ESCI 111 Quiz 20 flashcards |

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Seismic sea waves may also be referred to as ________.

tsunamis

The most widespread of all coastal depositional features is ________.

the beach

The single most important force in shaping coastal topography is(are) the ________.

waves

The phenomenon of waves changing direction as they approach the shoreline is known as ________.

refraction

The Great Barrier Reef is associated with ________.

Australia

The cascading forward motion of breaking waves as they rush upon the shore is called ________.

swash

Beach sand moves along the shore in a movement of materials called ________.

beach drifting

Which of the following is most closely associated with fjords?

glaciers

Most coastal lagoons become, over time, ________.

marshes

Most material eroded from a coastal cliff ends up as a ________.

terrace

A linear extension of sand from the shore into the ocean is a ________.

spit

Most present atolls are on former ________ islands.

volcanic

The ________ is regularly covered and uncovered by the rise and fall of tides.

foreshore zone

Most atolls began as ________ around volcanic islands which later subsided beneath the sea.

fringing reefs

Which of the following is a shaper of the oceanic coastlines?

all of the above

Water moving roughly parallel to the shoreline is called ________.

longshore currents

Which of the following is most closely associated with a change in the volume of ocean water?

eustatic forces

A wave-cut platform most closely resembles the letter _____.

L

The distance between one wave crest and the next is known as the ________.

wave length

Along coastal cliffs, the most effective erosion takes place ________.

at sea level

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