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27 Multiple choice questions

  1. small structures outside the nucleus that supply energy to the cell
  2. a region of a chromosome that contains multiple copies of a core DNA sequence that are arranged in a repeating fashion
  3. a repeating unit of DNA consisting of one of four bases - adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine -- attached to a phosphate-sugar group
  4. a procedure used to determine the order of the base pairs that constitute DNA
  5. a short strand of DNA used to target a region of DNA for replication by PCR
  6. the molecules that carry the body's genetic information
  7. a technique for replicating or copying a portion of a DNA strand outside a living cell.
  8. polymers of amino acids that play basic roles in the structures and functions of living things
  9. the outer layer of skin cells
  10. a technique that simultaneously detects more that one DNA marker in a single analysis
  11. an unstained object adjacent to an area on which biological material has been deposited
  12. one-trillionth of a gram, or 0.000000000001 gram
  13. a threadlike structure in the cell nucleus, along which the genes are located
  14. the specific pairing of base A with T and base C with G in double-stranded DNA
  15. a technique for separating molecules through their migration on a support medium while under the influence of an electrical potential.
  16. fewer than eighteen DNA-bearing cells
  17. cells from the inner cheek lining
  18. short tandem repeats located on the human Y chromosome
  19. the building blocks of proteins
  20. the order of bases on all twenty-three pairs of human chromosomes
  21. a substance composed of a large number of atoms; these atoms are usually arranged in repeating units, or monomers
  22. the process of joining two complementary strands of DNA to form a double-stranded molecule
  23. a region of a DNA molecule that contains short segments of three to seven repeating base pairs
  24. a genetic locus useful for determining gender
  25. DNA from skin cellls transferred onto the surface of an object by simple contact
  26. chemical that acts as scissors to cut DNA molecules at specific locations
  27. the synthesis of new DNA from existing DNA