Certified Farrier Exam B flashcards |

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The proximal sesamoid bones are found where?
a. coffin joint
b. pastern joint
c. tarsus
d. fetlock

d. fetlock

To retain and prevent exfoliation of the sole you might use...
a. wide-web shoe
b. heartbar
c. pads
d. venice turpentine

c. pads

A lump caused by trauma found on the third metacarpal:
a. buck shin
b. cowed hock
c. bog spavin
d. osselet

a. buck shin

Extended Heels:
a. act as a brake and shorten the stride
b. give lateral support to the hoof as it
c. prevents bruising of the bulbs of the heels
d. prevents slippage of the shoe on the foot

a. act as a brake and shorten the stride

The lateral balance shoe:
a. makes the horse breakover in the center
b. gives the toe lateral support at the moment of breakover
c. shifts the center of weight bearing on the leg
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

A horse is said to be in lateral balance when?
a. the horse stands in the middle of his feet
b. the coronary band is parallel to the ground
c. the hoof strikes the ground evenly (lands flat)
d. all of the above
c. none of the above

d. all of the above

Ideal conformation could be defined as...
a. the horse travels perfectly straight
b. the horse stands perfectly square
c. the horse lands perfectly flat when he walks
d. the horse is built with all parts in proportion to one another

d. the horse is built with all parts in proportion to one another

A common cause of wry hoof might be what?
a. improper medio-lateral trimming
b. poor conformation (short neck, toed out)
c. uneven weight distribution to the hoof capsule
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

d. all of the above

Thrush could be described as which of the following?
a. a condition caused by anaerobic bacteria
b. it's presence creates a foul smelling odor
c. it produces a cheesy appearance
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Ligaments which function to prevent excessive muscle strain by over extension of flexors, and assist the stay apparatus of the limbs are called what?
a. suspensory ligaments
b. interosseous ligaments
c. check ligaments
d. annular ligaments

c. check ligaments

During acute laminitis, what causes the coffin bone to tear away from the hoof wall (rotate)?
a. suspensory ligament
b. interruption of the blood supply
c. lamellar wedge
d. deep digital flexor tendon
e. none of the above

d. deep digital flexor tendon

What is the primary function of the suspensory apparatus?
a. to allow the horse to "sleep" standing up
b. to prevent the overextension of the fetlock
c. form the reciprocal apparatus of the front leg
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

b. to prevent the overextension of the fetlock

In the condition "buttress foot", the swelling that occurs at the hairline at the coronary band in the toe which results in the hoof being malformed, would most likely be caused by what?
a. low ringbone
b. fracture of the extensor process
c. high foot abscess
d. injury a the coronary band
e. all of the above

e. all of the above

A "wry hoof" could be defined as...
a. having a dished toe
b. flare on one side, straight wall on the other
c. high foot abscess
d. injury at the coronary band
e. all of the above

e. all of the above

Road horses are prone to:
a. sidebone
b. ringbone
c. bowed tendons
d. bog spavin
e. A and B only

e. A and B only

A horse diagnosed with navicular lameness should...
a. be shod with a bar shoe with a full web ricker toe
b. be trimmed to the "textbook" angle
c. be shoe with a rim shoe
d. have the lateral balance changed to improve stance

a. be shod with a bar shoe with a full web ricker toe

Lameness of forelimb...
a. is more common than lameness of the hindlimb
b. can be alleviated by balancing the foot and improving weight distribution
c. treatment is usually combined with vet treatment
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

a. is more common than lameness of the hindlimb

Interference of the front shoe with the opposite hind cannon bone at the walk and canter is what?
a. overreaching
b. scalping
c. forging
d. speedy cutting

d. speedy cutting

A deviation from the ideal which may or may not render the horse unfit for it's intended use is called:
a. unsoundness
b. blemish
c. lameness
d. lesion

b. blemish

Most lamenesses of the hind leg are found where?
a. the hoof
b. the fetlock joint
c. in and above the hock
d. A and B only

c. in and above the hock

Which is the true statement(s) concerning the carpus?
a. there are three joints but the most distal does not open
b. the accessory carpal at the back of the knee does not bear any weight
c. there are only two joints in the carpus
d. A and B only
e. none of the above

d. A and B only

The snappiest action of all the gaited breeds is in the
a. Saddlebred
b. Tennessee Walker
c. Roadster
d. Hackney Pony

d. Hackney Pony

A roller motion shoe might be used for
a. sprained suspensory ligament
b. spavin
c. bowed tendons
d. none of the above

c. bowed tendons

Your horse's head is turned to the left. Which of the following is most likely to occur?
a. the horses left hind will interfere with the right fore
b. the horse will be on the wrong diagonal
c. the horses right hind will interfere with the left fore
d. the horse will take the right lead at the canter

c. the horses right hind will interfere with the left fore

Which is the correct statement(s) about clips?
a. they may be used to stabilize the foot in cases of quarter and sand cracks.
b. they are used to stabilize coffin bone fractures
c. should fit perpendicular, then be hammered into the foot
d. A and B only

d. A and B only

The pointing of either fore feet while standing may indicate pain ( soreness) in :
a. the toe
b. the shoulder
c. the heel
d. none of the above

c. the heel

Ringbone could be caused by
a. trauma due to concussion from short and steep pasterns
b. severe toe in or toe out conformation
c. prolonged shoeing out of balance
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Suspensory sprains are most likely caused by
a. fatigue
b. uneven going
c. foot trimmed out of balance
d. leg conformation defect
e. all of the above

e. all of the above

Which is a true statement about cocked ankles?
a. it is the breaking down of the suspensory ligament of the hind limbs
b. it is the dislocation of the fetlock joints of the hind limb
c. it is a tearing of one or more of the sesamoid branches of the suspensory ligament

b. it is the dislocation of the fetlock joints of the hind limb

The navicular bone is normally protected from injury by:
a. the sole and sensitive laminae
b. the frog and the digital cushion
c. the suspensory and navicular distal ligaments
d. the frog and the bulbs of the heels

c. the suspensory and navicular distal ligaments

Most foals will be a little bit splay footed immediately after birth.

T

The shoeing of foals and weanlings can limit the natural expansion and spreading of the feet.

T

Shoe boil is a subcutaneous bursitis on the point of the elbow (olecranon).

T

Speedy cutting is the common name for high interference of the lateral legs.

T

In a flexion test (if you flex the hock) only the hock will move (be affected).

F

Splints and other exostoses are more commonly found in the hind limbs than the front.

F

Conformation and use of the horse will usually determine the location of the lameness.

T

Many jumping horses are especially susceptible to shin splints on the hind legs.

T

Cutting and reining horses are more susceptible to windpuffs on the hind legs than the front.

T

A horse with laminitis is not necessarily foundered.

T

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