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35 True/False questions

  1. mass production (make-to-stock strategy)production method in which products are made to customer specification

          

  2. manufacturingprocess of acquiring materials and services to be used in production (aka procurement)

          

  3. make-to-order strategyproduction method in which products are made to customer specification

          

  4. qualitymaximum number of products that a facility can produce over a given period under normal working conditions

          

  5. layoutability of a product to satisfy customer needs

          

  6. mass customizationall manufacturers perform the same basic function: to transform resources into finished goods

          

  7. outsourcingpractice of using outside vendors to manufacture all or part of a company's actual products

          

  8. electronic data interchangeall activities involved in transforming a product idea into a finished product, as well as those involved in planning and controlling the systems that produce goods and services

          

  9. Gantt Chartgraphic tool for determining the status of projects

          

  10. purchasingprocess of acquiring materials and services to be used in production (aka procurement)

          

  11. continuous improvementall decisions pertaining to the purchase of inputs, the inventory of components and finished products, and the scheduling of production processes

          

  12. fixed-position layoutlayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments arranged in an assembly line

          

  13. product layoutlayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments arranged in an assembly line

          

  14. capacitymaximum number of products that a facility can produce over a given period under normal working conditions

          

  15. inventory controlgraphic tool for determining the status of projects

          

  16. ISO 9000set of international standards for environmental management established by the International Organization for Standardization

          

  17. total quality managementall the steps taken by a company to ensure that its products satisfy customer needs

          

  18. master production scheduletimetable that specifies which and how many products will be produced and when

          

  19. manufacturing resource planningsystem for coordinating a firm's material requirements planning activities with the activities of its other functional areas

          

  20. materials managementall activities involved in transforming a product idea into a finished product, as well as those involved in planning and controlling the systems that produce goods and services

          

  21. benchmarkingpractice of comparing a company's own performance with that of a company that excels in the same activity

          

  22. computer-integrated manufacturingsystem in which the capabilities of a CAD/CAM system are integrated with other computer-based functinos

          

  23. process layoutlayout that groups together workers or departments that perform similar tasks

          

  24. material requirements planningtechnique of using a computerized program to calculate the quantity of materials needed for production and to reschedule inventory ordering

          

  25. PERT Chartgraphic tool for determining the status of projects

          

  26. computer-aided designsystem using computer technology to control production processes and equipment

          

  27. operations managementall decisions pertaining to the purchase of inputs, the inventory of components and finished products, and the scheduling of production processes

          

  28. computer-aided manufacturingsystem in which the capabilities of a CAD/CAM system are integrated with other computer-based functinos

          

  29. industrial robotlayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments arranged in an assembly line

          

  30. cellular layoutlayout in which products are produced by people, equipment, or departments arranged in an assembly line

          

  31. flexible manufacturing systemsystem in which computer-controlled equipment is programmed to handle materials used in manufacturing

          

  32. statistical process controlmanagement of inventory to ensure that a company has enough inventory to keep operations flowing smoothly but not so much that money is being wasted in holding it

          

  33. quality circleemployees who perform similar jobs and work as teams to identify quality, efficiency, and other work-related problems; to propose solutions; and to work with management in implementing their recommendations

          

  34. ISO 14000set of international quality standards established by the International Organization for Standardization

          

  35. just-in-time productionsystem for reducing inventories and costs by requiring suppliers to deliver materials just in time to go into the production process