Equine Massage - Equine Anatomy flashcards |

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BACK

Area where the saddle sits, beginning at the end of the withers, extending to the last thoracic vertebrae.

BARREL

Body of the horse, enclosing the rib cage and the major internal organs.

BUTTOCK

Part of the hindquarters behind the thighs and below the root of the tail.

CANNON/CANNON BONE

Area between the knee or hock and the fetlock joint, sometimes called the "shin."

CORONET/CORONARY BAND

Ring of soft tissue just above the hoof that blends into the skin of the leg. (Pronounced ridge of flesh)

CREST

Upper portion of the neck where the mane grows.

CROUP

Topline of the hindquarters, beginning at the hip, extending proximate to the sacral vertebrae and stopping at the dock of the tail - where the coccygeal vertebrae begins; sometimes called the "rump."

ELBOW

Joint of the front leg at the point where the belly of the horse meets the leg.

FACE

Area between the forehead and the tip of the upper lip.

FETLOCK

Sometimes called the "ankle" of the horse.

FLANK

Where the hind legs and the barrel meet, specifically the area right behind the rib cage and in front of the stifle joint.

FOREARM

Area of the front leg between the knee and elbow.

FOREHEAD

Area between the poll, the eyes, and the arch of the nose.

GASKIN

Large muscle of the hind leg, just above the hock and below the stifle.

GIRTH/HEARTGIRTH

Area right behind the elbow of the horse, where the girth of the saddle would go; this area should be where the barrel is at its greatest diameter in a properly conditioned horse.

HOCK

Tarsus of the horse, the large joint on the hind leg.

HOOF

Foot of the horse. The hoof wall is the tough outside covering of the hoof that comes into contact with the ground.

KNEE

Carpus of the horse (equivalent of the human wrist), the large joint in the front legs, above the cannon bone.

LOIN

Area right behind the saddle, going from the last rib to the croup.

MUZZLE

The chin, mouth, and nostrils of the face.

PASTERN

Connection between the coronet and the fetlock, made up of the middle and proximal phalanx.

POLL

Commonly refers to the poll joint at the beginning of the neck, immediately behind the ears. A slight depression at the joint where the atlas (C1) meets the occipital crest; anatomically, the occipital crest itself is the "poll."

SHOULDER

Made up of the scapula and associated muscles; runs from the withers to the point of the shoulder.

STIFLE JOINT

Corresponds to the knee of the human; consists of the articulation between the femur and tibia, as well as, the articulation between the patella and femur.

THROATLATCH

The point at which the windpipe meets the head at the underside of the jaw, corresponding to where the eponymous part of the bridle goes.

WITHERS

Highest point of the thoracic vertebrae; the point just above the tops of the shoulder blades. It is seen best with the horse standing square and head slightly lowered; the height of the horse is measured at the withers.

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