Equine Massage (RS) flashcards |

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What is massage

The manipulation of muscle and connective tissue to enhance the function of thise tissues and promote relaxation and well-being

What % of the horse's body weight is made up of muscle

60%

What can the person performing the massage feel and influence with their fingers

Can feel and influence muscles, bone, connective tissue, tendons and ligaments.
Can influence the vascular and neurological systems of the horse

Therapeutic release includes

Hives, sweating and soreness

The benefits of massage

Assess physical condition, eliminates toxins, enhances performance, enhancement of muscle tone and lengthening of muscle fibres, increases circulation, increases flexibility, gait quality and range of motion, increases healing of injury, improve balance and posture, improves disposition, reduces possibility of injury, relaxation, relieves muscle spasm, knots and tension

Dorsal

Upper surface

Cranial

Towards the head

Lateral

Outside

Anterior

Front of the leg

Proximal

Closest to the body

Palmar

From the sole to the carpus of the front limb

Rostral

Towards the nose

Caudal

Towards the tail

Ventral

Underside

Medial

Inner side

Posterior

Back of the leg

Distal

Furthest away from the body

Plantar

From the sole to the tarsus of the hind limb

Transverse

Parallel to the ground

Ambi

Both

Anti

Against

Bio

Life

Costa

Ribs

Supra

Cranial, above or on top of relative position

Myo

Muscle

Neo

Infra

Caudal to relative position

Contra

Against

Hydro

Water

Neuro

Nerve

Trans

Across

Peri

Around

Pseudo

False

Coxa

Hip

Agonist

Prime moving muscle

Ascendens

Muscle going upwards

Collagen

Fibrous, insoluble protein

Extrinsic

A muscle that starts in one system and ends in another

Insertion

The end of a muscle furthest from the body

Levator

A muscle that raises a body part

Minor

Lesser in size or function

Origin

End of the muscle closest to the body

Rectus

Straight or straightens

Antagonist

A muscle that counteracts another muscle

Atrophy

Wasting away

Descendens

Muscle going downwards

Fascia

Thin, white and sheet like collagen casing of muscles

Intrinsic

A muscle starting and ending in the same system

Major

Greater in size or function

Obliqus

Slanting

Profundus

Deep

Serratus

Jagged

Abduction

To take away

Circumduction

Moving in a circle

Flexion

To bend a joint

Retraction

Moving limb backward

Adduction

To bring towards

Extension

To straighten a joint

Protraction

Moving limb forward

Rotation

Twisting a limb

Tuberosity

Large prominence

Manubrium

Sternum

Physis

Growth

Foramen

Opening or hole

Bones are made up of

Calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and fibrous protein tissue

What shape can bones be

Long, irregular, flat, short, round

The axial skeleton includes

Skull, ribs, vertebrae, sternum

The appendicular skeleton includes

Forelegs, hindlegs

Vertebral formula

C7-T18-L6-S5-Ca15-21

Forelegs include

Scapula, humerus, radius,knee, cannon, splints, long pastern, short pastern, pedal bone

Hind legs include

Pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula, hock, cannon, splints, long pastern, short pastern, pedal bone

How many bones does the skull have

34

How many vertebrae are there

Approx 57-61

How many pairs of ribs are there

18 pairs

4 major skeletal joints

Atlanto-occipital joint, cervicothoracic joint, lumbosacral joint, sacroiliac joint

Joints

Link bones together

Types of joints

Moveable, semi-moveable, fixed

Ligaments

Attach cartilage to bone or bone to bone

Capsular ligament

Surrounds a joint

Collateral ligament

Supports a joint

Tendons

Attach muscle to bone

Origin tendons

Attaches muscle to the least moveable bone

Insertion tendons

Attaches muscle to the moveable bone

Muscle origin

Attachment close to the centre

Muscle insertion

Attachment further from the centre

Muscle belly

Bulk of muscle, does the work

3 types of muscle

Heart, smooth, striated

Concentric contraction

The shortening of a muscle

Eccentric contraction

The elongation of a muscle

Isometric contraction

The contraction of a muscle without movement

Equine assessment includes

Visual evaluation and stationary evaluation

Palpation evaluation- The 4 T's

Temperature, texture, tenderness, tension

Muscle is made up of

Living connective tissue, nervous tissue, blood vessels, muscle cells or fibres

Slow twitch muscle fibre

Have increased resistance to fatigue, only function in the presence of oxygen

Fast twitch muscle fibre

Have increased strength and speed with a decreased resistance to fatigue, can function without oxygen but only for a limited period of time

4 main muscle functions

Flexibility, strength, power, endurance

Effleurage

The use of long rhythmical strokes using one or both hands.

Petrissage

A combination of strokes that aim to broaden and separate the muscle fires

Petrissage includes

Compression, kneading, wringing, shaking

Cross Fibre friction

Shifts the skin back and forth across the underlying structures in the direction against which they lie

Tapotement

Using hands alternately in a repeated manner to create noise

Signs of release

Licking, chewing, yawning, droopy lips, droopy eyes, flatulence, shaking, sighing

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