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34 Multiple choice questions


  1. The study and application of science to matters of law.
  2. investigation of sudden, unexplained, or violent death; Deals with the causes, nature, and effects of diseases
  3. address an issue that is relevant to the particular crime

  4. Police procedure after an arrest that gets information from the suspect - photograph & fingerprints
  5. To formally accuse a person of a crime

  6. Study of insects

  7. use of a lie detector

  8. deals with crimes involving alcohol, weapons, explosives, & organized crime

  9. More strict than Frye standard - must be backed by the scientific method and found to be reliable; judge decides
    *lie detector would NOT be admissible under this rule
  10. actually prove something

  11. Group of people sworn to inquire into a crime (determine if enough evidence)

  12. The "general acceptance" test; for evidence to be admissible it must be generally accepted by the scientific community; no focus on reliability; jury decides
    *lie detector would be admissible under this rule

  13. Hearing before a judge to determine if there is enough evidence to go to trial; also determines bail

  14. post mortem study of the body
  15. agreement to plead guilty to a lesser charge to avoid a trial

  16. Lab study of body fluids
  17. Situation in which a reasonable person would conclude that a crime has been committed and the suspect did it

  18. lab for department of justice to deal mainly with drug-related crimes

  19. Area that specializes in the human skeletal system; deals with skeletal remains

  20. Deals with motion, behavior, and effects of projectiles; firearms and bullets

  21. Must be read when someone is arrested: You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney, and to have an attorney present during any questioning. If you cannot afford a lawyer, one will be provided for you at the government's expense.

  22. more serious and carry stiffer penalties; arson rape, murder, aggravated assault

  23. minor offense or petty crime such as littering

  24. largest crime lab in the world
  25. person who is a specialist in a subject

  26. Study of pollen and spores
  27. Whenever two objects come into contact with each other, traces of each are exchanged.

  28. Study of the earth; includes rocks, minerals, soil, etc.

  29. punishable by no more than 1 year in jail; fines $250 - $2500; shoplifting

  30. Suspect is brought before court to hear charges and enter a plea

  31. Study of adverse effects of chemicals or physical agents; poisons, drugs

  32. Examination of bite marks and dental identification of corpses

  33. Father of criminalistics
  34. anything that tends to establish or disprove a fact