dip
  4. ductile deformation
  5. Uplift
  6. anticline
  7. monocline
  8. Fault
  9. shear stress
  10. axial surface
  11. fault scarp
  12. reverse fault
  13. orogen
  14. orogenic collapse
  15. orogeny
  16. normal fault
  17. Deformation
  18. stress
  19. basin
  20. Displacement
  21. pressure
  22. Dome
  23. tension
  24. fold
  25. brittle deformation
  26. Hinge
  27. global positioning system (GPS)
  28. foliation
  29. limb (of fold)
  30. thrust fault
  31. syncline
  32. vein
  33. joints
  34. Compression
  35. isostasy
  36. strain
  37. strike-slip fault
  1. a The bending and flowing of a material (without cracking and breaking) subjected to stress.
  2. b A small step on the ground surface where one side of a fault has moved vertically with respect to the other.
  3. c A stress that moves one part of a material sideways past another part.
  4. d Force per unit area, or the ÒpushÓ acting on a material in cases where the push is the same in all directions.
  5. e The angle at which a layer tilts, relative to horizontal; the angle is measured in an imaginary vertical plane that trends perpendicular to the strike.
  6. f A fault in which the hanging-wall block moves down the slope of the fault.
  7. g The condition that exists when the buoyancy force pushing lithosphere up equals the gravitational force pulling lithosphere down.
  8. h A trough-shaped fold whose limbs dip toward the hinge.
  9. i The amount of movement or slip across a fault plane.
  10. j The upward vertical movement of the ground surface, as occurs during mountain building.
  11. k The process in which mountains begin to collapse under their own weight and spread out laterally.
  12. l Naturally formed cracks in rocks.
  13. m A fold with an arch-like shape in which the limbs dip away from the hinge.
  14. n A change in the shape, position, or orientation of a material, by bending, breaking, or flowing.
  15. o A fracture on which one body of rock slides past another.
  16. p A gently dipping reverse fault; the hanging-wall block moves up the slope of the fault.
  17. q A long-lived block of durable continental crust commonly found in the stable interior of a continent.
  18. r A seam of minerals that forms when dissolved ions carried by water solutions precipitate in cracks.
  19. s A mountain-building event.
  20. t The side of a fold, showing less curvature than at the hinge.
  21. u The push, pull, or shear that a material feels when subjected to a force; formally, the force applied per unit area over which the force acts.
  22. v A linear range of mountains.
  23. w The portion of a fold where curvature is greatest.
  24. x A fold or depression shaped like a right-side-up bowl.
  25. y A push or squeezing felt by a body.
  26. z A bend or wrinkle of rock layers or foliation; folds form as a consequence of ductile deformation.
  27. aa The compass trend of an imaginary horizontal line on a plane.
  28. ab A fault in which one block slides horizontally past another (and therefore parallel to the strike line), so there is no relative vertical motion.
  29. ac The change in shape of an object in response to deformation (i.e., as a result of the application of a stress).
  30. ad A stress that pulls on a material and could lead to stretching.
  31. ae Folded or arched layers with the shape of an overturned bowl.
  32. af A satellite system people can use to measure rates of movement of the Earth's crust relative to one another, or simply to locate their position on the Earth's surface.
  33. ag A steeply dipping fault on which the hanging-wall block slides up.
  34. ah The cracking and fracturing of a material subjected to stress.
  35. ai A fold in the land surface whose shape resembles that of a carpet draped over a stair step.
  36. aj In the context of folds, this is the imaginary plane that contains the hinge lines of successive layers in the fold; it is the surface that divides a fold into its two separate limbs.
  37. ak Layering formed as a consequence of the alignment of mineral grains, or of compositional banding in a metamorphic rock.