Origin: Transverse process of C3-C5. Insertion: Ventral surface of the occipital bone of skull. Flexes poll. stabilizes the upper neck.
Originates at temporal bone, inserts on humerus.
Pulls forelimb forward, raises the scapula.
Originates from the sternum; Inserts into the caudal side of the mandible. Lowers head.
Cervical Serratus Ventralis
Origin: Transverse process of C3-C7. Insertion: Craniomedial upper third of the scapula. Brings scapula forward. Raises neck. Suspends and stabilizes. May assist during inspiration (breathing).
Originates on dorsal side of the neck, near poll; Inserts on the spine of the scapula. Raise shoulder.
Originates from the nuchal ligament; Inserts on the medial scapular cartilage, beneath Traps. Raise shoulder towards head and raise neck upwards.
Originates on C4, C5, T1; Inserts into the spinous and articular processes of the cervical vertebrae.