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33 Multiple choice questions

  1. the legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent.

  2. The Daubert standard provides a rule of evidence regarding the admissibility of expert witnesses' testimony during United States federal legal proceedings.

  3. Civil law, civilian law or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of late Roman law, and whose most prevalent feature is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law

  4. is the application and study of insect and other arthropod biology to criminal matters

  5. the action of violating someone or something.

  6. the proper handling, examination and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice.

  7. the science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.

  8. the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.

  9. Infraction, Nolo Contendere, Frye Standard, Preliminary Hearing, Junk Science, Criminalistics, Evidence, Palynology, Pathology, Polygraphy, Criminal Law, Common Law, Violation, Civil Law, Booking, Probative, Daubert Ruling, Indict, Arraignment, Expert Witness, Hearsay, Material, Bail, Grand Jury, Elements, Probable Cause

  10. define written laws, usually enacted by a legislative body.

  11. reasonable grounds (for making a search, pressing a charge, etc.).

  12. The Frye standard, Frye test, or general acceptance test is a test to determine the admissibility of scientific evidence. It provides that expert opinion based on a scientific technique is admissible only where the technique is generally accepted as reliable in the relevant scientific community.

  13. the part of English law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes. Often contrasted with statutory law.

  14. Palynology is the study of plant pollen, spores and certain microscopic plankton organisms (collectively termed palynomorphs) in both living and fossil form.

  15. an act of reserving accommodations, travel, etc., or of buying a ticket in advance.

  16. a nonindictable offense, regarded in the US (and formerly in the UK) as less serious than a felony.

  17. another term for forensics

  18. Bail is cash, a bond, or property that an arrested person gives to a court to ensure that he or she will appear in court when ordered to do so.

  19. To accuse of wrongdoing; charge. a book that indicts modern values. (law) To make a formal accusation or indictment against (a party) by the findings of a jury, especially a grand jury.

  20. having the quality or function of proving or demonstrating something; affording proof or evidence.

  21. Criminal law or penal law is the body of law that relates to crime. It regulates social conduct and proscribes whatever is threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety, and moral welfare of people. It includes the punishment of people who violate these laws.

  22. information received from other people that one cannot adequately substantiate; rumor.

  23. untested or unproven theories when presented as scientific fact, especially in a court of law.

  24. Within some criminal justice systems, a preliminary hearing, preliminary examination, evidentiary hearing or probable cause hearing is a proceeding, after a criminal complaint has been filed by the prosecutor, to determine whether there is enough evidence to require a trial.

  25. A grand jury is a legal body that is empowered to conduct official proceedings to investigate potential criminal conduct and to determine whether criminal charges should be brought. A grand jury may compel the production of documents and may compel the sworn testimony of witnesses to appear before it.

  26. The definition of an infraction is a violation of the law that is less serious than a misdemeanor, or is a violation of rules you are supposed to follow. An example of an infraction is when you are speeding and given a traffic ticket.

  27. the science of projectiles and firearms.
    the study of the effects of being fired on a bullet, cartridge, or gun.

  28. important; essential; relevant.

  29. Nolo contendere is a legal term that comes from the Latin for "I do not wish to contend." It is also referred to as a plea of no contest.

  30. a part or aspect of something abstract, especially one that is essential or characteristic.

  31. a person who is permitted to testify at a trial because of special knowledge or proficiency in a particular field that is relevant to the case.

  32. an instrument for recording variations of several different pulsations (as of physiological variables) simultaneously — compare lie detector.

  33. the action of arraigning someone in court.