What are the 4 benefits of horseshoes?
Protects from excess wear, provides traction, correct stance or gait, assist pathological conditions (i.e. navicular disease, injury, etc.)
What is cold fitting?
Placing a cold shoe against the foot and sizing by manipulating the shoe. Makng shoe fit the hoof!
How does a horseshoe size?
Increases by length of steel and width at the heels. Size varies by companies.
What is horseshoe size affected by?
Length of the foot, width of the heels and the position of the heel nail hole.
Why should you use the smallest nail possible when shoeing a hoof?
Because otherwise huge, uncesscary nails will leave big holes in your horses foot. Could potentially leak to cracks.
How should the shoe fit the foot?
From the toe to the widest part of the quarters, they should be flush!
Where should nail placement occur?
Should be 3/4 to 1" above the ground surface of the shoe. SHOULD BE IN LINE!
What is quicking?
Nail penetrates the sensitive structures. Usually involves bleeding and should be treated like a puncture wound.
What are trailers used for?
Same as extended heels, except the heels are turned out for additional length and wider support base.
Why is the square toe not appropriate for every horse?
Because it forces breakover to be in the center of the foot.
What is the purpose of a heart bar shoe?
Puts pressure on frog, provides support on under of foot. Common to see with horses that have foundered.
What is the purpose of a full support shoe?
Combination of an egg and heart, typical to see with horses that have underslung heels.
What is the purpose of a mushroom bar shoe?
Relieves pressure from heels. Common to see with horses that have sidebone. cannot be ridden.
What is periosteal stapling?
Staples are placed on the "fast" growing side of a joint to retard growth and allow other side to catch up. "The old fashioned way!"
What is periosteal stripping?
An incision made in the periosteum of "slow" growing side of a joint to stimulate growth and allow it to "catch up" with the opposite side of the joint.
What are the 3 guideline making changes?
Start at a young age, make changes slowly, use the least severe method to accomplish goals.
What would you use to correct stance of a horse that has sloping pasterns?
Extended heels or egg bar.
When a horse interferes, how is one supposed to change the gait so the interference no longer happens?
Speed up the font feet or slow down the back feet. But NOT both!
What are the 3 principles of theraputic shoeing?
Protect the foot with a pad or shoe. Support the limb or foot. Shift weight distribution.
A study was done with 12 horses, some with wedge pads and some without, how did the study turn out?
The wedge pads significantly decreased shock in comparision to the horses with no wedge pads.
Why would glue on shoes be used?
Chronic hoof wall injuries, thin hoof walls, poor hoof wall strength, and hoof is too short.
What are reasons to use glue on shoes?
Laminitis, surgicial ressections, hoof wall injury, white line diease, coffin bone fractures.
Why type of materials are used to reshape and repair the hoof wall if damaged?
epoxy, acrylic and even fiberglass.