Farrier Final! flashcards |

This is a Free Service provided by Why Fund Inc. (a 501 C3 NonProfit) We thank you for your donation!


(1. Click on the course Study Set you wish to learn.) (2. If you wish you can click on "Print" and print the test page.) (3. When you want to take a test...click on anyone of the tests for that Study Set.) (4. Click on "Check Answers" and it will score your test and correct your answers.) (5. You can take all the tests as many times as you choose until you get an "A"!) (6. Automated college courses created from lecture notes, class exams, text books, reading materials from many colleges and universities.)

๎„?

Long-Term Learning

Learn efficiently and remember over time.

Start Long-Term Learning

Get personalized study reminders at intervals optimized for better retention.
Track your progress on this set by creating a folder

Trimming

controls length of hoof wall
balance foot
control growth of sole/frog

When should you start trimming?

1 month

Frequency of trimming depends on?

rate of growth of hoof wall
wear of the foot
use

Average time between trimming

6-8 weeks

How to trim depends on?

foot conformation
time since last trimming
use
how horse moves

1. Remove old shoe

remove clinches to prevent hoof wall damage

2. Trim

dead sole/frog

3. Determine

how much hoof wall to trim, before cutting

4. Start trimming at

toe, using each cut as a guide for the next

5. Level foot

with rasp
rasp diagonally across foot

6. Use rasp to smooth

edges of hoof wall

Trimming to go barefoot

leave hoof slightly longer
more dramatic with rasp

Balance

condition that exists when there is equal weight distribution while the foot is bearing weight

Toe length

3-4 inches

Symmetry in quarters

parallel coronary band

Wall contour

symmetry in quarters
from underside

Frog

large frog

Horn tubules

parallel to each other

Matching pairs

front feet match
hind feet match

Pastern and hoof angle

the same

Long toe

delays breakover
increases action at beginning of arc
increases tension on deep flexor tendon

Short toe

increases breakover
increases action at end of arc
reduces tension on deep flexor tendon

Coronary band contour

measure 7 equally distributed points along the coronary band
plot points on a graph
should form a parabolic curve

Hoof symmetry

apex of frog to inside hoof wall
apex of frog to outside hoof wall
apex of frog to toe
*ideal: all the same

Support dimensions

evaluate weight support through foot

Base distance

toe to heel

load distance

toe to back of cannon

Support dimensions formula

base/load = %
% of load that is made of base

Ideal support dimensions

65-75%

<65%

short base long load
small feet
underslung heels
long pasterns

>75%

long base short load
long toe
short, steep pasterns

Four point trim

based on the nature shape of wild horses feet

Location of points

two points at wides part of frog (in line with heels)
two points in front of apex of frog (in line with breakover point)

Wild horses feet

shorter toes
wider through heels
breakover with apex of coffin bone/ frog
less toe in front of coffin bone

More natural to have breakover at?

apex of frog

Wider heels provide?

more support

Sole (four point trim)

bears weight

Benefits of shoes

protect from excessive wear
provides traction
correct stance or gait
assist in pathological conditions

Hot shaping

shape shoe with heat

Cold shaping

no use of heat

Hot fitting

placing hot shoe on foot
foot fits shoe

Cold Fitting

cold shoe, manipulating shoes
make shoe fit foot

Nails

designed to bend
use smallest nail possible

Shoe fit

from toe to widest part of quarters, flush with hoof wall
from widest part of quarters to heel, wider, allow room for expansion

Heel of shoe should?

extend slightly beyond natural heel
-support

Nails should be placed

on outside boarder of white line

Nails should never be placed in?

the heels

Quicking

nail penetrates sensitive structures
treat as puncture wound

"Close" nail

puts pressure on sensitive structure

Extended heels

shoe goes beyond heel
support

Trailers

shoe extends at 45 degree angle

Rolled toe

foot is natural shape

Rocker toe

shoe bent upward

Square toe

toes is straight across
most severe

Bar shoes

continuous piece of steel
shifts weight
relieves pressure

Corrective shoeing

correct stance or gait

Periosteal stapling

staples are placed on fast side, allows other side to catch up

periosteal stripping

irritate to stimulate growth

Speed up front

short toe
rolled toe
rocker toe
square toe

Slow down hind

extended heels
long toe

Three principles of therapeutic shoeing

protect foot with pad or shoe
support limb or foot
shift weight

Laminitis/founder

heart bar shoe
rolled toe
rim pad

Navicular disease

egg bar shoe
wedge pad
rolled toe/ rocker toe

Sidebone

mushroom bar shoe
rim pad
rocker toe/ rolled toe

Lameness

reaction to pain

Movement

look for head bobbing

Small circles

aggravate pain on inside

Flexsion test

joint is stressed for 1-2 minutes
asked to jog
test for: knee, fetlock, hock, stifle

Hoof tester

pressure on nails: close nails
pressure on sole: abcess on bruise
pressure on frog: navicular, collateral ligament, deep flexor
pressure on heels: navicular

Nerve block

numbs area
work from ground up

Radiograph

detect problems with bone/joint

Ultrasound

soft tissue
tendon, ligament issues

Magnetic resonace imaging (mri)

magnetic fields cause atoms to emit radio-frequency signals that are used to create images

Computed tomography (CT scan)

use x rays to generate cross section images

Thermography

use heat deduction to find problem areas

Bone scans

radioactive isotopes concentrate in problem areas

Radioactive material

can detect where problem is but not what problem is

Trauma

injury, sprain, strain
appears imediatly

Infection

abcess
appears after days/weeks

Degenerative

navicular, arthritis
appears over months/ years

Glucosamine

prevent cartilage degeneration

Hyaluronic acid

fake synovial fluid

corticosteriods

anti-inflamatory

Please allow access to your computerโ€™s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

๎€˜
๎€—

We canโ€™t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

๎€ 
Voice Recording

This is a Plus feature

๎€ 

๎€ 
๎€‚ Create Study Set